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Not gold, not blood, their altar dowers, But votive tears and symbol flowers.
Oh, cease! must hate and death return?
The world is weary of the past,
Final Chorus from Hellas.
WHERE art thou, beloved To-morrow?
ONE word is too often profaned
One hope is too like despair
For prudence to smother, And pity from thee more dear Than that from another.
I can give not what men call love,
And the Heavens reject not, The desire of the moth for the star, Of the night for the morrow, The devotion to something afar
From the sphere of our sorrow? 1821. 1824.
WITH A GUITAR, TO JANE
ARIEL to Miranda.-Take
From life to life, must still pursue
Now, in humbler, happier lot,
The artist who this idol wrought,
The artist wrought this loved Guitar,
The softest notes of falling rills,
When hearts have once mingled
To endure what it once possessed.
The frailty of all things here,
Why choose you the frailest For your cradle, your home, and your bier?
Its passions will rock thee
As the storms rock the ravens on high:
From thy nest every rafter
Leave thee naked to laughter, When leaves fall and cold winds come. 1822. 1824.
SONG FROM CHARLES THE FIRST A WIDOW bird sate mourning for her love
Upon a wintry bough;
There was no leaf upon the forest bare
ROUGH wind, that moanest loud
**COMPLETE WORKS, 4 volumes, edited by H. Buxton Forman, 1883, new edition 1889. COMPLETE WORKS, 5 volumes, edited by H. Buxton Forman, Glasgow and New York, 1900-1901. COMPLETE WORKS, 4 volumes, edited by N. H. Dole, London and Boston, 1904 (Laurel Edition). -COMPLETE POETICAL WORKS, together with the LETTERS, 1 volume, edited by H. E. Scudder, 1899 (Cambridge Edition). POETICAL WORKS, 1 volume, edited by F. T. Palgrave, 1884 (Golden Treasury Series).— POETICAL WORKS, 1 volume, 1902 (Globe Edition). - POETICAL WORKS, 1 volume, edited by E. de Sélincourt, Dodd, Mead & Co., 1905. POETICAL WORKS, 1 volume, edited by H. Buxton Forman, 1906 (Oxford Edition).
LIST OF REFERENCES
*MILNES (R. M.) (Lord Houghton), Life, Letters and Literary Remains, 1st edition, 1848; 2nd, revised, edition, 1867. — COLVIN (Sidney), Keats (English Men of Letters Series), 1887. * ROSSETTI (W. M.), Keats (Great Writers Series), 1887.SHARP (J.), John Keats, his Life and Letters, 1892. GOTHEIN (M.), John Keats' Leben und Werke, 1897. -*HANCOCK (A. E.), John Keats; a literary Biography, 1908. — WOLFF (Lucien), John Keats, sa vie et son œuvre, 1910.
REMINISCENCES AND EARLY CRITICISM
HUNT (Leigh), Lord Byron and some of his Contemporaries. - HUNT
*ARNOLD (M.), Essays in Criticism, Second Series, 1888. BRADLEY (A. C.), Oxford Lectures on Poetry: The Letters of Keats, 1909. BRIDGES (Robert S.), Keats, a critical essay, 1895. BROOKE (S. A.) Studies in Poetry, 1907. DOWDEN (Edward), Studies in Literature:
Transcendental Movement and Literature, 1878. GOSSE (E.), Critical Kit-kats, 1896.*LANG (A.), Letters on Literature, 1889.- LANG (A.), Poets' Country, 1907.-*LOWELL, Prose Works, Vol. I: Keats (Essay of 1854). MABIE (H. W.), Essays in Literary Interpretation: John Keats, Poet and Man, 1892.-MASSON (David), Wordsworth, Shelley, Keats, and Other Essays, 1874. MORE (Paul E.), Shelburne Essays, Fourth Series, 1906. PAYNE (W. M.), The Greater English Poets of the Nineteenth Century, 1907. REED (Myrtle), The Love Affairs of Literary Men, 1907. RICKETTS (A.), Personal Forces in Modern Literature, 1906. ROBERTSON (J. M.), New Essays towards a Critical Method,, 1897. *SWINBURNE (A. C.), Miscellanies, 1886. TEXTE (Joseph), Etudes de Littérature européenne: Keats et le néo-hellénisme dans la poésie anglaise, 1898. - TORREY (Bradford), Friends on the Shelf, 1906. WATSON, (William), Excursions in Criticism: Keats' Letters, 1893.- WOODBERRY (G. E.), Studies in Letters and Life, 1890.
CAINE (T. Hall), Cobwebs of Criticism, 1883. DAWSON (W. J.), Makers of English Poetry (1890), 1906. DE VERE (A.), Essays, chiefly on Poetry, 1887. HUDSON (W. H.), Studies in Interpretation: Keats, Clough, Arnold, 1896.HUTTON (R. H.), Brief Literary Criticisms, 1906. - NENCIONI (E.), Letteratura inglese (on Colvin's Biography). -SYMONS (A.), The Romantic Movement in English Poetry, 1909.
TRIBUTES IN VERSE
** SHELLEY, Adonais. - SHELLEY, Fragment on Keats' Epitaph. — HUNT (Leigh), Foliage, or Poems Original and Translated: To John Keats; On Receiving a Crown of Ivy from the Same; On the Same; * To the Grasshopper and the Cricket. - PALGRAVE (F. T.), Lyrical Poems: Two Graves at Rome. ROSSETTI, Five English Poets: John Keats. - *Gilder (R. W.), Poems: An Inscription in Rome. LONGFELLOW, Keats, a Sonnet. LOWELL, Poems: Sonnet to the Spirit of Keats.-MOORE (G. L.), Keats, a Sonnet.TABB (John B.), Keats, a Sonnet. PAYN (James), Stories: from Boccaccio, and other Poems: Sonnet to John Keats. -SCOTT (W. B.), Poems: Sonnet on the Inscription, Keats' Tombstone; Ode to the Memory of John Keats. - SPINGARN (J. E.), in Columbia Verse, 1892-97: Keats. GRISWOLD (G.), in Harvard Lyrics, 1899: To Keats.- CARMAN (Bliss), By the Aurelian Wall. *REESE (Lizette R.), A Branch of May. DE VERE (Aubrey), Sonnet to Keats. BROWNING (E. B.), in Aurora Leigh, Book I.*BROWNING (R.), Popularity. JOHNSON (R. U.), The Name writ in Water; the Century, February, 1906. THOMAS (Edith M.), The Guest at the Gate, 1909: Bion and Adonais; The House Beside the Spanish Steps. VAN DYKE (Henry), The White Bees, 1909: Two Sonnets; from the Atlantic, November, 1906.STRINGER (Arthur), The Woman in the Rain and other Poems, 1907. - BRAITHWAITE (W. S.), Lyrics of Life and Love, 1907. STAFFORD (W. P.), Dorian Days, 1909. SCHEFFAUER (H.), Looms of Life, 1909: Keats at Winter Sundown. LANIER (Clifford), Apollo and Keats on Browning, 1909. — BARKER (E.), Keats; in the Forum, March, 1909.
IMITATION OF SPENSER1
Now Morning from her orient chamber
And her first footsteps touch'd a verdant hill; Crowning its lawny crest with amber flame,
Silv'ring the untainted gushes of its rill; Which, pure from mossy beds, did down distill,
And after parting beds of simple flowers, By many streams a little lake did fill, Which round its marge reflected woven bowers,
And, in its middle space, a sky that never lowers.
There the king-fisher saw his plumage bright
Vieing with fish of brilliant dye below; Whose silken fins, and golden scales light Cast upward, through the waves, a ruby glow:
There saw the swan his neck of arched snow, And oar'd himself along with majesty; Sparkled his jetty eyes; his feet did show Beneath the waves like Afric's ebony, And on his back a fay reclined voluptuously.
Ah! could I tell the wonders of an isle That in that fairest lake had placed been,
I could e'en Dido of her grief beguile; Or rob from aged Lear his bitter teen : For sure so fair a place was never seen, Of all that ever charm'd romantic eye:
"It was the Faerie Queene that awakened his genius. In Spenser's fairy-land he was enchanted, breathed in a new world, and became another being; till, enamored of the stanza, he attempted to imitate it, and succeeded. This, his earliest attempt, the Imitation of Spenser', is in his first volume of poems." (Quoted by Colvin from the Houghton MSS.)
O SOLITUDE! if I must with thee dwell, Let it not be among the jumbled heap Of murky buildings; climb with me the steep,
Nature's observatory-whence the dell, Its flowery slopes, its river's crystal swell May seem a span; let me thy vigils keep 'Mongst boughs pavilion'd where the deer's swift leap
Startles the wild bee from the fox-glove bell.
But though I'll gladly trace these scenes with thee, Yet the sweet converse of an innocent mind,
Whose words are images of thoughts refin'd,
Is my soul's pleasure; and it sure must be Almost the highest bliss of human-kind, When to thy haunts two kindred spirits flee. 1815. May 5, 1816.2
1 The dates for Keats' poems are made up from Sidney Colvin's careful study of the order of composition of the poems, in his Life of Keats, and from H. Buxton Forman's excellent notes in his edition of Keats' Works.
In Leigh Hunt's Examiner. Probably the first lines of Keats ever printed.