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ated, and $64,996.56 was paid out on this work up to June 30, 1891; this expenditure resulting in the excavation of an area of about 133 acres on the western side of the shoal to a depth of 25 feet at mean low water, making an important addition to the anchorage facilities of Providence Harbor.

At the beginning of the last fiscal year no work was in progress.

Work of dredging under contract was commenced August 12 and continued to October 27, by which about 4.4 acres more of the shoal were removed.

The balance available will be applied to the continuation of the excacavation of the shoal. July 1, 1891, balance unexpended.....

$14, 253.44 June 30, 1892, amount expended during fiscal year

14, 235.36 July 1, 1892, balance unexpended

18. 08 July 1, 1892, outstanding liabilities..

5.90 July 1, 1892, balance available

12. 18 Amount appropriated by act approved July 13, 1892

10,000.00 Amount available for fiscal year ending June 30, 1893

10,012. 18 Amount (estimated) required for completion of existing project. ... 23, 096.00 Submitted in compliance with requirements of sections 2 of river and

harbor acts of 1866 and 1867. (See Appendix ( 11.)

12. Greenwich Bay, Rhode Island.Greenwich Bay is an arm of Narragansett Bay, located in the towns of Warwick and East Greenwich, R. I. It has a length from northwest to southeast of about 31 miles and an average width of 14 miles.

The channel leading to the town of East Greenwich was deep enough for the present demands of commerce, but so crooked as to render navigation difficult.

The present approved project of 1885 provides for the straightening and widening of the channel by the removal of sand bars and shoals, at a total cost, as estimated in 1888, of $2,000.

Two thousand dollars was appropriated, and $1,896.08 was paid out on this work up to June 30, 1891; this expenditure resulting in the practical completion of the proposed work, by cutting off the bar extending out from Long Point about 210 feet and widening the channel for a distance of about 500 feet.

Nothing but minor office work has been done during the past year. Nothing further is needed. July 1, 1891, balance unexpended....

$103.92 June 30, 1892, amount expended during fiscal year

103. 60 July 1, 1892, balance unexpended

.32 July 1, 1892, outstanding liabilities.

.32 (See Appendix C 12.)

13. Cove and water way near Coaster Harbor Island, Rhode Island.This cove is situated in the northwestern part of the city of Newport, R. I., near the southeastern extremity of Coaster Harbor Island, which is occupied by the U.S. Navy as a training station. A causeway connecting Coaster Harbor Island with Rhode Island forms the northern boundary of the cove and separates it from the water way above. This causeway, having but one small opening, has checked the flow of water around the island and caused deposits, so filling the water way as to cause it to give forth unhealthy and disagreeable odors.

The present approved project of 1889 proposes to dredge the cove to the necessary depth and to increase the flow of water by larger openings in the causeway, at a total cost, as estimated in 1889, of $5,500.

Five thousand five hundred dollars was appropriated, and $2,266.97 was paid out on this work up to June 30, 1891; this expenditure resulting in the completion of the dredging in the cove and the construction of four small bridge trusses.

At the beginning of the last fiscal year no work was in progress. Work was resumed on June 17, 1892, on the cutting of openings through the causeway, but this work was stopped on the 20th to wait the completion of certain work on the Naval War College at this place, which work required a free passage over the causeway during June and July.

The bridges are framed, and ready to put in position in a short time.

To complete the existing project it is only necessary to cut the causeway and erect the bridges. July 1, 1891, balance unexpended....

$3, 233. 03 June 30, 1892, amount expended during fiscal year.

1, 233. 94 July 1, 1892, balance unexpended

1,999.09 July 1, 1892, outstanding liabilities

186. 65 July 1, 1892, balance available....

1,812. 44 (See Appendix C 13.)

14. Newport Harbor, Rhode Island.This harbor is at the main entrance to Narragansett Bay, and all the year it serves as an easily accessible harbor of refuge to foreign and coastwise commerce.

Before improvement the capacity of the inner harbor was limited by shoals, and it was not adequate to the number and size of the vessels seeking it for refuge. The southern or main entrance was obstructed by a bar which stretched out from Goat Island, and the general business wharves of the city could not be reached at low tide by vessels drawing more than 8 feet.

Between 1873 and 1875 $28,500 was appropriated to secure 12 feet depth in the harbor. This work was completed in 1876.

The present approved project of 1880, as modified in 1882, 1883, and 1884, provided for work as follows:

Deepening the south entrance to 15 feet at mean low water and widening it by dredging Goat Island Spit northward to a line drawn from · the dolphin which marks the spit to clear the permanent dock at Fort Adams by 100 feet, and by the excavation of a channel 750 feet wide and 15 feet deep at mean low water around and to the eastward of this dolphin; deepening to 13 feet at mean low water the area included between the 13-foot curve on the west, a line drawn from the southwest corner of Perry Mill Wharf to Lime Rock on the south, the harbor line on the east, and a line drawn parallel to and 50 feet from the city wharf on the north; deepening to 10 feet at mean low water the area northwest of a line drawn, from Lime Rock through the spindle which is in the southeast part of the harbor, and excavating a channel 10 feet deep at mean low water along and outside the harbor line south to a point opposite the gas company's wharf; and the construction of jetties on the western shore of Goat Island, to arrest the drift of littoral sand and gravel into the entrance of the harbor, at a total cost, as estimated in 1884, of $132,000.

One hundred and four thousand five hundred dollars was appropriated and $103,164.12 was paid out on this work up to June 30, 1891; this expenditure giving results as follows:

The 13-foot anchorage area has been completed. The channel along

and outside the harbor line south to a point opposite the gas company's wlarf and the 15-foot channel 750 feet wide around and to the eastward of the dolphin on Goat Island Spit, has also been completed. The increase of width to be made between the 15.foot curves at the southern entrance by dredging in the spit south of Goat. Island had been completed. The berth for vessels at the quartermaster's wharf at Fort Adams had been deepened to 10 feet at mean low water, and the littoral sand from the outside of Goat Island had been stopped for the present from washing into the channel at the southern entrance of the harbor by the construction of a jetty on the west side of the island. The southern entrance is completed for vessels of 15 feet draft, and of the total area to be dredged within the harbor (about 90 acres) about 66 acres had been completed.

No dredging was done during the last fiscal year for want of funds.

The river and barbor act of 1892, having extended the work of this improvement to include the removal of Goat Island Spit at the southern entrance to the harbor, and the cost of this new work having been estimated at $24,200, the cost of the entire present project will be thereby increased to a total of $156,200.

The work required to complete the existing project is the dredging of the remainder of the narrow strip along the western edge of the 15. foot channel north of the dolphin, the removal of Goat Island Spit to 15 feet depth, and the excavation of the 10-foot anchorage area; also the building of additional jetties outside of Goat Island whenever they may be required to arrest the drift of littoral sand and gravel into the harbor entrance.

The balance available is to be applied to continuing the improvement. July 1, 1891, balance unexpended ..

$1, 315, 88 June 30, 1892, amount expended during fiscal year.

1, 313. 68 July 1, 1892, balance unexpended

2. 20 July 1, 1892, outstanding liabilities

.33 July 1, 1892, balance available

1.87 Amount appropriated by act approved July 13, 1892

25, 000.00 Amount available for fiscal year ending June 30, 1893

25, 001.87 Amount (estimatel) required for completion of existing project...... 26, 700.00 Submitted in compliance with requirements of sections 2 of river and

harbor acts of 1866 and 1867. (See Appendix C 14.)

15. Harbor of refuge at Point Judith, Rhode Island.-Point Judith is the southeastern extremity of South Kingston, R. I., and marks the southwestern entrance to Narragansett Bay. A long ledge, known as Squid Ledge, extends for nearly a mile in a south by easterly direction about 1.1 miles west of the Point.

The present approved project of 1889 provides for a harbor of refuge for passing vessels by the construction of riprap breakwaters on Squid Ledge and between the southern extremity of this ledge and Point a in

$ paid out on this work up to June 30, 891; this expenditure resulting in the opening up of quarries, building of special plant, and the commencement of the breakwater itself.

A beacon has been established on the outer end of Squid Ledge, and

the construction of the two arms extending one to the north and the other to the east of this point comme ced.

During the fiscal year work was carried on in the field from July 1 to November 20, by which the center of the breakwater was raised to lowwater level and extended outward along both arms, and the Governmeat plant much increased and improved.

It is proposed to apply the balance available and the appropriation asked for to continuing the construction of the breakwater. July 1, 1891, balance unexpended.

$50, 328. 85 June 30, 1892, amount expended during fiscal year

18, 578. 59 July 1, 1892, balance unexpended

1, 750.26 July 1, 1892, outstanding liabilities

1, 135.34 July 1, 1892, balance available....

614.92 Amount appropriated by act approved July 13, 1892

75,000.00 Amount available for fiscal year ending June 30, 1893

75, 614.92 Amount (estimated) required for completion of existing project ..... 1, 100, 000.00 Amount that can be profitably expended in fiscal year onling June 30, 1894

100,000.00 Submitted in compliance with requirements of sections 2 of river and

harbor acts of 1866 and 1867. (See Appendix 15.)

16. Harbor of refuge at Block Island, Rhode Island.—This island is about 14 miles east of the eastern end of Long Island and about 10 miles distant from the nearest point of the mainland.

The object of the improvement is to furnish a harbor of refuge for vessels engaged in foreign and coastwise commerce.

Before the construction of the present harbor Block Island had no harbor which afforded protection for decked vessels.

Between 1870 and 1876, $285,000 was appropriated for a breakwater for a harbor for medium draft vessels, this work being completed in 1878. Between 1880 and 1882, $25,000 was appropriated for an inner basin and the protection of the shore next the breakwater, this work being completed in 1884. In 1881, $15,000 was appropriated for additions to the old breakwater, this money being so spent in 1881–85.

The present approved project of 1884, as modified in 1888, provided for a harbor of refuge on the eastern side of the island, consisting of an inner barbor or basin for small vessels and an exterior for large ones. This basin was to be about 950 feet square and completely inclosed, with the exception of an opening 100 feet wide, at a total cost, as estimated in 1885, of $75,000. The exterior harbor is made by the old riprap breakwater.

Fifty thousand dollars was appropriated, and $10,554.97 was paid out on this work up to June 30, 1891; this expenditure giving results as follows:

The filling of the gap in the main breakwater had been completed.

The timber jetty, filled with stone, forming the shore end of the western wall of the enlarged inner barbor had been commenced; the north wall had been commenced, and about 140 feet of the wall west of the opening into the harbor had been built to the level of mean high water.

The shoal west of the breakwater hail been dreilged to a depth of 9 feet from the steamboat whart to within 100 feet of the north wall.

During the fiscal year work was continued from July 1 to October 17, by which all the walls of the inuer harbor had been built to partial height.

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The balance on hand will be applied to the continuation of the work under the existing project. July 1, 1891, balance unexpended

$9, 445. 03 June 30, 1892, amount expended during fiscal year..

9, 331.06 July 1, 1892, balance unexpended

113.97 July 1, 1892, outstanding liabilities

91.98 July 1, 1892, balance available ...

21.99 Amount appropriated by act approved July 13, 1892.

24, 000.00 Amount available for fiscal year ending June 30, 1893....

24, 021.99 (See Appendix (16.)

17. Paucatuck River, Rhode Island and Connecticut.-The navigable part of the Pawcatuck River extends from the town of Westerly to Little Narragansett Bay, and the object of the improvement is to deepen and widen this channel.

Before improvement, the channel was crooked and obstructed by numerous shoals, on some of which there was but 14 feet of water at mean low water.

Between 1871 and 1876 $50,000 was appropriated for the excavation of a channel 5.1 feet deep at mean low water and 75 feet wide below the wharves and from 35 to 40 feet wide between the upper and lower wharves, this work being completed in 1876. The present approved project of 1885 contemplates the further widening of the channel to 100 feet below the wharves and by an additional width of two cuts of an ordinary dredging machine, or about 40 feet, between the lower and upper wharves; also the deepening of the entire channel to 8 feet at mean low water, at a total cost, as estimated in 1885, of $38,600.

Thirty-eight thousand dollars was appropriated and $27,765.31 was paid out on this work up to June 30, 1891; this expenditure resulting in the completion of the channel from the deep water opposite the village of Lottery to within about a half of a mile of the city wharves, and the removal to a depth of 8 feet at mean low water of ledges at Certain Draw Point and Pawcatuck Rock. The removal of this rock, done in 1889, to an extent of about 3,400 tons and costing about $3,800, was an item not foreseen and not provided for in the original estimate; and consequently this same amount, $3,800, should now be added to the original estimate of 1885, raising it to $12,400 in order to secure the entire amount of dredging originally estimated for.

During the year work was commenced on November 5 and continued to December 18, again commenced June 7 and continued to June 17, by which over 25,000 cubic yards of material were dredged from the channel, extending the full channel to within a quarter of a mile of the city.

The balance available will be applied to the extension of the channel according to the project. July 1, 1891, balance unexpended

$10, 834. 69 June 30, 1892, amount expended during tiscal year.

10,080. 75 July 1, 1892, balance unexpended

753.94 July 1, 1892, outstanding liabilities

595.91 July 1, 1892, balance available

158. 03 Amount appropriated by act approved July 13, 1892.

3,800.00 Amount available for fiscal year ending June 30, 1893.

3,958.03 (See Appendix 0 17.)

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