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galling fetters, thus bringing hope and comfort to many homes, adding dignity to the life of every woman in the land, and making marriage a more just and equal union than it has hitherto been.
These great blessings have been won for women mainly by your unwearied vigilance, and by the generous and intelligent use you have made of your time, ability, means, and position, unmoved by frequent disappointments and long continued opposition.
We offer you our deep and heartfelt thanks for this untiring zeal in the cause of right and justice, and hope that for many years you may enjoy the reward you most prize, the consciousness that women's lives have been made freer, happier, and nobler, by your courageous and your faithful work.
On the motion of Mr. Jacob Bright, M.P., a vote of thanks was given to Mr. Shaw Lefevre for presiding, after which the meeting separated.
SCHOOL BOARD ELECTIONS.
LONDON. The election of the London School Board took place on November 24th, and ended as might have been expected, satisfactorily, as far as the return of the lady candidates was concerned, although in only one instance, that of Miss Helen Taylor, in Southwark, do their names appear at the top of the poll, a fact which may easily be accounted for by the greater importance attached to the support or overthrow of the School Board policy. There are 53 members, 7 of whom are now ladies.
In the City division Miss DAVENPORT HILL has been returned fourth on the poll, receiving 4,613 votes, the highest being 6,792 votes.
There were no lady candidates in Chelsea, Finsbury or Greenwich, no successors having been found in the two former boroughs for Mrs. Webster and Mrs. Surr.
In Hackney, Mrs. F. FENWICK-MILLER was re-elected fifth on the list, receiving 8,044 votes. The Daily News observes that she “endangered her chances by befriending Mr. Tiddeman, but for whom she might have been the third, as in 1879, instead of last of the successful candidates."
In Marylebone there are seven members, of whom Mrs. WESTLAKE is fourth, receiving 9,774 votes.
In Lambeth, which has now eight members, Miss MULLER has been re-elected with 16,150 votes; Mr. Brooke, who heads the poll, is anti-school board.
In Southwark, Miss HELEN TAYLOR is first, receiving 9,362 votes, and Miss RICHARDSON fourth, with 5,904 votes. There was
more excitement during the canvassing and preliminary meetings in this borough than in any other
In Tower Hamlets, Sir E. H. Currie heads the list, and the Chairman of the last Board is fourth. Miss HASTINGS, the only new lady candidate in the Metropolis, has been returned third with 2,400 votes. She is described as a candidate for economy and local management.
In Southwark, Mr. Miller, deputy returning officer, was called upon to decide whether a widow, whose husband's name is still upon the rate-book, may vote, and he decided that she could only do so by proving that she was a bona fide ratepayer.
A good mot is reported by Miss Davenport Hill during the election. Some person having objected to her custom of knitting during the stormy discussions of the School Board, and taking but little part in them, she said “This was the first time she had heard of a woman being condemned for usiug her fingers and holding her tongue in public.”
BIRMINGHAM. At the Birmingham School Board election on November 17th, Mr. Harker, Independent Liberal, headed the poll with 54,490 votes; Miss Kendrick, Liberal, was second with 38,551; the lowest was a Conservative with 20,457 votes. The number on the register is 73,863, of whom 33,172 recorded their votes.
SHEFFIELD. The Liberal Association of Sheffield placed on their list of candidates a lady, Mrs. WYCLIFFE WILSON. She was one of six candidates brought out on"unsectarian" grounds. The contest has been the most severe in the history of the Board. The counting of the votes took place on November 23rd. Mrs. Wilson was sixth on the poll with 11,786 votes. The highest candidate (unsectarian) polled 17,614 votes, and the lowest elected 7,864. The Liberals of Sheffield must be congratulated on their action in having a woman candidate, and on the success obtained at the poll.
BRADFORD. In Bradford a memorial was presented to the Executive of the Liberal Four Hundred, asking them to nominate a woman on their list of candidates. The memorial was signed by 1,000 women electors. The Executive summoned the Four Hundred, who rejected the memorial by a small majority. But the spirit of the people was roused and Miss EDITH LUPTON was nominated as the “people's candidate.” She was supported warmly by men as well as women, and a most energetic canvass was prosecuted, many meetings in support of her candidature being held. Miss Lupton came forward mainly on the ground of the need of women's work in dealing with parents in enforcing school attendance and other matters. She was returned second on the poll, with 22,454 votes. The highest candidate (Roman Catholic) polled 25,382 votes, and the lowest elected 12,704. All the Liberal candidates were also returned. RATE COLLECTOR ELECTION, ST. AUSTELLS.--The
, ratepayers of St. Austells have just failed to accomplish an act of justice, and at the same time expediency. At a meeting of the St. Austells Board of Guardians on November 10th, Miss Roberts, who has been assisting her father in the duties of the late collector for St. Austells for several years, was a candidate for the post rendered vacant by his death. Mr. W. J. Tredinnick, however, was elected. There was a keen competition for the post, and Miss Roberts was only second on the list.
LONDON UNIVERSITY. At the recent M.B. Examination, of which the results were published on November 22nd, Mrs. MARY ANN DACOMB SHARLIEB, of Madras Medical College and the Royal Free Hospital, passed in the First Division, and Miss EDITH SHOVE, London School of Medicine for Women, in the Second.
HONOURS. In the Honours Examination for the B.A. and B.Sc. conjointly, Miss Charlotte Angus Scott, B.Sc., obtained a first class for mathematics. In Mental and Moral Science, Miss Henrietta E. Clay, B.A., and Mary Louisa Georgina Petrie, B.A., a second class, and Margaret Rachel Topham, B.A., and Edith Mary Thompson, B.A., a third class.
In the Honours Examination, B.A. only, Miss Annie Townsend obtained a second class for classics, and Miss Petrie a third class. Miss Mary Louisa Heppel and Miss A. Townsend, second class, and Miss Mary Collin, third class for French. Miss Heppel (disqualified by age for the prize), and Miss Selina Dorman Bostock (prize) for German, and second class, Miss Annie Page, Miss Townsend, and Miss Collin.
In the M.B. Examination (Honours), Mrs. Scharlieb also obtained a second class for medicine, the scholarship and gold medal, and first class for obstetric medicine, and a first class for forensic medicine.
Miss Edith Shove obtained a second class for obstetric medicine, and a third class for medicine.
The following letter by Mr. Hensman points out very concisely the remarkable advance that women have made :
WOMEN v. MEN.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE STANDARD. SIR, -Will you allow me to draw the attention of your readers to a remarkable result of the recent examination for the degree of Bachelor of Arts in the University of London. There were 237 candidates altogether, of whom 215 were meu.
Of these 215 men, 90, or about 42 per cent., obtained the degree. Of the 22 women who presented themselves no fewer than 16, or about 73 per cent., were successful. But further, only 58 of the 215 men, or 27 per cent., were placed in the first division, whereas 15 of the 22 women, or 68 per cent., succeeded in obtaining places in that division. To put it in another way, more than one in every three of the men who obtained their degrees was in the second division; only one of the 16 women who became graduates failed to be placed in the first division. Upon inquiry I find that the average age of the women was not higher, probably it was slightly lower, than that of the men. As one who took an active part in the movement, which ended in the admission of women to the Degree of the University, I am desirous that these striking facts should be generally known.
I am, Sir, your obedient servant,
ALFRED P. HENSMAN. The Temple, November 15th.
HALL OF RESIDENCE, 1, BYNG PLACE, W.C.-The new Hall of Residence for women students attending University College, London, and the London School
of Medicine, is now opened, and friends have an opportunity of seeing it through the kindness of Miss Grove, the principal. It is furnished throughout in a very comfortable and tasteful manner, and the dining room especially is remarkably pretty. The expenses for board and residence vary very greatly (from seventeen to twenty-five guineas) according to the size or position of the room, and one or two rooms cost even less than this, but all are comfortable and the hall offers what was a real desideratum for ladies, a comfortable and quiet home for students from a distance.
GIRTON COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE.—This college having outgrown its accommodation, arrangements are being made for a large addition to the building. During the present year
pressure for room has been considerable, and, as applications for admission continue to be received, the necessity for extension has become urgent. Plans have been adopted which afford rooms for 24 students, bringing up the total to 79, with additions on a considerable scale to the dining hall, servants' departments, &c. The cost, including furniture and other incidental expenses, is estimated at about £15,000. As the fees paid by students, though amply covering all current expenses, cannot be drawn upon for the first cost of building, an appeal is made to the public for the necessary funds. The results of the working of the college so far have been highly encouraging. Further information may be obtained from the Secretary, Miss. Kensington, 22, Gloucester Place, Hyde Park, W.Times.
THE Duke of Devonshire has given £100 to the Girton College Extension Fund.
LADIES' COLLEGIATE SCHOOL, BELFAST. The first of the series of lectures, announced in our last number, took place on November 11th. One of the objects which the promoters hare in view is the foundation by the sale of tickets of one or more scholarships, to be competed for by the pupils of the school, who have passed the senior grade of the intermediate examinations, and who wish to pursue their studies further. The Chairman, Mr. Thomas Sinclair, J.P., said :