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Now, therefore, I, Woodrow Wilson, President of the United States of America, by virtue of the powers conferred upon me by said act of Congress, hereby find and determine and by this proclamation do announce that it is essential, in order to carry into effect the purposes of said act, to license the importation, manufacture, storage, and distribution of necessaries, to the extent hereinafter specified.

All persons, firm, corporations, and associations engaged in the business either of (1) operating cold storage warehouses (a cold storage warehouse, for the purposes of this proclamation, being defined as any place artifically or mechanically cooled to or below a temperature of 45 degrees above zero Fahrenheit, in which food products are placed and held for thirty days or more), (2) operating elevators, warehouses, or other places for the storage of corn, oats, barley, beans, rice, cotton seed, cottonseed cake, cottonseed meal, or peanut meal, or (3) importing, manufacturing (including milling, mixing, or packing), or distributing (including buying and selling) any of the following commodities:

Wheat, wheat flour, rye or rye flour,
Barley or barley flour,
Oats, oatmeal, or rolled oats,
Corn, corn grits, corn meal, hominy, corn flour, starch from

corn, corn oil, corn syrup or glucose,
Rice, rice flour,
Dried beans,
Pea seed or dried peas,
Cotton seed, cottonseed oil, cottonseed cake, or cottonseed

meal,
Peanut oil or peanut meal,
Soya bean oil, soya bean meal, palm oil, or copra oil,
Oleomargarine, lard, lard substitutes, oleo oil, or cooking fats,
Milk, butter, or cheese,
Condensed, evaporated, or powdered milk,
Fresh, canned, or cured beef, pork, or mutton,
Poultry or eggs,
Fresh or frozen fish,
Fresh fruits or vegetables,
Canned: Peas, dried beans, tomatoes, corn, salmon, or sar-

dines,
Dried: Prunes, apples, peaches, or raisins,

Sugar, syrups, or molasses,
Excepting, however,

(1) Operators of elevators or warehouses handling wheat or rye, and manufacturers of the derivative products of wheat or rye, who have already been licensed,

(2) Importers, manufacturers, and refiners of sugar, and manufacturers of sugar syrups and molasses, who have already been licensed,

(3) Retailers whose gross sales of food commodities do not exceed $100,000 per annum,

(4) Common carriers,

(5) Farmers, gardeners, cooperative associations of farmers or gardeners, including live-stock farmers, and other persons with respect to the products of any farm, garden, or other land owned, leased, or cultivated by them,

(6) Fishermen whose business does not extend beyond primars consignment,

(7) Those dealing in any of the above commodities on any exchange, board of trade, or similar institution as defined by section 13 of the act of August 10, 1917, to the extent of their dealings on such exchange or board of trade,

(8) Millers of corn, oats, barley, wheat, rye, or rice operating only plants of a daily capacity of less than seventy-five barrels,

(9) Canners of peas, dried beans, corn, tomatoes, salmon, or sardines whose gross production does not exceed 5,000 cases per annum,

(10) Persons slaughtering, packing, and distributing fresh, canned, or cured beef, pork, or mutton, whose gross sales of such commodities do not exceed $100,000 per annum,

(11) Operators of poultry or egg packing plants, whose gross sales do not exceed $50,000 per annum,

(12) Manufacturers of maple syrup, maple sugar, and maple compounds,

(13) Ginners, buyers, agents, dealers, or other handlers of cotton seed who handle yearly between September 1 and August 31 less than one hundred and fifty tons of cotton seed, are hereby required to secure on or before November 1, 1917, a license, which license will be issued under such rules and regulations governing the conduct of the business as may be prescribed.

Application for license must be made to the United States Food Administration, Washington, D. C., Law Department License Division, on forms prepared by it for that purpose, which may be secured on request.

Any person, firm, corporation, or association other than those hereinbefore excepted, who shall engage in or carry on any business hereinbefore specified after November 1, 1917, without first securing such license will be liable to the penalty prescribed by said act of Congress.

In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.

Done in the District of Columbia, this eighth day of October, in the year of our Lord one thousand nine hundred and seventeen, and of the independence of the United States of America, the one hundred and forty-second. (SEAL]

WOODROW WILSON. By the President: ROBERT LANSING,

Secretary of State.

[No. 1396]

MANUFACTURE, ETC., OF EXPLOSIVES IN TIME OF WAR UNLAWFUL.

BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

A PROCLAMATION.

Whereas, under and by virtue of an act of Congress entitled “An act to prohibit the manufacture, distribution, storage, use and possession in time of war of explosives, providing regulations for the safe manufacture, distribution, storage, use and possession of the same, and for other purposes," approved by the President on the 6th day of October, 1917, it is provided among other things that from and after forty days after the passage and approval of said act no person shall manufacture, distribute, store, use, or possess explosives or ingredients thereof, not including explosives for the military or naval service of the United States of America under the authority of the Government or ingredients in small quantities not used or intended to be used in the manufacture of explosives, and not including small arms or shotgun cartridges, unless such person shall obtain a license issued in the name of the Director of the Bureau of Mines, except that any workman may purchase or accept explosives or ingredients thereof under prescribed conditions from a licensed superintendent or foreman.

And whereas, it is further provided in said act as follows: That the Director of the Bureau of Mines, with the approval of the President, is hereby authorized to utilize such agents, agencies, and all officers of the United States and of the several States, Territories, dependencies, and municipalities thereof and the District of Columbia, in the execution of this act, and all agents, agencies, and all off cers on the United States and of the several States and Territories, dependencies, and municipalities thereo., and the District of Columbia, shall hereby have full authority for all acts done by them in the execution of this act when acting by the direction of the Bureau of Mines.

Now, therefore, I, Woodrow Wilson, President of the United States of America, by this proclamation do announce the following:

That from and after the 15th day of November, 1917, and during the present war with Germany, it will be unlawful to manufacture, distribute, store, use, or possess explosives or ingredients thereof, except as provided in said act.

That the Director of the Bureau of Mines is hereby authorized to utilize, where necessary for the proper administration of said act, the services of all officers of the United States and of the several States, Territories, dependencies, and municipalities thereof, and of the District of Columbia, and such other agents and agencies as he may designate, who shall have full authority for all acts done by them in the execution of the said act when acting under his direction.

In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.

Done in the District of Columbia, this twenty-sixth day of October, in the year of our Lord one thousand nine hundred and seventeen, and of the independence of the United States of America, the one hundred and forty-second. (SEAL)

WOODROW WILSON. By the President: ROBERT LANSING, Secretary of State.

[No. 1404.)

LICENSING BAKERS.

BY THE PPESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

A PROCLAMATION. Whereas, under and by virtue of an act of Congress entitled “An act to provide further for the national security and defense by encouraging the production, conserving the supply, and controlling the distribution of food products and fuel,” approved by the President on the 10th day of August, 1917, it is provided among other things as follows:

That by reason of the existence of a state of war, it is essential to the national security and defense, for the successful prosecution of the war, and for the support and maintenance of the Army and Navy, to assure an adequate supply and equitable distribution and to facilitate the movement of foods, feeds, fuel, including fuel oil and natural gas, and fertilizer and fertilizer ingredients, tools, utensils, implements, machinery, and equipment required for the actual production of foods, feeds, and fuel, hereafter in this act called necessaries; to prevent, locally or generally, scarcity, monopolization, hoarding, injurious speculation, manipulations, and private controls affecting such supply, distribution, and movement, and to establish and maintain governmental control of such necessaries during the war. For such purposes the instrumentalities, meang, methods, powers, authorities, duties, obligations, and prohibitions hereinafter set forth are created, established, conferred, and prescribed. The President is authorized to make such regulations and to issue such orders as are essential effectively to carry out the provisions of this act.

And whereas, it is further provided in said act as follows: That, from time to time, whenever the President shall find it essential to license the importation, manufacture, storage, mining, or distribution of any necessaries, in order to carry into effect any of the purposes of this act, and shall publicly so announce, no person shall, after a date fixed in the announcement, engage in or carry on any such business specified in the announcement of importation, manufacture, storage, mining, or distribution of any necessaries as set forth in such announcement, unless he shall secure and hold a license issued pursuant to this section. The President is authorized to issue such licenses and to prescribe regulations for the issuance of licenses and requirements for systems of accounts and auditing of accounts to be kept by licensees, submission of reports by them, with or without oath or affirmation, and the entry and inspection by the President's duly authorized agents of the places of business of licensees.

And, whereas, it is essential, in order to carry into effect the provisions of the said act, that the powers conferred upon the President by said act be, at this time exercised, to the extent hereinafter set forth,

Now, therefore, I, Woodrow Wilson, President of the United States of America, by virtue of the powers conferred upon me by said act of Congress, hereby find and determine and by this proclamation do announce that it is essential, in order to carry into effect the purposes of said act, to license the manufacture of necessaries to the extent hereinafter specified.

All persons, firms, corporations and associations, who manufacture for sale bread in any form, cake, crackers, biscuits, pastry or other bakery products (excepting, however, those whose consumption of any flour and meal in the manufacture of such products is, in the aggregate, less than 10 barrels a month), are hereby required to procure a license on or before December 10, 1917. This includes hotels, restaurants, other public eating places, and clubs, who serve bread or other bakery products of their own baking.

Application for license must be made to the United States Food Administration, Washington, D. C., Law Department License Division, on forms prepared by it for that purpose, which may be obtained on request.

Any person, firm, corporation or association, other than those hereinbefore excepted, who shall engage in or carry on any business hereinbefore specified after December 10, 1917, without first procuring such license, will be liable to the penalty prescribed by said act of Congress.

In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.

Done in the District of Columbia this seventh day of November, in the year of our Lord one thousand nine hundred and seventeen, and of the Independence of the United States of America the one hundred and forty-second. (SEAL.]

WOODROW WILSON. By the President: ROBERT LANSING,

Secretary of State.

[No. 1406]

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