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TABLE 270.-Persons for whom detailed information was secured, by sex and by general nativity and race of individual.

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It appears from the above table that 54.9 per cent of the males and 43 per cent of the females for whom information was secured are foreign-born, that 33 per cent of the males and 42.1 per cent of the females are native-born of foreign father, and that 12.1 per cent of the males and 14.9 per cent of the females are native-born of native father. Among the native-born of foreign fathers, both males and females, those of South Italian and Magyar fathers have the largest representation. The South Italians and Magyars, both males and females, have also the largest representation among the foreign-born.

EMPLOYEES FOR WHOM INFORMATION WAS SECURED.

The following table shows the number and percentage of male employees for whom detailed information was secured, by general nativity and race.

TABLE 271.-Male employees of each race for whom information was secured.

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CHAPTER II.

RACIAL DISPLACEMENTS.

Period of residence in the United States of members of immigrant households studied-Racial classification of employees at the present time [Text Tables 272 to 274 and General Tables 13, 14, and 207].

PERIOD OF RESIDENCE IN THE UNITED STATES OF EMPLOYEES AND MEMBERS OF THEIR HOUSEHOLDS.

The following table shows the per cent of foreign-born male employees in the United States each specified number of years, by race. TABLE 272.-Per cent of foreign-born male employees in the United States each specified number of years, by race.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.)

[By years in the United States is meant years since first arrival in the United States. No deduction is made for time spent abroad. This table includes only races with 40 or more males reporting. The total however, is for all foreign-born.]

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Of the 524 foreign-born male employees of this industry for whom information was obtained, 45.8 per cent have been in the United States less than ten years, 14.7 per cent have been in the United States from ten to nineteen years, and 39.5 per cent have been in the United States twenty years or over.

As between the several races, the small proportions of the English, Germans, and Irish with a residence of less than five years are in striking contrast with the proportion shown by the Poles, which proportion, in turn, is in striking contrast with the very large proportion of Slovenians with this period of residence-the Slovenians, it will be noted, reporting 82.9 per cent as compared with 47.6 per cent of the Poles. Of those who have been in the United States from five to nine years, the Poles with 38.1 per cent show a much larger proportion than do the Slovenians and a very much larger proportion than do the Germans, Irish, or English, while of those who have been in the United States twenty years or over, the Poles and Slovenians each

show 2.4 per cent as compared with proportions of the English, Irish, and Germans ranging from 75.6 to 68.6 per cent.

An insight into the racial movements to Community E during recent and past years may also be had from the table below, which shows, by race of individual, the percentage of foreign-born persons, in the households studied, who had been in the United States each specified number of years.

TABLE 273.-Per cent of foreign-born persons in the United States each specified number of years, by race of individual.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

[By years in the United States is meant years since first arrival in the United States. No deduction is made for time spent abroad. This table includes only races with 20 or more persons reporting. The total, however, is for all foreign-born.]

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It appears from the above table that 42 per cent of the foreignborn persons for whom information was secured have been in the United States under five years, that 67.1 per cent have been here under ten years, and that 83.9 per cent have been here under twenty years. The proportion of persons who have been here under five years is largest for the South Italians, Poles, and Magyars, in the order mentioned, and smallest for the Welsh and Lithuanians. The South Italians, Magyars, and Poles, in the order mentioned, have the largest and the Welsh the smallest proportion of persons who have been in the United States under ten years, and the South Italians, Magyars, and Slovaks, in the order mentioned, have the largest and the Welsh and Swedes the smallest proportion of persons who have been here under twenty years.

RACIAL CLASSIFICATION OF EMPLOYEES AT THE PRESENT TIME.

The following table shows the number and per cent of male employees of each race for whom information was secured.

TABLE 274.-Male employees of each race for whom information was secured.

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Of the 1,507 male employees of this industry, for whom information was obtained, 34.8 per cent are foreign-born, 35.2 per cent nativeborn of foreign father, and 29.8 per cent are native-born of native father, white, while the native-born of native father, negro, constitute the remaining proportion of less than 1 per cent.

Of the 26 foreign-born races shown in the above table only 11 constitute more than 1 per cent each of all employees for whom information was obtained. Of these, the Germans constitute the largest proportion, or 6.8 per cent, while the Welsh constitute the smallest proportion, or 1.3 per cent.

Among the native-born of foreign father, those whose fathers were born in Germany constitute the largest proportion, or 15 per cent of all employees. Those whose fathers were born in Ireland constitute the next largest proportion, or 8.6 per cent, a proportion slightly in excess of the proportion shown by those whose fathers were born in England, Wales or Scotland-those whose fathers were born in other countries constituting each less than 0.5 per cent of all employees concerning whom information was obtained.

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