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light, power, telephone, telegraph, water, and sewer companies, of the tract of land known as the Jamestown Exposition site, on Hampton Roads, Virginia, and of such lands adjacent thereto as lie north of Ninety-ninth Street and Algonquin Street, the entire property being bounded on the north and west by Hampton Roads and Willoughby Bay, on the east by Boush Creek, and on Proclama

tion, p. 30. the south by Ninety-ninth and Algonquin Streets.

Compensa[208] That if said lands and appurtenances and im- tion. provements thereof shall be taken over as aforesaid, the United States shall make just compensation therefor, to be determined by the President, and if the amount thereof, Sult to deterso determined by the President, is unsatisfactory to the unsatisfactory. person entitled to receive the same such person shall be paid seventy-five per centum of the amount so determined by the President and shall be entitled to sue the United States to recover such further sum, as added to said seventy-five per centum will make up such amount as will be just compensation therefor, in the manner provided for by section twenty-four, paragraph twenty, and

Procedure,

36, section one hundred and forty-five of the Judicial Code. 1093, 1136.

Upon the taking over of said property by the Presi- Title to vest dent as aforesaid, the title to all property so taken over shall immediately vest in the United States. For the payment of compensation for said property so

property. taken over, $1,200,000, or so much thereof as may be necessary; and toward the equipment of the same as a Equipment, naval operating base, including piers, store houses, oilfuel storage, training station and recreation grounds for the fleet and other purposes, $1,600,000, in all, $2,800,000 : Provided, That the appropriation herein shall be avail- Provisos. able only for the acquisition of the entire property quired. bounded on the north and west by Hampton Roads and Willoughby Bay, on the east by Boush Creek, and on the south by Ninety-ninth and Algonquin Streets, together with all easements, rights of way, riparian and other rights appurtenant thereto, and all the rights and properties of railway, electric light, power, telephone, telegraph, cable, water, and sewer companies: Provided further, That the Secretary of the Navy is authorized to expend public money in the development of said tract of land without reference to the requirements of section three hundred and fifty-five of the Revised Statutes."

at once.

Amount for

etc.

Property ac

1 See Presidential Proclamation, No. 1379, June 28, 1917 [p. 127].

“ ESPIONAGE ACT."

June 15, 1917. [217] CHAP. 30.—An Act To punish acts of interference with (H. R. 291.)

the foreign relations, the neutrality, and the foreign commerce (Public, No. 24.)

of the United States, to punish espionage, and better to enforce the criminal laws of the United States, and for other purposes.

(Approved, June 15, 1917. 40 Stats. 217.) National de Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representafense, espionage, neutrality, tives of the United States of America in Congress etc.

assembled :

[220] TITLE II. Vessels in United States

VESSELS IN PORTS OF THE UNITED STATES. ports, etc.

Control, etc., SECTION 1. Whenever the President by proclamation over, in time of war, by Secre- or Executive order declares a national emergency to exist tary of the Treasury. by reason of actual or threatened war, insurrection, or

invasion, or disturbance or threatened disturbance of the international relations of the United States, the Secretary of the Treasury may make, subject to the approval of the President, rules and regulations governing the anchorage and movement of any vessel, foreign

or domestic, in the territorial waters of the United Possession to States, may inspect such vessel at any time, place guards prevent injury etc.

thereon, and, if necessary in his opinion in order to secure such vessels from damage or injury, or to prevent damage or injury to any harbor or waters of the United States, or to secure the observance of the rights and obligations of the United States, may take, by and

with the consent of the President, for such purposes, Removal

full possession and control of such vessel and remove therefrom the officers and crew thereof and all other persons not specially authorized by him to go or remain

on board thereof.1 Control in Canal Zone

Within the territory and waters of the Canal Zone the Governor of the Panama Canal, with the approval of the President, shall exercise all the powers conferred by this section on the Secretary of the Treasury.

SEC. 2. If any owner, agent, master, officer, or perrules, etc.

son in charge, or any member of the crew of any such vessel fails to comply with any regulation or rule issued

of

crew, etc.

waters.

Forfeiture of vessel if owner refuses to obey

1 See Presidential Proclamation No. 1413, December 3, 1917 (p. 150).

Revolutionary War Statutes. Pennsylvania: See Act for regulating navigation and trade in this state, 1778, 9 Stats, at L. 288.

of vessel by Owner etc.,

use

for con

or order given by the Secretary of the Treasury or the Governor of the Panama Canal under the provisions of this title, or obstructs or interferes with the exercise of any power conferred by this title, the vessel, together with her tackle, apparel, furniture, and equipment, shall be subject to seizure and forfeiture to the United States in the same manner as merchandise is forfeited for violation of the customs revenue laws; and the

Personal punperson guilty

ishment. of such failure, obstruction, or interference shall be fined not more than $10,000, or imprisoned not more than two years, or both.

Sec. 3. It shall be unlawful for the owner or master Injury, etc., or any other person in charge or command of any pri

unlawful: vate vessel, foreign or domestic, or for any member of the crew or other person, within the territorial waters of the United States, willfully to cause or permit the destruction or injury of such vessel or knowingly to permit

Permitting said vessel to be used as a place of resort for any person

spiracy, etc. conspiring with another or preparing to commit any offense against the United States, or in violation of the treaties of the United States or of the obligations of the United States under the law of nations, or to defraud the United States, or knowingly to permit such vessels to be used in violation of the rights and obligations of the United States under the law of nations; and in case such vessel shall be so used, with the knowledge of the owner or master or othe" person in charge or command thereof, the vessel, together with her tackle, apparel, furniture, and equipment, shall be subject to seizure and

Seizure and forfeiture to the United States in the same manner as vessel, etc. merchandise is forfeited for violation of the customs revenue laws; and whoever violates this section shall be Personal pun. fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned not more than two years, or both. Sec. 4. The President may employ such part of the

Enforcement

by the Presiland or naval forces of the United States as he may deem necessary to carry out the purpose of this title.

forfeiture

of

ishment.

dent.

[223] TITLE VI.

SEIZURE OF ARMS AND OTHER ARTICLES INTENDED FOR

Seizure of arms, etc., for export.

EXPORT.

SECTION 1. Whenever an attempt is made to export or Authority for, ship from or take out of the United States, any arms or portation munitions of war, or other articles, in violation of law,

at

tempted.

seize.

violation

court for warrant for.

or whenever there shall be known or probable cause to
believe that any such arms or munitions of war, or other
articles, are being or are intended to be exported, or
shipped from, or taken out of the United States, in vio-

lation of law, the several collectors, naval officers, surOficers a u. veyors, inspectors of customs, and mar[224]shals, and thorized to

deputy marshals of the United States, and every other
person duly authorized for the purpose by the President,
may seize and detain any articles or munitions of war
about to be exported or shipped from, or taken out of
the United States, in violation of law, and the vessels
or vehicles containing the same, and retain possession

thereof until released or disposed of as hereinafter Forfelture ir directed. If upon due inquiry as hereinafter provided, proved. the property seized shall appear to have been about to

be so unlawfully exported, shipped from, or taken out of
the United States, the same shall be forfeited to the

United States.
Further de Sec. 2. It shall be the duty of the person making any
tention, etc.
Application to seizure under this title to apply, with due diligence, to

the judge of the district court of the United States, or
to the judge of the United States district court of the
Canal Zone, or to the judge of a court of first instance
in the Philippine Islands, having jurisdiction over the
place within which the seizure is made, for a warrant

to justify the further detention of the property so seized, Restoration, which warrant shall be granted only on oath or affirmafused, etc. tion showing that there is known or probable cause to

believe that the property seized is being or is intended
to be exported or shipped from or taken out of the

United States in violation of law; and if the judge re-
Detention on fuses to issue the warrant, or application therefor is not
issue of
rant.

made by the person making the seizure within a reason-
able time, not exceeding ten days after the seizure, the
property shall forthwith be restored to the owner or

person from whom seized. If the judge is satisfied that Action of the the seizure was justified under the provisions of this President.

title and issues his warrant accordingly, then the prop-
erty shall be detained by the person seizing it until the
President, who is hereby expressly authorized so to do,
orders it to be restored to the owner or claimant, or
until it is discharged in due course of law on petition of
the claimant, or on trial of condemnation proceedings,
as hereinafter provided.

if warrant re

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Jurisdiction of courts.

Sec. 3. The owner or claimant of any property seized Petition of under this title may, at any time before condemnation toration. proceedings have been instituted, as hereinafter provided, file his petition for its restoration in the district court of the United States, or the district court of the Canal Zone, or the court of first instance in the Philippine Islands, having jurisdiction over the place in which the seizure was made, whereupon the court shall advance Expedited

hearing, etc. the cause for hearing and determination with all possible dispatch, and, after causing notice to be given to the United States attorney for the district and to the person making the seizure, shall proceed to hear and decide whether the property seized shall be restored to the petitioner or forfeited to the United States.

SEC. 4. Whenever the person making any seizure under ceedings this title applies for and obtains a warrant for the deten- condemnation tion of the property, and (a) upon the hearing and de-seized prop

erty. termination of the petition of the owner or claimant restoration is denied, or (b) the owner or claimant fails to file a petition for restoration within thirty days after the seizure, the United States attorney for the district wherein it was seized, upon direction of the Attorney General, shall institue libel proceedings in the United States district court or the district court of the Canal Zone or the court of first instance of the Philippine Islands having jurisdiction over the place wherein the seizure was made, against the property for condemnation; and if, after trial and hearing of the issues involved, the property is condemned, it shall be disposed Proceeds of of by sale, and the proceeds thereof, less the legal costs and charges, paid into the Treasury.

Sec. 5. The proceedings in such summary trials upon procedure at: the petition of the owner or claimant of the property govern trials. seized, as well as in the libel cases herein provided for, shall conform, as near as may be, to the proceedings in admiralty, except that either party may demand trial faJury trial of by jury of any issue of fact joined in such libel cases, and all such proceed [225]ings shall be at the suit of and in the name of the United States: Provided, That upon the payment of the costs and legal expenses of both the owner on giv: summary trials and the libel proceedings herein pro- to export ille

gally, etc. vided for, and the execution and delivery of a good and sufficient bond in an amount double the value of the property seized, conditioned that it will not be exported or used or employed contrary to the provisions of this

sale.

Proviso.
Delivery to

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