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distribution, and to facilitate the movement, of foods, feeds, fuel, including fuel oil and natural gas, and fertilizer and fertilizer ingredients, tools, utensils, implements, machinery, and equipment required for the actual production of foods, feeds, and fuel, hereafter in this act called necessaries; to prevent, locally or generally, scarcity, monopolization, hoarding, injurious speculation, manipulations, and private controls, affecting such supply, distribution, and movement; and to establish and maintain governmental control of such necessaries during the war. For such purposes the instrumentalities, means, methods, powers, authorities, duties, obligations, and prohibitions hereinafter set forth are created, established, conferred, and prescribed. The President is authorized to make such regulations and to issue such orders as are essential effectively to carry out the provisions of this act.

And whereas it is further provided in said act as follows: That, from time to time, whenever the President shall find it essential to license the importation, manufacture, storage, mining, or distribution of any necessaries, in order to carry into effect any of the purposes of this act, and shall publicly so announce, no person shall, after a date fixed in the announcement, engage in or carry on any such business specified in the announcement of importation, manufacture, storage, mining, or distribution of any necessaries as set forth in such announcement, unless he shall secure and hold a license issued pursuant to this section. The President is authorized to issue such licenses and to prescribe regulations for the issuance of licenses and requirements for systems of accounts and auditing of accounts to be kept by licensees, submission of reports by them, with or without oath or affirmation, and the entry and inspection by the President's duly authorized agents of the places of business of licensees.

And whereas it is essential in order to carry into effect the provisions of the said act, and in order to secure an adequate supply and equitable distribution, and to facilitate the movement of certain necessaries hereafter in this proclamation specified that the license powers conferred upon the President by said act be at this time exercised to the extent hereinafter set forth.

Now, therefore, I, Woodrow Wilson, President of the United States of America, by virtue of the powers conferred on me by said act of Congress, hereby find and determine, and by this proclamation do announce that it is essential in order to carry into effect the purposes of said act, to license the importation, manufacture, storage, and distribution of the following necessaries: Ammonia, ammoniacal liquors, and ammonium sulphate from whatever source produced.

All persons, firms, corporations, and associations (except those specifically exempted by said act of Congress) engaged in the business of importing, manufacturing, storing, or distributing ammonia, ammoniacal liquors, or ammonium sulphate from whatever source produced are hereby required to secure a license on or before January 21, 1918, which will be issued under such rules and regulations governing the conduct of the business as may be prescribed.

The Secretary of Agriculture shall supervise, direct, and carry into effect the provisions of said act, and the powers and authority thereby given to the President as far as the same apply to ammonia, ammoniacal liquors, and ammonium sulphate from whatever source produced, and to any and all practices, procedure, and regulations applicable thereto, authorized or required under the provisions of said act, and in this behalf he shall do and perform such acts and things as may be authorized or required of him from time to time by direction of the President and under such rules and regulations as may be prescribed by the President from time to time. All departments and agencies of the Government are hereby directed to cooperate with the Secretary of Agriculture in the performance of the duties hereinbefore set forth.

Applications for licenses must be made to the Law Department, License Division, United States Food Administration, Washington, D. C., upon forms prepared for that purpose.

Any person, firm, corporation, or association, other than those hereinbefore excepted, who shall engage in the business of importing, manufacturing, storing, or distributing ammonia, ammoniacal liquors, or ammonium sulphate from whatever source produced after the date aforesaid, without first securing such license, will be liable to the penalties prescribed by said act of Congress.

In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.

Done in the District of Columbia, this third day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand nine hundred and eighteen, and of the independence of the United States of America the one hundred and forty-second. (SEAL.]

WOODROW WILSON. By the President: ROBERT LANSING,

Secretary of State.

(No. 1421)

LICENSING THE IMPORTATION, MANUFACTURE, STORAGE, AND DISTRIBUTION OF FEEDS, AND CERTAIN OTHER FOOD COMMODITIES.

BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

A PROCLAMATION.

Whereas, under and by virtue of an act of Congress entitled “An act to provide further for the national security and defense by encouraging the production, conserving the supply, and controlling the distribution of food products and fuel," approved by the Presi

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dent on the 10th day of August, 1917, it is provided among other things as follows:

That, by reason of the existence of a state of war, it is essential to the national security and defense, for the successful prosecution of the war, and for the support and maintenance of the Army and Navy, to assure an adequate supply and equitable distribution, and to facilitate the movement of foods, feeds, fuel, including fuel oil and natural gas, and fertilizer and fertilizer ingredients, tools, utensils, implements, machinery, and equipment required for the actual production of foods, feeds, and fuel, hereafter in this act called necessaries; to prevent, locally or generally, scarcity, monopolization, hoarding, injurious speculation, manipulations, and private controls, affecting such supply, distribution, and movement; and to establish and maintain governmental control of such necessaries during the war. For such purposes the instrumentalities, means, methods, powers, authorities, duties, obligations, and prohibitions hereinafter set forth are created, established, conferred and prescribed. The President is authorized to make such regulations and to issue such orders as are essential effectively to carry out the provisions of this act.

And, whereas, it is further provided in said act as follows: That, from time to time, whenever the President shall find it essential to license the importation, manufacture, storage, mining or distribution of any necessaries, in order to carry into effect any of the purposes of this act, and shall publicly so announce, no person shall, after a date fixed in the announcement, engage in or carry on any such business specified in the announcement of importation, manufacture, storage, mining, or distribution of any necessaries as set forth in such announcement, unless he shall secure and hold a license issued pursuant to this section. The President is authorized to issue such licenses and to prescribe regulations for the issuance of licenses and requirements for systems of accounts and auditing of accounts to be kept by licensees, submission of reports by them, with or without oath or affirmation, and the entry and inspection by the President's duly authorized agents of the places of business of licensees.

And, whereas, it is essential in order to carry into effect the provisions of the said act, that the powers conferred upon the President by said act be at this time exercised, to the extent hereinafter set forth.

Now, therefore, I, Woodrow Wilson, President of the United States of America, by virtue of the powers conferred upon me by said act of Congress, hereby find and determine and by this proclamation do announce that it is essential, in order to carry into effect the purposes of said act, to license the importation, manufacture, storage, and distribution of feeds, and certain other food commodities, to the extent hereinafter specified.

(1) All persons, firms, corporations, and associations engaged in the business of (a) Importing, manufacturing (including mixing and processing

of all kinds), storing or distributing any commercial mixed feeds (including dairy feeds, horse and mule feeds, stock feeds, hog feeds, and poultry feeds).

(6) Manufacturing feeds from any of the following commodities

or importing, storing or distributing any of the following

commodities as feeds or feed ingredients: Buckwheat. Sunflower seed.

Dried yeast grains.
Kaffiir.

Grain and seed screenings. Malt sprouts.
Milo.
Lentils.

Baled hay.
Feterita.
Linseed oil cake.

Baled alfalfa,
Broom corn.
Linseed oil meal.

Baled straw.
Cane seed.
Beans.

Animal or fish products or
Spelt.
Peas.

by-products. Emmer.

Dried brewers grains. Tankage. Millet.

Dried distillers grains. (c) Importing, manufacturing, storing or distributing as feed

any products or by-products of any of the following commodities except products or by-products whose importation, manufacture, storage or distribution is already covered by a license held by any such person, firm, corporation

or association: Shelled corn. Rice.

Palm kernel.
Ear corn.

Grain and seed screenings. Sugar beets.
Oata.
Soya beans.

Sugar cane.
Barley.
Velvet beans.

Hay.
Wheat.
Peas.

Alfalfa.
Rye.
Peanuts.

Straw.
Buckwheat.

Copra. Sorghum grains.

Palm nut. (2) All persons, firms, corporations, and associations engaged in the business of malting barley, or other grains, or in the business of storing or distributing malt, except brewers of malt liquor who do not malt their own grain.

(3) All persons, firms, corporations, and associations engaged in the business of importing, manufacturing, or distributing copra, palm kernels, palm kernel oil, and peanuts.

(4) All salt water fishermen not already licensed by the United States Food Administration, whether fishing independently or on shares, engaged at any period of the year, in the commercial distribution, including catching and selling, of any or all varieties of salt water fish including menhaden and of shellfish and crustaceans.

(5) All persons, firms, corporations, and associations engaged in the business of canning peas, dried beans, corn, tomatoes, salmon, or sardines not already licensed whose gross production is more than five hundred (500) cases per annum, except home canners and bona fide boys' and girls' canning clubs recognized by the Departments of Agriculture of the several States in the United States.

(6) All persons, firms, corporations, and associations not already licensed, engaged in the business of manufacturing tomato soup, tomato catsup, or other tomato products.

(7) All persons, firms, corporations, and associations engaged in the business of manufacturing alimentary paste.

(8) All persons, firms, corporations, and associations, not already licensed, engaged in the business of manufacturing any products derived from wheat or rye, excepting, however, (1) Retailers whose gross sales of food commodities do not

exceed one hundred thousand dollars ($100,000) per

annum. (2) Common carriers as to operations necessary to the business

of common carriage; (3) Farmers, gardeners, cooperative associations of farmers or

gardeners, including live stock farmers and other persons with respect to the products of any farm, garden, or other

land owned, leased, or cultivated by them; Are hereby required to secure on or before February 15, 1918, a license, which license will be issued under such rules and regulations governing the conduct of the business as may be prescribed.

All persons hereby made subject to license must apply, specifying the kind of license desired, to the United States Food Administration, License Division, Washington, D. C., on forms prepared by it for that purpose, which may be secured on request.

Any person, firm, corporation, or association other than those herein before excepted, who shall engage in or carry on any business herein before specified after February 15, 1918, without first securing such license, will be liable to the penalty prescribed by said act of Congress.

In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.

Done in the District of Columbia, this tenth day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand nine hundred and eighteen, and of the independence of the United States of America the one hundred and forty-second. [SEAL.]

WOODROW WILSON. By the President: ROBERT LANSING,

Secretary of State.

[No. 1422.

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