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off the old man";" to " put on the new mani;' to become “ dead to sink;" to be made “ a new creature'.” The passage of the Israelites through the waters of the Red Sea, was a figure of baptism”: they entered those waters as bondmen, they came out free; their enemies, Pharaoh and his host (the figures of the spiritual enemies of man"), being destroyed in those waters. Thus man enters the waters of baptism a bondman, he comes out of those waters free. Christ put on flesh, thereby becoming the representative of all mankind; the body which he assumed represented “ the body of sin,” “ the old man;" this body was slain, the body of sin was crucified, and became dead; thus was our old man crucified, that henceforth we should not serve sin, but be made free from the bondage of sin. When Christ, on his ascent from Hades, reassumed the human form, He afforded a figure of the regeneration of man, the putting on the new man. Thus did His death and resurrection afford the same figure as that which was presented by the passage of the Israelites through the Red Sea, and as that which is also presented by the ordinance of baptism. The pàssion of Christ is our baptism, whereby we put off the old man, and are made free from the body of sin ; His resurrec
► Eph. iv. 22.
Eph. iv. 24. Coloss. iii. 10. k Rom. vi. 2.
1 2 Cor. v. 17.
tion is also our baptism, whereby we are “ born again,” and, by putting on the new man, become new creatures; by baptism we are “ planted together in the likeness of His death, and also “ in the likeness of His resurrection;" for baptism doth save us by the resurrection of Jesus Christo. We are, therefore, said to be “ baptized into Christ,” to be “ buried with Him by baptism,” to be“ baptized into His death.” By being “born of water and of the Spirit,” through the ordinance of baptism, we become “ dead indeed unto sin, but alive unto God through Jesus Christ our Lord P.”
Before we are admitted to the rite of baptism, we must (unless we be “ children" which “have no knowledge of good and evil q”), show, in the first place, our faith and our repentance. “ He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved, but he that believeth not shall be damned." The eunuch said unto Philip, “ See, here is water; what doth hinder me to be baptized ? And Philip said, If thou believest with all thine heart, thou mayest. And he answered and said, I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God. And he commanded the chariot to stand still ; and they went down both into the water, both Philip and the eunuch, and he baptized him."
• 1 Peter, ïïi. 21. vi. 2-10.
p Rom. vi. 11.
9 Deut. i. 39.
“Repent and be baptized every one of you
in the name of Jesus Christ, for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghostt."
As baptism is the rite by which we are admitted into the Christian church, so was circumcision the type of admission into the people of God under the law of “the lesser light;" and, as by the law of Mosesų, and by the appointment of God w himself, when He established His covenant with Moses, he that was eight days old was to be circumcised; so children, which “have no knowledge between good and evil,” are submitted to the ordinance of baptism, and they are thereby admitted members of the church of Christ, who said, “Suffer little children to come unto me, and forbid them not, for of such is the kingdom of heaven *;” “Verily, I say unto you, except ye be converted and become as little children, ye shall not enter into the kingdom of heaveny.” So that, when children are admitted into the church of Christ, a figure is afforded of those who shall be members of His spiritual church in the kingdom of heaven.
Faith in the efficacy of the atonement offered by Christ, in His divine nature, in the truth of His Gospel, and in His promises, forms an essential requisite in every one who presumes to call himself a Christian ; without such faith, indeed, he is not a Christian, his true appellation is that of Infidel.
+ Acts, ii. 38; iii. 19. Luke, iii. 3; xiii. 3.
u Lev. xii. 3.
w Gen. xvii. 12. * Matt. xix. 14. y Matt. xviii. 3.
“ He that believeth in me, said our Saviour, “ though he were dead yet shall he live, and whosoever liveth and believeth in me shall never die?." He that believeth on the Son of man shall have everlasting life. “ He that heareth my word, and believeth on Him that sent me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come into condemnation, but is passed from death unto life b." “ God gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in Him should not perish, but have everlasting life”;” “ he that believeth on Him is not condemned, but he that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name of the only-begotten Son of GOD d.” “ If ye believe not that I am He, ye die in your
“ He that rejecteth me, and receiveth not my words, hath one that judgeth him ; the word that I have spoken, the same shall judge him in the last day?."
“ He that receiveth me, receiveth Him that sent me." The same doctrine is inculcated by the Apostles : “ Whosoever believeth
? John, xi. 25, 26.
John, iii. 15, 16. o John, v. 24; vi. 40. c John, iii. 16; xx. 31.
d John, iii. 18.
that Jesus is the Christ, is born of God h.” “Believe in the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be savedi.” “ Whosoever believeth in Him shall receive remission of sinsk." " He that believeth on Him shall not be confounded.”
" Who is he that overcometh the world, but he that believeth that Jesus is the Son of GoDm?” “ The Gospel of Christ is the power of God unto salvation unto every one that believeth u.” whom sware He that they should not enter into His rest, but to them that believed noto?” “ For we which have believed do enter into rest P,', “ Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to every one that believeth." “ Being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ"." “Repent, therefore, and be converted, that your sins may be blotted outs.” “ If we confess our sins, He is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness .”
Our faith in Christ must be rooted and firm: “ If a man abide not in me, he is cast forth as a branch and is witheredu." “As ye have there fore received Christ Jesus the Lord, so walk ye in Him, rooted and built up in Him, and esta
p Hebr. iv. 3.
1 Peter, ii. 6. m 1 John, v. 5. n Rom. i. 16.
Hebr. iii. 18. Jude, 5.