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elsewhere. It was a self-evident proposition that where numbers of women, children, and aged persons are gathered together in need of sympathy and help women can give, there should be women in power, and not merely as visitors. They were fortunate in having two candidates so admirably suited as the two ladies who were coming forward.

Mr. TOTHILL observed that he had been sceptical; he believed, however, that guardians would soon find there was no difficulty in working with ladies, and they would soon wonder how it was they had gone on so long without them.

The Rev. A. C. MACPHERSON remarked that it was difficult to see what there was to fight against. The leading principle in this matter was that where certain work had to be done they wanted the best people to do it. Many women had more time than men and more patience in the small details of domestic arrangements. It was one of those questions which we do not heed till it is brought before us, and when it is brought before us we wonder we never thought of it before.

The Rev. ARNOLD THOMAS sympathised with Mr. Macpherson in seeing no foe to fight. He thought they could but rejoice that ladies were willing to come forward in duties which must often be onerous and painful. The very name of Miss Clifford should inspire confidence -the daughter of one whom they all knew so well.

Mr. ALAN GREENWELL thought many had been prompted, like himself in this movement, by feeling that women had not as much scope at the present time as they ought to have, but still more out of feeling for those in the unions, when they came to leave the unions. He, as chaplain of a gaol, had had ladies working with him, and knew the help they gave, and especially to the prisoners when they left the prison. Women who came forward under a sense of duty in work of this kind would not fear unpleasantnesses or difficulties.

Mr. E. George, Mrs. Beddoe, and others made some observations, and the following resolution was unanimously adopted :-“ That in the opinion of this meeting it is highly desirable that ladies should be placed on

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Boards of Guardians. This meeting learns with satisfaction that two ladies are willing to come forward at the ensuing election for Barton Regis Union, and pledges itself to assist in securing their election.”

Three ladies have now signified their intention of coming forward for the Barton Regis Union: these are

Westbury-on-Trym... Miss Clifford.

Miss Woollam.

Miss Alice Winkworth. BRIGHTON.—We understand that Mrs. Haycraft, 10, Evelyn Place, East Brighton, has been asked by her friends to offer herself as a candidate.

SALFORD UNION: APPOINTMENT OF A LADIES' VISITING COMMITTEE.-On Feb. 24th, at the weekly meeting of the Salford Board of Guardians, held at the Workhouse, Eccles New Road, the Chairman (Mr. T. Dickins, J.P.) moved the following resolution:-“That a cominittee of ladies be appointed to visit the women and children in the workhouse, under such regulations as shall not interfere with the appointed discipline and management of the house; that such committee be respectfully invited to enter their reports in a visiting book, to be submitted periodically through the House Committee to the Board; and that the House Committee be instructed to carry out these resolutions.” Mr. Dickins said that some ladies had occasionally visited the Salford workhouse, and those visits had been highly appreciated by the women and children in the house, and the object of the resolution he proposed was to systematise these visitations. No doubt the poor people in the house were treated with all the kindness and justice that the circumstances permitted, but the exercise of impartial authority did not permit that sympathy which would be so valuable to the pauper inmates, especially the women and children, and the periodical visits of ladies of education and refinement, who would talk with the inmates on their present or future prospects, could not fail to exercise a beneficial effect upon the poor people, and might eventually lead to a diminution of pauperism. He had reason to know that there were several ladies who would be glad to join the committee and to take in hand so good a work, and he

appealed to the clergy of all denominations to assist in forming a Ladies' Visiting Committee to that institution. Mr. G. H. Taylor seconded the resolution, which was adopted unanimously.

PADDINGTON.—At the weekly meeting of the Paddington Board of Guardians, Mrs. Charles also gave notice to move the following.-" That this Board do urge upon the Local Government Board, the desirability of appointing women Poor Law Inspectors of Schools. These Institutions being largely made up of women and children, their training and management; that the expenses connected with them being chiefly household expenses, an inspection by men only, must, in some most important respects, be superficial and imperfect. To be effective, an inspection should include an examination into the style of living of the officials, the state of their apartments, and also the condition of cleanliness and repair of articles of the children's clothing actually in wear. That the girls' industrial work can only be judged of thoroughly by women, whether as to the methods of teaching, or the attainments of pupils, in needlework, laundry work, cooking and cleaning. That such appointments are also desirable in the interest of the Ratepayer, who is heavily taxed in consequence of the unchecked consumption of household stores and clothing in these establishments, women of intelligence and experience, being able to judge of what is necessary and enough, and to point out excess and extravagance. And as household economy has a moral basis of conscientiousness, carefulness, self-denial, attention to detail, industry in making the most of things, and as wastefulness tends to the reverse of all these, it is necessary and expedient this step should be taken, especially having regard to the girls, who without women Inspectors, must be left too much to the direction of officials, whose chief interest in these schools is necessarily pecuniary.”

SUFFRAGE. SHEFFIELD.—Another over-crowded demonstration of women on behalf of obtaining the electoral franchise took place at Sheffield, on February 27th, under the presi


15th, 1882

dency of Lady Harberton. The great Albert Hall was crowded in every corner, for not only was every seat filled, but the passages were packed with women who remained standing, and there was an overflow meeting of several hundreds. The meeting was addressed by Miss Carbutt, Mrs. H. J. Wilson, Miss Muller, M.L.S.B., Mrs. Shearer, Miss Becker, Mrs. Lucas, Miss Eliza Sturge, Mrs. Ellis, Mrs. Scatcherd, and Mrs. Cowen. The platform was crowded with representative Sheffield ladies, and the preliminary meetings for both men and women had been largely attended and highly appreciated. Meetings in connection with the demonstration had been held in Attercliffe, Rotherham, Eccleshall, Burngreave, Heeley, and the Tabernacle Schoolroom, Sheffield, and Mrs. Scatcherd had addressed several mothers' meetings, fully to explain the bearings of the subject. Drawingroom meetings had also been held by invitation of the following ladies :

Mrs. H. J. Wilson, 225, Pitsmoor road,
Mrs. Charles Harding Firth,
Mrs. Templeton, Westbourne road,
Mrs. Batty Langley, Long Hill,

Mrs. Wycliffe Wilson. A conference was held the following morning in the Council Chamber, and a temporary Committee was formed to carry on the work. Mrs. Wycliffe Wilson will act as convener of the meetings, and Mrs. Templeton as Hon. Sec.

THE Right Hon. A. J. Mundella, senior Member for Sheffield, has always recorded his steady vote in favour of Women's Suffrage.

EDINBURGH.—The Annual Meeting of the Edinburgh Society was held on March 3rd, at 5, St. Andrew's square. In the absence of Mrs. McLaren, the President, who was prevented from being present owing to illness, Mr. David Dickson was called to the chair. Miss Wigham read the annual report, and speeches were made by Mr. Hugh Rose, Mr. David Lewis, the Rev. John Glasse, Mrs. Shearer, Mrs. Nichol, and Miss Burton.

OXFORD UNION SOCIETY.-Among the many debates and discussions which have been held during the past month, that held before a crowded audience in the


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Oxford Union, on March 2nd, merits most attention. Mr. A. Williams (Corpus), in an extremely able speech, proposed the resolution : “ That it is desirable the Parliamentary franchise should be extended to women who have the same qualifications as men.” Mr. Cotham (Exeter) moved as an amendment that the word “unmarried” be inserted before women. This was lost without a division, and the original motion, after a spirited debate, was carried by 27 against 18.

MARRIED WOMEN'S PROPERTY. The second reading of this Bill in the House of Lords took place on March 7th.

The LORD CHANCELLOR, in moving the second reading of this Bill, said it embodied the result of the deliberations of a Select Committee of the House of Commons last session, with but trifling alterations. It consolidated two Acts passed in 1870 and 1874, and also introduced some new provisions. The first clause provided that, without the intervention of any trustee, a married woman should be capable of acquiring, holding, and disposing of any real or personal property as her separate property; and that she should, in respect of her separate property, be capable of entering into and rendering herself liable on any contract, and of suing and being sued without her husband being joined with her as plaintiff or defendant, or being made a party to any proceeding Every married woman carrying on separate trade would be subject to the Bankruptcy laws as if she were a femme sole. The second clause included the provisions of the Act of 1870, but applied only to women married after the commencement of the Act. By the Act of 1870 it was provided that a woman married after that Act should be entitled for her separate use to personal property, without limitation in amount, to which she might succeed; but by the present Bill she would be entitled to hold as her separate property all real and personal property which should belong to her at the time of marriage, or should be acquired by or devolve upon her after marriage. The third clause was similar to the clause in the Scotch Act of last session. It provided that property acquired after the Act by a


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