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river and the lake, 4,000 feet long and 100 feet wide, and protecting the entrance into the lake by parallel piers, the object being to afford a channel of entrance of navigable width with a depth of 10 feet. Work was commenced in 1835 and has been continued from time to time since that date.

The entire amount appropriated for this harbor has been $225,515.27, all of which has been expended in construction and repairs.

The annual report for 1891 reported that at the close of the previous fiscal year there was a fair channel with a least depth of 8 feet up to a point below Monroe, where the bottom is of rock.

No expenditures have been made during the past year, and there is no further information regarding condition of channel.

The revetment of the canal and the piers are now very much decayed Amount appropriated by act approved July 13, 1892

$10,000.00 Amount (estimated) required for completion of existing project...

16,000.00 Submitted in compliance with requirements of sections 2 of river and

harbor acts of 1866 and 1867. (See Appendix MM 1.)

2. Toledo Harbor, Ohio.The original project provided for making the existing channel 200 feet wide and 12 feet deep through Maumee Bay, and this was amended from time to time, resulting in the present project, which provides for a width of 200 feet at bottom and a depth of 16 feet at low water between the city of Toledo and deep water in Lake Erie.

The total amount appropriated for improving the natural or old channel previous to June 30, 1892, is $724,332.61. Amount expended to June 30, 1891, 8719,432.58. Amount expended in last fiscal year, including liabilities, $4,900.03.

The act of September 19, 1890, appropriated $5,000 for clearing old channel. This sum was expended in the summer of 1891 in dredging shoal places. The channel was so far cleared as to leave a depth of 15.6 feet throughout and a width of 100 feet in the narrowest place, the widest being about 260 feet.

As the new straight channel is now open to navigation, and is better than the old one, it does not seem desirable to expend any further sums in maintaining the less direct and poorer channel.

Dredging in straight channel was continued until June 7, 1892, save when suspended for the winter. As a result this channel is now open to navigation with its full widtli of 200 feet on the bottom over nearly nine-tenths of the distance, and the narrowest portion remaining has a width of 170 feet.

Various causes have contributed to prevent dredging so as to give a clear channel of 17 feet depth, and there has been a fill of eight-tenths of a foot from sediment and other material moved by waves or currents. The average depth below mean level of the lake, referred to mean level from 1860 to 1875, is 15.6 feet.

There is, therefore, considerable dredging still required to complete the channel to full width and depth, and an annual expenditure will be required in future for maintenance of the channel.

The officer in charge of the work recommends that a good dredge and scows be procured and operated by hired labor, as the most economical and advantageous method of maintaining the channel,

The pile protection around the range lights in the turn-out division was completed December 1, 1891,

Old Channel.
July 1, 1891, balance unexpended...
June 30, 1892, amount expended during fiscal year.
July 1, 1892, balance unexpended...
July 1, 1892, outstanding liabilities.

$4, 900.03 4, 423. 66

476.37 476.37

Straight Channel. July 1, 1891, balance unexpended

191, 682.54 June 30, 1892, amount expended during fiscal year.

176, 224. 04 July 1, 1892, balance unexpended

15, 458.50 July 1, 1892, outstanding liabilities

9, 905. 89 July 1, 1892, balance available

5, 552. 61 Amount appropriated by act approved July 13, 1892.

200, 000.00 Amount available for fiscal year ending June 30, 1893.

205, 552. 61 S Amonnt (estimated) required for completion of existing project.com: 1, 200, 000. 00 Submitted in compliance with requirements of sections 2 of river and

harbor acts of 1866 and 1867. (See Appendix M M 2.)

3. Port Clinton Harbor, Ohio.-In 1870 the channel at the entrance to this harbor was narrow and intricate, with a depth of only 5 feet.

The present project, adopted in 1875, provides for a pile revetment from the north shore of the Portage River, opposite the town, 967 feet into the lake, and two pile piers 200 feet apart, of an aggregate length of 4,100 feet, extending to the depth of 10 feet in the lake, with a view of maintaining a depth of 9 feet between them.

The total amount appropriated and expended for this harbor to June 30, 1891, was $56,000.

The act of September 19, 1890, appropriated $3,000 for improving this harbor. This sum has been expended in the last fiscal year for dredging to deepen the channel. A depth of 10 feet through the bar and between piers has been restored. Such expenditures for maintaining the depth of water are not a part of the project of improvement for which the estimate is submitted, and the estimate to complete the project is therefore not reduced. July 1, 1891, balance unexpended

$3,000.00 June 30, 1892, amount expended during fiscal year

3,000.00 Amount appropriated by act approved July 13, 1892.

10,000.00 Amount (estimated) required for completion of existing project...... 27,000.00 Submitted in compliance with requirements of sections 2 of river and

harbor acts of 1866 and 1867. (See Appendix M M 3.)

4. Sandusky City Harbor, Ohio.-The original depth in the channel through the outer bar was 10 feet and greatest depth in bay about 12 feet.

The project adopted in 1880 provided for a channel through the outer bar and through the bay 200 feet wide, and parallel to the city docks 100 feet wide, the whole to be 15 feet deep.

Approved project of 1888 provides for a straight channel” for this harbor 200 feet wide and 17 feet deep, extending from the east end of the dock channel to the north end of Cedar Point. This new channel will materially shorten and improve the existing entrance. The estimated cost of straight channel, as projected, is $96,712; of this amount

there has already been appropriated, by acts of Congress of 1889 and 1890, the sum of $80,000, more or less.

Act of September 19, 1890, appropriated for improving harbor at Sandusky, Ohio, $45,000. Amount expended, including outstanding liabilities, to June 30, 1891, $315,251.72. Amount of liabilities incurred in last fiscal year $37,739.74.

Dredging in straight channel under contract reported at end of last fiscal year was continued until October 17, when contract was completed.

As nearly as can be determined in advance of a careful survey the present condition of the channel indicates that about one-third of the dredging for new straight channel has been accomplished. A survey of the larbor is to be made at an early day which will afford definite information regarding the condition of the harbor.

Dredging in the old channel to restore full width and depth was completed July 23.

The outer bar is now the worst obstruction, the channel having a depth of only 12 to 14 feet and width of 50 to 100 feet.

The conditions of this harbor are such that a full depth in channels can only be maintained by frequent dredging. July 1, 1891, balance mexpended..

$ 10, 362. 20 June 30, 1892, amount expended during fiscal year

38, 273. 66 July 1, 1892, balance unexpended...

2, 088.54 Amount appropriated by act approved July 13, 1892.

41, 712.00 Amount available for fiscal year ending June 30, 1893..

43, 800.54 (See Appendix MM 4.)

5. Sandusky River, Ohio.—The present project for this improvement was based on a survey made in compliance with the river and harbor act of 1880, and provides for opening a channel 100 feet wide and 9 feet deep through the bars between the city of Fremont and the channel in Sandusky Bay.

The expense was estimated to be $44,000.

At the close of the fiscal year ending June 30, 1883, the sum of $21,500 had been appropriated for the present project, all of which has been expended. No further appropriation was made until the year 1890.

Act of September 19, 1890, appropriated for this improvement $1,500.

Dredging under the last appropriation was commenced September 1 and completed September 15, 1891.

As a result the navigation was somewhat improved, so as to fairly meet the present demands of commerce to Fremont. The least depth in channel was 7 feet in September, 1891.

Somewhat more than half the estimated cost of project has been expended, but it is ten years since work was commenced, and it is probable that the amount now required to procure a channel of 9 feet depth would not be decreased to the extent of the amount appropriated. Amount expended previous to June 30, 1891

$21, 500.00 Anjouot expended in last fiscal year..

1,500.00 July 1, 1891, balance unexpended

1,500.00 June 30, 1892, amount expended during fiscal year.

1,500.00 Amount appropriated by act approved July 13, 1892

5,000.00 Amount (estimated) required for completion of existing project .... 16,000.00 Submitted in compliance with requirements of sections 2 of river and

harbor acts of 1866 and 1867. (See Appendix M M 5.)

6. Huron Harbor, Ohio.-The improvement of this harbor was commenced in 1826, when the mouth of the river was closed to navigation

by a sand bar, and has been continued from time to time since that date.

The project adopted in 1890 consists in extending the parallel piers to the lake contour of 16 feet depth and dredging channel to same depth. The estimated cost of this project was $22.000 in addition to amount required for renewing portions of old work.

At the beginning of the fiscal year work was in progress under contract with John Stang, of Lorain, Ohio, for extending west pier 120 feet. The work was completed September 23, 1891. Some minor repairs have also been made to both piers. The project is about one-half completed.

Total expenditures to June 30, 1891, $128,469.43. Expenditures in last fiscal year, $10,804.28.

The result thus far is a channel depth of 16 feet, where originally the bar was dry at low water.

The estimated cost of completing the extension of piers as contemplated, is $13,600. The superstructure of old piers is in very bad con dition from decay and injury by storms. The necessary repairs and renewal are estimated to cost $12,000.

Like nearly all the lake harbors the channel outside the piers shoals more or less from year to year, so that it is generally necessary to use a part of available funds in dredging. At times repairs are indispensable, so that part of each appropriation is necessarily expended without a corresponding advance in the project of improvement. July 1, 1891, balance unexpended...

$10, 804.28 June 3), 1892, amount expended during fiscal year.

10, 804. 28 Amount appropriated by act approved July 13, 1892

15, 000.00 Amount (estimated) required for renewal of piers...

10, 600.00 Submitted in compliance with requirements of sections 2 of river and

harbor acts of 1866 and 1867. (See Appendix M M 6.)

7. Vermillion Harbor, Ohio.-Before improvement the mouth of the Vermillion River was closed by a sand bar, upon which there was a depth of less than 2 feet. The original project consisted of parallel piers running out into the lake from each side of the mouth of the river, in order to secure a depth of 10 feet. This project has been amended from time to time, and now provides for a depth of 14 feet.

In 1878 the channel was about 70 feet wide, with a depth of about 12 feet, and has since remained nearly permanent.

The act of September 19, 1890, made an appropriation of $2,000 for this harbor for repairs. The amount is much too small to put the piers in good condition.

The most economical and advantageous method of doing the work is by hired labor. It was not convenient to make the repairs at any time during the last fiscal year.

The work will be completed as far as available funds may permit in the season of 1892. The total amount appropriated for construction and maintenance of this harbor has been

$126, 701. 28 Total expenditures.

124, 701. 28 July 1, 1891, balance unexpended.

2,000.00 July 1, 1892, balance unexpended..

2,000.00 Amount appropriated by act approved July 13, 1892

2,000.00 Amount available for fiscal year ending June 30, 1893..

4,000.00

Amount (estimated) required for completion of existing project.... $6,000.00 Submitted in compliance with requirements of sections 2 of river and

harbor acts of 1866 and 1867. (See Appendix M M 7.)

8. Black River Harbor, Ohio.—The original project for the improvement of this harbor was adopted in 1828, and amended from time to time as the demands of commerce called for an increased depth of channel. The present project provides for parallel piers 200 feet apart, running out to a depth of 10 feet in the lake.

The total amount appropriated and allotted for this improvement in various years, commencing with 1828, has been $232,204.77; amount expended to June 30, 1891, $222,928; amount expended in last fiscal year, $9,276.77.

Work of extending the piers under contract previously reported was completed September 12, 1891. Under this contract the east pier has been extended 102 linear feet.

Small repairs have been made to superstructure of old piers.

At the close of the last fiscal year the channel was reported to be 16 feet deep. July 1, 1891, balance unexpended

$9, 276. 77 June 30, 1892, amount expended during fiscal year.

9, 276. 77 Amount appropriated by act approved July 13, 1892...

20, 000.00 Amount (estimated) required for increase of depth to 17 feet.

38,000.00 Submitted in compliance with requirements of sections 2 of river and

harbor acts of 1866 and 1867. (See Appendix M M 8.) 9. Cleveland Harbor, Ohio.The original project for the improvement of the mouth of Cuyahoga River was adopted in 1825, and has been amended from time to time to gain increased depth. It consists of parallel piers about 200 feet apart, running out to a depth of 16 feet in the lake.

When operations were commenced there was a long, low sand bar where the river now empties into the lake, and the entrance was through a narrow, intricate channel, with a depth of about 3 feet.

The amount appropriated and allotted for the improvement from 1825 to 1874, including survey in 1825, was $346,881.61. In 1876 the sum of $8,000 was appropriated for maintenance of old work.

In 1875 a project was adopted for construction of a break water to form a harbor of refuge. The project has been amended from time to time, and now includes two breakwaters, one east and one west of the channel entrance.

From 1875 to 1890 inclusive there was appropriated for continuing the improvement the sum of $1,168,750. Of this amount certain sums have necessarily been expended for repairs of old piers and for dredging to maintain the channel depth. These sums will amount to about $50,000. Assuming this amount to be exact, there had been expended upon the breakwaters for construction and repairs to June 30, 1891, $1,112,399.85; amount expended during last fiscal year, $54,718.40.

As a result, the west breakwater has been completed and about 2,152 feet of the east breakwater, making a total length of 9,3084 feet. The amount remaining to complete the breakwater as planned is 3,350 linear feet.

In the last fiscal year the construction of breakwater was continued from July 1 to November 23, when the contract was completed,

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