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PAPER AND WOOD PULP.

The following table shows, by sex, the number and percentage of employees of each race, for whom information was secured, engaged in paper and wood pulp manufacturing.

TABLE 16.-Employees for whom information was secured, by sex and general nativity and race-Paper and wood pulp.

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Information was obtained for 14,622 employees in this industry, and of this number 38.8 per cent are of foreign birth, 19.4 per cent are native-born of foreign father, 40.6 per cent native whites born of native father, and 1.2 per cent native negroes born of native father. The foreign-born, it will be noted, constitute a considerably larger proportion and the native whites born of native father a slightly larger proportion, while the native-born of foreign father constitute a considerably smaller proportion of the total number of males than of the total number of females. The native negroes born of native father, on the other hand, do not figure among the females, and are only 1.4 per cent of the males. Considering only those races the representatives of which constitute as much as 1 per cent of either the males or females, for whom information was secured, it will be noted that, of the males, the foreign-born French Canadians, Poles, Irish, South Italians, Canadians other than French, North Italians, Germans, Lithuanians, English, Magyars, Russians, and Scotch, in the order named, constitute proportions of the total number of males ranging from 8.8 to 1 per cent. Among the males, native-born of foreign father, those whose fathers were born in Ireland, Canada, Germany, and England constitute proportions ranging from 6.2 to 1.6 per cent. Among the foreign-born females, the Irish, with 12 per cent, constitute the largest proportion of the total number of females, followed by the French Canadians, constituting 6.5 per cent, and the Poles, Scotch, and English, constituting proportions ranging from 2.6 to 1 per cent. Among the females, native-born of foreign father, those whose fathers were born in Ireland constitute the largest proportion, or 17.7 per cent, followed by those whose fathers were born in England, constituting 9.4 per cent, while those whose fathers were born in Germany and Scotland constitute only 3.5 and 1.8 per cent, respectively, of the total number of females for whom information was obtained.

PAPER PRODUCTS.

The table below sets forth, by sex, the number and percentage of employees of each race, for whom information was secured, engaged in the manufacture of paper products:

TABLE 17.-Employees for whom information was secured, by sex and general nativity and race- -Paper products.

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TABLE 17.-Employees for whom information was secured, by sex and general nativity and race-Paper products-Continued.

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Of 1,485 employees in this industry for whom information was obtained, 31.3 per cent are foreign-born, 35.7 per cent native-born of foreign father, while 32.8 per cent and 0.2 per cent are, respectively, native whites and negroes born of native father. Of the males the foreign-born constitute 41.9 per cent and the native-born of foreign father 28.7, while the native whites and negroes born of native father constitute 29.1 and 0.3 per cent, respectively. On the other hand, the foreign-born constitute only 11.7 per cent of the females, as compared with 48.7 per cent of the native-born of foreign father and 39.6 per cent for the native whites born of native father. Considering only those races, the representatives of which constitute at least 1 per cent of either the total number of males or females, for whom information was secured, it will be seen that among the foreign-born males the French Canadians constitute the largest proportion, or 5.6 per cent, while the smallest proportion, or 1.2 per cent, is reported both by the Russian Hebrews and South Italians. Of the males native-born of foreign father, those whose fathers were born in Ireland constitute the largest proportion, or 10.4 per cent, and those whose fathers were born in Scotland the smallest proportion, or 1 per cent. Among the foreign-born females, it will be seen that the French Canadians, Irish, Canadians other than French, and

English, in the order named, constitute proportions of the total number, ranging from 3.8 to 1.2 per cent. Of the native-born of foreign father, those whose fathers were born in Ireland constitute by far the largest proportion, or 21.7 per cent. Those females whose fathers were born in Canada constitute the next largest proportion, or 11.3 per cent, while those whose fathers were born in Germany, England, and Scotland constitute 6.3, 3.1, and 2.5 per cent, respectively, of all females for whom information was secured.

ROPE, TWINE, AND HEMP.

The following table shows, by sex, the number and per cent of employees of each race, for whom information was secured, engaged in the manufacture of rope, twine, and hemp.

TABLE 18.-Employees for whom information was secured, by sex and general nativity and race- -Rope, twine, and hemp.

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Information was obtained for 3,526 employees in this industry. Of this number the foreign-born constitute 77.8 per cent, the native whites and Negroes born of native father, 11.9 and 0.1 per cent, respectively, while the native-born of foreign father make up the remaining proportion, or a fraction over 10 per cent. The propor

tions of both males and females in the several nativity groups, with the exception of the native Negroes born of native father, who report the same proportion, vary only slightly from the proportions shown for all employees, irrespective of sex. While a considerable number of races are represented in this industry, only those the representatives of which constitute as much as 1 per cent of either the total number of males or females are considered. Among the foreignborn males it will be noted that the Poles constitute 37 per cent of all, a proportion but slightly below the combined proportions of all other foreign-born races. The South Italians constitute the next largest proportion among the foreign-born races, or 8.6 per cent, while the Slovaks constitute but 1 per cent. Of the native-born of foreign father, those whose fathers were born in Canada, Ireland, England, and Scotland constitute proportions of the total number of males ranging from 3.6 to 1 per cent. The foreign-born Poles constitute almost as large a proportion of the total number of females for whom information was obtained as do all other races combinedthe proportion constituted by the Poles amounting to 48.9 per cent. Among the foreign-born females of the other races, the Scotch constitute 13.6 and the French Canadians 6 per cent, while the females of no other foreign race constitute more than 2.5 per cent of the total. Among the native-born of foreign father, only those whose fathers were born in Canada and Ireland constitute each as much as 1 per cent of all females-the proportions of those whose fathers were born in these countries amounting to 4.8 and 3.1 per cent, respectively.

SEWING MACHINES-EAST.

The table next presented shows, by sex, the number and percentage of employees of each race, for whom information was secured, engaged in sewing-machine manufacturing in New Jersey.

TABLE 19.-Employees for whom information was secured, by sex and general nativity and race-Sewing machines-East.

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