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(b) The government of any nation with which the Government,

officials, etc. United States is at war, or any political or municipal subdivision thereof, or any officer, official, agent, or agency thereof. (c) Such other individuals, or body or class of indi-norther desig.

nated . viduals, as may be natives, citizens, or subjects of any nation with which the United States is at war, other than citizens of the United States, wherever resident or wherever doing business, as the President, if he shall find the safety of the United States or the successful prosecution of the war shall so require, may, by proclamation, include within the term “enemy."

The words “ally of enemy," as used herein, shall be Ally of enodeemed to mean

(a) Any individual, partnership, or other body of indi- in Persons residviduals, of any nationality, resident within the territory country thereof. (including that occupied by the military and naval forces) of any nation which is an ally of a nation with which the United States is at war, or resident outside the United States and doing business within such territory, and any corporation incorporated within such terri- Corporations. tory of such ally nation, or incorporated within any country other than the United States and doing business within such territory.

Government, (b) The government of any nation which is an ally of oficials, etc. a nation with which the United States is at war, or any political or municipal subdivision of such ally nation, or any officer, official, agent, or agency thereof.

(c) Such other individuals, or body or class of indi- Othor dosiga viduals, as may be natives, citizens, or subjects of any nation which is an ally of a nation with which the United States is at war, other than citizens of the United States, wherever resident or wherever doing business, as the President, if he shall find the safety of the United States or the successful prosecution of the war shall so require, may, by proclamation, include within the term "ally of enemy.”

[412] The word “person," as used herein, shall be “Person.” deemed to mean an individual, partnership, association, company, or other unincorporated body of individuals, or corporation or body politic.

The words “United States," as used herein, shall be deemed to mean all land and water, continental or insular, in any way within the jurisdiction of the Unitod States or occupied by the military or naval forces thereof.

nated persons.

United States."

"End of the

war."

banks.”

“Beginning of The words "the beginning of the war," as used herein, the war."

shall be deemed to mean midnight ending the day on which Congress has declared or shall declare war or the existence of a state of war.

The words “end of the war, as used herein, shall be deemed to mean the date of proclamation of exchange of ratifications of the treaty of peace, unless the President shall, by proclamation, declare a prior date, in which case the date so proclaimed shall be deemed to be

the "end of the war" within the meaning of this Act. "Baator The words “bank or banks," as used herein, shall be

deemed to mean and include national banks, State banks, trust companies, or other banks or banking associations doing business under the laws of the United

States, or of any State of the United States. “To trado." The words “to trade,” as used herein, shall be deemed

to mean Paying, etc., (a) Pay, satisfy, compromise, or give security for the

payment or satisfaction of any debt or obligation. Making, etc., (b) Draw, accept, pay, present for acceptance or paynegotiable paper.

ment, or indorse any negotiable instrument or chose in

action. Contracts. (c) Enter into, carry on, complete, or perform any

contract, agreement, or obligation. Property trans- (d) Buy or sell, loan or extend credit, trade in, deal

with, exchange, transmit, transfer, assign, or otherwise dispose of, or receive any form of property.

(e) To have any form of business or commercial com

dobts.

actions.

munication or intercourse with. Acts unlawful, SEC. 3. That it shall be unlawful

Business intorcourse.

1 Federal Statutes— War of 1812.
See, generally, Act to prohibit American vessels from proceeding to or trading with
the enemies of the United States, and for other purposes, July 6, 1812, 2 Stats. 778
(p. 996); Act to prohibit the use of licenses or passes granted by the authority of the
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, August 2, 1813, 3 Stats. 84 (p. 1000);
Act to prohibit intercourse with the enemy, and for other purposes, February 4, 1815,
3 Stats. 195 (p. 1015).

Federal Statutes-Civil War.
See Act providing for the collection of duties on imports, and for other purposes,
Sec. 5-9, inc., July 13, 1861, 12 Stats. 255, 257 [p. 1052]; Act to prevent correspondence
with rebels, February 25, 1863, 12 Stats. 696 (p. 1066).

For statutory authorization for trading with certain British possessions during the
Revolutionary War, seo

Georgia: Act to regulate and extend the trade and commerce of this state and to establish an insurance office for the encouragement thereof and also to restrain the selling of merchandise by public auction within the same, Sept. 16, 1777, 19 Col. Records of Georgia, Pt. II, p. 72 (p. 279);

Maryland: Act to prohibit, for a limited time, the exportation of wheat, etc., Laws of the state of Maryland, July session, 1779, c. VII (p. 343); Same, id. November session, 1779, c. XVI (p. 3621;

Virginia: Act for the more effectual and speedy clothing of the army, 1780, 10 Hen. ing's Stats. 376 (p. 977).

United States with enemy ally, or for benefit

or

.

States without

(a) For any person in the United States, except with , Trading in the license of the President, granted to such person, or to the enemy, or ally of enemy, as provided in this Act, there, without a to trade, or attempt to trade, either directly or indirectly, with, to, or from, or for, or on account of, or on behalf of, or for the benefit of, any other person, with knowledge or reasonable cause to believe that such other person is an enemy or ally of enemy, or is conducting or taking part in such trade, directly or indirectly, for, or on account of, or on behalf of, or for the benefit of, an enemy or ally of enemy.

(b) For any person, except with the license of the Transporting President, to transport or attempt to transport into or or from United from the United States, or for any owner, master, or license. other person in charge of a vessel of American registry to transport or attempt to transport from any place to any other place, any subject or citizen of an enemy or ally of enemy nation, with knowledge or reasonable cause to believe that the person transported or attempted to be transported is such subject or citizen.?

(c) For any person (other than a person in the service Unauthorized of the United States Government or of the Government ing letters, except

by mail. of any nation, except that of an enemy or ally of enemy nation, and other than such persons or classes of persons as may be exempted hereunder by the President or by such person as he may direct), to send, or take out of, bring into, or attempt to send, or take out of, or bring into the United States, any letter or other writing or tangible form of communication, except in the regular course of the mail; and it shall be unlawful for any person to send, take, or transmit, or attempt to send, take, Transmitting or transmit out of the United States, any letter or other messages, etc., to

enemy or ally. writing, book, map, plan, or other paper, picture, or any telegram, cablegram, or wireless message, or other form of com-[413]munication intended for or to be delivered, directly or indirectly, to an enemy or ally of enemy: Provided, however, That any person may send, Allowed

cense therefor obtake, or transmit out of the United States anything herein forbidden if he shall first submit the same to the President, or to such officer as the President may direct, and shall obtain the license or consent of the President, under such rules and regulations, and with such exemptions, as shall be prescribed by the President. See Executive Order No. 2729-A, IV, October 12, 1917 (p. 180). :See Executive Order No. 2729-A, XXV, XXVII, October 12, 1917 'p. 185). See Executive Order No. 2729-A, XI, October 12, 1917 [p. 182).

37639—18 -7

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codes, etc.

Enemy

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etc.

United States.

Censoring for (d) Whenever, during the present war, the President public safety of communications shall deem that the public safety demands it, he may to foreign countries.

cause to be censored under such rules and regulations as he may from time to time establish, communications by mail, cable, radio, or other means of transmission passing between the United States and any foreign coun

try he may from time to time specify, or which may be By vessels, etc. carried by any vessel or other means of transportation

touching at any port, place, or territory of the United

States and bound to or from any foreign country. Any for evasions, using

person who willfully evades or attempts to evade the submission of any such communication to such censorship or willfully uses or attempts to use any code or other device for the purpose of concealing from such

censorship the intended meaning of such communication Post, p. 425. shall be punished as provided in section sixteen of this

Act.1 ance companies,

Sec. 4. (a) Every enemy or ally of enemy insurance Pro make appli. or reinsurance company, and every enemy or ally of sos to continuo enemy, doing business within the United States through business in

an agency or branch office, or otherwise, may, within thirty days after the passage of this Act, apply to the President for a license to continue to do business ;? and, 'within thirty days after such application, the President

may enter an order either granting or refusing to grant Character of li- such license. The license, if granted, may be temporary

or otherwise, and for such period of time, and may contain such provisions and conditions regulating the business, agencies, managers and trustees and the control and disposition of the funds of the company, or of such

enemy or ally of enemy, as the President shall deem Rovocation, necessary for the safety of the United States; and any

license granted hereunder may be revoked or regranted or renewed in such manner and at such times as the

President shall determine: Provided, however, That reacompanies, of in-sonable notice of his intent to refuse to grant a license revoke a license. or to revoke a license granted to any reinsurance com

pany shall be given by him to all insurance companies incorporated within the United States and known to the

President to be doing business with such reinsurance Abrogation

mados company: Provided further, That no insurance company, contracts made before the war organized within the United States, shall be obligated to

companies continue any existing contract, entered into prior to the

cense

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Provisos.
Notice to other

1 See Executive Order No. 2729-A, XIV-XVI, October 12, 1917 \. . 183).

* Sme Executive Order No. 2729-A, V, October 12, 1917 [p. 180]; No. 2770, Decora bor 7, 1917 (p. 190).

insurance companies.

and marine prohibitions,

beginning of the war, with any enemy or ally of enemy insurance or reinsurance company, but any such company may abrogate and cancel any such contract by serving thirty days' notice in writing upon the President of its election to abrogate such contract.

For a period of thirty days after the passage of this Act, tintemperare cer and further pending the entry of such order by the man President, after application made by any enemy or ally of enemy insurance or reinsurance company, within such thirty days as above provided, the provisions of the President's proclamation of April sixth, nineteen hundred Proclamations, and seventeen, relative to agencies in the United States Warrisk of certain insurance companies, as modified by the provisions of the President's proclamation of July thirteenth, nineteen hundred and seventeen, relative to marine and war-risk insurance, shall remain in full force and effect so far as it applies to such German insurance companies, and the conditions of said proclamation of April sixth, nineteen hundred and seventeen, as modified by said proclamation of July thirteenth, nineteen hundred and seventeen, shall also during said period of thirty days after the passage of this Act, and pending the order of the President as herein provided, apply to any enemy or rib license. List [414) ally of enemy insurance or reinsurance company, anything in this Act to the contrary notwithstanding. It shall be unlawful for any enemy or ally of enemy insurance Transmitting or reinsurance company, to whom license is granted, to unlawful. transmit out of the United States any funds belonging to or held for the benefit of such company or to use any such funds as the basis for the establishment directly or indirectly of any credit within or outside of the United States to, or for the benefit of, or on behalf of, or on account of, an enemy or ally of enemy.

For a period of thirty days after the passage of this Act, Temporary conand further pending the entry of such order by the enemy business

allowed. President, after application made within such thirty days by any enemy or ally of enemy, other than an insurance or reinsurance company as above provided, it shall be lawful for such enemy or ally of enemy to continue to do business in this country and for any person to trade with, to, from, for, on account of, on behalf of or for the benefit of such enemy or ally of enemy, anything in this Act to the contrary notwithstanding: Provided, however, That Proriso.

Transmitting the provisions of sections three and sixteen hereof shall funds abroad, unapply to any act or attempted act of transmission or Ante, p. 412.

Post.p, 125. transfer of money or other property out of the United

ness.

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