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and that it is a hope not ill founded in A. I have the care of Lord Stana country whose love of Liberty is its hope's two elder sous. characteristic; and where every thing Q. Are you a member of the generous and in favour of that Liberty Society for "Constitutional Informais congenial with the warmest feelings tion?'. of the People."

A. Before I answer any other quesA society for such an object could tions, I beg leave to inquire of your not but excite the suspicion and hatred Lordships, whether I may be allowed of the profligate administration of that the assistance of counsel ? time, nor could any of its more active Mr Dundas. Certainly not. members hope to escape ministerial Mr. Joyee. I must, then, beg leave persecution. 'Mr. Joyce was singled to decline answering any other quesout as a victim by Mr. Pitt, who pro- tions. And I assure your Lordships bably took a vindietive pleasure in that I do this out of no contempt for mortifying, if not criminating, Lord your Lordships' authority; but standStanhope, to whom he was related, ing here an accused person, the laws of but whom he regarded and treated as the country do not, I apprehend, rean enemy on account of family quar. quire me to answer any interrogatories. rels. Accordingly, on Wednesday the

Mr. Dundas. YOU ARE NOT AC14th of May, two days after the apprehension of Mr. Thomas Hardy,* Mr. Joyée. I have seen a warrant he was arrested while he was convers

which does accuse me. ing with Lord Mahon and his two Lord Loughborough. Mr. Fawkener, brothers, at Chevening, on the charge put the questions, and let Mr. Joyce of " Treasonable Practices." His refuse those he objects to. pockets, desk and drawers were Mr. Joyce. My Lord, I wish to de searched for papers; and the same cline answering all questions whatday he was examined before the Privy ever, as by answering questions, in Council

. The Council was very fully my situation, I conceive that I am in. attended; among many others, there juring the constitution of my country. were the Lord Chancellor, the Duke

Mr. Dundas. You had better leave of Montrose, Lord Hawkesbury, the the constitution to take care of itself, Earl of Chatham, Lord Aukland, the and consider whether it will not be Marquis of Stafford, Mr. Pitt, Mr. wise in you to answer the questions Dundas, and the Attorney and Solici- which are put to you. tor-general. The examination lasted Mr. Pitt. Mr. Joyce must know about three quarters of an hour; the that every good subject will object to following is the account of it, as po question, which does not tend to published by Mr. Joyce himself: + criminate himself.

Mr. Joyce. I hope and believe, Sir, “ Examination of Jeremiah Joyce, be that I have acted ever as a good subfore his Majesty's Most Honourable ject. Privy Council.

1 imagine, my Lords, the reason for May 14, 1794, which I have been brought here, is, “ Mr. Fawkener, (Clerk of the that your Lordships have found my Council). What is your vame, Sir?

name in those books, (pointing to the A. Jeremiah Joyce.

books belonging to the Society for ConQ. Where do you live?

stitutional Information) as having been A. At Lørd Stanhope's.

nominated Secretary to a Committee Q. What is your profession ?

of Correspondence. In order, there. fore, to save your Lordships' time, I

beg leave to say, that I have never * This intrepid man was Secretary to the Corresponding Society. He was the indirectly.

acted as Secretary, either directly or first whose life was sought on pretence of bigh treason by Mr. Pitt. An honest jury

Q. Did you accept the appointment delivered him from the faugs of his perse

as Secretary cutors, and he is still living an example

A. I decline answering that quesof enlightened patriotism, unimpeachable tion. virtue, and the unostentatious profession of

Q. How was the appointment noreligion.

tified to you? † Appendix to Sermon, &c. pp. 4-7. A. By conversation. I do not recollect by whom. It was not in A. I decline answering that ques writing.

tion. Q. How long is it since you were Lord Loughborough. Let Mr. Joyce appointed ?

read it himself (the letter given to him). A. I do not know; perhaps three Q. Do you know that letter, Sir? weeks, or a month; I should think A. I must decline giving any auswer not longer.

to that question. Q. You have not said whether you Lord Loughborough. Does Mr. Joyce are a member of the Society for know what the latter part of that letter Constitutional Information?'

may mean? A. I must decline answering that A. The meaning may be perfectly question.

simple, and perfectly innocent. Lord Aukland. Does Mr. Joyce Mr. Dundas. He ought to be told imagine that question will involve the consequences. him in any guilt ?

Lord Loughborough. Mr. Joyce A. I am certain, my Lord, that no ought to know that he stands upou question can involve me in guilt. It the brink of and therefore, in can be no crime to be a Member of justice to himself, he will answer the Society to which the Duke of whether this letter is his, or not? RICHMOND formerly belonged.

A. I must decline answering this Q. Were you in the chair at the and all other questions, for the reasoti • Society for Constitutional Informa- already stated. tion,' on the 11th of April; and did Mr. Pitt. It is not our business to you at the same time make the fol- advise Mr. Joyce; but he should well lowing report from the chair? (See consider, whether, for his own sake, Appen. C. Reports of the Secret Com- he should not answer this question. mittee, April 11th, 1794.)

A. I much doubt, whether, at this A. I decline answering that ques- time, it be prudent in any man to action also.

knowledge his own hand-writing, as Q. Were you a steward to the An

some things have lately been punished niversary Dinner of the Society upon which, ten or twelve years back, would the 2nd of May ?

have been esteemed' highly meritoriA. I decline answering this question. ous.

Mr. Pitt. Can that question tend to Mr. Dundas. And what at that time criminate you?

might be meritorious, may now deserve A. I imagine no guilt can attach to punishment. a person for being a steward to a

A. It may be so; but I do not uppublic dinner.

derstand it. Attorney General. Certainly not.

Lord Loughborough. If Mr. Joyce Mr. Pitt. Why then does Mr. Joyce will not answer the questions which refuse answering the question ? are put to him he must withdraw."t

A. As far as I am individually concerned, I could not have the smallest Hardy was arrested by an order from the objection to avow it; but the next Secretary of State. They took every thing question might be, Who were the they could lay their hands on. Query, lo other stewards? to which, in lionour, it possible to be ready by Thursday next! I could not reply.

J. H. Tooke, Esq. Mr. Pitt. By this mode of conduct Wimbleton. Mr. Joyce acts in a manner very dif- * This answer was a direct allusion to ferent from any other person standing ihe case of Mr. Holt, who, for reprinting in his situation.

an Address originally published by the As. Mr. Joyce. I am sorry for it; but I sociations, of which Mr. Pitt and ibe Duke do not think it right to set a precedent of Richmond were members, was sentenced of an accused man answering any ques

to two years' imprisonment in Newgate, and

a heavy fine. tions. This is my only reason. Mr. Pitt. Do you know this letter?*

See a very spirited pamphlet, entitled, “ A Vindication of the Principles, doc. of

the Printer of the Newark Herald, by Daniel • The following is, I think, an accurate Holt." copy of the letter alluded to :

+ “A close imprisonment of six months Dear CITIZEN,

has not induced me to regret my conduct This morning, at six o'clock, Citizen before the Privy Council. To submit to 3

Yours, J. JOYCE

The letter, at which the ministry tude'" to the Rev. Thomas Belsham, affected so much alarm, referred only of Hackney, and the Rev. George to a list of sinecures which Mr. Tooke Lewis, afternoon preacher at Carter was to select from the Court Calendar, Lane, for the handsome and generous and to prepare for publication : such manner in which they brought him a list might however be more formi. again before the public, by inviting dable to them than the plot of an him, immediately after his acquittal, insurrection.

to preach to their respective congreMr. Joyce's conduct before the gations." His sermon at the Gravel Privy Council was truly admirable; Pit, whịch was afterwards printed, the same unpretending firmness would was on the Christian miracles, and have characterized him on the scaf was thought, at the time, to exhibit fold, had Mr. Pitt succeeded in the some new views of divine miraculous scheme for his destruction.

agency. Having displayed in this From the Privy Council he was discourse the advantages derived from carried to the Tower, where he was a well-established Christian faith, parheld in close confinement, as a state ticularly in the hope, so well calcuprisoner, twenty-three weeks. At the lated to support and elevate the mind, end of that period he was removed to which it affords in times of calamity Newgate for trial; but the successive and persecution, he concluded in the acquittals of Hardy, Tooke and Thel- following passage, appropriate to his wall forced the ministers to abandon own circumstances : their prey, and Mr.Joyce, with others,

“Surrounded," said be, “as we are, was set free, without an opportunity with all the advantages which flow of vindicating his innocence or the from a well-grounded hope of immorpower of obtaining indemnity for his tality, we shall be highly to blame if wrongs. He was supported, how we do not cultivate every opportunity ever, by the consciousness of honest in fortifying our minds with these patriotism and the sympathy of friends, principles, that if the hour of adverworthy of the name. On his liberation, sity should arrive, we may be prepared he addressed the public iu an appen- to meet it with firmness and dignity. dix to an excellent sermon which helf, as has sometimes happened, of had preached before bis acquittal, and which history informs all, a man be his account of his prosecution cannot snatched suddenly from all the interbe read, at this distauce of time, with course of social life ; shut in the out strong indignation at the “trea gloomy and grated cell; denied the sonable practices" of his persecutors, access of every friend; no longer inand high admiration of his fortitude dulged with the music of those voices and spirit. He vindicated and gloried in which he had been accustomed to in the part which he had acted, and delight; ignorant of what charges may challenged his adversaries, with all or can be exhibited against him, but the aid of warrants for ransacking at the same time sufficiently aware desks and of spies without number, that every moment is employed to his to specify ove act of his political lifé disadvantage; and employed too with which was inconsistent with his pro- all the energy, which wealth and fessions or disallowed by the consti.power can exert: when week after tution of his country.

week, and month after month, pass On his acquittal, Lord Stanhope their revolving circles without afgave a splendid entertaiument at Che- fording, as they move, any gleam of vening House to celebrate the event. hope to the secluded prisoner : in He himself has recorded bis grati- such a situation a man may be happy

in the consciousness of his own inno

cence; in the assurance that impartial series of interrogatories, where there is investigation must convince his friends no specific charge, nor even accusation, is and the world that he has suffered tamely to surrender a right, which no power can wrest from the meanest indi- without a cause: but the prospects vidual. Many illustrious characters have which Christianity affords will be an cheerfully suffered every oppression rather additional means of his happiness in than be the means of introducing a system

so gloomy a situation." by which arbitrary governments are sustained."

* Appendix to Sermon, p. 24.

After the State Trials and during of them profitable. It will be seen by the almost continual suspension of the the list of his works at the end of the Ilabeas Corpus Act, all political asso- memoir, that some of the most popular ciatious were broken up, and amongst of his productions were publisbed unothers the Society for Constitutional der other names than his own: this Information, with the dissolution of was not his own wish, but on the con. which terminated Mr. Joyce's political trary was felt by him as a great bard. character. His principles, however, ship: the booksellers adopted the ticwere the same and he never concealed tion to conceal a name which had them; and he was always ready to once been obuoxious to government. extend the band of kindness' to such Latterly, however, when some of his as were sufferers for their country's books had established themselves in sake. This was indeed a very con- the public opinion, he prefixed his spicuous trait in his character. His owo name to his compilations; nor name occurs as a friend to Muir and has it been found, we hope, that prePalmer in the ir letters printed in this judice pursued him throughout the volume: Mr. Rutt has recorded (p. whole of life. 357) his generous efforts on behalf of Although, as has been intimated, Holt, the Newark printer, thrown some of his religious friends welcomed into prison by Mr. Pitt, for republish- bim after bis acquittal, in the characing a declaration printed originally ter, which above all others he prized, under the sanction of Mr. Pitt him of a Dissenting minister, he did not self: the same respectable witness experience that cordial reception in can attest another fact highly bonour. Unitarian congregations wbich he had able to Mr. Joyce, namely, that anticipated and to which he was justly though be zealously promoted the entitled. His habits as well as his incliState Trials' subscription, he paid in nation fitted him for a Nonconformist full to the solicitor employed bis own pastor, and yet he never received an share of the expenses.

invitation to settle in the ministry that Many of the reformers with whom was at all worthy of his acceptance. Mr. Joyce associated were avowed un. He was still ready to assist his believers, but their society never shook brethren in the metropolis and the his principles or induced him to con- neighbourhood; and often appeared ceal bis Christian profession. The ob- in the pulpit at Essex Chapel, where server of his conduct and partner in his he was accustomed to worsbip. For labours, just referred to, says, (ubi sup.) some time before his death, he conthat he acquired the respect of such descended to preach on the Sunday as were not personally religious, by morning to a small society at Hamphis consistent Christian deportment.

stead. A few years made a great alteration Mr. Joyce was an Unitarian in the in the state of political parties, and in strictest sense of that term, and was the year 1803, we find Mr. Joyce for fourteen years the Secretary to the standing forward in a printed sermon, Unitarian Society ; in which capacity first preached at Essex-street, to re he displayed the greatest punctuality, commend the volunteer system as the activity and zeal. Every member of only barrier against the threatened in the society was under obligations to vasion of England by the French under him for his ready attention to any the First Consul. In this, there was application, suggestion or wish; and no dereliction of principle; and the when he resigned the office, as if with alarm felt by Mr. Joyce, whether jus- a presentiment of his death, at the tified or not by the event, was shared anniversary in 1816, the Society by the majority of the people. passed some Resolutions* expressive

Mr. Joyce remained in the family of of their warm gratitude and lasting Earl Stanhope until the year 1800, respect. On that occasion, he preached when he removed into the immediate the sermon to the society, under cir. neighbourhood of London. He now cumstances, as before intimated, devoted himself to literary occupa. which awakened the sympathy of the tions, in which he laboured with a audience, who testified their feelings severity of application that few men by an urgent request that he would can bear. His engagements with the booksellers were very various and some * See Mon. Repos, XI. 246.

print the discourse, of which some His character may be summed up in hundreds of copies were engaged by a few words: probity, industry, simindividual subscription.

plicity, fortitude, benevolence, and In the years 1814 and 1815, Mr. rational piety. Joyce was mathematical tutor in the A remarkable plainness of appearUnitarian Academy, and in this, as ance and straightforwardness, and perin every other office which he sus- haps bluntness of manner, which chatained, he insured the esteem and gra- racterized Mr. Joyce, sometimes led titude of all with whom he was con- superficial and distant observers to form nected. He relinquished the appoint- an erroneous notion of his temper. On ment only in consequence of his being a nearer acquaintance they discovered engaged, in a manner the most flat- that, under a somewhat rough exterior, tering to him, to superintend the educa- there lay all the ainiable and virtuous tion of the younger branches of a noble dispositions which qualify a man for fanily. A few other pupils were ad- friendship and social and domestic hapmitted into his house, and had his life piness. In company Mr. Joyce was been spared, he would probably have unobtrusive and even retiring; yet not continued to conduct the education of so as to abstract himself from his comyouth on ą plan and terms which panions, much less to appear to watch would have been suitable to his talents their discourse: his countenanceshewed and acquirements, and eminently ser that he took an interest in whatever viceable to his family.

was the subject of discourse, and he Mr. Joyce had long fulfilled one of was not backward to take his share the most important trusts amongst the in conversation when he could comProtestant Dissenters, that of Dr. Wil-municate pertinent information, or bear liams; and the surviving trustees all testimony to what he considered to be bear witness to his pre-eminent use truth. fulness in this capacity. His place was The ordinary state of Mr. Jayce's never vacant; at the appointed mo mind was calm and equable; but he ment, he was at his post, and what was sometimes excited to considerable ever business was confided to him was warmth of feeling, and to a correspunctually and fully executed. pondent strength of expression. He

He had been an occasional contri- displayed this earnestuess chiefly when butor to this work from its commence exposing the misrepresentations of ment, and in 1815 he began a series sophists and the calumnies of bigots. of papers on Natural Theology, of He was tolerant and indulgent to all which he lived to communicate only but baseness and hypocrisy. thirteen numbers, the last of which Fortitude has just been ascribed to was inserted in the Repository for Mr. Joyce. In assigning this virtue April; (XI. 201,) in the same volume to him, the writer is justified not only which some pages onwards recorded by his deportment in his political his untimely decease.

troubles, but also by his conduct in the He died suddenly and without pain,* equally trying scenes of private life. in the bosom of his family, at High- Some few years ago he was reduced gate, June 21, 1816, aged 53, and was to the necessity of undergoing a surgi. buried with his fathers in the church- cal operation, the event of which was yard of Cheshunt, where a tombstone doubtful; Sunday was fixed on by the is erected to his memory, with the surgeons for the operation ; on the poetical inscription which has been morning of that day he was seen with inserted into this work (XI. 614), his usual countenance, sedate but from the elegant pen of his friend, the cheerful, amongst his fellow-worshipers Rev. William Shepherd, of Gateacre. at Essex Street, and before and after

A wife and several children, in his return to his own house at Highwhom he was truly happy, survive to gate, be was employed with an unrevere and perpetuate his memory. ruffled mind in arranging his papers For a more particular account of his

and leaving instructions, to meet a death, see Mon. Repos. XI. 350, and

possible disastrous issue.

especially 434, 435, where there is also a just

His acquaintances often wondered and finished character of him by the Rev. how Mr. Joyce contrived to accomThomas Jervis, of Leeds.

plish so much business with so little

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