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in which an image horribly distorted by impolicy of legislative interference with the manner in which it is drawn, is imper- the rights of conscience, by a reference fectly restored to the lineaments of nature to the schemes of usefulness which by the counteracting influence of a second might have been frustrated, and the distortion,"

important discoveries which might The writer, haviog illustrated the have been prevented, had the object moral power of Christianity, in re- of such interference been accomspect of its distinctly teaching the plished. unity of God, in the views which it exhibits of the Divine character and well nigh hindered by the authority of the

“ The great discovery of Columbus was government, and in its confirming priests, who quoted St. Austin in proof of beyond the possibility of a doubt the the assertion, that there could be no antidoctrine of a future life of retribution, podes. And for maintaining that there suggests admirable counsel to Unita- was, one of the Catholic bishops was ac. rian Christians (42) :

cused of holding dangerous errors. The “ Our claims to the profession of a doce thus : Jf he should be convicted of mais

order sent against him by the Pope raa trine according to godliness are capable, taining that perverse doctrine, which he as it appears to me, of only one refutation has uttered against the Lord and against -and that is from ourselves. If we are foremost among those who sacrifice the world, another sun and another moon,

his own soul ; that is, that there is another honour and the welfare of an immortal call a consistory, degrade bim from the being at the shrine of power, sensuality or honoar of the priesthood, and excommufashion; if our zeal is lively only in the uicate him.' Contemplate also the fate promotion of those objects which may of Copernicus and Galileo, the fatbers of interest our selfish passions by increasing modern astronomy. The first kept bis the diffusion of our own opinions, but cold work nearly forty years before he ventured and languid where the great interests of

to publish it; and the second was charged Christianity and morals are concerned ; in with heresy for advancing his astronomical vain shall we profess that we maintain the opinions : his works were burnt, himself entire and uncorrupted gospel.”

imprisoned, and being released was en The progress and stability of the joined a penance of repeating once a week Western Unitarian Society are sketched for three years, the seven penitential with great delicacy and beauty (45): psalms! Such bave been the fruits of the

interference of Government with the right 6 The seed which was sown beneath so

of private judgment!”-Pp. 18, 19. inclement a sky, that it might well have been doubted whether the binder of sheaves On those who, from timidity, disapshould ever fill his bosom with the increase, pointment, or a despairing tempe has shot up with a vigour which removes rament, are backward to assist in all fears for the future.”

endeavours to obtain religious liberty, A discourse from which such quo

or diffusé religious truth, a penance tations can be taken, deserves the similar to Galileo's may profitably be praise of genuine eloquence! N. enjoined ; and they are recommended

to repeat “ once a week for three Art. II.- Religious Liberty. A Ser- years," or till it has produced the

mon, preached at the Octagon Chapel, proper degree of energy, the following Norwich, on Sunday, April 20, 1817.

passage: By T. Madge. 8vo. pp. 40. Hunter. “ Pure, disinterested, and well-directed THIS sermon has the character. God, can never fail of success. Times and

efforts for the good of man or the glory of istic excellencics of Mr. Madge's seasons are not indeed in our hands : we pulpit compositions. The style is know not what a day may bring forth. chaste and simple; the arguments are Sanguine in our expectations, and elated very effectively stated ; and many with hope, we may look for a speedier passages have a persuasive energy accomplishment of our wishes and en. about them, which, if it may not be deavours than cool, sober reflection will called by the lofty name of eloquence, sanction; and thus perhaps disappointment at least produces a very similar im. may come in to chill our energies and to pression on the hearer or reader.

relax our exertions. Or it may be that in Religious Liberty is pleaded for as and dejection (and to the best of men sach

the moments of trouble, of wearisomeness being supported by Reason, by Policy, moments will sometimes present them. and by Christianity. In the following selves), we may abandon ourselves to remarks, the author is proving the despair, and believe that all is vanity. Buf

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this consolation is ever at hand, that the could not, surely, be insensible. Yet
good in human nature is mightier than the he abstains from all reference to his
evil; that time is in alliance with truth, character and labours. The omission
and that truth is in alliance with God. is extraordinary: what can be the
• There is,' says Mr. Wordsworth, in the motive of it, our readers will consider.
spirit of that profound and beautiful phi-
losophy which is spread over all his pages, is employed in an analysis of " the

Far the larger part of the pamphlet
together the living and the dead, the good, Clergy Bill.” This Dr. M. pronounces
the brave, and the wise of all ages. Wé to be “ a law for the government of
would not be rejected from this community, the church, which is of greater con-
and therefore do we hope.' • It is no

sequence than any ecclesiastical law, greater fault,' says Sir Philip Sidney, ' to which has been made siuce the time bave confidence in man's power, than it is of the Reformation." Its enactments too bastily to despair of God's work.'” X.

are judiciously and usefully explained.

In the remainder of his Charge, the
ART. III. A Sermon on Spring, Bishop of Landaff strongly recom-
Delivered at the Unitarian Chapel, mends to the attention of bis clergy
South Street, Gosport : General the National Society and the Society
Baptist Chapel, Thomas Street, for promoting Religious Knowledge.
Portsmouth : and Unitarian Chapel, or the latter he says (34), “ It is the
Fareham. By a Unitarian Lay most ancient Bible society in this
Preacher. 12mo. pp. 18. Hollings- kingdom.” And among the reasons
worth and Price, Portsmouth. 1817. for its being patronized by Churchmen,
THE Lay Preacher's discourse to the exclusion of “ the British and

would not disgrace many who Foreign Bible Society," he gives the
have been regularly educated and or- following (56):
dained. Of the three chapels at which “ The Bible Society, which is distin-
it was preached, two belong to poor guished by the name of the British and
congregations, unable to support mi. Foreign,' comprises the great body of
nisters ; and if they have amongst Dissenters in this kingdom, while the other
them, or are frequently visited by, Bible Society consists entirely of Church-
such lay preachers as the author of men. Now a partnership of churchmen
this sermon, are not very much in need and Dissenters in a Bible Society, which

distributes the Bible alone, is a partnership
of them. While so many small sh.
cieties are in a similar situation, and founded on a levelling principle, of which

founded on very unequal terms. It is
our academical institutions are insuf, the unavoidable consequence is, that one
ficient even for the supply of old and party must lose what the other gains.
established congregations, it is highly This the Dissenters know, if Churchmen
desirable that men of sense and piety do not. They know that a union of Church.
should exercise their right of prophe. men and Dissenters in such a society cannot
sying, and prevent the total disuse of fail to augment the power of the latter at
public worship and exhortation. Our the spense of the former.”
regular ministers are, we hope, too But we must be permitted to deny
liberal and right-minded not to en- the fact, and to oppugn the reasoning.
courage such useful substitutes and Dissenters gain nothing, as Dissenters,
assistants.

X.

by their support of the Bible Society.

In common with those of their con.
Art. IV.- A Charge delivered at the formist neighbouers, whom they join in

Primary Visitation of Herbert, Lord the undertaking, they acquire a power
Bishop of Landaff, in August 1817. of being useful to mankind. Were
8vo. pp. 38. Rivingtons.

the argument of the above paragraph
THAT first occurs to be re- good for any thing, it would prove

marked, in the perusal of this that Churchmen ought not to unite
charge, is the writer's profound silence with Dissenters in charitable associa-
concerning his predecessor. It is dif- tions in general.
ficult to conceive that the present In a note, at the conclusion, the
Bishop of Landaff was not personally Bishop requests the clergy of his
acquainted with Dr. Watson. To the diocese to distinguish between “jus-
high reputation of that prelate in the tification, that is, admission to the
university, in the world, and, we, Christian covenant, and salvation,
think, we may add, in the church, he which is the completion of it." This,

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in substance, is a just distinction. By his own immediate gratification, millions of regeneration also he would seem to his fellow-ereatures : as with bim every understand a state of pririlege, rather act was a crime, so, if for every breath he than of character; which privilege, he drew a year of torment was awarded

,

the most vindictive would ery, · Hold, tells us, “ takes place at baptism." Very different from the charges of would, if any duration could, expiate eten

enough.' Six hundred millions of years the late Bishop Watson is this primary guilt like this: and if no duration could, charge of Dr Marsh's. In these pages what could justify the infliction? But we find no mauly, generous and elo- this is an instance of a monster in the quent appeals to the heart in favour bistory of the world, and the punishment is of Religious Freedom and of our threatened not only to him, but to our bestcommon Christianity. The writer con- door neighbour, and to ourselves, to all tents himself with being the advocate that fall short of the righteousness that of a church which is governed by shall inherit the kingdom of heaven. Bat parliamentary statutes: and this pam- this most heavy infliction intinite misery is

the worst still remains bebind ; for even to phlet breathes the spirit of a lawyer added. Will it be said, as by the demans rather than of a divine.

N.

of the Inquisition, for the love of God'?

Call down fire from heaven and be blame Art. V.-Eternal Punishment proved less; but pollute not God's holy name by

to be not Suffering, but Privation ; ascribing to Him judgments like these." and Immortality dependent on Spi- Pp. 12, 13. ritual Regeneration. By a Member

“ If this be the light of scripture, enles of the Church of England. 1817. with it a few steps into the dark profound; 8vo. pp. 240. Appendix, pp. 40. see the bituminous Jake thickly peopled TVE author of this singular work with such things as we are; see hatred and

describes himself as having been, malevolence: pervading all and towards " from a very early age, employed in all; see torturing agony filling every limb, • learning and labouring traly to get imagination, fancy you see all the inko

every musele, every nerve. To help your his own living in a state of life' incom- bitants of this great metropolis assembled; patible with minote attention to the swell your idea to the whole population of more polished refinements of lan. the empire ; add Europe's millions; sum guage.

The defect for which this mon Asia's myriads, and when Africa and apology is made, is amply compen- America shall havé augmented the tide, sated by his apparent honesty and plunge them all into this state of thankless, love of truth; his unwearied diligence thriftless misery for some short period; in the accumulation, arrangement and contemplate them here, and if you have the comparison of scripture passages con

heart to do it, wisH TUEIR IMMORTALITY. nected with his subject; and a certain 'Is thy servant a dog that he should do this air of originality about his notions great wickedness? Can it be better thea

to fall into the hands of man than of God? which, whether we admire their just. Since you would abhor yourself if you ness, wonder at their oddity, or laugh could but wish this, can you love God at their absurdity, makes us feel that whilst you think it is his pleasure ?" they are completely and indubitably Pp. 15, 16. his own. His object is to prove that the wicked will be punished, at the the believers in endless misery to look

It is right and useful thus to compel day of judgment, by annihilation. The their creed fairly in the face, and see reader is prepared for this proposition its tremendous horror and deformity

. by a very energetic and successful Humanity shudders and sickens at the attack upon the doctrine of eternal contemplation. It would indeed be torments. The following extracts are specimens of the manner in which he of Almighty love." Any other system

a“ most strange and unnatural fruit shews its inconsistency with the attri- must possess a comparative excellence butes of God and the best feelings of which will recommend it to the bene man : • Suppose a man to have been guilty, fess that we are not at all satisfied

volent mind; and yet we must com; in his twenty or thirty years of active life

, with the moral beauty, any more than of an accumulation of crimes, more than the history of a whole kingdom for a cen

with the alleged scriptural proofs, of tury would parallel to have spread ruin that which our author would introand devastation over provinces and empires, duce in its place. His quotations are -to

have been the cause of murdering, for fair and numerous ; comprehending

all the texts which bear upon the which he set out as those which he futore state of the wicked, and in our would explode. The texts urged on opinion many which have no reference behalf of the doctrine of anmhitation to that subject; but in his expositions make a formidable appearance; but the commentary does not always ac- the intelligent reader will at once percord with the text; and in his rea- ceive that they are piled together by sonings, the inference is occasionally sound rather than by sense ; that at variance with the principle from many of them refer to the termination which it is deduced. Many of the of the present life, many to the rejecarguments against the eternal misery tion of the Jewish nation, and a very of the wicked apply with equal force few indeed to the future condition of to their destruction. For instance: the wicked. If these few must be “ We prove the goodness of God by understood literally, they are of course the evidenice we have that he intends sufficient to decide the question; but the happiness of all his creatures, and this necessity ought not to be assumed if it could be shewn in any case that until the arguments for Universal he does not desire us to possess the Restoration from particular texts, from happiness of which he has made us the spirit of Christianity, and from capable, imperfection might be attri- the attributes of God, be fairly disbuted to the Author of nature; and it posed of. To these, we are sorry to would be impossible to reconcile to observe, our author seems to have that notion of his goodness which paid little or no attention. makes it to consist in the diffusion of That death, and not immortality in happiness, the opinion entertained by suffering, was the punishment threatsome, that God hath unconditionally ened to Adam, as the head of his imparted an immortal vature to crea- posterity, for the original transgression, tures, whom his prescience must have and that death, not infernal misery, foreseen would be rendered thereby was endured by Christ to redeem eternally miserable.” P. 8. Is it not mankind, are arguments, strongly equally difficult to reconcile that no urged in this book, and entitled to tion of goodness with the destruction some consideration from those whose of millions capable of displaying ex- opinion coincides with the writer's on alted virtue, and of enjoying evdless these subjects. His main strength, felicity? Where is the sinner whose however, is embodied in two proporeformation and consequent happiness sitions: That all punishment is priis beyond the power of God?" It is vative ; and, That goodness is the neither good nor just to annihilate principle of immortality. The first those who might live to make ample principle brings out, of course, a good atonement for their crimes, and to deal of yerbiage and bad metaphysics. receive ample compensation for their It is contended that all “ God's sore sufferings, by an eternity of virtuous plagues” are privative; for instance, exertion and pure enjoyment. With “ famine, pestilence and the sword." similar inconsistency it is remarked Famine, is a privation of “needful that Paul “ speaks of raising the dead food"; pestilence, of “healthful huas equivalent to deliverance, whilst, mours"; and the sword, of “ the if a vast majority only rose to misery, continuity of the flesh, on which life he could not view it as such." And depends." The second is only a literal what sort of a deliverance is it, to rendering of the easy metaphor by have life restored for the sole purpose which knowledge, virtue, happiness, of again dying? “By Christ comes and whatever makes it “ life to live," the resurrection of the dead, and there. is called life. fore, if at all, by him comes eternal The most piquant part of the book misery.". True; and therefore, we is a collection of texts with very may add, if at all, by him comes quaint, brief interpretations or infereternal death; which is quite as good ences. We must make room for a a reductio ad absurdum as the other. sample: It is extraordinary that a mau should

“ Matt. xxii. 27, " Ye are like unto reason so cogently up to a certain whited sepulchres,' sc. Yet God is suppoint, and then, on a sudden, stop posed to have endued these wbited sepulshort and advocate conclusions as irre. chres with immortality; the catacombs concileable with the principles on and the pyramids bid fairer to attain it, for

5 c

VOL. XII.

they have no evil thoughts, murders, blas- places are filled up by the same numphemies.

ber of redeemed men; and other deep “ Rom. i. 17, The just shall live by things of a similar description : also a! faith. How shall the unjust live? By demonstration a priori of the existence, the strength of their arm, and the power personality and divinity of the Son and of their might?

“Heb. xii. 2, “The joy, that was set Holy Spirit, which is particularly edibefore him.' This was the joy that is in fying. The appendix consists of ex. heaven over sinners that repent. If those tracts from Jeremy Taylor, Barrow, that repent not are made eternally mise. &c. on the doctrine of Eternal Torrable, for one joy there must be many ments, which certainly appears quite sorrows.

as repulsive and horrible in the state* 1 John iji. 8, 'The Son of God was ments of its advocates as in those of manifested, that he might destroy the works its opponents. We must now take of the desil.Jesus came to destroy the leave of this « Member of the Church works of the devil, not to render them im

of England," by expressing our admi. mortal.

“ —iv. 9, 'In this was manifested,' &c. ration of that spirit of inquiry, bold. It was from God's love he sent his Son: ness and benevolence by which his God's love could injure no one."

book is characterized. It deserves There are some curious speculations praise, notwithstanding the frequent on the communication of spiritual life admixture of these qualities with ig. by baptism; on the preservation of norance and absurdity. the fallen angels in existence till their

X.

POETRY.

AN ODE

Mothers of England—when, at night,
BY THE REV. W. L. BOWLES,

Upon the bended knee,
Sung at his Church, of Bremhill, Wilts, Your heart invokes a God of light,

on the Funeral of the Princess Char. To guard your children's infancylotte.

Oh! spare one pitying prayer for her, I.

The widowed, childless, royal wanderer! Lo! where youth and beauty lie, Her sire in a foreign land was laid, Cold within the tomb!

While glory mourn'd her brother As the Spring's first violets die, Her nuptial wreath just bloom'd to fade Wither'd in their bloom.

O'er life's sad rnin but one ray strayedII.

Still, still she was a mother. O'er the young and bury'd Bride And, tho' a pilgrim, and alone, Let the cypress wave

The heir, and outcast, of a throne, A kingdom's bope, a kingdom's pride

Lured from her own, her native home, Lie bid in yonder grave.

The home of early life,

And doomed in stranger realms to roam III.

A widow! yet a wife! Place the vain-expected child,

Still one sweet vision every woe beguiled Gently near her breast!

Still Hope's bright angel pointed to her It never wept, it never smild,

child.
But seeks its mother's rest.

Departed Spirit, beam thy light,
IV.

On thy poor mother's tearsllark! we hear the general cry!

Starless and dreary is the night,
Hark! the passing bell!

Of ber declining years
A thousand, thousand bosous sigh See her of every hope bereft,
A long and last farewell.

Huw desolate-how lone

All that hate her only left
THE MOST DESOLATE WOMAN IN And all that loved her, gone-
THE WORLD.

Friend, father, mother, brother brave, [From the Lament of the Emerald Isle, Are now with thee in the silent grave. by Charles Phillips, Esq.]

Poor wanderer!-in thy heart's distress

God pity thee! But lo—a wanderer, far away,

How rayless is thy wretched ness! Neglected and reviled

How desolate thy royalty ! Yon exile mourns her only stay,

Her own, her darling child.

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