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February 15th, 1882.

scale during the Austrian war of 1866. The churches, private houses, barns, streets, were filled with wounded, for the progress of the war was so rapid as to forestall all preparations. "I am here," she wrote, "in a lonely hunting lodge of Count Harrach, six hours distant from Horzitz. More than a thousand poor crippled men who were unable to be removed fill all the barns and churches for miles around the castle. Here alone we have more than four hundred." Fräulein Lasaulx was always sent to the front. The generosity of her friends in Bonn enabled her to procure many comforts and additional food for the soldiers, her special attention and care being always given to the poorest among them. And yet, among all the pain which wrung her affectionate heart, and the anxieties for the welfare of her wounded her constitutional gaiety could not let her be wholly unhappy.

One day, on her way to a neighbouring hospital, she felt so well and merry in her forest solitude, that, forgetting her position, her age, and the decorum belonging to it, she kept running and jumping over heaps of stones that lay by the roadside, till peals of laughter behind her caused her to look round. There she saw with consternation a troup of soldiers marching along, and evidently greatly amused at the sight of the merry Sister of Charity.


Hitherto her life, though remarkable for energy, largeheartedness, and self-devotion, may find its parallel among other devout women, ministers of the poor. close places her on a far higher level, for courage and steadfastness of principle. For years the tide of the new Catholicism had been steadily rising in Germany, and the "hot-headed saints" had been Sister Augustine's dread and torment at repeated periods of her conventual life. She was on a footing of friendship with the Protestant clergy of Bonn, who were sometimes, in the exercise of their duty called in to the hospital, and never left it without a friendly chat with the Superior. She disapproved of the new dogma of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin, and many years ago a Jesuit inspector had been greatly horrified because there was not a single picture of the "Coeur Sacré" in the hospital. In 1870 the storm which had been so long gathering burst, and the General Council of Bishops at Rome established the dogma of Papal Infallibility. So long

as its discussions lasted, her anxiety was intense. On the final day, 300 Bishops voted for the dogma, 88 against it; 62 voted with a qualification, and 70 refused to vote. Two months later, Rome was taken by the Italians, and the last remnant of the Pope's secular power disappeared, but the religious war was only commenced in Germany. The majority of the German Bishops, who had at first protested, submitted; but those pastors and professors who refused to accept the dogma, were, one by one, suspended from their office and excommunicated. In some towns special churches were allowed to the old Catholics. Sister Augustine knew that her turn would come at last, but she did not attempt to conceal her opinions. She was now suffering from an incurable disease, the result of her labours in Bohemia, but she still continued to manage her household. At last she was denounced as a heretic by a boarder in the hospital, and the persecution, which has some resemblance to the persecution of the nuns of Port Royal, soon followed.

At the end of October the Mistress of the Novices from Trèves arrived, demanding, in the name of the Lady Superior, an explanation of her views with regard to the Infallibility, adding that the Lady Superior had not the slightest doubt of her having given her adherence to this dogma, but that she could not help feeling a little anxious, as one of the professors under suspension had preached in the hospital for about twenty years, another had celebrated mass there for seven years, and a third had been for some years her confessor.

In reply to this, she answered calmly and firmly that she felt no anxiety whatever regarding the dogma, as she decidedly did not believe in it. Even had she not known any of the above-named gentlemen, she would have considered the doctrine of the Infallibility an error. She had never for a moment felt uncertain about it, and now, in the face of death, her opinions were more decided than ever. Greatly alarmed, the Mistress of the Novices proceeded to inquire whether or no she believed in the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin. "No," replied Sister Augustine "as a dogma I do not believe in that either." She further asserted that she would hold fast to the Catholic faith until death, in which she had been born and brought up, to which she had faithfully adhered all her life, and which had comforted her and supported her under all circumstances; she would, however, never consent to new doctrines being forced upon her. The Mistress of the Novices then returned to Trèves.

* * Without any previous announcement, the Ladies Superior of Nancy and Trèves arrived at the hospital on the 7th of November, and abruptly entered the sick room where Sister Augustine, who

had just risen, sat breathless and exhausted. Without any attention being paid to her helpless condition, she was peremptorily ordered to give a confession of her faith; this she did calmly, as before, refusing to accept the time offered her for consideration, On being told that with such views she could no longer be permitted to remain in the hospital, she answered, "If you set me out in the street, someone or other will surely pick me up."

She was then formally deposed, the Lady Superior adding "We cannot keep a heretic in the Order." The duty of announcing throughout the hospital the deposition of the beloved “ Mother,' and the nomination of Sister Immanuel, Elizabeth von Biezeleben, as Superior, fell on Sister Gertrude, for many years Sister Augustine's faithful friend, and it proved almost too much for her; weeping, she proclaimed her errand, and the inmates responded with tears and sobs.

The Lady Superior at first intended to take her as a kind of prisoner to Nancy, but this the physician absolutely forbade. Fräulein von Lasaulx's friends were all eager for her to take up her residence with them, and if she had been formally expelled from the Order she would have done so, but as this was not hinted at, she resolved not to leave it of her own accord, being determined that no action on her part should give the enemy any opportunity of throwing discredit on her cause. "I do not go one step further than I am compelled," she said, and to a friend she wrote, "I do not act for the sake of those who are now alive, all is in vain as regards them, but for the sake of future generations I dare not and cannot do otherwise, else they would have a right to say, 'There, you see how those who don't believe in the Infallibility neglect their other duties also."" At last she decided to remove to the little hospital of the Order at Vallandar, whose Superior she had long known. Here she remained for the few last weeks of her life, treated with kindness, but practically a prisoner. She was refused the sacraments and absolution, the old Pastor of Vallendar being commanded by the strict order of the Bishop to administer the last Unction only to those who believed in the Infallibility. A young clergyman, a friend of hers, brought the consecrated wafer to her privately. The Order again threatened to deprive her of her robe if she resisted, but they did not carry the threat into effect till after her death, and she was tormented by

prayers and arguments from friends, as well as by threats from the authorities of the Church, to submit herself. Yet she died peacefully, strong in faith. The persecution followed her to the grave. Pastor Mondorf refused to bury her unless she accepted the dogma, and the priest of Weissenthurm, where the Lasaulx burial place was situated, was prohibited by his Bishop from officiating. The excommunicated priests offered to perform the service, but this was not permitted, as it would have the appearance of a public demonstration, and it was only after long discussion that the coffinwith its little procession of ladies, a few servants and villagers, the professors who, like herself, had suffered for their steadfastness, and a few other friends-was. allowed to go through the chief entrance of the cemetery instead of through a gap in the hedge. Thus exiled and disgraced, this brave woman died for the truth in which she believed.




ON January 17th, the debate, adjourned from the 10th of last May, was on the following motion and amendment "Moved by Mr. A. P. HENSMAN, seconded by Mr. H. A. NESBITT: That it is just and desirable that women who are graduates of this University, and of the requisite standing, should be entitled to become members of Convocation, and to vote at the election of the member of Parliament for the University. Amendment -Moved by Mr. A. M'DOWALL, seconded by Mr. A. W. BENNETT: That female graduates be admitted to Convocation."

Mr. TYLER resumed the discussion, saying that he doubted if Convocation had any power in this matter, but if it had the amendment would put female graduates

on a different footing from that of male graduates, whose right to sit in Convocation was limited by their degrees and by their standing, whereas the amendment made no such limitations.

Mr. M'DOWALL, the mover of the amendment, remarked that the University had great influence in the matter of female education, and that there was no reason why Convocation should not have the advice of women on educational questions. But the resolution contained two distinct subjects, the second of which involved a great legislative change.

Mr. NESBITT regarded the amendment as the preferable form, as it adopted the words of the supplemental charter.

Mr. GODLEE thought the House did a great evil in admitting women to degrees, but that having been done, there was no logical reason for opposing the amendment, but the motion was a mere debating society resolution.

Mr. SHAEN said that legal members of Convocation thought the words of the charter should be adopted. Mr. DOLLEYMORE asked if women, becoming members of Convocation, would not necessarily have the power of voting for members of Parliament.

The CHAIRMAN said the words of the Act of Parliament as to the voting qualification were, " Every man whose name is for the time being on the register of graduates."

Mr. TEMPLE expressed his regret for having formerly opposed the admission of women to degrees; probably, he said, he had been biased by being a medical man. He thought women-graduates were fitted to sit in Con


Mr. HENSMAN replied, expressing his willingness to accept the amendment, in compliance with what he understood to be the general feeling of Convocation. He spoke of the School Board, with special reference to the recent Industrial School scandal, as justifying the admission of women to public bodies. This reference was received with mixed expressions. The motion was then withdrawn, and the amendment was agreed to with but three or four dissentients.

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