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to standards.

Vol. 39, 482.

Basis.

ducer.

this section, he is authorized, from time to time, seasonably and as far in advance of seeding time as practicable, to determine and fix and to give public notice of what, under specified conditions, is a reasonable guaranteed price for wheat, in order to assure such producers a rea

sonable profit. The President shall thereupon fix such Conformable guaranteed price for each of the official grain standards

p. for wheat as established under the United States grain

standards Act, approved August eleventh, nineteen hunRegulations dred and sixteen. The President shall from time to to be issued. time establish and promulgate such regulations as he shall

deem wise in connection with such guaranteed prices, and in particular governing conditions of delivery and payment, and differences in price for the several standard grades in the principal primary markets of the United States, adopting number one northern spring or its

equivalent at the principal interior primary markets as Price to pro- the basis. Thereupon, the Government of the United

States hereby guarantees every producer of wheat produced within the United States, that, upon compliance by him with the regulations prescribed, he shall receive for any wheat produced in reliance upon this guarantee within the period, not exceeding eighteen months, prescribed in

the notice, a price not less than the guaranteed price thereTerms and for as fixed pursuant to this section. In such regulations

the President shall prescribe the terms and conditions

upon which any such producer shall be entitled to the Minimum benefits of such guaranty. The guaranteed prices for

the several standard grades of wheat for the crop of nineteen hundred and eighteen, shall be based upon number one northern spring or its equivalent at not less than

$2 per bushel at the principal interior primary markets. Guaranty ab- This guaranty shall not be dependent upon the action

conditions.

price for crop of 1918.

of the President under the first part of this section, but is hereby made absolute and shall be binding until May first, nineteen hundred and nineteen. When the President finds that the importation into the United States of any wheat produced outside of the United States materially enhances or is likely materially to enhance the liabilities of the United States under guaranties of prices therefor made pursuant to this section, and ascertains

solute.

1 See, generally, for price-fixing statutes, Sec. 25, Food Control Act,

p. 76.

to

what rate of duty, added to the then existing rate of duty Added

on imports auon wheat and to the value of wheat at the time of impor- thorized

maintain price. tation, would be sufficient to bring the price thereof at which imported up to the price fixed therefor pursuant to the foregoing provisions of chis section, he shall proclaim such facts, and thereafter there shall be levied, collected, and paid upon wheat when imported, in addition to the then existing rate of duty, the rate of duty so ascertained; but in no case shall any such rate of duty be a Noroculisting

rate reduced fixed at an amount which will effect a reduction of the rate of duty upon wheat under any then xisting tariff law of the United States. For the purpose of making sale

, etc., a boy any guaranteed price effective under this section, or ment to suswhenever he deems it essential in order to protect the tain guar..nty. Government of the United States against material enhancement of its liabilities arising out of any guaranty under this section, the President is authorized also, in his discretion, to purchase any wheat for which a guaranteed price shall be fixed under this secticn, and to hold, transport, or store it, or to sell, dispose of, and deliver the same to any citizen of the United States or to any Disposition. Government engaged in war with any country with which the Government of the United States is or may be at war or to use the same as supplies for any department or agency of the Government of the United States. Any Continuing

use of receipts moneys received by the United States from or in connection with the sale or disposal of wheat under this section may, in the [282] discretion of the President, be used as a revolving fund for further carrying out 'ue purposes of this section. Any balance of such moneys not used as part of such revolving fund shall be covered into the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts.

Balances.

1 Revolutionary War Statutes.

New York: See Act authorizing certain persons to make contracts on behalf of this state, with respect to provisions to be procured within the same, for public uses, 1780, 1 Cook's N. Y. Laws, p. 318 [p. 665).

Rhode Island: See act providing pasturage for cattle of French forces, July, 1780, Laws of Rhode Island, p. 21 (p. 864); Act providing teams for the French Army, May, 1781, id. p. 31 [p. 868).

Pennsylvania: See Act for procuring an immediate supply of provisions for the purposes therein mentioned, 1779, 9 Stats. at L. 437 (p. 771).

Virginia: See Act to enable the governor and council to supply the armies and Davies of the United States and of their allies with grain and flour. 1778, 9 Hening's Stats. at L. 584 (p. 955); Act continuing the act above named, 1779, 10 Hening's Stats. at L. 107 [p. 957) ; Same, 1779, id. p. 142 (p. 958); Act reviving first named act, 1781, id. p. 426 (p. 984).

Distilled spirits.

erages den.

Sec. 15.1 That from and after thirty days from the Use of foods: date of the approval of this Act no foods, fruits, food duce loro bene materials, or feeds shall be used in the production of

distilled spirits for beverage purposes: Provided, That

under such rules, regulations, and bonds as the PresiProvisos. dent may prescribe, such materials may be used in the

Allowed, not for bever-production of distilled spirits exclusively for other than

beverage purposes, or for the fortification of pure sweet

wines as defined by the Act entitled “An Act to increase fortify the revenue, and for other purposes," approved Septemvol. 39, P ber eighth, nineteen hundred and sixteen. Nor shall

there be imported into the United States any distilled

it

ages.

Το wines.

785.

"Revolutionary War Statutes. Connecticut: See Act continuing an act for preventing the distilling of spirituous liquors from grain, October, 1778, p. 506 (p. 242).

Delaware: See act to probibit for a limited time the distilling of whiskey and other spirits from wheat, rye, or any other sort of grain, or from any meal or flour, Acts General Assembly of Delaware, 3rd Session, February 1, 1779 [p. 250].

Maryland: See act to prevent distilling grain into spirit, 1778, Laws of State of Maryland, October Session, c. 19 (p. 332); Act supplemental to the foregoing, 1779, March Session, id. c. 1 (p. 334) ; Act to continue the foregoing, 1779, July Session, id. c. 1 (p. 338) ; Act to prevent distilling grain into spirits, 1779, November Session, id. c. 26 (p. 380).

Massachusetts: See Act to prevent the pernicious practice of distilling into any kind of spirits whatever, cider, wheat, Indian corn, rye, barley, and oats or either of them, 1777, May Session, Original Acts and Laws, P. 140 (p. 438).

New Jersey: See Act to prevent the distilling of wheat, rye, and other grain, Acts of State of New Jersey, March 14, 1777, c. 19 [p. 497]; Act to suspend the operation of an act entitled “An act to prevent the distilling of wheat, rye, and other grain," id. June 6, 1777, c. 32 [p. 498).

New York: See Act to prohibit the distilling of spirituous liquors from grain, 1779, 1 Cook's N. Y. Laws 112 (p. 609) ; Act repealing an act entitled "An act to prohibit the distilling of spirituous liquors for grain," 1781, id. p. 383 (p. 672).

Pennsylvania: See Act to prohibit for a limited time the making of whiskey and other spirits from wheat, rye, or any other sort of grain or from any meal or flour, 1778, 9 Stats. at L. 297 (p. 740); Act supplementary to the foregoing, 1779, id. 317 (p. 744); Act to permit the making of whiskey and other spirits from rye, barley, or the malt thereof, under certain restrictions mentioned, and to prohibit the distilling of any whiskey, or other spirits from any other grain, meal, malt, or flour, 1779, id. p. 414 (p. 758); Act repealing above act, 1780, 10 Stats. at L. 175 (p. 784).

Rhode Island: See Act to prevent the distilling into any kind of spirits whatever, wheat, Indian corn, rye, barley, oats, or cider, Laws of Rhode Island, August, 1777, p. 14 (p. 853).

Virginia: Act to prohibit the distillation of spirits from corn, wheat, rye, and other grain, for a limited time, 1778, 9 Hening's Stats, at L. 476 (p. 949) ; Act repealing the last named act, 1779, 10 Hening's Stats. at L. 112 (p. 957).

Federal statutesCivil War. See Act to provide for the appointment of sutlers in the volunteer service, and to define their duties, March 19, 1862, 12 Stats. 371 (p. 1057). Malt

and

spirits. Whenever the President shall find that limita- Imports fortion, regulation, or prohibition of the use of foods, fruits, food materials, or feeds in the production of malt or

vinous liquors. vinous liquors for beverage purposes, or that reduction Use of foods, of the alcoholic content of any such malt or vinous liq-duce, may be

limited, etc. uor, is essential, in order to assure an adequate and continuous supply of food, or that the national security and defense will be subserved thereby, he is authorized, from time to time, to prescribe and give public notice of the extent of the limitation, regulation, prohibition, or reduction so necessitated. Whenever such notice shall Licenses re

quired. have been given and shall remain unrevoked no person shall, after a reasonable time prescribed in such notice, use any foods, fruits, food materials, or feeds in the production of malt or vinous liquors, or import any such liquors except under license issued by the President and in compliance with rules and regulations determined Rules, etc. by him governing the production and importation of such liquors and the alcoholic content thereof.' Any Punishment

for person who willfully violates the provisions of this section, or who shall use any foods, fruits, food materials, or feeds in the production of malt or vinous liquors, or who shall import any such liquors, without first obtaining a license so to do when a license is required under this section, or who shall violate any rule or regulation made under this section, shall be punished by a fine not exceeding $5,000, or by imprisonment for not more than two years, or both: Provided further, That No license at

places where nothing in this section shall be construed to authorize manufacture

prohibited. the licensing of the manufacture of vinous or malt liquors in any State, Territory, or the District of Columbia, or any civil subdivision thereof, where the manufacture of such vinous or malt liquor is prohibited.

Sec. 16. That the President is authorized and directed Distilled to commandeer any or all distilled spirits in bond or in

deering of, in stock at the date of the approval of this Act for redis-bond, etc., for tillation, in so far as such redistillation may be neces-u s es, author sary to meet the requirements of the Government in the manufacture of munitions and other military and hospital supplies, or in so far as such redistillation would dispense with the necessity of utilizing products and materials suitable for foods and feeds in the future manu. facture of distilled spirits for the purposes herein enu

spirits.

Comma n

ized.

1 See Presidential Proclamation No. 1416, December 8, 1917 [p. 151) : Executive Order No. 2694-A, Sept. 2, 1917 (p. 177).

tion.

Compensa- merated. The President shall determine and pay a just

Sun 1f compensation for the distilled spirits so commandeered; a mount not satisfactory.

and if the compensation so determined be not satisfacProcedure. tory to the person entitled to receive the same, sr ch per

son shall be paid seventy-five per centum of the amount so determined by the President and shall be entitled to sue the United States to recover such further sum as,

added to said seventy-five per centum, will make up such Vol. 36, pp. amount as will be just compensation for such spirits, in 1096, 1132.

the manner provided by section twenty-four, paragraph twenty, and section one hundred and forty-five of the

Judicial Code. Punishment for assaulting

[283] Sec. 17. That every person who willfully assaults, resists, impedes, or interferes with any officer, employee, or agent of the United States in the execution of any duty authorized to be performed by or pursuant to this Act shall upon conviction thereof be fined not exceeding $1,000 or be imprisoned for not more than one

officials, etc.

year, or both.

Appropria Sec. 18. That the sum of $2,500,000 is hereby approtion for administrative ex priated, out of any moneys in the Treasury not otherpenses, ing, etc.

wise appropriated, to be available until June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and eighteen, for the payment of such rent, the expense, including postage, of such printing and publications, the purchase of such material and equipment, and the employment of such persons and means, in the city of Washington and elsewhere, as the President

may deem essential. Appropria Sec. 19. That for the purposes of this Act the sum of purposes. $150,000,000 is hereby appropriated, out of any moneys

in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, to be available during the time this Act is in effect: Provided, That

no part of this appropriation shall be expended for the Monthly purposes described in the preceding section: Provided statements

and further, That itemized statements covering all purchases

tion for other

Proviso8.
Restriction.

Senate
House,

* See Executive Order No. 2694-A, September 2, 1917 [p. 177).

Resolutions of the Continental Congress. See, for instance of requisitioning rum for the use of the Army, May 13, 1778, XI Journals of the Continental Cor ress (Library of Congress] 491 (p 218].

Revolutionary War Statutes. New Hampshire: See Act for supplying the Continental Army with ten thousand gallons of West India Rum, 4 Metcalf's Laws of New Hampshire 415 [p. 491).

Confederate Statutes-Civil War. See Act to authorize the manufacture of spirituous liquors for the use of the Army and hospitals, June 14, 1864, Second Congress, Sess. 1, c. 41, p. 271 (p. 1051).

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