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Christmas, perversion of, . . . 57|| Galitzin, Prince, his letter to Mr. Solo-
Chrunological table of remarkable events, 551) mon, • •
Chunar, a native female converted at, • 471 | Garret, Mr. James, printer, sent to the
Church Missionary Society, 20th anniver. | Ceylon mission, . . . 286,520

sary of, . . . . . . 473|| Geography, ancient and modern, by J. E.
Claims of the Gospel, • . - •117|| Worcester, review of, . . . 13
Commentary on Isaiah, Chap. I, - - 147|| George the IIl. character of, 349-anec
Connecticut Missionary Society, annual dotes of, - - . . . 351,404
report of, - - -

|| Ghossaul, Jay Narrain, letter from, • 41
-
pecuniary accounts of, - 227|| Graham Society, ...

. . 93
Consecrations, ' . . . . . - 263|| Graves, Rev. Allen, his journal at Ma.
Correspondence between Decatur and Bar.

:... 369,409
ron, 159-their testimony against duel. Great Britain, state of education in, 500
ling, 160—its resemblance to war, 162–

and the United States, compar-
a most deliberate act of murder, ib.-

ed with respect to Christian exertions, 301
contemptible promoters of duelling, 165 Greut men, classification of by Pascal, 535
-- both parties hated to fight, ib. yet
inexorably bent on evil, 164--inconsist. Hall, Rev. Gordon, his visit to Choule, 29
ency of duellists, ib.--This pamphlet in-

-letter of to the Cor. Secretary, 43
jures our national character, 165--law -- his second tour to Choule, ib.--visit to

unequally administered, • . - 1661) Allabay. 44-his tour to Panwell, . 509
Crabbe's Synonymes, review of, . - 158|| Happiness of others, on seeking the, . 6
Creek-path in the Cherokee nation, school Huppiness and misery of the present
at, - - - - - - - 315|| world, comparison of

Hurrowby, Lord, speech of before the Bi.
Deaf and Dumb, on the mode of teaching, 1 ble Society,


• 478
Decatur and Barron. See Correspondence. || Hawtrey, Rev. C. S. letter from, • • 129
Dean, Rev. Joshua, letter from, - - 286||Heathen world, aspect of, . .. . 53
Death, on the desire of,

- 445||Highlands of Asia, temperature of, . 309
Death-bed repentance, ..

- 5|Hindoo method of bringing the devil into
Deuteronomy, chapter 28th, explanation 11. a man, 32-delusions of the Hindoos, 468

of, . . . . . - 386,435|| Human suffering, evidences of, - - 806
Disinterested benevolence, - . 259| Humphrey, Rev. Heman, extract from his
Dissimulation, artifices of, - -.1051, sermon, .. ... . - 300
Divine displeasure, marks of in the pres Huntington, Rev. Joshua, Memoir of, - 529

ent world, - - ., :
Donations (in money,) to the A. B. C. F. Indiana and Illinois, missionary labors in, 224
M. 34,87, 129,179,234,275,326,380,425, Indus, revival of religion on board of

474,522,571|| the, . - - - - 120,190,228
Donations in clothing and other artis Inefficacy of human labors, . •

337
cles, 90,132,181,237,333,389,430,477,526||Injudicious zeal, - ' : . 209
Duelling, thoughts on, . '. • 303|18tallations, . . . . . 20

Interperance, on the causes of, - 455
Early beneficence, - -

233|| Isaiah, Chap. 1, commentary on, - 149
Education, importance of, 394-govern.
ment of children, 595--rules of govern Jenks, Rev. William, bis donation of books
ment, 397--employment of children, 3991 to the Palestine mission, : • 393

• 500||Jews, Society for promoting Christianity .
- of native children at Bombay, 514|| among, . - - - 128
Elliot, journal of the mis, at, 25,317,361 Jews, an Address to, 385cause of their

--alrival of Messrs. Fisk and Pride, 26 | rejection, 393—great offence of, 437
council in the Choctaw nation, 27-death letter of the Rev. W. Jowett concerning
of Mr. A. V. Williams, 28-expenses of them, 461-letter concerning those at
the mission, 81--patronage by the na Tunis, by Dr. Naudi, - - 466
tives, ib.--letter of Mrs. Kingsbury, 94 Jowett, Rev. William, his letter to Dr.
---letter of Mr. Fisk, 95--letter of Mr. Worcester, 267 letter of respecting
Kingsbury, ib --migration of half-breed the Jews,

461
Indians, 320--letter of the missionaries
to the Cor. Secretary, 416--lemarks on || Kadin Yar Khan, hopeful conversion of 516

this letter, - - - - - - 421 Kedar-nath, an Asiatic deity, - $48
Errata, . . . . . . . 96 Kingsbury, Rev. Cyrus, attends the Choc-

taw council, 27-letter to a friend, 47-
Faith necessary to the Christian life, - 50|| report to the Secretary at War, 79-
Farish, Rev. Professor, review of his ser letter to the Treasurer, 95--his journal
mon on Luk
- - - - 193|

at Ook-tib-be-ba, • . - 365
Fisk, Rev Pliny. See Palestine mission.
Fisk, Mr. Isaac, an assistant missionary to Laudable industry, ..

324
the Choctaws, letter from, 95-his death, 576|Legislators, cirrupt notions of,

106

| Lexington, (Ken.) meteorological observ.
Gabriel Tissera religious concern of, 174 ations at, • •

403
his letter to Dr. Worcester, . - 282||Love of country, -

152
Gallandet, Rev. T. H. his cssay on the |Lowth on Isaiah, criticism on, .

147
instruction of the deaf and dumb,

Lunar atmosphere,

307

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Mahim, journal of Mr. Graves at, 309, 11 Ook-tib-be ha, jourval of Mr. Kingsbury

409-epidemical sickness at, - - 371|| at, - - Malleappa, Franciscus, mention of,., 522 Ordinations, - .

215 Marsden, Rev, Samuel, letter from, -40| Orphuns, on the condition of, . Martyn, Rev. Henry, review of memoirs of,

- - - 535|| Palestine Mission, liberal donation to, 96 Massachusette Missionary Society, ad. --arrival of Messi's. Fisk and Parsons

dress of the Trustees of, 167-donat. to, 323| at Smyrna, 144--letter of do. 173–their Mather, Rev. Cotton, extracts from his kind reception at Smyrna, ib.--their let.

diary, - - - 262,344,406,450,496 ter, dated off Gozo,931-their letter from Memoir of the Rev. Joshua Huntington, 529|| Smyrna, 265-want of missionaries in Menticity, thoughts on, . . . 115 the Turkish empire, 266-donation of Merchant Seamer's Bible Society, - 240 books to the mission, 334--intelligence Minister's intercourse with his people, 296 from the missionaries, 528-general view Missionary field, advantages of,

294 of the mission, 554, 555-letter of the Missionary ship, ytility of, .

103 Rev. Mr. Williamson, 555--immense Missionary hardships, , - .

125

field for Christian enterprise in the Missionary reinforcements,

286 Turkislı empire, 556-letter of Mr. Par. Missions, opposition to, . a . 1991 sons from Seio, . - . . . 575 Missions, on the continent of Europe, 238||Panegyric, a specimen of, . . .402 Mississippi and Louisiana, missionary Pane plist, its discontinuance annouuced, 537 labors in, - - - - - 225

225| Prnwell, Mr. Hall's tour to, .. - 509 Missouri, missionary labors in, - 225||Paramanundu, Nicholas, hopeful conver.

225) Missouri question, the greatest that sion of, . . . will come before Congress, 15-slave. Parsaus, Rev. Levi, letter from, 575. See ry an inherent vice, 16-restriction of Palesiine nzission. slavery in a new state constitutional,

|| Pennsylvania, missionary labors in, 919 17-slavery adverse to a free govern Peter, 2d epistle of, reflections on, : . 155 ment, 18— power of Congress over un. Philosophy of the ancients, compared with settled territory, 19-immense inulti | Christianity, • • • • • 255 tudes affected by the present decision, Plainfield, Con. revival of religion at, • 191 20_extension of slavery capses impor. Poetry. The Compass, 216--Missionary tation of slaves, 21 – facilities for intro Hymn, ib. ducing slaves against law, 22-extension Poor, Rev. Daniel. See Tillipally. of slavery will produce political disunion Printing at Bombay, : ... - 513 23- multiplication of slaves in southern || Property, on the Auctuations of, • 453 states, ib. existence of slavery in the Prophet like unto Moses, discussion conU.S.r.ot chargeable on our republic, 59 11.cerning the i c ine • 483

sudden emaneipation of slaves ruin || Prudential Committee, address of, 136-ous, ib.-- American people opposed to report of, - . . . 506,553 slavery, 60- ordinance of 1787, 61 11Public festivals, thoughts on, .. easy to give a right direction in the be. || Pushamatahar, a Choctaw chief, his sig. ginning,ib.-slavery once excluded from nature of the treaty, • • • a state will never be desired, 62-CONgress not sufficiently vigilant on this J|Rum Narrain, a Vindoo bramhun, some subjeet, 65-examination of the Louis Account of, - - - - - 470 jana Treaty,66-uure condition of the Readers, address to, • . - 357 stare-holding and non-slave holdling states, 70|Reflections on 2 Pet. iii. 11, 155--on Col. Monthly concert, contribution at, . S251) iji. 2. . . . . . . . 255 Moranians, their zeal and perseverance, 53 Relgion, revival of ou board the Indus,120, Mordas, Rabbi account of, . . 461|| 190, 228--levival of at Boscawen, N. H. Morse, Rev. Jedidiah, D. D. his contem- ll 19 --at Sherburne, N. Y. ib --at Pe.

plated tour among the Indians, - 189|| terboro', N. Y. ib.--Plainfield, Con. ib. Molites to missionary enterprise, , 200 | Remarks on 2 Corinth. v, 7. - - 49 Mussulmaun, hopeful couversion of a, 516 Repentance, on a death-bed, . - 5

| Report of the Prudential Committee of Naudi, Dr. Cleardo, letter from re.

A. B. C. F. M.

. . 506,558 specting the Jews, .

466|| Reveries, reflections on, . . .340 Nepaul, superstitions of, . - 318 Review, of Worcester's Elements of GeoNew York,(state of, )missionary labor's in, 218|| graphy,13--of Crabbe's Synonymes,158 Nichols, Rev. John, his journal at Tunnah, --of sermons by Professor Farish, and

373,412-tour to Cullian and Bhewudy, 415|| Rev. Mr. Noel, 198of the Christian Noel, Rev. Gerard T. review of his ser Almanac, 502-of the Memoir of the

mon on Isaiah lii, 13-15, . , 198 Rev. Henry Martyn, - . . . 535 Ncliees, relative to religion and missions, Richards, Rev. James, state of his sick.

144,181,232- letter to the Treasurer ness, 48--letter to his brother. 268. See 325-letter to a clergy man from his pa. Batticotta. . risliioner, 4!- letter from a farmer, Sundera Sakaren, religious concern of, 177

4:21-from a clerk.is. --for a layman, 425||Sandwich Islands, mission to, the Thad. Nott, Rev. Samuel Jun. loetler of, 5 ml deus spoken, 48- Mr. Binghan's letter Obitųury notices, . , 261,312,407,576 91-brief review of the mission, 569,570 Occasional reflections, - - - 205|Scriptures, a translation of at Bombay, 51% Ohio, revival of religion in, 183--mission

11 Sicard's system of signs founded on na. ary labors in. . - - - - 220 ture, - - - - -

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Signs, on the language of, · · · 39 Tukkeer, village of, Mr. Hall's visit to, 510 Sin, on the deceitfulness of,

bess of.

-
.

- . . 269 Slave traile, discussion respecting the, in United States and Great Britain, compar.

the Congress of Aix la Chapelle, • 272 ed with respect to Christian exertions, 301 Society Islands, progress of Christianity Vermont, missionary labors in, - - 217

in, 40--visit of Mr. Charles Bowers at, 126 Vienna, encouragement of the arts in, 308 Solomon, Rev. B. N. recommended by the Virginia, law of concerning slaves, - 243

einperor of Russia, - - - - 261 Visiting committee of the school at BrainState of the world, a monitor of duty, 156 erd, report of, - - - - - 132 Steiner, Rev. Abraham, his visit to Brain War, prevalence of in this world, - - 10

erd, • . - - - - - 87|| Warren, Rev. Edward, tribute to the Stewart, Dugald, a great philosopher, 41 memory of,

· · 520 Subterraneous sounds,

- - 300 Supyen, meution of, - - - - 522 Warren, Rev. John B. voyage of, • • 501 Swezey, Rev. Samuel, letter from, - 143 IVarriors, their extensive fame, - - 536 Switzerland, missionary letter from, 142 Westfield, Ohio, revival of religion in. . Tumbour, village of, Mr. Hall's visit to, 511 Williams, Mr. A.V. sickness and death of, 28 Tannah, journal of Mr. Nichols at, 373,412| Windham County, Con. Char. S ciety of, 92 Teignmouth, Lord, his speech before the Winsloro, Rev. Miron, letter from him

Brit. & For. Bible Society, • • 479 and his brethren, 188--private journal Tillipally, sickness of Mr. Poor at, 177

of,

192,227 arrival of Dr. Scudder. . . . 519 Worcester's Geography, review of. . 13 Tissera, Gabriek honetur conversion of " Woche e Bay, evew of 10

ht, Kev. Alfred, sets out for the 278--letter from, ..

• 282] Choctaw station at Elliot, - - - 286 Trumbull county, Ohio, revival of religion

in, • • • • • • • 527 Zeul of the poor, · · · · 261

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ADJUDICATION OF PREMIUMS. SEVERAL years since we offered three premiums to writers in a volume of the Panoplist; and the offer was continued, by implication, to writers in three succeeding volumes. These premiums were adjudged to writers in the tenth and eleventh volumes, and the adjudications were published, immediately after they were made. In reference to the two later volumes, the adjudication has been delayed till quite recently, because we could not find three gentlemen, of suitable qualifications, at leisure to look over the volumes and decide.

The conditions were, that pieces written by the Editor, or either of the judges, were not to be candidates for the premiums; and that the only rule of judging should be, the tendency of the pieces to do good.

Under these restrictions, the premiums to writers in the twelfth volume were as follows:

The premium of twenty five dollars to the best prose composition was adjudged to the writer of the Essay, which was published in our numbers for May and June 1816, On the manner in which the Scripiures are to be understood; the premium of fifteen dollars for the best piece of poetry, to the writer of The Lord's Day Morning, in the number for June; and that of ten dollars, for the second best prose composition, to the writer of the Essays on the Sabbath, in the numbers for January and March.

The writer of the first of these pieces was the late lamented Dr. DWIGHT; of the poetry, the Rev. WILLIAM JENKS, of Boston; and of the other prose composition, the Rev. HEMAN HUMPHREY of Pittsfield.

To the writers in the thirteenth volume, the premiums were awarded as follows:

That of twenty-five dollars to the writer of the series of papers, six in number, entitled, Theological Remarks; that of fifteen dollars to the writer of Tears of Penitence, which was published in the number for June 1817; and that of ten dollars, to the writer of Familiar Sermons.

We are not sufficiently certain who the writer of Theological Remarks is, to mention his name in this public inander. The writer of the poetry is totally unkoown to us. The Rev. WILLIAM L. STRONG, of Somers, Con. wrote the Familiar Sermons.

To the writers who are known, the premiums will be sent without application. If the oth: ers are not applied for within a year, they will be considered as relinquished.

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In the Christian Observer for October last, p. 646, is the following sensible and well-written

article on a very interesting subject. Judging from internal evidence alone, we have no hesitation in attributing the piece to our highly respected countryman, Mr. Gallaudet, superintendent of the Connecticut Asylum for the Deaf and Dumb.

To the Editor of the Christian Observer. In the number of your publication for August, 1818, are some remarks on the “Expediency of teaching the Deaf and Dumb to articulate.” I am glad to see that you do not consider any field of benevolent effort beneath your regard, and that you are anxious to do good even to such humble and uncomplaining sufferers as the deaf and dumb. I have always felt a deep interest in these lonely heathen of a Christian land;” and, because I have had very dear friends in this helpless condition, I have endeavored to make myself familiarly acquainted with the modes of their instruction, and even at length to venture so far as to attem3t, perhaps in a very imperfect manner, to teach a few of them according to the general outlines of the system pursued by the Abbe' Sicard, whose works on this subject I have studied with deep interest and attention. I was forcibly struck with a remark in the article to which I have alluded in these words: “There is really no more intrinsic connexion between written and spoken words and ideas, than between signs and ideas: indeed, the language of the deaf and dumb is abundantly more significant than any other, inasmuch as it denotes that change which takes place in our bodies and countenances, by the movements of the soul; and so far as intellectual processes bear any analogy to the motions of matter, it shadows forth this analogy in very striking and significant emblems.”

This is so true, Mr. Editor, that I think it almost capable of demon. stration, that the deaf and dumb can learn the English, or any other language, only just so far as their own native language of signs is employed as a medium of interpretation. No sounds can be addressed to their ear. If a written or articulate word is addressed to their eye, it must, previous to explanation by signs, be perfectly unintelligible. If I utter the word “hat,” or write it, there is no analogy between either the spoken or written sign and the object; but if I describe, in the native language of the deaf and dumb, this object by appropriate signs, my meaning is at once understood. My pupil has never known the meaning of the word “power." I .. VOL. XVI.

1

speak it, and bid him observe the motion of my lips; or I write it, and bid him mark the different letters which compose it, in either case, its import is completely hidden from him. But I pourtray by his own expressive language of signs a huge rock, and a mighty man lifting this rock and hurling it on his antagonist, and then tell bim that this is power, and he comprehends me. How shall I give bim the import of the word "admiration?” I describe by signs a lofty edifice, I raise one stone upon another to a great height, I adorn it with all the magnificence and beauty of architecture, I describe myself as approaching it, I look at it, I pourtray my feelings in my countenance, and by the position of my body and the motions of my hands, I ask him, “Did you ever feel so?” “Yes.” “Well, this is admiration.”

I am anxious to lay the foundation of his moral and religious instruction; and before I can proceed, he must become familiar with the import of the terms “good and evil.” Yesterday I saw him angry with his companion; I recal the circumstances of the scene by appropriate signs; I pourtray the emotion of anger in my countenance. I point to himself as having indulged the same emotion in his own breast. With a look of inquiry, and expressing. by my fea. tures and gestures the marks of approbation, I demand whether in that state of feeling he deserved approbation. His conscience furnishes the reply, and he shakes his head, I tell him that state of feeling was sevil.” I refer to some common acquaintance with whom we are very familiar; I imitate by my looks and gestures his peculiar kindness of deportment. I describe one act of this kindness which my pupil witnessed. Again, I inquire if this deserved approbation. He assents, and I tell him such a state of feeling was "good."

I might multiply examples of this kind without number, all of which would go to prove, that it is impossible, from the very nature of the case, to teach the deaf and dumb the import of any word except through the medium of signs. It is true, that so far as the meaning of words can be communicated by definitions, so far the pupil may learn by this help; but then the words which compose the definition must have previously been explained by signs. To prevent mistakes, I ought, perhaps, before this to have observed, that by signs, I mean, not any alphabet on the fingers, which is as purely arbitrary as either written or spoken language; but all that can be expressed by the various changes of the countenance, attitudes of the body and limbs, delineation of visible objects by the hands; and all the varieties of pictures and paintings. And this language of signs is significant, copious, perspicuous, and precise, to a degree which I believe would surprise any one, who devotes attention enough to become familiar with it. It describes with more rapidity and accuracy than written or spoken language, every object which is addressed immediately to any one of the bodily senses. It pourtrays with a peculiar vividness and beauty all scenes and transactions which are presented solely to the eye. In truth my mind has been more agitated by a description of the day of judgment, which I have seen my ingenious friend Mr. who, you know, is deaf and dumb, exhibit in his own native language of signs, than by the loftiest flights of eloquence, which are to be found in the pages of Massillon or Bossuet. He was the judge, and I trembled before him. He was the accepted disciple of Christ, and I almost felt

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