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Amount (estimated) required for completion of existing project.. $72,500.00 Submitted in compliance with requirements of sections 2 of river and
harbor acts of 1866 and 1867. (See Appendix A 17.)
18. Kennebunk River, Maine. The first appropriation for the improvement of the Kennebunk River was made in 1829, and was for repairing the piers at the entrance to the river, which were designed to improve the course and depth of the channel. Subsequent appropriations were made for the repair and extension of the piers and a wharf that had been built near the mouth of the river, at which vessels could tie up when the tides and storms detained them.
In 1876 a project was adopted the object of which was to secure a channel 4 feet deep at low tide (the rise and fall of tide being about 9 feet) up to Kennebunkport, a distance of about 14 miles. The project completed in 1882.
In 1888 a survey was ordered in the harbor and river act of that year. This was made in 1889, and a project submitted for the repair of the piers and wharf, the latter of which had fallen into decay, and the deepening of the river at Wading Place by the construction of a jetty. This project is now in process of execution.
The expenditures up to June 30, 1891, have been $65,759.27. These expenditures have accomplished the construction aud kept in repair thie piers at the mouth of the river, the construction and repair of the Government wharf, and the construction of a jetty at Wading Place. These works have made navigation in the river safer and easier, though they have not maintained any inaterial increase of depth.
The expenditures for the year ending. June 30, 1892, have been $14, 152.14, which were applied to the repair of the wharf and construction of jetty at Wading Place.
There is but little commerce on the river now, but formerly this was the seat of a large shipbuilding industry.
The funds available will complete all contemplated improvements. July 1, 1891, balance unexpended ...
$19, 332. 24 June 30, 1892, amount expended during fiscal year
14, 152.44 July 1, 1892, balance unexpended..
5, 179.80 July 1, 1892, outstanding liabilities.
235.00 July 1, 1892, balance available..
4,944.80 (See Appendix A 18.)
19. York Harbor, Maine.-A survey of York Harbor was made in August, 1884, in compliance with the requirements of the harbor and river act of July 5, 1884, and a project suggested having for its object the widening of the channel in three bends where the width did not exceed 75 feet and where the tidal currents are very strong. At the points referred to the channel was to be widened by dredging to 10 feet at mean low tide, that being about the ruling depth in the river. The estimated cost of the improvement was $25,000. It was found that the prices on which the estimate was based were too low, so that in 1887 the estimate was increased to $30,000.
In 1888 the estimate was again revised, as it was found that some of the inaterial to be removed, which was supposed to be gravel and bowlders, proved to be solid ledge. The estimate that year was given as $44,000.
The total expenditures up to June 30, 1891, have been $30,972.58. These expenditures resulted in widening and straightening the channel
at the bends, giving much better facilities to navigation and rendering it more safe. Before the improvements were begun the channel was very crooked and difficult to navigate on account of the swift currents.
The expenditures during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1892, were $4,027.42, which were chiefly for liabilities incurred during the previous fiscal year. No work was done during the year just ended. July 1, 1891, balance unexpended
$1,027.42 June 30, 1892, amount expended during fiscal year.
4, 027.42 Amount appropriated by act approved July 13, 1892
9,000.00 (See Appendix A 19.)
20. Portsmouth Harbor, New Hampshire.—The harbor and river act of 1878 called for a survey of Portsmouth Harbor, with a view to its improvement. The report of the survey was submitted December 12, 1878, and a project of improvement recommended. The project was for the construction of a stone breakwater between Great Island and Goat Island to check the cross currents, which tended to throw vessels on Goat Island Ledge; the removal of Gangway Rock, lying in front of the U. S. navy-yard, to a depth of 20 feet at low tide; and the removal in part of the ledge at the southwest point of Badgers Island to a depth of 10 feet at mean low tide. The estimated cost of the proj. ect was $150,000. Work under this project was begun in 1879. The project was completed in 1891.
In addition to the above work the harbor and river act of September 19, 1890, appropriated $13,000 for the removal of a ledge known as Pier Rock. This work also was completed during 1891.
The total expenditures for the improvement of the harbor up to June 30, 1891, were $113,850.94. These expenditures accomplished the construction of the breakwater from Goat Island to Great Island, the removal of Gangway Rock to 20 feet, and a part of Badgers Island Ledge to 18 feet, rendering navigation in the harbor safer than formerly.
The expenditures for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1892, have been $14,569.55, which were applied to completing the removal of Badgers Island Ledge and the removal of Pier Rock to a depth of 12 feet below mean low tide. All the work proposed was completed during 1891, completing the project. July 1, 1894 balance unexpended.
$21, 149.06 June 30, 1892, amount expended during fiscal year.
14, 569. 55 July 1, 1892, balance unexpended.
6, 579.51 July 1, 1892, outstanding liabilities.
1,972. 12 July 1, 1892, balance available.....
4, 607. 39 (See Appendix A 20.)
21. Bellamy River, New Hampshire.--A survey was made of the Bellamy River in 1887, and a project of improvement suggested, at an estimated cost of $28,000.
The project is to secure a channel 50 feet wide and 5 feet deep, at mean low tide, from the mouth of the river up to Sawyer's Mill at Do. ver. The rise and fall of tide being about 7 feet, a high-water navigation of 12 feet will be secured.
The above project was adopted in 1888, and its execution is now in progress.
The expenditures up to the close of the fiscal year ending June 30, 1891, have been $10,111.52. These expenditures have resulted in giving a channel from the mouth of the river up to about 1 mile above
Roberts's brickyard, 50 feet wide and 5 feet deep at low tide. In other words, about 1 mile was added to the navigable part of the river.
The expenditures during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1892, have been $8.82. This expenditure has not added to the facilities of navigation, but a contract has been made for continuing the dredging from the point where it was stopped the year previous. The work provided for under this contract will add about three-fourths of a mile more to the navigable part of the river. July 1, 1891, balance unexpended...
$9, 888.48 June 30, 1892, amount expended during fiscal year.
8. 82 July 1, 1892, balance unexpended
9, 879. 66 July 1, 1892, outstanding liabilities
$325.00 July 1, 1892, amount covered by uncompleted contracts 9,000.00
9, 325.00 July 1, 1892, balance available....
554. 66 Amount appropriated by act approved July 13, 1892
7,500.00 Amount available for fiscal year ending June 30, 1893...
8, 054. 66 Amount (estimated) required for completion of existing project..... 7,500.00 Submitted in compliance with requirements of sections 2 of river and
harbor acts of 1866 and 1867. (See Appendix A 21.)
22. Cocheco River, New Hampshire.-Before the improvement of the river was begun the river from Dover to the Lower Narrows was much obstructed by bowlders, ledges, and shoals, the depth being in some places as little as 6 inches at mean low tide. The tide here rises and falls about 6.75 feet.
The first regular project for improvement was adopted in 1871, and looked to the forming of a channel 40 feet wide and 4 feet deep from the Lower Narrows up to Collins's wharf. The estimated cost was $15,000. Subsequently more accurate and extended surveys have shown the practicability and importance of extending the improvement up to the head of navigation, and the project was extended and the estimate increased to $85,000.
The project was completed by 1879. The improvements made had opened up a large commerce, employing large vessels where formerly only flatboats had been used, in consequence of which the project was still fitrther extended by providing for a cut-off” through Alleys Point, widening to 60 feet and deepening to 5 feet the existing channels through Trickeys and Clements shoals, and blasting and removing other obstruetions. The extended project was completed in 1888.
In 1889 a new survey was made, in compliance with the requirements of the harbor and river act of August, 1888, and as the large increase of trade seemed to justify still further improvement of the river a new project was submitted, looking to obtaining a depth of 7 feet, increased to 74 in rock, and a minimum width of 50 feet in rock and 60 to 75 where the material is less expensive to remove. This project was adopted in 1890.
The expenditures up to June 30, 1891, have been $170,215.29. These have resulted in giving a channel through the rocky bed of the river 5 feet deep at low tide, and 40 feet wide in the narrowest parts.
The expenditures during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1892, have been $24,188.83. With the expenditure of this sum the upper end of the channel in front of the wharves at Dover has been deepened to 7 feet at mean low tide, for a length of 1,200 feet, with widths varying from 100 to 140 feet. Portions of the channel above and below Clem
ents Wharf, of a total length of 600 feet, have also been dredged to the same depth.
The improvements in the navigation of the Cocheco bave been of great benefit to the people of Dover and the vicinity. In the item of coal alone it is reported that not less than 35,000 tons are supplied annually at a saving of 50 cents per ton, which could not have been done had no improvements been made. July 1, 1891, balance unexpended......
$24, 784. 71 June 30, 1892, amount expended during fiscal year
24, 188.83 July 1, 1892, balance unexpended....
595.88 Amount appropriated by act approved July 13, 1892
15,000.00 Amount available for fiscal year ending June 30, 1893.....
15, 595.88 Amount (estimated) required for completion of existing project....... 135, 000.00 Submitted in compliance with requirements of sections 2 of river and
harbor acts of 1866 and 1867. (See Appendix A 22.)
23. Harbor of refuge at Little Harbor, New Hampshire.—A survey was made of Little Harbor in 1882, and a plan of improvement proposed, which looked to the opening of a chanel of entrance to a depth of 9 feet at low tide, and a widtli of 100 feet, together with a basin 300 feet by 700 feet, which was to be protected by a rubble stone breakwater. The estimated cost was $33,000. This project was approved in 1886, and its execution entered upon. In 1887 the project was enlarged, as the old one did not seem to meet the requirements of those interested. The enlarged project provided for the construction of two breakwaters, one on the north, the other on the south side of the entrance to the harbor, and the dredging of an anchorage about 49 acres in extent, in the protected area, to a depth of 12 feet at mean low tide. The estimated cost of the enlarged project was $235,000. The project was adopted by Congress in 1888.
Before the improvement was begun the harbor was exposed to the full force of the sea in northeast gales, and the depth of water at the entrance and within the harbor was not sufficient to accommodate even small craft at low tide.
The total expenditures up to June 30, 1891, have been $33,442.44. These expenditures have been applied to dredging part of the area for an anchorage, and to the partial construction of the breakwater on the south side of the harbor.
The expenditures during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1892, have been $8,980.39. This amount has been applied to the breakwater, which has been partly built, but as the contractor refused to go on with his work after certain stone which he was allowed to take from Fort McClary was exhausted, the contract was anualled and the work readvertised. No work was done up to June 30, 1892, under the new contract. July 1, 1891, balance unexpended
$36, 557, 56 June 30, 1892, amount expended during fiscal year.
8, 980. 39 July 1, 1892, balance unexpended ....
27,577. 17 July 1, 1892, outstanding liabilities.
$50.00 July 1, 1892, amount covered by awarded contracts.
26, 610, 00
26, 690.00 July 1, 1892, balance available......
887.17 Aniount appropriated by act approved July 13, 1892.
30,000.00 Amount available for fiscal year ending June 30, 1893
30, 887. 17
Amonnt (estimated) required for completion of existing project.......$135,000.00 Submitted in compliance with requirements of sections 2 or river and
harbor acts of 1866 and 1867. (See Appendix A 23.)
24. Removing sunken vessels or craft obstructing or endangering navi. gation.—During the fiscal year two wrecks, endaı gering navigation,, were reported—the schooner Isabel Alberto, sunk in Rockland Harbor, Maine, and the sihooner Huntress, sunk off Browneys Isla d, to the southwestward of Moosabec Reach, Maine. Steps have been taken luoking to the early removal of both obstructions under the provisions of the act of June 14, 1880.
(See Appendix A 24.)
EXAMINATIONS AND SURVEYS, MADE IN COMPLIANCE WITH PROVISIONS OF RIVER AND HARBOR ACT APPROVED SEPTEMBER 19, 1890.
The required preliminary examination of Penobscot River, Maine, was made by the local engineer in charge, Lieut. Col. Smith, and report thereon submitted. It is his opinion, based upon the facts and reasons given, that this localiiy is worthy of improvement. This opinion being concurred in by me, Lieut. Col. Smith was charged with and has completed its survey and submitted report thereon.
The works of improvement on Penobscot River proposed in the project submitted are, with estimates of cost, as follows: 1. Improvements near Bangor, Me.:
Widening channel 60 feet on Brewer side and deepening two areas
$15, 280 Removing top of small ledge in front of harbor line off Bacou's Wharf. 2010 Contingencies and engineering expenses.
17, 000 2. Construction of two jetties near Crosbys Narrows.
20,000 3. Construction of three jetties at High Head and Frankfort Flats, between Winterport and Bucksport, Maine ...
202, 000 In case that an appropriation is made for the improvement of Penobscot River the question of construition of jetties or deepening the navi. gable channel by dredging should have further consideration,
The reports were transmitted to Congress and printed as House Ex, Doc. No. 37, Fifty-second Congress, first session. (See also Appendix A 25.)
The required preliminary examination of Kennebec River, Maine, from Waterville to steamboat wharf at Augusta, was made by the local engineer in charge, Lieut. Col. Smith, and report thereon submitted. It is his opinion, based upon the facts and reasons given, that this locality is worthy of improvement. This opinion being concurred in by me, Lient. Col. Smith was charged with its survey, which has been completed and report thereon submitted by Lieut. Col. Hains. The cost of securing a 5-foot navigation from the steamboat landing at Augusta to Waterville is estimated at $15,800; the cost of lengthening the lock at Augusta, now the property of a private corporation, so that it could pass vessels of the class that would go up to Waterville, is estimated at $25,000, making the total estimated cost of this improvement $70,800. The reports were transmitted to Congress and printed as House Ex. Doc. No. 76, Fifty-second Congress, first session. (See also Appendix A 26.)