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In my report of the preliminary examination of this locality it was stated as follows:

In my opinion Meneusha Bight is worthy of improvement by the General Govern. ment, but this improvement can not be recommended at present, as a survey inay disclose that it will involve an outlay incommensurate with the advantages to be gained.

The survey just made shows that it is extremely doubtful whether it be possible to maintain a depth of 5 feet in this sandy formation by the means proposed, and in view of this uncertainty it is doubtful whether the present demands of commerce would justify so great an outlay. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

W. R. LIVERMORE,

Major of Engineers. Brig. Gen. THOMAS L. CASEY,

Chief of Engineers, U.S.A. (Through Col. Henry L. Abbot, Corps of Engineers, Division Engi. ueer, Northeast Division.)

[First indorsement.)

NORTHEAST DIVISION, ENGINEER OFFICE,

New York, November 21, 1891. Respectfully forwarded to the Chief of Engineers, U. S. Army.

This improvement belongs to the class of channel works in which success is always doubtful unless large and regularly continuous appropriations are available. I do not consider that the importance of the work will justify such expenditures.

HENRY L. ABBOT,
Colonel of Engineers, Bvt. Brig. Gen., U. S. A.

Engineer Northeust Division.

C 21.

[Printed in House Ex. Doc. No. 59, Fifty-second Congress, first session.)

PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION OF CANAPITSIT CHANNEL, MASSACHUSETTS, BETWEEN THE ISLANDS OF CUTTYHUNK AND NASHAWENA (NESHAWANA).

ENGINEER OFFICE, U. S. ARMY,

Newport, R. I., December 19, 1890. GENERAL: In compliance with instructions contained in Department letter of September 20, 1890, I have the honor to submit the following report upon the preliminary examination of Canapitsit Channel between the islands of Cuttyhunk and Neshawana, provided for in the river and harbor act of September 19, 1890, and made by me from time to time.

This channel, connecting the waters of Vineyard Sound with those of Buzzards Bay, is bounded on the east by the island of Neshawana and on the west by the island of Cuttyhunk.

The improvement desired is the deepening of the channel and the clearing of the same from obstructions, so that fishing and other lightdraft vessels, when in the sound, may, in case of southerly storms, run through to Cuttyhunk Harbor, at the north end of the channel. This

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harbor is protected from all directions except the northeast, and in the event of a storm froin this point vessels could make use of the channel to find safety on the south side of the islands.

It seems probable that the removal of a few bowlders, and a small amount of dredging, is all that will be necessary for the completion of this improvement.

Within the past year three vessels have been wrecked in this locality, one of which, the schooner Quilp, was removed by the General Government. Several lives have also been lost. These vessels and lives would probably have been preserved had this channel been navigable.

In my opinion Canapitsit Channel is worthy of improvement by the General Government, and a survey of the locality is recommended at an estimated cost of $200.

Canapitsit Channel is in the collection district of Edgartown, which is a port of entry. The amount of revenue collected at Edgartown in the last fiscal year was $310.94. The nearest light-house is Cuttyhunk Light. The nearest fortification is fort at Clark Point, New Bedford, Mass. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

W. R. LIVERMORE,

Major of Engineers. Brig. Gen. THOMAS L. CASEY,

Chief of Engineers, U. 8. A. (Through Col. Henry L. Abbot, Corps of Engineers, Division Engineer, Northeast Division.)

(First indorsement.]

NORTHEAST DIVISION, ENGINEER OFFICE,

New York, January 8, 1891. Respectfully forwarded to the Chief of Engineers, U. S. Army. I concur with Maj. Livermore in considering that Canapitsit Channel, between Cuttyhunk and Neshawana, is worthy of improvement.

HENRY L. ABBOTT,
Colonel of Engineers, But. Brig. Gen., U. 8. A.,

Engineer Northeast Division.

SURVEY OF CANAPITSIT CHANNEL, MASSACHUSETTS, BETWEEN THE

ISLANDS OF CUTTYHUNK AND NASHAWENA (NESHAWANA).

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ENGINEER OFFICE, U. S. ARMY,

Newport, R. I., November 14, 1891. GENERAL: In compliance with Department letter of January 10, 1891, I have the honor to submit the following report of survey of Canapitsit Channel, Massachusetts, accompanied by a sketch of the locality.*

My report of the preliminary examination of this channel was submitted December 19, 1890.

This waterway lies between the islands of Nashawena and Cuttyhunk, and connects the waters of Vineyard Sound with those of Cuttyhunk Harbor. A channel having a least depth of about 43 feet at mean low tide and varying in width from 100 to 300 feet, with shores and bottom composed of large and small bowlders, interspersed with cobblestones

* Not reprinted; printed in House Ex. Doc. No. 59, Fifty-second Congress, first session.

and gravel, is made use of by owners of light-draft boats, who are thoroughly acquainted with the location of the large number of bowl. ders lying in its shoalest part.

These obstructions cause the heavy swell, which at times comes in from the ocean, to break across the south entrance, thus preventing the passage of boats which otherwise would seek refuge in Cuttyhunk Harbor. For the same reason the Cuttyhunk life-saving crew can not make use of this channel at times when it is impossible to launch the lifeboat in the surf on the south side of the island of Cuttyhunk.

The fishermen of this island would be greatly benefited by the improvement of the channel, as it would enable them to reach the fishing grounds in the sound in the early part of the day when the largest catches are made.

The shaded lines on the accompanying sketch indicate that part of the channel from which it is proposed to remove all bowlders and to dredge to 6 feet at mean low tide. It will also be necessary to place a beacon on the rocks lying in 12 feet of water to the south of the channel. This work can be done at an estimated cost as follows, viz: Dredging 3,000 yards bowlders, cobblestones, and gravel.

$2,700 Removing 100 tons of bowlders'. Contingencies, 20 per cent.

800 Total.. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

W. R. LIVERMORE,

Major of Engineers. Brig. Gen. THOMAS L. CASEY,

Chief of Engineers, U. S. A. (Through Col. Henry L. Abbot, Corps of Engineers, Division Engigeer, Northeast Division.)

1, 300

4,800

(First indorsement.)

NORTHEAST DIVISION, ENGINEER OFFICE,

New York, November 21, 1891. Respectfully forwarded to the Chief of Engineers, U. S. Army. I recommend the improvement of this channel in the manner proposed by Maj. Livermore.

HENRY L. ABBOT,
Colonel of Engineers, Bvt. Brig. Gen., U. S. A.,

Engineer Northeast Division.

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APPENDIX D.

IMPROVEMENT OF CONNECTICUT RIVER, MASSACHUSETTS AND CONNECTICUT, AND OF RIVERS AND HARBORS ON LONG ISLAND SOUND, CONNECTICUT AND NEW YORK, AND ON SOUTHERN SHORE OF LONG ISLAND, NEW YORK.

REPORT OF COLONEL D. C. HOUSTON, CORPS OF ENGINEERS, OFFICER IN CHARGE, FOR THE FISCAL YFAR ENDING JUNE 30, 1892, WITH OTHER DOCUMENTS RELATING TO THE WORKS.

IMPROVEMENTS.

1. Mystic River, Connecticut.
2. Thames River, Connecticut.
3. Connecticut River, Massachusetts and

Connecticut.
4. Harbor of refuge, Duck Island Har-

bor, Connecticut. 5. Clinton Harbor, Connecticut. 6. New Haven Harbor, Connecticut. 7. Breakwaters at New Haven, Connecti

cut. 8. Milford Harbor, Connecticut. 9. Housatonic River, Connecticut. 10. Bridgeport Harbor, Connecticut. 11. Black Rock Harbor, Connecticut. 12. Norwalk Harbor, Connecticut.

13. Wilsons Point Harbor, Connecticut.
14. Five Mile River Harbor, Connecticut.
15. Stamford Harbor, Connecticut.
16. Port Chester Harbor, New York.
17. Larchmont Harbor, New York.
18. Echo Harbor, New Rochelle, New

York.
19. East Chester Creek, New York.
20. Greenport Harbor, New York.
21. Port Jefferson Harbor, New York.
22. Huntington Harbor, New York.
23. Glen Cove Harbor, New York.
24. Flushing Bay, New York.
25. Patchogue River, New York.
26. Browns Creek, New York.

HARBOR LINES.

27. Establishment of harbor lines at Five-Mile River Harbor, Connecticut.

ENGINEER OFFICE, U. S. ARMY,

New York, N. Y., July 9, 1892. GENERAL: I have the honor to transmit herewith the annual reports upon the works of river and harbor improvement under my charge for the tiscal year ending June 30, 1892. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

D. C. HOUSTON,

Colonel, Corps of Engineers. Brig. Gen. THOMAS L. CASEY, Chief of Engineers, l', s. 1.

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