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means than water power as in his judgment is the best and cheapest, necessary or convenient for the generation of electrical or other power and for the production of nitrates or other products needed for munitions of war and useful in the manufacture of fertilizers and other useful products.? The President is authorized to lease, purchase, or ac- of lands, etc.
Acquirement quire, by condemnation, gift, grant, or devise, such lands and rights of way as may be necessary for the construction and operation of such plants, and to take from any lands of the United States, or to purchase or acquire by processes, etc. condemnation materials, minerals, and processes, patented or otherwise, necessary for the construction and operation of such plants and for the manufacture of such products. The products of such plants shall be used by the Presi
use of products. dent for military and naval purposes to the extent that he may deem necessary, and any surplus which he shall
Disposal of determine is not required shall be sold and disposed of by surplus. him under such regulations as he may prescribe.
Officers, emThe President is hereby authorized and empowered to ployees, employ such officers, agents, or agencies as may in his authorized. discretion be necessary to enable him to carry out the purposes herein specified, and to authorize and require such officers, agents, or agencies to perform any and all of the duties imposed upon him by the provisions hereof.
The sum of $20,000,000 is hereby appropriated, out of Appropriation, any moneys in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, available until expended, to enable the President of the United States to carry out the purposes herein provided for. The plant or plants provided for under this Act shall solely by the
Government. be constructed and operated solely by the Government and not in conjunction with any other industry or enterprise carried on by private capital.
etc., Use of Panama bonds for funds.
1 Revolutionary War Statutes. Maryland: See Act to punish forestalling and engrossing, and for other purposes, June, 1777, Laws of State of Maryland, c. XI (p. 298); Act for enlarging the powers of the Governor and council, November Session, 1779, jd. c. XVII (p. 366).
New Jersey: See act for erecting salt works, and manufacturing salt within the State of New Jersey, Acts of the State of New Jersey, Oct. 10, 1777, c. 55 (p. 503) ; act repealing above, id., March 28, 1778, c. 17 [p. 524).
Rhode Island: See Act for encouraging the manufacture of salt-petre and gunpowder, January, 1776, Laws of Rhode Island, p. 246 [p. 819).
Virginia: See ordinance for providing arms and ammunition for the use of this colony, 1775, 9 Hening's Stats. 71 (p. 916); Same amended, id. p. 94 (p. 918).
In order to raise the money appropriated by this Act and necessary to carry its provisions into effect, the Secretary of the Treasury, upon the request of the President of the United States, may issue and sell,  or use for such purpose or construction hereinabove authorized,
any of the bonds of the United States now available in 010 36, pp. the Treasury of the United States under the Act of 117, 1921013
August fifth, nineteen hundred and nine, the Act of Feb-
the issue of bonds for the construction of the Panama
used under the provisions of this section may be made
“ NAVAL APPROPRIATION ACT."
August 29,  CHAP. 417.-An Act Making appropriations for the naval (H. R. 15947.)
service for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, nineteen hun
dred and seventeen, and for other purposes. [Approved, Au[Public, No.
241.) gust 29, 1916. 39 Stats. 556.)
tives of the United States of America in Congress assem-
 Section six of an Act entitled “ An Act to regulate commerce.
Mortales commerce," approved February fourth, eighteen hundred in time of war. and eighty-seven, as amended March second, eighteen 587, amended hundred and eighty-nine, and June twenty-ninth, nine
teen hundred and six, which reads: Former provision.
“ That in time of war or threatened war preference and precedence shall, upon demand of the President of the United States, be given over all other traflic for the transportation of troops and material of war, and carriers shall adopt every means within their control to facilitate and expedite the military traffic,”
be amended to read as follows: Preference to “ That in time of war or threatened war preference and be given troops, etc.
precedence shall, upon demand of the President of the United States, be given over all other traffic for the trans
portation of troops and material of war, and carriers shall adopt every means within their control to facilitate and expedite the military traffic. And in time of peace Prompt deshipments consigned to agents of the United States for of peace. its use shall be delivered by the carriers as promptly as possible and without regard to any embargo that may have been declared, and no such embargo shall apply to Embargoes shipments so consigned.”
« COUNCIL OF NATIONAL DEFENSE ACT."
 CHAP. 418.--An Act Making appropriations for the support
of the Army for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and seventeen, and for other purposes. (Approved, August 29, 1916. 39 Stats. 619.)
1916. [H. R. 17498.) [Public, No.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congre88 assembled,
 PURCHASE OF LAND IN THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA Site for avia
tion school, etc. FOR AVIATION SCHOOL PURPOSES: For the acquisition, by purchase or by condemnation of a site or sites in the State of California for an aviation school and training grounds of the Signal Corps of the United States Army, not to exceed $300,000.
The Secretary of War is hereby authorized to accept Aviation fleld for the United States from any, citizen of the United Acceptance of
donations for. States a donation of a tract or tracts of land suitable and desirable in his judgment for the purposes of an aviation field and remount station, the terms of the donation also to authorize the use of the property donated for any other service of the United States which may hereafter appear desirable.1
The Secretary of War is directed to investigate the Acquirement suitability of the various military reservations for avia-aviation purtion purposes, and should any of the reservations be ervation availfound not suitable and not available for aviation he is authorized, in his discretion, to acquire, by purchase, condemnation, or otherwise, for the United States of America, such  land as may be necessary for aviation purposes, and there is hereby appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, the sum of $300,000, or so much thereof as may be necessary, for said purpose.?
1 Military Laws of the U. S., Sec. 1274 a. * Military Laws of the U. S., Sec. 1274 b.
Mobilization, The Secretary of War is hereby authorized to accept etc., stations.
Acceptance of for the United States from any person such tractor land for.
tracts of land suitable and desirable in his judgment for
permanent mobilization, training, and supply stations; Report on and he is directed to investigate and report to Congress
as soon as practicable what additional tracts are necessary for said purposes for use by the National Guard and by the Regular Army and the probable cost of the same.1
Transportation of troops, etc.
tems in of war.
 The President, in time of war, is empowered,
through the Secretary of War, to take possession and control of sys- assume control of any system or systems of transporta
tion, or any part thereof, and to utilize the same, to the exclusion as far as may be necessary of all other traffic thereon, for the transfer or transportation of troops, war material and equipment, or for such other purposes connected with the emergency as may be needful or desirable.2
* Military Laws of the U. S., Sec. 1274 d. * See Presidential Proclamation No. 1419, December 26, 1917 [p. 155).
Revolutionary War Statutes. Connecticut: See Act to compel the furnishing necessary supplies and assistance to the Quartermaster General of the Continental Army, Acts and Laws of Connecticut, 1776, p. 507 [p. 243) ; Act to compel the furnishing necessary supplies and assistance to the Quartermaster General and Commissary General of Forage, of the Continental Army, id. 1779, p. 511 [p. 244].
Georgia: See Act for the better ordering and regulating the militia of this state, Nov. 15, 1778, 19 Col. Records of Georgia, Pt. II, p. 103, 116 [p. 284).
Maryland: See Supplemental Act to Act entitled, An Act to regulate the militia, Original Laws of Maryland, 1777, October Session, c. xxi [p. 302); Act for the service of the United States, 1778, March session, id. c. i (p. 305); Act for enlarging the powers of the Governor and Council, 1778, id. c. xiil (p. 310); Act for enlarging the powers of the Governor and Council, 1778, October Session, id. c. X (p. 329) ; Act for enlarging the powers of the Governor and Council, 1779, November Session, id. c, xvii (p. 367) ; Act for the immediate supply of flour and other provisions for the Army, 1779, November Session, id. c. xxxil (p. 384); Act supplementary to the act entitled "an act for enlarging the powers of the Governor and Council," 1779, November session, id. c. xxxiv (p. 387); Last foregoing act continued, 1780, March Session, id. C. xxi (p. 388); Act to authorize impressment of vessels and carriages, 1780, June Session, id. c. 1 (p. 389).
Massachusetts: See Act to empower the Quarter-master General or his deputies within this Commonwealth to impress such teams as may be found necessary to transport supplies to the army, Original Acts, May 18, 1781, p. 69 [p. 462).
New Jersey: See Act for regulating the quartering of soldiers and furpishing of carriages, borses, and other necessaries for the army, Acts of the State of New Jersey, March 24, 1778, c. 15 (p. 520]; Act for limiting the prices of various articles and to prevent the withholding from sale the necessaries of life, id. December 21, 1779, c. xii (p..
 SEC. 2. That a Council of National Defense is .. Council of Nahereby established, for the coordination of industries and Composition. resources for the national security and welfare, to consist of the Secretary of War, the Secretary of the Navy, the Secretary of the Interior, the Secretary of Agriculture, the Secretary of Commerce, and the Secretary of Labor. That the Council of National Defense shall nominate
commission to to the President, and the President shall appoint, an be appointed. advisory commission, consisting of not more than seven fications. persons, each of whom shall have special knowledge of some industry, public utility, or the development of some natural resource, or be otherwise specially qualified, in the opinion of the council, for the performance of the duties hereinafter provided. The members of the ad- Expenses alvisory commission shall serve without compensation, but shall be allowed actual expenses of travel and subsistence when attending meetir.gs of the commission or engaged in investigations pertaining to its activities. The ad- Meetings. visory commission shall hold such meetings as shall be
535] ; Act for procuring provisions for the use of the Army, and other supplies for carrying on the war, etc., id. Dec. 25, 1779, c. 17 [p. 547); Act for the more speedy and effectual procurement of supplies for the army of the United States, id. Dec. 4, 1780, c. 3 (p. 566).
New York: See Act for regulating impresses of forage and carriages and for billeting troops within this State, 1778, Cook's N. Y. Laws 55 [p. 587); Act amending the foregoing, 1779, id. p. 134 (p. 616) ; Act reviving and amending act first mentioned, 1779, id. p. 148 [p. 622]; Act reviving and further amending, the several laws relative to impressing teams, forage, timber, etc., 1780, id. p. 208 [p. 633) ; Act authorizing the person administering the government of this state to grant warrants of impress, 1780, id. p. 264 [p. 642); Act to procure supplies for the use of the army, and to prevent a monopoly of cattle within this state and more effectually to prevent supplies of cattle to the enemy, 1780, id. p. 266 (p. 652) ; Act reviving and amending laws relative to impresses of teams, etc., 1780, id. p. 304 [p. 664).
North Carolina: See Act amending an act to establish a militia in this state, 24 Clark's Laws of North Carolina, 1777, c. 15, pp. 113, 116 [p. 678) ; Act to prevent the impressment of boats, wagons, carts and other carriages employed in carrying salt, and for other purposes therein mentioned, 24 Clark's Laws of North Carolira, 1780, c. 5, p. 351 [p. 687] ; Act to amend ap act entitled "an Act to prevent the impressment of boats, wagons, carts, and other carriages employed in carry. ing salt, and for other purposes therein mentioned," 24 Clark's Laws of North Carolina, 1781, c. 11, p. 383 (p. 693) ; Act to enable the governor, with the advice of the Council of the State, to procure tobacco for the purpose of obtaining arms and for other purposes, id. 1781, c. 13, p. 407 [p. 695).
Pennsylvania: See Act for the regulation of wagons, carriages, and pack horses, teams, furniture and equipment therefor, 1777, IX Stats. at L. 181 (p. 712); Act supplemental to the last named statute, 1777, id.
p. 218 [p. 727); Act supplemental to the two foregoing, and providing punishment for impressment of wagons, 1778, id. p. 287 [p. 737); Act continuing the first two of the foregoing acts, 1778, id. p. 302 [p. 743) ; Act amendatory of the foregoing with provisions restricting impressment, 1779, id. p. 384 [p. 752) ; Act for procuring