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for tripos examinations. The council will also award one or more scholarships of £35 for one year, open only to candidates who have not commenced residence. Mr. Stephen Winkworth has recently given to Newnham College a scholarship of £50 for three years, which will probably be awarded in addition to the scholarships already announced for this year.

ST. ANDREW'S DEGREES FOR WOMEN. The University of St. Andrew's, which five years ago opened its degrees to women, has just issued the results of the recent examination for the L.L.A. Out of 18 who went up for Latin only 2 obtained honours, and 9 failed to pass, while out of 74 who entered for English Literature 47 obtained honours and only 10 failed. French and German show pretty good numbers in the “honours” and “pass” lists, but there seems to be a lamentable deficiency in classics, both in the numbers who go up and in the standard of their knowledge. However, considering the numbers who entered in 1877, viz., nine, three of whom obtained the degree, and the number who entered this year, 255, with 63 successful, while 215 passed in one or more subjects, the results are encouraging. EDINBURGH ASSOCIATION FOR THE UNIVERSITY

EDUCATION OF WOMEN. Professor Campbell Fraser, Dean of the Faculty of Arts in the University, presented, on April 21st, University Certificates in Arts to the successful candidates, M. M. Hogs, Mary Shepherd, Emma T. Smith, and ordinary University Certificates in Arts to Cicely C. Clark, Janet M. Duncanson, Barbara J. Paterson, Amelia Hutchison Stirling, Mary Symon, Elizabeth Thomson, Jane Ellen Bright.

Professor Masson, Vice-President of the Association, presented the Diploma of the Association to M. Hogg, Jane B. Buchan, Grace Fairley. Miss Hogg passed in eight subjects, the two others in seven.

CAMBRIDGE LOCAL EXAMINATIONS. The annual distribution of prizes to the successful candidates of the "London main centre,” in connection with the above examinations, was held on June 1st at the London



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University, under the presidency of the Rev. Dr. Abbotts, head master of the City of London School. Out of a total of 670 girls, most of whom, however, belonged to other centres, only 191 failed to satisfy the examiners. Addressing the candidates, the Chairman said it ought to be a matter of pride to every Cambridge man that the present year was the first in which the names of women had appeared upon the calendar of the University. He did not agree with the prevailing idea that girls were unfitted for the study of Latin and mathematics. Bacon had said that for men who had “wandering wits” there was nothing like the study of mathematics. That was not the less true about women whose wits wandered, and believing as he did that a knowledge of the science was most effectual in the formation of good mental habits, he should regret to find diminished attention given to it in the best girls' shools. Latin also strengthened certain orders of mind, which could not be strengthened in the same way by the study of modern languages. The meeting was also addressed by Mr. Orton Smith, Q.C., and Mrs. W. Burbury. TEACHERS' TRAINING AND REGISTRATION

SOCIETY. The Cambridge Teachers' Examination will be held on June 15th. The London Centre will be the Bishopsgate Training College as before.

Twenty-two students of the Training College will complete their course in June, and will be prepared to take appointments as teachers in good schools. Several of these have already been engaged for the Autumn term. A list of these teachers, with their qualifications, can now be obtained from the principal at the College.

The following Scholarships are offered to candidates for admission in September next :

Eight to candidates for admission to the Upper Division who have already obtained the Cambridge Higher Local Certificate (viz.):

Two of £25 to a candidate distinguished in Latin.
Two of £25 to a candidate distinguished in Mathe-


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Two of £10 to a candidate distinguished in French

and German. Two of £10 to a candidate distinguished in Eng

lish. Two to Candidates for admission to the Lower Division (viz.) :

One of £15 to a candidate who passes well in

Latin or Mathematics.
One of £10 to a candidate who passes well in

Latin or Mathematics.

MANCHESTER SCHOOL BOARD. In an examination for Scholarships wbich recently took place for the children in the Manchester Board Schools, the three highest places were taken by girls. The exhibitions were awarded to Maggie Lea, aged 12, and Mary Robertson, aged 13, Ducie Avenue School, Margaret Gill, 12, and Albert Harding, 12, Peter Street School. Their relative positions were 1st, 2nd, 9th and 10th, but their intermediate numbers, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8 were disqualified by age for exhibitions. The girl Maggie Lea was sister to a former pupil teacher in the service of the Board. The result is especially creditable to the girls as they obtain fewer hours of schooling in the week than the

boys. GIRLS' PUBLIC DAY SCHOOL COMPANY.—The new buildings of the St. John's Wood High School, now called the South Hampstead High School, were opened on May 13th by H.R.H. Princess Louise.

The new school lately opened in Southsea, Hants, already numbers upwards of seventy pupils.

WOMEN PUOR LAW GUARDIANS. On May 23rd, the House of Commons went into Committee upon Mr. Leahy's Poor Law Election (Ireland) Bill. Opinion was divided as to whether it was strictly “in order” for Mr. Dickson to move an amendment referring to the eligibility of women as Poor Law Guardians in a Bill which dealt exclusively with the method of electing persons who were already elected. The opportunity was therefore suffered to pass over, but Mr. Dickson has announced his intention


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of trying to introduce the clause when the Bill is ordered for Report.

Petitions for rendering women eligible as Guardians have been presented from Delvin by Mr. Arnold, Lucan, Rathgar and Rathmines by Colonel Taylor. Petitions have also been sent in from Belfast, Cork, Carrickfergus, Armagh, co. Meath, &c., &c. The text of the petition was as follows: To the Honourable the Commons of Great Britain and Ireland

in Parliament assembled. The humble petition of the undersigned Sheweth

That ladies have been elected in many English parishes as Members of Poor Law Boards, to the great advantage, morally and educationally, of the women and children paupers.

That it is desirable that no distinction should be made between English women and Irishwomen in this respect.

Wherefore your petitioners humbly pray that your Honourable House will remove the restriction which prevents women, when suitably qualified ratepayers, from being eligible as Members of Boards of Pocr Law Guardians in Ireland.

And your petitioners will ever pray. At a meeting of the Belfast Board of Guardians, May 16th, Mr. Stewart moved, and Mr. Gaffikin, vice-chairman, seconded, a resolution, " That we highly approve of the Bill now before Parliament intending to alter the qualification so as to make ladies eligible as Poor Law Guardians in Ireland, and we express a hope that the Bill will become law this session." Some doubt was expressed at the next meeting whether this resolution had been actually carried or not.

The annual meeting of the Society for Promoting the Return of Women as Poor Law Guardians was held on June 8th in the Steinway Hall, London, W.

Mr. STANSFELD occupied the chair. Mrs. V. J.CHAMBERLAIN, Hon. Sec., read the report, which detailed a most satisfactory amount of work done during the past year, by the society. The movement had prospered beyond all expectation: in place of seven lady guardians in London in 1881, there were this year twelve, and in place of five in other towns and in country parishes, there were now fifteen. Mrs. CHAMBERLAIN also read letters of regret at not being able to attend the meeting and sympathy with its object from many persons -- Mr.

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Arthur Arnold, M.P., said “I do not know a more valuable movement than that in which you are engaged.” Mrs. Duncan McLaren wrote, “I hardly know any position more important for women to fill than that of Poor Law Guardian; the wonder is that we have been so long in moving in a matter which recommends itself so strongly to the common sense of all who consider it, for women's needs must be best understood by women, and the greater number of our paupers are women,” and from Baron De Ferrieres, M.P., Mr. Lewis Fry, M.P., Mr. J. R. Yorke, M.P., Mr. Horace Davey, M.P., Mr. Dickson, M.P., Mr. Chas. McLaren, M.P., Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell, Lady Harberton, Sir W. Tyrone Power, the Dean of Westminster, the Rev. Darby Reade, Mr. Hodgson Pratt and many others.

The first resolution was moved and supported by the Rev. BROOKE LAMBERT, Fraülein CALM from Cassel, and the Rev. MEYRICK SUTTON—“That the Report and Financial Statement just read be approved and adopted, and the Executive Committee for the following year shall consist of the following persons: Miss Alderson, Mr. A. Bence-Jones, Miss C. A. Biggs, Mrs. Capel, Mrs. V. J. Chamberlain, Mrs. Chant, Miss E. Hill, Miss L. Johnson, Mrs. Lankester, Miss McKee, Miss Müiler, Mrs. A. Peile, Mrs. Shearer and Mrs. Turner.” In the course of her speech Fraülein CALM said that though there were no workhouses in Germany, the care of the poor was, as here, confided to Boards of Guardians, and Hamburg had been the first city about thirty years ago to place women on these boards. This example was folIowed some years afterwards at Elberfeldt. During the German wars of 1866 and 1870, very many German ladies occupied themselves in the care of the sick and wounded soldiers, and training schools for nurses were established; and when the wars were over, all this womanly skill and care was set free to be devoted to the service of the poor, they established hospitals, cheap kitchens, &c. This had given a great impetus to the movement, and several ladies had now been appointed to look after the


last year two ladies were appointed as Poor Law Guardians in Cassel.

Mr. STANSFELD before putting the resolution to the

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