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June, instant, it shall not be lawful for any Inhabitant or Inhabitants of this State, or any Person or Persons coming within the same, to export, or cause to be exported, or otherwise remove therefrom to any Port or Place without the State, any Wheat, Flour, Bread, Beef, Pork, Bacon or live Stock, until the present Requisition of Congress be complied with; neither shall any Rye, Indian-Corn or Rice, be exported as aforesaid, except to the States of Maryland, Pennsylvania and Jersey, before the Twentieth Day of October next, ensuing, unless this Act be suspended or revoked as herein after is directed.

Provided, That this Embargo shall not be construed to prevent the taking on board such Provisions as shall be necessary for the Stores only of any Ships or Vessels of War, or others, trading to and from this State.

2. And be it enacted by the Authority aforesaid, That if any Inhabitant or Inhabitants of this State, or any Person or Persons coming within the same, shall before the said Twentieth Day of October next, ensuing, presume to lade or cause to be laden on board any Ship or Vessel, or remove any Wheat, Flour, Rye, Indian-Corn, Rice, Bread, Beef, Pork, Bacon, live Stock, or other Provisions, from the same, with Intent to export or remove any such Articles to any Port or Place without the State, (except as before excepted) he, or they, for every such Offence, shall forfeit the Articles of Provisions so at. Penalty. tempted to be exported, together with the Ship or Vessel wherein the same shall be so laden, her Tackle, Apparel and Furniture, the one Moiety or half Part thereof to the Person who shall sue for the same, and the other Moiety to and for the Use of the State, to be recovered on Condemnation in the Court of Admiralty for this State.

3. And be it enacted by the Authority aforesaid, That may be cu it shall and may be lawful for the President, with the voked by tho

President, &c. Advice of the Privy-Council, by Proclamation, under his Hand and the Great-Seal of the State, at any Time during the Continuance of this Act, to suspend the Operation thereof, either in Part or in the Whole, or revoke the same, as to them may seem expedient. Signed by Order of the House of Assembly;

SIMON KOLLOCK, Speaker. Signed by Order of the Council,

JOHN CLOWES, Speaker. Passed at Dover, June, 1780.

ACTS OF GEORGIA

Printed from “The Colonial Records of the State of Georgia," Vol. XIX, Part II, compiled and published under authority of the Legislature by Allen D. Candler, A. M. LL. D. (Chas. P. Byrd, State Printer) 1911.)

(p. 72.]

(State Archives)

AN ACT

To regulate and extend the Trade and Commerce of this State and to estab

ish an Insurance Office for the encouragement thereof and also to restrain the Selling of Merchandize by Public Auction within the Same.

WHEREAS the Trade and Commerce of this State is at present very unsettled and many persons taking advantage of the small importations of Merchandize have monopolized and raised the prices thereof to so exorbitant a rate that even the necessaries of life cannot be obtained without great difficulty AND WHEREAS nothing will tend more to discourage such monopolies and to promote Trade than the establishing an Insurance Office on account of this State for the benefit of the inhabitants thereof and them only BE IT THEREFORE ENACTED by the Representatives of the Freemen of the State of Georgia in Assembly met and by the Authority of the same that from and immediately after passing of this Act an Insurance Office shall be opened and established on account of this State for the benefit of the Inhabitants thereof only and shall be known and called by the name of the State of Georgia Insurance Office and that the following Persons shall be Directors of the same (to wit) Joseph Clay, James Habersham, Richard Wylly, Edward Davies, William Belcher, and Peter Bard and they are hereby appointed Authorised and directed to open and establish the said office for the purpose of Insuring the Vessels and Cargoes belonging to the Inhabitants of this State and no other and to agree on such rules and regulations as may be necessary for regulating the same and carrying it into effect according to the True intent and meaning of this Act and the usual custom of merchants and the Laws relative thereto.

AND BE IT ENACTED by the Authority aforesaid that the said Directors be and they are hereby empowered Authorized and directed to assure the property of the Inhabitants of this State who choose to become Adventures at Sea as aforesaid to the Amount of Thirty thousand Pounds Lawfull money of the same provided nevertheless that the said Directors do not assure the property of any person or persons other than the Inhabitants of this State as aforesaid and who shall have resided therein at least Twelve months last past or that the said Directors do not assure any sum exceeding One thousand five hundred pounds on any one Vessel and Cargoe (both inclusive) except the said Vessel be bound on a Voyage to any part of Europe then and in such case the said Directors are impowered authorized and directed to assure any sum not exceeding Three Thousand Pounds on such Vessel and Cargo And in case the Vessels and Cargoes so assured as aforesaid shall be lost taken by the Enemy or sustain any damage which shall make this State liable to make good the same that then and in such case the Directors appointed as aforesaid shall have full power and they are hereby authorized and empowered after the said losses are properly liquidated agreeable to the terms of the Policy by which it was Assured to draw for the amount of such loss or losses on the Treasurers of this State who are hereby empow. ered authorized and directed to pay all such sums as shall be drawn for on them by the said Directors provided the several sums so drawn for by them doth not exceed the sum of Thirty Thousand pounds as aforesaid.

AND BE IT ENACTED by the Authority aforesaid that the said Directors shall not Assure the property of any Person or Persons aforesaid until he she or they do enter into Bond with a penalty thereto annexed that the proceeds of so much of the Cargo as is required to be Insured outwards shall be invested in equal property to be returned to this State the dangers of the Seas Captures or Accidents obliging the Vessel having such Property on Board to make any other Port in the united States excepted and such deviation being satisfactorily proved to the aforesaid Directors, And for the more effectual carrying the several matters relative to assuring the Property of the Inhabitants of this State into execution.

BE IT ALSO ENACTED by the Authority aforesaid that the Directors herein before mentioned be impowered and they are hereby impowered Authorized and Directed to take such premiums for assuring as aforesaid as they shall think Proportionate to the risque the State shall bear in assuring the same to alter from time to time as they shall judge expedient and to do all other matters they may find necessary in the said Business.

AND WHEREAS it will be absolutely necessary for the better carrying on the business of assuring as aforesaid that the Directors be allowed proper Persons to execute the same BE IT FURTHER ENACTED by the Authority aforesaid that the said Directors be en powered and they are hereby empowered to hire one or more Clerk or Clerks as they may find necessary to execute the said business on the most reasonable terms they can and to draw on the Treasurers of this State for their several Salaries as they may become due And the said Treasurers are hereby impowered and directed to pay such sum of sums as may be drawn on them by the said Directors for the purposes aforesaid Provided as aforesaid that the several sums drawn on them by the said Directors do not exceed the sum of Thirty Thousand Pounds as aforesaid.

AND BE IT ALSO ENACTED by the authority aforesaid that if any person or persons who shall obtain assurance as aforesaid be guilty of any fraud or deception in the Vessel or Cargo either in loading the same or by wilfully going into the way of the Enemy or in any other deviation whatsoever and shall be convicted thereof in any Court of Justice within this State the said Offender or Offenders shall suffer death and forfeit a sum not exceeding double the Value of the property so assured to make good the loss or losses sustained by such fraud or deviation.

And for the better and more effectually preventing frauds and impositions on this State in making Insurances BE IT FURTHER ENACTED by the Authority aforesaid That the Directors appointed in and by this Act to open and establish the State of Georgia Insurance Office shall be empowered and they are hereby empowered and directed to Oblige every person or persons who shall offer a Policy to them or any of them for Assurance to take the following oath before he she or they shall be intituled to the Advantage of this Act or have his her or their property Assured in said Office (to wit)

do solemnly swear on the Holy Evangelist of Almighty God that the property now offered by

for Assurance is bona fide own and that no other Person or Persons is concerned therein directly or indirectly so help

God, And in case any person or persons who after assuring their property as aforesaid shall sell or assign or in any other manner dispose of his her or their Property so Assured otherwise than to an Inhabitant of this State

as declared by this Act the Person or Persons so disposing of his her or their property shall forfeit all claim or right under his her or their policy or policies so made as aforesaid and it shall be deemed a deviation and fraud to all intents and purposes any thing herein contained to the contrary notwithstanding.

AND BE IT ALSO FURTHER ENACTED by the Authority aforesaid on application for payment of all losses claimed under any Policy or Policies the claimants shall before they be intituled to receive the same make oath that they are an Inhabitant of this State agreeable to this Law and that they have not assigned or sold any part of their right Title or interest in the said policy or Policies to any non Resident.

AND WHEREAS it will be of great advantage at this time to encourage the importation of the several article of Merchandize wanted by the Inhabitants of this State Provided the same are not Imported from places at War with the united States BE IT FURTHER ENACTED by the Authority aforesaid that from and after the Passing of this Act it may and shall be Lawfull for any person or persons Inhabitants of this State or any of the Inhabitants of the United States or of the Islands of Bermuda or New Providence or of any Kingdom or Country whatsoever in Amity with the united States to bring in or Import into this State any Goods Wares or Merchandize of what kind soever without molestation or hindrance any Law or usage to the contrary notwithstanding.

AND WHEREAS the practice of selling Goods Wares and Merchandize by public Vendue as tending to raise the price of almost every necessary article and to depreciate the current money of the Continent and of this State within the same is found a great grievance to the good People thereof BE IT FURTHER ENACTED by the Authority aforesaid That from and after the passing of this Act no public Vendue or Auction of Goods Wares or Merchandizes shall be held any where within this State by any Person or Persons whatsoever.

AND BE IT FURTHER ENACTED that if any person or Persons shall contrary to the directions of this Act expose to Sale and sell or cause others to expose and sell by public Vendue or outcry any Goods Wares or Merchandizes (except as herein after excepted) he she or they so offending shall forfeit and pay for every such

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