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against all events. I asked if she was instantly sent two men to the Tower, at home, and they answered me that to see that the other prisoners were she expected me and had another well secured, lest they should follow Duchess with her; I refused to go up the example. Some threw the blame stairs as she bad company with her, on one, and some on another ; the and I was not in a condition to see any Duchess was the only one at court other company. I begged to be shewn who knew it. into a chamber below stairs, and that When I left the Duchess, I went to they would have the goodness to send a house which Evans had found out her Grace's maid to me, having some- for me, and where she promised to acthing to say to her. I had discharged quaint me where my Lord was. She the chair lest I might be pursued and got thither a few minutes after me, watched. When the maid came in, I and told me, that when she had seen desired her to present my most humble him secure, she went in search of Mills, respects to her Grace, who they told who by this time had recovered from me bad company with her, and to ac- his astonishment ; that he had returnquaint her that this was my only rea- ed to his house, where she had found son for not coming up stairs; I also him, and that he had removed my Lord, charged her with my sincerest thanks from the first place where she had defor her kind offer to accompany me sired him to wait, to the house of a when I went to present my petition; poor woman directly opposite the I added, that she might spare herself guard-house; she had but one small any farther trouble, as it was now room, up one pair of stairs, and a very judged more desirable to present one small bed in it. We threw ourselves general petition in the name of all: upon the bed, that we might not be however, that I shou never be un- heard walking up and down; she left mindful of my particular obligations to us a bottle of wine and some bread, her Grace, which I would return very Mrs. Mills brought us some more in soon to acknowledge in person. I then her pocket the next day. We subdesired one of the servants to callachair, sisted upon this provision from Thursand went to the Duchess of Montrose, day till Saturday night, when Mrs. who had always borne a part in my dis- Mills came and conducted my Lord tresses. When I arrived she left her to the Venetian Ambassador's. We company, to deny herself, not being did not communicate the affair to his able to see me under the affliction she Excellency, but one of the servants judged me to be in. However I was concealed him in his own room idl admitted, so there was no remedy; she Wednesday, on which day the Amcame to me, and, as my heart was in bassador's coach and six was to go an ecstasy of joy, I expressed it on down to Dover to meet his brother. my countenance; as she entered the My Lord put on a livery and went room I ran up to her in the transport down in the retinue, without the least of my joy. She appeared extremely suspicion, to Dover, where Mr. Micshocked and frightened, and has since kle, which was the name of the Amexpressed to me that she apprehended bassador's servant, hired a small vessel my troubles had thrown me out of and immediately set sail for Calais. myself, till I communicated my happi. The passage was so remarkably short, ness to her. She then advised me to that the captain threw out the reflec. retire to some place of safety, for that tion, that the wind could not have the King, (George I.) was highly dis. served better if his passengers had pleased, and even enraged, at the pe. been flying for their lives, little thinktition I had presented to him, and had ing it to be really the case. Mr. Miccomplained of it severely. I sent for kle might have easily returned withanother chair, for I always discharged out being suspected of being conthem immediately lest I might be pur. cerned in my Lord's escape, but my sued. Her Grace said she would go to Lord seemed inclined to have him court to see how the news of my Lord's continue with him, which he did, and escape was received. When the news has at present a good place under our was brought to the King, he flew into young master, the Pretender. an excessive passion, and said he was This is as exact and fall an account betrayed, for it could not have been of this affair, and the persons condone without some coufederacy. He cerned in it, as I could possibly give you;
to the best of my memory you may they came from the fireside,) yet they depend on the truth of it.
could not possibly have remained so For my part I absconded to the much longer without prejudice. In house of a very honest man in Drury. short, as I had once exposed my life for lave, where I remained till I was as the safety of the father, I could not do sured of my Lord's safe arritur on the less than hazard it ouce more for the continent. I then went to the Duchess fortune of the son. of Buccleugh's, (every body thought I had never travelled on horseback till then that I was gone off with my bui from York to London, as I told Lord,) to tell her that I understood I you, but the difficulty did not vow was suspected of having contrived my arise from the severity of the season, Lord's escape, as was very natural to but fear of being known and arrested. suppose, that if I could have been hap. To avoid this I bought three saddlepy enough to have dove it, I should horses, and set off with my dear Evans have been fattered to have the merit and a very trusty servant, whom 1. of it attributed to me; but that a bare brought with me out of Scotland. suspicion, without proof, would never We put up at all the smallest inns on be sufficient ground for any being pun. the road that could take in a few ished for a supposed offence, though horses, and where I thought I was it might be motive for me to provide a not known, for I was thoroughly place of security; so I entreated her to known at all the considerable inns on procure leave for me to go with safety the north road. Thus I arrived safe about my business: so far from grant al Traguaine, where I thought myself ing my request, they were resolved to secure, for the Lieutenant of the counsecure me if possible.
ty being a friend of mine would not After several debates, Mr. Solicitor permit any search to be made for me, General, who was an utter stranger to without sending me previous notice to me, had the humanity to say, that abscond. Here 1 bad the assurance since I shewed so much respect to the to rest myself for two whole days, government as not to appear in public, pretending that I was going to my it would be cruel to search after me. own house with the leave of the On which it was decided, that if I re. government. I sent no notice to my mained concealed, no farther search own house, Jest the magistrates of should be made, but that if I appeared Dumfries might make too narrow in. either in England or Scotland I should quiries about me. So they were ig. be secured. But this was not suf- norant of my arrival in the country ficient for me, unless I could submit to till I was at home, where I still feigned expose my son to beggary.
to have permission to remain. To My Lord sent for me up to town in carry on the deceit the better, I sent such haste, that I had no time to settle to all my neighbours and invited them any thing before I left Scotland. I had to come to my house. I took up my in my hands all the family papers and papers at night and sent them to dared not trust them to any body. 'Traguaine. It was a peculiar stroke My house might have been searched of Providence that I made the diswithout warning, consequently they pateh I did, for they soon suspected were far from being secure there. In me, and by a very favourable accident this distress I had the precaution to one of them was overheard to say to bury them under ground, and nobody the magistrateś of Dumfries, that the but the gardener and myself knew next day they would insist on seeing where they were; I did the same with my leave from goveryment. This the other things of value. The event was bruited about, and when I was proved that I acted prudently, for after told of it, I expressed my surprise that my departure they searched the house, they had been so backward in coming and God knows what might have to pay their respects; but I said bettranspired from those papers. All ter late than never; be sure to tell these circumstances rendered my pre- them that they shall be welcome bence absolutely necessary, otherwise whenever they choose to come. This they might have been lost, for though was after dinner, but I lost no time to they retained the highest preservation put every thing to readiness with all after one very severe winter, (for when possible secresy, and the next mornI took them up they were as dry as if ing before day-break I set off again for
London, with the same attendants, obliged to go through it, and as there and, as before, I put up at the smallest were three windows in it, we sat in inns, and arrived safe once more. the middle one, that I might have
On my arrival the report was still time enough to meet him before he fresh of my journey to Scotland, in could pass. I threw myself at his defiance of their prohibition. A lady feet, and told him, in French, that I informed me that the king was ex. was the unfortunate Countess of Nithstremely incensed at the news, and had dale, that he might not pretend to be issued orders to have me arrested, add- ignorant of my person. "But perceiv. ing, that I did whatever I pleased, in ing that he wanted to go off without despite of all his designs, and that I receiving my petition, I caught hold had given him more trouble and anx- of the skirt of his coat, that he might iety than all the other women in stop and hear me. He endeavoured Europe. For which reason I kept to escape ont of my hauds, but I kept myself as closely concealed as possible, such strong hold, that he dragged me till the heat of this rumour had abater. upon my knees from the middle of the In the mean while I had the opinion room to the very door of the drawing of a very famous lawyer, a man of the
At last one of the blue ribbons strictest probity, he advised me to go which attended his majesty took me off as soon as they had ceased search round the waist, while another wrested ing for me. I followed bis advice, the coat out of my hand. The petition and in about a fortnight after I es- which I had endeavoured to ibrust caped without any accident whatever. into his pocket, fell down in the scutile, The reason he alleged for his opinion and I almost fainted away through was, that though in other circum- grief and disappointment. One of the stances a wife cannot be prosecuted gentlemen in waiting picked up the for saving her husband's life, yet in petition, and, as I knew it ought to cases of high treason, according to the have been given to the Lord of the rigour of the law, the head of ihe wife bed-chamber, who was then in wait. is responsible for that of her husband; ing, I entreated him to do me the faand as the King was so highly in- vour to read the petition, which I had censed, there could be no answering the honour to present, to his Majesty. for the consequences. Ile therefore Fortunately for me it happend to be intreated me to leave the kingdom. Lord Dorset, with whom Mrs. Mor
The King's resentment was greatly gan was very intimate; accordingly augmented by the petition which Í she went into the drawing room, and had presented, contrary to his express delivered him the letter, which he reorders. But my Lord was very ans. ceived very graciously. He could not ious that the petition might be pre- read it then for he was at cards with sented, hoping that it would be ser- the prince, but as soon as the game was viceable to me. I was in my own over, he read it, and behaved, as I mind convinced that it would answer afterwards learnt, with the warmest no purpose, but as I wished to please zeal for my interest, and was seconded my Lord, I desired him to bave it by the Duke of Montrose, who had drawn up, and I undertook to make it seen me in the anti-chamber and wantcome to the Kiug's hands, notwith- ed to speak to me, but I made him a standing all the precautions he had sign not to come near me, lest his actaken to avoid it. So the first day quaintance should thwart my design. that I heard that the king was to go They read over the petition several to the drawing room, I dressed myself times, but without any success, but it in black, as if I had been in mourning. became the topic of their conversation I sent for Mrs. Morgan, the same the rest of the evening, and the harsh. who accompanied me to the Tower, ness with which I had been treated because as I did not know his Ma- soon spread abroad, not much to the jesty personally, I might have mis. honour of the King. Many reflected, taken some other person for him. She that they had themselves presented staid by me and told me when he was petitions to the late King, and that he coming I had also another lady never rejected any, even the most indiwith me, and we three remained in a gent object, but that this behaviour room between the King's apartment to a person of my quality, was a and the drawing room, so that he was strong instance of brutality. These
reflections, which circulated about, escape from falling into his hands. I raised the King to the highest pitch of accordingly went abroad. hatred and indignation against my per
This is the full narrative of what son, as he has since allowed ; for when you desired, and of all the transactions all the ladies whose husbands had been relative to the affair. Nobody living concerned presented their petitions for beside yourself could have obtained it dowers, mine was presented among from me; but the obligations I owe them, but the king said I was not en- you, threw me under the necessity of titled to the same privilege, and in fact refusing you nothing that lies in my I was excluded; and it was remark- power to do. As this is for yourself able, that he would never suffer my alone, your indulgence will excuse all name to be meutioned. For these the faults, which must occur in this reasons every body judged it prudent long recital. The truth you may defor me to leave the kingdom, for so pend upon, attend to that and overlook long as the batred of the King subsis- all deficiences. Love, &c. ted, it was not probable that I could
WINIFRED NitusDALE. ib
Book-Worm. No. XXIV. Judgment of the Church Universal, . Hill's Vindication of the Fathers the Arch-Bishops and Bishops of the
against Bishop Burnet. Church of England, the two famous SIR,
July 29, 1817. Universities of Oxon and Cambridge, [T cannot fail to bring into question aud the next Session of the Convoca
the correctness of any opinion tion. By Samuel Hill, Rector of when those who maintain it, with Kilmington in the Diocese of Bath and sincerity and information apparently Wells.” 8vo. Pp. 190. London, 1695. equal, are yet unable to explain them- The title-page is also adorned with selves to each other's satisfaction, or a Greek quotation from Athanasius, rather when their definitions are com- recommending an adherence to the pletely at variance. Such, however, opinions of the Fathers, as enlightened has been entinently the case respecting teachers of Gospel doctrine. a fundamental dogma of all established Of this author, who was an Oxonian, Churches, Papal or Protestant, for the Wood has given the following acSouths and Sherlocks among learned count: Trinitarians will be found, on inquiry, “ Samuel Hill, son of William Hill, to have been far more numerous than of South Petherton, in Somerset, be. the professed believers in a holy and came a Servitor of Lincoln College, undivided Trinity would, probably, in the latter end of 1662, aged 14 allow.
years, transferred himself afterwards I was led to make this reflection to St. Mary's Hall, and as a Member by having met, very lately, with an thereof, 'was admitted Bachelor of old book, quite new to me, written, Arts on 15th Nov 1666, which was the with no small rancour, against Bishop highest degree which he took here. Burnet. The author, a brother Afterwards returning to his native church-man, accuses the Bishop of country, became at length Rector of betraying their common faith by an Kilmington there, and much esteemed insufficient, or rather an insidious de- for 'bis learning and zeal for the fence, and, at the same time, depre- Church of England. A.O. 2nd Ed. ii. ciating the Fathers, whose authority 1000.” has constituted, in establishments espe
This zeal for the Church, and especially, a 'main support of modern or- cially for her “authority in controthodoxy. The book to which I refer versies of faith,” according to the has the following title:
20th Article, has appeared on my “ A Vindication of the Primitive author's title-page, where he bespeaks Fathers against the Imputations of a censure from the next Session of Gilbert, Lord Bishop of Sarum, in his the Convocation.” The Lower House Discourse on the Divinity and Death of Convocation in 1701 did indeed asof Christ, referred to the Sense and sail the Bishop, but they had a higher
object than the Discourse-even his that lasted near two hours; and then
Exposition of the Articles,” which, encouraged those present to start such according to Burnet's History, under questious or difficulties upon it as octhat year, they censured because “ it curred to them.” Id. ij. 706. The allowed a diversity of opinions, which author of the Vindication, a priest of the Articles were framed to avoid, the adjoining diocese, attended one and contained many passages contrary of these conferences to satisfy his to their true meaning.' Whatever doubts of the Bishop's orthodoxy. He unworthy design or antichristian spirit relates the object and result of this actuated the Convocation, an attentive attendance in the following passage of reader of the work can scarcely judge his preface : their censure to have been wholly “ His Lordship had been well assurmisapplied. The management of a ed by some of his most dutiful clergy, work, designed, not so much to en- that the integrity of his faith was uncourage inquiry after divine truth as der a commou suspicion, for causes to justify submission to human autho- which I shall think fit to suppress. rity, must indeed have often been And this did so sensibly affect him, irksome to its author. In 1685, as that thenceforward all bis advices and his son relates, be had “ represented discourses seem'd pointed against to the clergy at Geneva," with ap. Deism and Socinianism, to work off parent success, “ the folly and ill con- the jealousie of bis clergy. And truly sequence of such subscriptions" as this seemed to be, not only a designtheir Consensus, " whereby the ho- cd, but an effectual essay hereunto, nestest and worthiest men were fre which he offered in the oral discourse quently reduced to the necessity of on the divinity and death of Christ, quitting their native country, and of which I myself was an auditor at seeking a subsistence elsewhere, whilst Warminster, in the year 1693, being others of less virtue were induced to led thither by a strong desire to know submit, and comply against their con- the senses of so great a prelate, on sciences, and even begin their ministry those points which have employ'd my with mental equivocation." 0. T theories for above twenty-seven years. Fol. ii. 692. The malignity of Atter- “And truly, as it was then delivered, bury and his high-church partizans, it gave a general joy and satisfaction Burnet might despise, but unless right to the whole corona of the clergy, and and wrong have different senses in to my self also; for though there were Geneva and England, he could scarcely some little failures, I attributed those have avoided to say of subscription, as to the inevitable looseness of a present his friend Tillotson wrote of the Atha. etfusion, since all the substance seemnasian Creed, I wish we were well rid ed even heartily Orthodox and Chris. of it. Id. p. 719. But I must return tian, without any indecencies toward to the subject of the Vindication. the Fathers, or flouts at the received
Bishop Burnet's son has thus de- notions or forms; and with most passcribed his father's sedulous attention sionate concern against the Socinian to the duties of his office: "He every impieties. For though, indeed, he summer took a tour, for six weeks or commended the foreigu Socinians for two months, through some district of their morals, yet oors he severely his bishopric, daily preaching and condemned for a rout of profligate and confirming from church to church, so irreligious villains." as, in the compass of three years, It is difficult not to reply mentiris (besides his formal triennial visita- impudentissimè to this bold assertion; tion,) to go through all the principal nor can any one acquainted with the livings in his diocese. The clergy Bishop's charcter and associations near the places he passed through, believe that he could thus calumniate generally attended on him; therefore, the English Unitarians. This one to avoid being burdensome in these discourse was, however, put to the circuits, he entertained them all at press in 1693, being the second of his own charge. He likewise for Foar Discourses to the Clergy of his many years entered into conferences Diocese." It was animadverted upon with them, upon the chief heads of by an anonymous Unitarian writer, divinity: one of which he usually in a pamphlet, printed in 1694, in 4to. opened at their meeting, in a discourse cutitled * Considerations on the Ex