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TABLE 362.—Per cent of children 6 and under 16 years of age at home, at school, and at work, by sex and general nativity and race of individual.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

[This table includes only races with 40 or more children reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.]

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Of 586 children who are 6 and under 16 years of age, 5.5 per cent are at home, 91.6 per cent are at school, and 2.9 per cent are at work. The foreign-born children show the highest per cent at home, followed by those native-born of foreign father and those who are native-born whites of native father. The children who are native whites born of native father show the highest percentage at school, followed by those native-born of foreign father and those foreign-born, in the order named. The children of foreign birth show the highest percentage at work, followed by the native-born of foreign father and the native whites born of native father. Of the native children born of foreign father the Ruthenians show the highest percentage at home, closely followed by the Slovenians, while the Hebrews show no children at home. The Hebrews show the highest percentage of children at

school, followed by the Ruthenians and Slovenians in considerably smaller proportions. The Slovenians exhibit the highest percentage of children at work, followed, in the order mentioned, by the Ruthenians and the Hebrews. A larger per cent of males than of females are at home. The per cent of male and female children attending school is the same, while a somewhat higher per cent of females than of males are at work.

The table next submitted shows, by general nativity and race of father and by birthplace of child, the number and percentage of children 6 and under 16 years of age at home, at school, and at work.

TABLE 363.-Number and per cent of children 6 and under 16 years of age at home, at school, and at work, by general nativity and race of father and by birthplace of child. (STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

(This table includes only races with 20 or more children born in the United States and also 20 or more born abroad. The native-born of native father are shown for comparative purposes.]

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It appears from the above table that a considerably larger proportion of the children of native fathers and of the native-born children of Magyar fathers than of the foreign-born children of Magyar fathers are at school. The proportion of children at work is largest in the case of the foreign-born children of Magyar fathers, slightly smaller in the case of the native-born children of Magyar fathers, and much smaller in the case of the native-born of native fathers. None of the native-born children of Magyar fathers, as compared with 4.9 per cent of the native-born of native fathers and 13 per cent of the foreign-born children of Magyar fathers, are at home.

CITIZENSHIP.

As regards the interest in and the attainment of citizenship by persons of foreign birth, the table following shows, by race of individual, the present political condition of foreign-born males in the households studied who have been in the United States five years or over and who were 21 years of age or over at the time of coming to this country.

TABLE 364.—Present political condition of foreign-born males who have been in the United States 5 years or over and who were 21 years of age or over at time of coming, by race of individual.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

[By years in the United States is meant years since first arrival in the United States.]

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Of the foreign-born males for whom information was secured, 37.9 per cent are fully naturalized and 14.4 per cent have first papers only. Among the races for which the percentages have been computed, the Scotch and Hebrews, in the order mentioned, have the largest, and the Lithuanians and Magyars the smallest proportion of fully naturalized males. The proportion of males who have first papers only is largest for the Scotch and Hebrews, in the order mentioned, and smallest for the Ruthenians, Slovenians, and Poles.

ABILITY TO SPEAK ENGLISH.

As regards the ability to speak English, the table following shows, by sex and general nativity and race of individual, the percentage of persons 6 years of age or over in the households studied who speak English.

TABLE 365.-Per cent of persons 6 years of age or over who speak English, by sex and general nativity and race of individual.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

[This table includes only non-English-speaking races with 40 or more persons reporting. The totals however, are for all non-English-speaking races.]

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From the data presented in the above table, it appears that of the persons for whom information was secured, 69.6 per cent of the males and 69.8 per cent of the females are able to speak English. The proportion of persons, both males and females, who speak English is much larger for the native-born of foreign father than for the foreign-born. Of the foreign-born, the Hebrews and Slovaks, in the order mentioned, have the largest and the Lithuanians and Magyars the smallest proportion of males, and the Hebrews and Poles, in the order mentioned, have the largest and the Lithuanians and Slovenians the smallest proportion of females, who can speak English. The native-born of foreign father, the foreign-born, and each of the foreign races specified, with the exception of the Magyars, Poles, and Syrians, have a larger proportion of males who speak English than of females.

The table following shows, by age at time of coming to the United States and race of individual, the percentage of foreign-born persons 6 years of age or over in the households studied who speak English.

TABLE 366.-Per cent of foreign-born persons 6 years of age or over who speak English, by age at time of coming to the United States and race of individual.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

[This table includes only non-English-speaking races with 40 or more persons reporting. The total, however, is for all non-English-speaking races.]

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In this locality 94.7 per cent of the persons for whom information was secured who came to the United States when under 14 years of age, as compared with 55.6 per cent of those who came here when 14 or over, can speak English. The proportion of persons who came here when 14 or over who speak English is largest for the Hebrews, Slovaks, and Syrians, in the order mentioned, and smallest for the Lithuanians and Magyars. Of the persons who came to this country when under 14 all of the Hebrews, South Italians, Lithuanians, Poles, and Slovenians, and over 90 per cent of the Magyars and Slovaks, are able to speak English.

The progress made by persons of non-English-speaking races in acquiring ability to speak English after designated periods of residence in this country is set forth in the table following, which shows, by years in the United States and race of individual, the percentage of foreign-born persons 6 years of age or over in the households studied who speak English.

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