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Food Production Lectures 134

Society

227

FOREIGN NOTES

AND NEWS

Africa

45, 239

America 44, 142, 192, 236, 334,

380, 525

Austria

575

Belgium

525, 575

Canada

526

Croatia

191

Egypt

334

Finland

334

France 43, 91, 140, 190, 330, 378,

479, 523, 574

Germany

...94, 331, 524

Hawaiian Islands

45

Hungary

235

India 44, 144, 239, 335, 379, 527

Italy 43, 93, 142, 191,235,524,575

Japan

Mexico

528

New South Wales

336

New Zealand

23

Roumania

379

Russia

...94, 331, 524

Spain...

331, 575

Sweden

44

Switzerland 142, 191,379,524,575

Victoria

528, 576

Friendless Girls, Battersea 229

Hall of Residence for Ladies

118, 163, 214, 424

Home for Ladies

234
Little Girls, Belfast

91, 275
Working Girls 33, 277,

326, 372
Hospital Saturday

431

India, Women Doctors in 371, 563

Industrial Education, Dublin 559

Inspectors of Factories

Meeting

268

Inspectors of Factories'
Deputation

429
INTERMEDIATE EDUCATION

Conference of Ladies 317, 364
Deputation to Mr. Forster 71
Letter in Northern Whig... 116
Lord O'Hagan's Bill

424
Meeting in Dublin

117
Memorials ...73, 114, 495
Ireland, Royal University 492
Irish Ladies in Distress 27, 375
King's College Lectures 309
Ladies' Land League, Dissolu-

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... 377

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Ladies' Sanitary Association... 136
Lady Artists, Society...

233

Liability to Support Children 178

Liberal Association, Bristol 23, 86,

186, 221

Darlington 133

Gathering, Liverpool 88
Liverpool University College 75
LONDON UNIVERSITY-
Admission of Women to
Convocation

17, 68

College

306

Examinations, B.A.

517

Medicine 555

Prel. Sc. (M.B.) 421
Science and Art 361

420, 422
Matriculation

359
Presentation Day

214
Maintenance of Soldiers'
Wives

223

Married Women, Apprentices 185

Jewellery 185, 283

Claim as Rate.

payer 176, 369

MARRIED WOMEN'S PROPERTY

Bill in House of Lords 76, 132,

184, 411

Commons 266,

352, 410

Bill, Royal assent to

411

Committee 419, 473, 507

Meeting, Nottingham 473

Willis's Rooms 549

Text of Act ...

411
Medical Women

464

Medicine, London School of 310,

464, 501

MISCELLANEOUS-

Ambulance Association 476

Art Museum, Manchester 327

Brave Schoolmistress

37

Brave Sister, A

234, 374

British Museum Lectures... 475

Charters' Schools

373

Church Congress, The 476

Democratic Federation 268
Exercise for Girls

283

Flower Show Judges 284

Girls' Friendly Society 189, 328

Golf for Ladies

477

Home for Inebriates

284

Insane, Companions for 513

Lady Conductor, A... 268

Landscape Gardening 513

Lily Club

90

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46

Police Regulation Bill

366

POOR LAW GUARDIANS-

Annual Meeting of Society 261

Conference, Birmingham 22, 76

Leeds ...

19

London

367

Nottingham 20
Committee, Cheltenham 80
Elections, Abergavenny

168
Birmingham 166
Boddington 16

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Ireland

180

Scotland ...

131, 313

Mr. Mason's Resolution 267

Opinions of M.P.s ... 179, 567
Swimming School, Manchester 87
Tailoresses' Association, Liv-
erpool

136
Teachers Conference, Sheffield 217
Teachers' Training and Regis-
tration

259
Temperance Women's Asso-
ciation, Belfast

182
Temperance Breakfast

324

Trades' Union Congress 468

Useful Work, Birmingham

Association

181

Wages for Women

278

Women in Politics

472

Workhouse Visiting Com-
mittee, Salford

213

Working Women's Congress 478

Yorkshire College Building

Fund ...

561

...

...

...

129,

...

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THE

ENGLISH WOMAN'S REVIEW.

.

(NEW SERIES.)

No. CV.—JANUARY 14TH, 1882.

a

ART. 1.- THE PRACTICE OF MEDICINE BY

WOMEN ABROAD.

THE UNITED STATES. An inquiry of considerable interest to women who intend to take up the profession of medicine, has been lately made in the United States, and its results were announced in a paper read by Miss Emily F. Pope, M.D., before the American Social Science Association which met at Saratoga, last September. The inquiry. was directed to ascertain to what extent women are practising medicine in the United States-whether the majority of those who graduated still practise; how far their pecuniary success shows a demand on the part of the public for women physicians; what effect the strain of practice has on their health, and what proportion of them marry. It must be remembered, in comparing the results with those which might attend a similar inquiry in England, that the Americans have had a much longer experience of women physicians than we have. The first who graduated in America was Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell, an English woman, in 1848, and the first medical school for women was established in Boston the same year. The Women's Medical College in Pennsylvania was incorporated in 1850. Thus, more than thirty years ago, medical instruction was easily attainable, while till ten years ago our own countrywomen were compelled to seek their complete course of instruction abroad. There are now many other medical colleges for women in America ; of these, the most important are the Women's Medical College of the New York Infirmary, founded in 1868, and the Women's Medical College of Chicago, in 1.870. In 1871, the Medical Department of the University of Michigan, the largest medical school west of Philadelphia, opened its doors to women, who receive the same instruction as the men students, from the same Professors, but mostly in separate classes.

To ascertain the desired facts, a circular containing certain questions, was sent to every woman graduate whose address could be obtained. It was impossible to find the addresses of many who had kept up no communication with their Colleges after leaving them, but information has been received concerning 430 who live scattered over twenty-six States of the Union. New York, Pennsylvania, and Massachusetts have the largest number, but there are hardly any in the Southern States, and none in Arkansas, Kentucky, and Nevada. In many cases only some of the questions were answered, so that the numbers do not in every case correspond to the total number who have been communicated with.

With regard to the length of time these ladies have been in practice, the statistics show that,

23 have practised more than 20 years.
15

from 15 to 20
40

from 10 to 15 123

from 5 to 10 144

less than 5 Three hundred and forty-one report themselves as practising allopathic medicine, and thirteen homoeopathic medicine. The average time of study before engaging in practice, was four and a half

years. The most striking test of success, that of pecuniary profit, was more difficult to obtain. It seemed doubtful whether the majority would be willing to return their income, and, moreover, this would not always give a fair idea of the value of a practice, as a small income in the country might represent more actual profit than a much larger sum in a city where living was expensive..

a

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