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214 On Coleridge's Allack on the Unitarians, contained in his Scoond Lay Sermon. God, regard his first begotten son as mere matters of faith alt the docrines something more than mortal. And, of the Church of England no en. if it simply implied the humanity of larged understanding is requisito. The the Messiah, our orthodox brethren hainblest of the orthokis who bewould maintain their right to the lieves in the union of two natures in terın; and contend that while they the Saviour's personrein the vicarious worshiped him as Divine, they still efficacy of his death and in the supera delighted to feel with him as human. natural influences of his spiritu-be
We coine now in matters of more cause he thinks the word of God importance. You proceed, “It is
" It is asserts thein, has just the same portion the interest of these inen to speak of. of knowledge with yourself respecting the Christian religion as comprised these mysteries. Those who have in a few plain doctrines, and con- hitherto defended them have asserted taining nothing not intelligible at that they were matters which, ja the first hearing to the narrowest this world, at least could not be capacities.". And you then proceed wderstood by inortals. They gloried: afier some further obsorvations on the that the ignoraut and the wise were, scantiness of our faith, to inreigh in respect of these things, nearly in against the supposition of the plain the same relative condition. They ness and simplicity of the gospel St. have rather spoken of them with a Paul, you nuserve, though he teaches soleion reverence as subjects which us, * " that in the religion of Christ the most powerful mind could not there is milk for babes; yet informs grasp nor ihe acutest understanding u3 at the same time, that there is explain. They have even been ace. meat for strong inen! and, io the like customed to reward the understanding purpose, one of the Fathers has obe". as too cold and earthly a poster to seried, that in the New Testament appreciate them, and have appealed there are shallows where the lamb rather for their testiinony iininediately may, ford, and depths where the to the heart and the affcctions. For elephant must swia." You elo- the evidences of these doctrines they quently dilate on the great treasures have sometimes condescended to apply of knowledge and of wisdoın which to the reason ; but for their heighth the Scriptures contain: one migly and depth and measure for all be truths which are to fill apd dilate yond a simple belief in them as rethe understanding on the riches of vealed they have rather checked Christ which no research can exhaust than impelled inquiry. In point of Suill it is exceedingly difficult to fact, there is nothing in orthodoxy to comprehend any definic object to understand which the Unitarian does which you refer, and still less to dis not believe. All that we reject concern the path by which we are to: sists of objects which, to those who clinib to the sublimities you diinly receive them, are materials not of unfold. “ We understand a grandeur knowledge but of faith and hope, in the words but not the words."'; excitements to the believer not to li seems that you mean to assert tbal penetrale into the hidden things of there are trulis in the Scriptures God, but, at distance, to love and which the anlearned cannot discovero adore bin. secluded springs of more boly inspira. If I rightly understand your acco-1 tion which the philosopher. alone can sation against Unitarianism, it is, that visit. Supposing this theory to have it escludes those. doctrines of our any truth-or rather this rhapsody to religion which the most profound have any meaning-low can it poisnderstandings alone can compree! possibly affect the truth or falsehned hend, or in the figurative language you. of the Unitarian creed? Those doc- prefer, “the depthis where the ele. trines which the opposer of the Trinity plant must swin." And the plain : rejects, supposing them to be true, answer I make is that there is not one are neither hid from the vulgar, nor of the doctrines it denies of which understood by the learned. A child, ihe brighuse intellect can understand who is versed in his catechism, knows any thing; thai in respect to the as much respecting the Trinity as the depths you allude to, the elephant most laborious divine. To receive as and the lumbare precisely in the same
condition ; and that consequently there • P, 68.
is no food for the rational powers
in the most orthodox creed which onr only a small number with the organ calumniated faith is not equally capa- of vision. Happy indeed is it that of ble of affording
such a fancy there is not the smallest - You seem, Sir; to be very indig. trace in the word of God. I speak nant it the sentiment that " religion the language not of the Unitarian in requires but the application of a com- particular, but of almost every intelinon sense which every man pos- ligent Christian when I affirm that sesses to a subject in which every the great principles of our faith are man is concerned.". You even hint written so plainly that "he who runs that to constitute the complete Christ- inay read." They are inscribed in ian some kind of genins is requisite ; living and immortal cliaracters which and are quite astonished that while all the mysticism of Germany cannot musicians, orators, painters and me. obscure. True it is that in their chanics require peculiar gifis, a mere divine relations, in so far as they refer coininon understanding should suífice to things that are unseen, they can for the comprehension of the religion never be comprehended on earth. of Jesus! luis true you concede that But are not the wisest and the most a highly cultivated intellect is not ignorant, in this case, nearly on a indispensable to salvation. I am level ? The poor cottager wher happy your charity extends thus far, “knows and only knows her Bible or some of the apostles themselves true," believes on its authority, in an Inight be excluded from your select immortality of joy; and can you, assembly of the just. Súll I must with all your philosophy, do more? suppose you to mean that the richest She knows, indeed, 'noihing of the treasures of the gospel are accessible nature of that blessedness which is only to nien possessed of certain intel- treasured up for her in heaven; and lectual properties. Surely you cannot has it “ entered into your heart to be serious. A talent for religion ! conceive" it? She believes in the A genius for the gospel! I can find Father of mercies as her protector in no intimation of these gifts in holy life and her guide through the valley writ. The “ good tidings of great of the shadow of death; and what joy" which our Saviour came to pro- can you add to the hope and the inulgate were peculiarly intended for confort which this assurance breathes? the poor. They were designed as the Can you add to this feeling one ray of “ balm of their hnet minds," the delight when you have taken Plato to guides of their path, the solace of their expound St. John? She is contented afflictions. They were given as a to rest on an Almighty arm, withont. portion to those who had no inherit- inquiring into the nodes of its operaance on earth, a rich consolation to tion or existence; and “ Canst thoii the lowly when heart and flesh should by searching find out God; canst thou fail them. They were scorned by find out the Almighly to perfection ?". the learned of the schools, and propa
Far be it from me ty unileivalue gated by the fishermen of Galilee. metaphysical discussion or to depreThrough their ministry the poor of cate the freest inquiry. They are this world” became “qich in faith and among the noblest employments which inheritors of the kingdom of heaven." heaven-born minds can deliglit in. Nor were the sacred principles which If they bring us' no accessions of they embraced hung about them as actual knowledge, they discover to us an amulet or a charm; they were our own internal resources and afford approved to their understandings and us a glorious proof of the 'aspiring received into their hearts; in their tendencies of our nature.
They are light they delighted to walk, and in the beatings of the soul against the defence of them they were ready to bars of its earchly tabernacle, striving die. It is a libel on the Almighty to before its time to expatiate in its suppose that he has given a religion native regions--whieh, though for for the benefit of all mankind, and the most parı vain in their immediate yet has. bestowed the capability of object, prove the spirit of immortality enjoying it only on a few. ' le would to be strong within us. It is good tij be as though he had created the sun be sometimes rendered dizzy by the to enlighten all men and had endowed elevation of our own thoughis, in he
posed with the casui try of highs P. 56.
seasonings, to be lost in the subideries
of speculation too etherealand divine. this world's wisdom, "feel after then This is a preparatory exercise of the and find thear!” Ilow frequenity soul for employments which it may do we discover the fuirest virtues pursue for ever. It abstracts us front clustering amidst the shades which the vanilies and selfishness of life, conceal and shelter the loner walks from low passions and ignoble aims, of existence! In those stenes the and feeds ii for a while with the food are living examples before which the of angels. It enables us to look with new aristocratical order you'ronlu
сoniprehensive and, therefore, with establish in religion inust fade away; a gentle eye on the frailies of man, and which prove beyond all powers and fills is with glowing hopes for of mortal expression, that the highest h's elevated progress. And if we treasures of divine wisdom are not should dwell too long in the abstrac- alone accessible to genius. Metnieks lions of a genial philosophy--if we I see such a testimony in the image of should have gazed on the " lovely a venerable and sainted female---sur: -scenes at distance" till we fancied rounded by her little and revenus ourselves and the world already near descendanis still eagerly fixing her them if we should throw some of dim eye on the page where through the brilliant colouring of our own life she has found supportant them hopes on the places where we actually turning to borrow aid from the lisping movem if we should look at man tongue of a child. Time has neither through a medium by which his crrors shaken her hopes nor chilled her are softened down and his viriues affections. She turns back her view rendered fairer—if we should shape on the carlier days of her life witlr. out gorgeous visions of liberty and grateful joy, and prays only that the peace and joy which the present age children inay walk in the steps cannot realize the error will be through which she has trodden. goodly as it will be sweet! It will While she fondly embraces and be but the overleaping of a little blesses them, she seems already io period, but a union in spirit with speak in the language of heaver. fulure years, with the good hereafter She trembles, but it is with antici10 be born, and with prophets who' pated joy; she totters on the verge of have long been silent.
paradisé. What more exalted happiBut these noble speculations and ness can you hope to enjoy, thong! delicious dreams of the intellect form you “ understand all mysteries and no essential part of the religion of all knowledge," and “speak with the Jesus. The sweet light of love and tongues both of men and of angels ?" of hope which it sheds on the dreary
S. N. D. scenes of life is common to all, how. P.S. In my next letter I shall erer contracted the powers of their examine your statement of the Unie mortal vision. It often throws its tarian creed and the remaining charges holiest tints over the cottage. In the which you bring forward against it. paths of pleasantness and of peace to which the finger of celestial wisdom SIR, London, Alarch 19, 1817.
IN " of the narrowest capacities" cannot
N your Number for February (p.
123), I observe an article relating. err. O no, Sir! the consolations and to a Sermon I published at Cork, in the joys of the gospel are no matter Joly last, extracted from a Cork of science. They spring rp, like newspaper, and headed with the title the most fagrant flowers beneath our of « Orthodox Alarm in Ireland." feet, and all who will stoop may Had you been aware of the true gather them. The pure river of the nature of this contemptible ebullition water of life is not like the streams of of personal malice, you would not i Castaly, accessible to few. “ The am persuaded, have given it hy yout' elephant and the lamb" may alike republication of it an importance taste of it, and alike stand in need which it so little deserves. Lest its of its freshness. How often, indeed, appearance in your pages, and the ? do the bright anticipations of learen very unappropriate tiile which you bless those who have no earthly joy. have prefixed io it, should mislead any Ilow often while the learned dispute of your readers, I beg leave to state ? on the truths of Christianity, till that it was (as far as I could learn they lose them, do the ignorant in generally despised by all religions
parties in Cork, and that the respec- find that he had met with a waytable editor of the paper in which faring man in the dreary region, it appeared, afterwards called upon who, though he did not indeed prome to express his regret at its having mise 'much at first sight, proved in been inserted, and to say that it had the result a perfect Hercules. How been done without his knowledge. delightful must it have been to witFrom the sentiments it avows having ness the silent operations of his magical been fietle known or discussed in wand, when by ouly “gently placing Ireland, my sermon naturally excited it under each' wheel, and appearing a considerable sensation, and attracted to lift them," with the help of a little much more attention than any thing manuduction, and an euphonious it contains could in other circum- sound transmitted from his lips, stances have procured it. I may per- which, I think, the narrator much haps feel disposed to complain that depreciates, by the vulgar phrase my numerous opponents have be- “calling to the horses," the 'cumtrayed great ignorance of what has brous load was instantly disengaged before been written on loth sides in " without any apparent difficulty," the Unitarian controversy, but they and once more lixed upon solid have no in general shewn bitterness ground! After some kind directions of spirit ; and I recollect no instance, by the stranger, we find that as the except the trifling one to which you grateful traveller was preparing, as have given increased publicity and well he might, to offer him some importance, in which any of them solid remuneration, Heigh! pass ! have indulged in riruleni abuse or the little man had vanished in an malignant misrepresentation.
instant! and, thongh it was only in WILLIAM HINCKS.
the dusk of the evening, could no where be found! To be sure a wood
is an admirable place for a person to SIR,
Dec. 17, 1816. conceal himself in, who desires a I
HAVE been much edified and game at bo-perp, or, in a way of
somewhat amused, by the account charity, does not wish to “let his given in your Repository for Novem- left hand know what his right hand her, [XI. 634],' of the remarkable docth;" yet still, I verily think, he deliverance of C. Crellins, with his must have heard the traveller cry out children and attendants from the Justily, and in common civility, peril of robbers and men-slayers in which should always accompany acts the wilderness. I receive serio what of charity, should have turned back is there related as to the kind assis- 10 receive his acknowledgments. tance of Providence, in the laudable However, as he is gone, we cannot use of means, in his escape from the help it; but I should certainly wish, murderous pit, and the man of Belial if possible, (I mean in an historicat whom he met on the margin of the way, for I suppose unless he were a wood; but confess I cannot tell being of another world he hath long what to make of the little gentleman passed away to receive his reward, in the “grey coat, with a stick in to become better acquainted with this his hand. He appears to me, in truly respectable personagé, his lineage one view, so like unto the imps and and ancestry: Most assuredly, if we fairies of old time, only perhaps, are to take this narration in the lump, somewhat of a more reasonable size, we can entertain no serious doubt and in another view so much in the of the singular occurrence related of similitude of flesh and blood, that I Col. Gardiner, by his pious biographer, am at a loss uoder what, class of as justly entitled to the character of beings to rank him, and am therefore a vision, and not a dream; and shall induced humbly to crave some eluci- perhaps be suitably prepared for a dation of this part of the occurrence partial, if not a full' « assent and either from the learned Editor (which consent" to the truth of some of the indeed I expected at the clase of the supposed heathen miracles, or popish story), or his reviewer, or some of legends : or, are all such relations, his ingenious correspondents. I trem- when predicated of the orthodox, ale bled when I found the good confessor ways false or suspicious, and only and his waggon in “ihe slough of true when reported of the rationalists despond;" but how was I rejoiced to and reformers
Perusing this account, a fourth time, incomprehensibly all possible perfecI read that it was related by “the tion. pious driver, Paul Sagosky, when he “The different appellations of Father, was far advanced in age!
:!" Perhaps Son, and Holy Spirit, are neverthethis may be a sufficient clue with less not to be used indifferently or some of
your readers : if any of them indiscriminately one for another, hecan furnish ine with a better, I shall cause (in the general) they are probe much obliged to them.
perly and consistently used only as CUI BONO? this one supreme self-existing Essence
is considered in different points of
view. For when considered as tlie Fleet Street, February 11, 1817. Great First Cause of all things, from Sir,
whence the whole unirerse of animate L
small publication, entitled “The its origin and existence, he is very Annual Monitor and Memorandam expressively and significantly called Book, for the Year 1816,” published the Father. by a Quaker in the North of England, “When he is considered as acting and evidently intended for the use of in, and actuating his creatures, and the society,' I met with a passage adıninistering to them such suitable which appears to me to justify the help as their situation in the scale of assertion so often made, that in general existence requires, more especially in if Quakers would explain themselves, this spiritual and substantial dispensathey would be found not far from tion, he is then with equal propriety Unitarianism. The Editor observes, termed the Son. P. 124 :
“ Again, as he measurably acts in “ The following explanation of the the hearts of men individually, in reDivine Being was found in manu- proving and correcting them for every script, a few years ago, bearing the impurity of action and intention, in marks of not being a very modern manifesting in them with convincing production, but without any clue to self-evident and undeniable clearess, discover the author. Its coincidence the path that leads to eternal blessedwith the sentiments of the Editor, ness with himself, and in enabling induced him to request a copy of the them by the influence of mercy, individual among whose papers it love and strength, to walk and persewas found; and he trusts it will not vere steadily therein during this scene be less pleasing to many of his of mutability and change, he is justly readers.
denominated the Spirit, with the em“ The words, in the general, are phatical epithet lloly." placed in brackets, being an addition Such is the explanation given, as which he has ventured to insert; as I have above stated, in a publication he does not conceive, by the tenour designed for the use of the Friends. I of the whole piece, that the author have only to ask, whether the origiintended so unqualified a restrictionnal coinposer or ile approving Editor of the several appellations, as his can be considered as Trinitarians? words may otherwise possibly imply.
P. « On the Unity of the Godhead, under
Feb. 17, 1817. the different Appellations of Father,
N Lord Herbert's Life and Reign Son, and Holy Spirit.
of King Henry the Eighth, I find “ The Father, Son, and Holy Spi- an extraordinary imputation upon rit, are not three distinct persons or Wolsey, as an encourager of the Luessences, but essentially and identi- theran heresy. It fornis one of the cally one and the same, each signify- forty-four articles of accusation brought ing the one true God, and not cold against the Cardinal, Deceniber 1, lectively implying a composition or 1529, by a Council of Nobles which aggregate in the essentiality of the Henry appointed to sit for that purDivinity. For he is a pure, simple, pose, in the Star Chamber-More, as perfect Being, independently supreme, Chancellor, being President. The 43d without parts and without mixture, article is as follows: incapable of addition or diminution, Also, whereas in the Parliament having in himself inherently and Chamber, and in open Parliament,