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Ladies' Sanitary Association... 138

Lady Artists, Society... 233

Liability to Support Children 178

Liberal Association, Bristol 23, 86,

186, 221

Darlington 133

Gathering, Liverpool 88
Liverpool University College 75
LONDON UNIVERSITY-
Admission of Women to
Convocation

17, 68

College

. 306

Examinations, B.A.

517

Medicine

42?, 535

Prel. Sc. (M.B.) 421
Science and Art 361

420, 422
Matriculation

359
Presentation Day

214
Maintenance of Soldiers'
Wives

223

Married Women, Apprentices 185

Jewellery 185, 283

Claim as Rate-

payer 176, 369

MARRIED WOMEN'S PROPERTY

Bill in House of Lords 76, 132,

184, 411

Commons 266,

352, 410

Bill, Royal assent to

411

Committee

419, 473, 507

Meeting, Nottingham 473

Willis's Rooms 549
Text of Act

411
Medical Women

464
Medicine, London School of 310,

464, 501
MISCELLANEOUS-

Ambulance Association 476
Art Museum, Manchester

327
Brave Schoolmistress

37
Brave Sister, A

234, 374
British Museum Lectures... 475
Charters' Schools

373

Church Congress, The 476

Democratic Federation

268

Exercise for Girls

283

Flower Show Judges 284

Girls' Friendly Society 189, 328

Golf for Ladies

477

Home for Inebriates

284
Insane, Companions for 513
Lady Conductor, A... 268
Landscape Gardening 513
Lily Club

90

188

...

MISCELLANEOUS-continued

Matron at South Dublin 234
Miss Hopley...

91
Miss Ormerod

285, 477
Miss Weston

513
Mourning Reform

515
Political Economy for begin.
ners

189

Pollokshaws and Female

Electors

472

Presentation to Mrs. Cham.
berlain

37
Salvation Army, The

328
Sanitation

90
Sobriety in Women...

37

Swimming Matches

477

Tricyclists

514

Water Colour Society 189

Wesleyan Conference 373, 475

Yacht Race ...

477

Miss North's Gallery . 320

Moral Reform Union 37, 280, 511

Municipal Elections, England 503

Scotland 504

Franchise, Scotland 215
Negro's Friend Society, The... 281
Nurses for Alexandria

375
Nursing Certificates
OBITUARY

Dora Greenwell
Mies Hamilton

139
Mrs. Harrison

228
Mrs. Nathan...

138

Mrs. Rathbone

515

Rhoda Garrett

547

Organist, A Lady

376

Painters, Manchester Society

of Women

88

PARAGRAPHS,
African Princess

48
Arguments for Suffrage 240
Co-education

95
Lancashire Election, A 336
Status of Women in Un-
civilised Nations...

46
Police Regulation Bill

366

POOR LAW GUARDIANS-

Annual Meeting of Society 261

Conference, Birmingham 22, 76

Leeds

19

London

367

Nottingham 20

Committee, Cheltenham 80

Elections, Abergavenny

168

Birmingham

Boddington . 168

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302

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80, 127

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POOR LAW GUARDIANS--cont.- REVIEWS-continued-
Elections, Bridgwater 169, 175 Rational Dress

256
Brighton
129, 213
Remarkable Women

463 Bristol

168 Revolt of Man Cardiff

169 Roumania, Past and Present 519 Cheltenham 168 Sister Augustine

62 Elstree

168 Social Science Association... 408 Huddersfield 213 Theatricals for Amateurs 209 Leeds

213 Wales, Education of Girls... 460
London
171, 213

Women's Suffrage, History
Shere

213
of, Vol. II...

407 Meetings, Belfast

176

Royal Agricultural Society 228, 321
Bristol

SCHOOL BOARD ELECTIONS-
Dublin
315 Birmingham

554 Hastings... 169 Bradford

555 New Cross

83
Edinb:'rgh

165 Nottingham 125 London

496, 553 Woolwich 125 Manchester

516 Mr. Leahy's Bill 212, 260 Sheffield

554 Work of

510, 565
Scotch Marriages

89 Poor Law Inspectors ..

130 Shop Assistants' League 224 Post Office Clerks, Dublin 279 Shop Hours' Regulation Bill... 119 Practical Suggestions on Elec- Soldiers' Wives Allowances

373 tions ...

83 SUFFRAGEPrevention of Cruelty to Ani. Demonstrations, Glasgow ... 197 mals ...

327

Sheffield 130 Printing Society, Women's 85 Meetings, England 179, 227, 267, Prison Gate Mission, Dublin

313, 503 230, 511

Ireland

180 Protection of Women, Bill for 219

Scotland ...

131, 313 Protection of Young Girls 137, Mr. Mason's Resolution 267

281, 314

Opinions of M.P.S ... 179, 567 Protection and Provident Swimming School, Manchester 87 League

320 Tailoresses' Association, LivRegistered Medical Practition

erpool

136 ers

38 Teachers' Conference, Sheffield 217 Registrars, Women

265, 473

Teachers' Training and RegisREVIEWS

tration

259 Bristol Review

210 Temperance Women's AssoChina Painting 17 ciation, Belfast

182 Common Sense about Temperance Breakfast

324 Women

158 Trades' Union Congress 468 Deceased Wife's Sister Bill 256 Useful Work, Birmingham European Slavery 15 Association

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181 Frederick Douglas 355 Wages for Women

278 Genji Monogatari

Women in Politics

472 Gyngende Grund

.. 357

Workhouse Visiting ComJames T. Fields . 161 mittee, Salford

129, 213 Lady Trader Transvaal... 209 Working Women's Congress 478 Plymouth High School Mag- Yorkshire College Building azine 211 Fund ...

561 Public Worship Act . 358

... 517

THE

ENGLISH WOMAN'S REVIEW,

(NEW SERIES.)

No. CV.-JANUARY 14TH, 1882.

ART. 1.-THE PRACTICE OF MEDICINE BY

WOMEN ABROAD.

THE UNITED STATES. An inquiry of considerable interest to women who intend to take up the profession of medicine, has been lately made in the United States, and its results were announced in a paper read by Miss Emily F. Pope, M.D., before the American Social Science Association which met at Saratoga, last September. The inquiry. was directed to ascertain to what extent women are practising medicine in the United States-whether the majority of those who graduated still practise; how far their pecuniary success shows a demand on the part of the public for women physicians; what effect the strain of practice has on their health, and what proportion of them marry. It must be remembered, in comparing the results with those which might attend a similar inquiry in England, that the Americans have had a much longer experience of women physicians than we have. The first who graduated in America was Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell, an English woman, in 1848, and the first medical school for women was established in Boston the same year. The Women's Medical College in Pennsylvania was incorporated in 1850. Thus, more than thirty years ago, medical instruction was easily attainable, while till ten years ago our own countrywomen were compelled to seek their complete course of instruction abroad. There are now many other medical colleges for women in America; of these, the most important are the Women's Medical College of the New York Infirmary, founded in 1868, and the Women’s Medical College of Chicago, in 1.870. In 1871, the Medical Department of the University of Michigan, the largest medical school west of Philadelphia, opened its doors to women, who receive the same instruction as the men students, from the same Professors, but mostly in separate classes.

To ascertain the desired facts, a circular containing certain questions, was sent to every woman graduato whose address could be obtained. It was impossible to find the addresses of many who had kept up no communication with their Colleges after leaving them, but information has been received concerning 430 who live scattered over twenty-six States of the Union. New York, Pennsylvania, and Massachusetts have the largest number, but there are hardly any in the Southern States, and none in Arkansas, Kentucky, and Nevada. In many cases only some of the questions were answered, so that the numbers do not in every case correspond to the total number who have been communicated with.

With regard to the length of time these ladies have been in practice, the statistics show that,

23 have practised more than 20 years.
15

from 15 to 20
40

from 10 to 15 123

from 5 to 10 144

less than 5 Three hundred and forty-one report themselves as practising allopathic medicine, and thirteen homoeopathic medicine. The average time of study before engaging in practice, was four and a half years.

The most striking test of success, that of pecuniary profit, was more difficult to obtain. It seemed doubtful whether the majority would be willing to return their income, and, moreover, this would not always give a fair idea of the value of a practice, as a small income in the country might represent more actual profit than a much larger sum in a city where living was expensive.

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