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That the President is authorized from time to time to purchase, to store, to provide storage facilities for and to sell for cash at reasonable prices, wheat, flour, meal, beans, and potatoes.
And whereas, in order to enable the United States Food Administration acting under the direction of the President to efficiently exercise the authority granted by said act, and to purchase, store, provide storage facilities for and to sell for cash at reasonable prices the commodities above named, and to enable said United States Food Administration to purchase and sell said commodities in the manner and by methods customarily followed in the trade, it is expedient and necessary that a corporation should be organized, all the stock of which, except the number of shares necessary to qualify directors or incorporators, shall be subscribed for, purchased, and owned by the United States.
Now, therefore, under and by virtue of the power conferred upon me by the above-entitled act as herein before set forth, it is hereby ordered that an agency, to wit, a corporation, under the laws of Delaware, be created, said corporation to be named Food Administration Grain Corporation.
That the governing body of said corporation shall consist of a board of directors composed of seven members.
That the following persons, having been invited and given their consent to serve, shall be named as four of said directors, to wit:
Herbert Hoover, of Washington, D. C.
Frank G. Crowell, of Kansas City, Mo. The remaining three shall be named by the incorporators and be subject to change by and with the approval of the President.
The office and principal place of business of said corporation outside of the State of Delaware shall be at the city of New York, and branch offices shall be established at such places within the United States as may be selected and determined by the United States Food Administrator, by and with the consent of the President.
That the capital stock of such corporation shall consist of 500,000 shares of the par value of $100 each.
That the United States shall purchase from time to time at par so much of said capital stock as may be deemed necessary to supply the necessary capital to enable said corporation to carry on its business and none of said capital stock shall be sold to any person other than the United States and to the individual directors or incorporators, for the purpose of qualifying as such directors or incorporators, such qualifying shares to be held by said directors or incorporators in trust for the use and benefit of the United States.
The United States Food Administrator is hereby directed to cause said corporation to be formed, with the powers contained in the articles or certificate of incorporation, and in the by-laws requisite and necessary to define the methods by which said corporation shall conduct its business which have been approved by the President.
All officers of said corporation shall be selected with the consent and approval of the President.
The United States Food Administrator is hereby authorized and directed to subscribe for and purchase all of said capital stock in the name of and for the use and benefit of the United States and as purchased to pay for the same out of the appropriation of $150,000,000 authorized by section 19 of the act of Congress herein before entitled.
Done in the District of Columbia this fourteenth day of August, in the year
of our Lord one thousand nine hundred and seventeen and of the independence of the United States of America the one hundred and forty-second.
WOODROW WILSON. THE WHITE HOUSE, August 14, 1917.
EXERCISE OF AUTHORITY UNDER THE "NAVAL EMERGENCY
FUND ACT,” AND OTHERS.
By virtue of authority vested in me in the section entitled “Naval emergency fund” of an act of Congress entitled "An act making appropriations for the naval service for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and eighteen, and for other purposes, approved March 4, 1917, and in the section entitled “Emergency shipping fund” of an act of Congress entitled "An act making appropriations to supply urgent deficiencies in appropriations for the Military and Naval Establishments on account of war expenses for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and seventeen, and for other purposes," approved June 15, 1917, I hereby direct that the Secretary of the Navy shall have and exercise all power and authority vested in me in said sections of said acts, in so far as applicable to and in furtherance of the construction of vessels for the use of the Navy and of contracts for the construction of such vessels, and the completion thereof, and all power and authority applicable to and in furtherance of the production, purchase, and requisitioning of materials for construction of vessels for the Navy and of war materials, equipment, and munitions required for the use of the Navy, and the more economical and expeditious delivery thereof.
The powers herein delegated to the Secretary of the Navy may, in his discretion, be exercised directly by him, or through any other
officer or officers who, acting under his direction, have authority to make contracts on behalf of the Government.
WOODROW WILSON. THE WHITE HOUSE, August 21, 1917.
APPOINTMENT OF FUEL ADMINISTRATOR. By virtue of the power conferred upon me under the act of Congress approved August 10, 1917, entitled “An act to provide further for the national security and defense by encouraging the production, conserving the supply, and controlling the distribution of food products and fuel,” and particularly for the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of said act relating to fuel, Harry A. Garfield is hereby designated and appointed United States Fuel Administrator to hold office during the pleasure of the President.
Said fuel administrator shall supervise, direct, and carry into effect the provisions of said act and the powers and authority therein given to the President so far as the same apply to fuel as set forth in said act, and to any and all practices, procedure, and regulations authorized under the provisions of said act applicable to fuel, including the issuance, regulation, and revocation under the name of said United States Fuel Administrator of licenses under said act. In this behalf he shall do and perform such acts and things as may be authorized and required of him from time to time by direction of the President and under such rules and regulations as may be prescribed.
Said fuel administrator shall also have the authority to employ such assistants and subordinates, including such counsel as may from time to time be deemed by him necessary, and to fix the compensation of such assistants, subordinates, and counsel.
All departments and established agencies of the Government are hereby directed to cooperate with the United States Fuel Administrator in the performance of his duties as herein before set forth.
WOODROW WILSON. THE WHITE HOUSE, August 23, 1917.
AUTHORITY TO EXERCISE POWERS BESTOWED BY SECTIONS 16
AND 16 OF THE FOOD CONTROL ACT. Acting under the authority of section 2 of the act of Congress approved August 10, 1917, entitled an act to provide further for the national security and defense by encouraging the production,
conserving the supply, and controlling the distribution of food products and fuel, which section reads in part, as follows: "That in carrying out the purposes of this act the President is authorized
to utilize any department or agency of the Government, and to coordinate their activities so as to avoid any preventable loss or duplication of effort or funds;" because the office of the Commissioner of Internal Revenue in the Treasury Department is now regulating the production of distilled spirits throughout the United States and is in control of the machinery necessary to enforce effectively the provisions of sections 15 and 16 of the aforesaid act of August 10, 1917, relating to distilled spirits;
Now, in order more effectively to enforce the provisions of said act, and to avoid preventable duplication of effort and funds, I hereby direct that the Treasury Department shall henceforth supervise, direct, and carry into effect the provisions of sections 15 and 16 of said act of August 10, 1917, and exercise the powers and authority therein given to the President, subject to such instructions and regulations as may from time to time be issued by the President. For this purpose the Secretary of the Treasury is hereby authorized to assign such duties to the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, the Internal Revenue officers of the United States, and the Division of Customs, and to employ such additional assistants as he may deem necessary therefor.
The Executive order dated August 10, 1917, providing for the organization of the United States Food Administration, so far as it is inconsistent herewith, is hereby modified.
WOODROW WILSON. THE WHITE HOUSE, September 2, 1917.
REGULATIONS RELATING TO THE EXPORTATION OF COIN, BUL
LION, AND CURRENCY.?
By virtue of the authority vested in me, I direct that the regulations, orders, limitations, and exceptions prescribed in relation to the exportation of coin, bullion, and currency shall be administered by and under the authority of the Secretary of the Treasury; and upon the recommendation of the Secretary of the Treasury I hereby prescribe the following regulations in relation thereto:
1. Any individual, firm or corporation desiring to export from the United States or any of its territorial possessions to any foreign country named in the proclamation dated September 7, 1917, any
This order has not been distributed by the State Department.
coin, bullion, or currency, shall first file an application in triplicato with the Federal reserve bank of the district in which such individual firm or corporation is located, such application to state under oath and in detail the nature of the transaction, the amount involved, the parties directly and indirectly interested, and such other information as may be of assistance to the proper authorities in determining whether the exportation for which a license is desired will be compatible with the public interest.
2. Each Federal reserve bank shall keep a record copy of each application filed with it under the provisions of this regulation and shall forward the original application and a duplicate to the Federal Reserve Board at Washington, together with such information or suggestions as it may believe proper in the circumstances, and shall in addition make a formal recommendation as to whether or not in its opinion the exportation should be permitted.
3. The Federal Reserve Board, subject to the approval of the Secretary of the Treasury, is hereby authorized and empowered upon receipt of such application and the recommendation of the Federal Reserve Bank to make such ruling as it may deem proper in the circumstances, and if in its opinion the exportation in question be compatible with the public interest, to permit said exportation to be made; otherwise to refuse it.
WOODROW WILSON. THE WHITE HOUSE, September 7, 1917.
It is hereby authorized that through the Secretary of the Navy there shall be taken over to the United States the immediate possession and title to the German motor vessel Hermes, now at Honolulu, and until further directions, the Secretary of the Navy is ordered to operate and equip this vessel in the service of the Navy of the United States. This order shall take effect from date.
WOODROW WILSON. THE WHITE HOUSE, September 27, 1917.