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The association began its work by persistently dinning into the ears of Santa Barbara merchants the enornous commercial value that the city would have as a tourist attraction if t preserved in its shops and public buildings the Spanish traditions hat it had inherited from the Spanards who built it. It then provided great object lesson by expanding group of old Spanish adobe houses into El Paseo, a quadrangle of stuilos and shops that for beauty and picturesqueness is second to no other group of small buildings in any country.

Travelers from all parts of the country promptly poured into El Paseo, and viewed with low cries of delight the tile-floored restaurant, the spotless white walls with their bright red roofs, the little balconies and the grassy quadrangle, the art gallery, the shops with leaded windows, and other ravishing and unexpected features.

Here and there through the city a merchant remodeled his shop to conform to California-Spanish architecture. The Community Arts Association worked out small-house plans in the Spanish style, and labored assiduously to make the community discard the ugly and retain only the good. The Santa Barbara papers passionately advocated architectural reforms. The Morning Press stated editorially:

"If every building along each side of State Street, from the wharf to the upper end, was in Colonial Mission, the city would be famous and people would come here by the hundreds of thousands to see it.

"Then why not make it that way? It can't be done in a week, a month or a year; but some day all of State Street can present an unbroken appearance in architecture typical of Santa Barbara and suitable to its surroundings. All that is necessary is for every owner of property to keep the idea in mind when erecting new buildings and for others to fol

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By the first days of 1926, Santa Barbara's main street possessed a rare beauty and charm. Irregular white facades, embellished with occasional wooden balconies, shone in the sun. Orange sailcloth awnings, hanging loose across the windows, moved idly in the breezes. names of the shops were set in dull wrought-iron letters across the shops' white fronts. Electric-light poles had vanished, and at night each shop glowed with a white flood of indirect lighting. Here and there a recalcitrant shop owner had disfigured the front of his place of business with crude electric signs; but from day to day he was waxing more and more uncomfortable under the scornful gaze of his fellow townsmen.

If the spirit of the Community Arts Association goes abroad in the land With the the cupola era is doomed. as a experience of Santa Barbara model, no community of intelligence and determination-even though it lacks earthquake cooperation-needs to despair of ultimately recovering at least a part of the beauty and architectural heritage that the stupid, careless and ignorant people of the cupola era did their best to wreck for themselves and for posterity.

(Continued from page 280) struggle for mere living in such a way as to enable the young couple to keep in some sort of social contact with their former friends.

Another thing that struck me is that the American has no sense any more of simple enjoyment. Conversation is a lost art. Ideas seem to be taboo. Any suggestion that everything is not for the best is considered dangerously radical.

In England one feels everywhere a real love of beauty in the countryside. The simplest cottage of a workman has its flower garden and there the man works after hours with his family about him. There is an appreciation of nature and natural beauty on the part of not only the great landed proprietors but the small farmers as well. Here where I live the entire countryside has been devastated. One of the prettiest wood roads is now a wilderness of charred forest, of orange-colored gasoline stations, of real-estate signs, "hot-dog" places, and dump heaps of tin cans.

When I sputtered some of these impressions to an acquaintance, he objected: "Nevertheless, we are happier and more intelligent than the English." I doubt it. I find lots of excitement here, but very few genuinely happy and contented people. We are looking for happiness in things and in what we can buy, and I doubt if it is permanently to be found there. I talked with a number of English wage earners and they told me that in spite of high wages in America, they would not care to come over, and many of those who had done so had gone back because they found that the wages all went in living expenses, and that in the rush and excitement they did not find so much happiness as they did in their life at home. As for intelligence, the American is quicker to use new machinery and has wider superficial knowledge of a practical sort, but I doubt if he takes a really more intelligent and rational view of life. I asked my dining steward what he

did when he had time off in New York. His answer was that he and his friends spent most of their time in the Natural History Museum, and he told me with much interest of the new acquisitions there. Is it a sign of inferior intelligence that between four and five million men can be on strike with practically no cases of violence? On the basis of comparative population that would mean thirteen million men on strike at once in the United States. In such a national upheaval as that would the strikers and "struck at" here have shown any more intelligence?

I am by no means an unpatriotic American, but I cannot help wondering whither we are bound if another decade sees any such rapid change as has the last. And I am wondering, as a personal question, how and where a man of moderatemeans who prefers simple living, simple pleasures, and the things of the mind to rapid money-making is going to be able to live any longer in his native country, where he would much rather live than exile himself. He can get as much enjoyment out of a Chevrolet as out of a Pierce-Arrow. He much prefers a good inn to a hotel with the usual marble columns and costly and uncomfortable furniture in its lobby. He wants to lead a simple and sane life. He wants companionship of people who are neither too tired nor too excited at night to exchange ideas rather than personalities. He wants to be able to think and work and write in quiet. He is a good American but as he looks about him in his own country he wonders whether everyone has gone mad in the rush for money and extravagan luxuries, and whether such a life a he wants is any longer possible in it as it easily is still in England. How long can American nerves and mind and the American soul withstand th pressure and pace of America's pres ent insane and noisy life, and the in creasing restrictions on independen thinking and individual expression

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The Stampede of Youth

Condensed from Good Housekeeping (August, '26)

An Interview with Judge J. F. McIntyre, by V. L. Connolly

OST of the serious crime in our country today is being carried on by young people. Certainly

this is true of New York county! In 1925, 9989 men and women, 80 percent of them under 20, all of them so young that they averaged 20 years of age, were tried here: 5241 in Special Sessions for the lesser crimes, 4748 in General Sessions for felonies. Our vicious criminals here our forgers, burglars, hold-up men, murderers-are young people between the ages of 16 and 23. Among these all classes of society are represented. Some of our shoplifters and crooks' assistants are pretty, stunning young women-well-educated girls, with cultivated speech, from good residential districts. Some of our young men criminals are college graduates. Why are these young felons pouring into our courts, instead of middle-aged felons as in the past? What is back of this condition?

First, lack of religious training in childhood. I wish I could find words to stress fully the immense importance of this point! As a cause, it 80 far outdistances all other causes that it stands alone!

If I could give only one piece of advice to anxious parents all over the country, I would urge: It makes no difference what your faith may beBuddhist, Catholic, Jewish, Protestant-instil in your children in their infancy the moral principles of that religion. Encourage obedience to them during childhood. And send your boy or girl out into the world equipped with a definite set of religious standards. Such a boy or girl almost never finds his or her way into the criminal courts.

All court officials with whom I have ever discussed this subject have

agreed that this is the one great safeguard which can-and must-be thrown around our young people!

Second, absence of parental authority and lack of home discipline. Modern parents are spineless! They have cast authority to the winds. Thousands of boys and girls are being allowed to grow up uncontrolled -a menace to society. If a child is not taught to obey the law of the home, he is almost certain to become a lawbreaker out in the world.

Boys and girls nowadays seem to have no sense of duty toward any group home, employers, social friends, society at large. The young criminals brought before my bench display a callousness which almost passes belief.

Third, failure to instil ideals of modesty and chastity in girls. Since many girls today are not only proving to be criminals themselves—as prostitutes and shoplifters, for example but are also aiding the men in their crimes, the girl is, perhaps, the gravest problem of all. Especially as she could, if she would, be such an influence on men and boys as to check crime!

Let me urge on parents, therefore -teach your girls that they are the regulating force of the world. Woman is the architect of decency. The world depends upon her to inculcate high ideals of living, a reverence for the Almighty, a spirit of brotherhood. A good girl is capable of leading a young man into right. In my opinion, if our young girls could all be inspired with ideals of true womanhood-nothing superhuman, but just modesty and moralitythey would correct the so-called "crime wave" more quickly than all other efforts put together.

Go out into the streets of this city -any city or town-and look about. A young girl should be the embodiment of purity. Modesty is becoming in her: immodesty disgusting. Yet what do we see on all our city streets

girls from respectable homes, walking about painted and bedizened, half-clad, loud-voiced, with skirts reaching only to their knees. Worse still, they are accompanied by mothers similarly tricked out. An ever-increasing number of mothers sponsor present fashions in dress and manners as eagerly as their daughters do. They boast of their hip-flasks and private bootleggers.

Fourth, the age-old problem of liquor. Drink has always been a problem of the criminal courts. Today it seems especially acute because of the kind of liquor drunk, its availability at many of our hearthstones, and the general flippant, cynical attitude toward it. What I am about to say is a bit startling. But it is my earnest conviction that if parents would tell their young people that the Prohibition Law, being a law, must be obeyed; and if they would deny to their boys and girls the taste of liquor, the appetite would pass away in this generation.

Of course, this would have to inIclude vigorous efforts by parents to close the speak-easies, the jazz dance halls with booze on the table, the bawdy houses posing as "resorts" or "chop-suey places"; and all the other temptations being thrust on the attention of our young people in a day when the old moral conventions seem to be broken down. A large order? No doubt. But I believe it could be done!

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crime under right conditions. Temperance and chastity in the home would prevent the further production of these unfortunate children. Sixth, unsupervised amusements: including especially "joy riding," cheap movies, and indecent modern dances. The nation appears to be jazz-mad! In cheap dance halls young girls meet men of the most dangerous type. Although hardly more than boys, these men are diseased, are in search of "affairs," and usually are part of a crime ring. The fate of the girls can be imag ined. And every large American city has a few such places. Public spirited citizens could hardly undertake a more vital work than the careful investigation of dubious places of amusement, dance halls especially, and the closing down of eight-tenths of them. . . So much has been said about the type of movie that incites to sexual crimes, and about the auto that makes sexual offenses possible, that I shall not add to it.

Seventh, lack of proper recreation al facilities in most neighborhoods. Such facilities are still pitifully inadequate. In our big cities many children are forced to the streets for play. So often I find that a young man or woman brought before me was as inevitably shoved into crim inality by neglectful parents and community as the well-reared, wel! provided-for child is steered into good citizenship. Correct discipline consists of providing fun and work in such proportions as to keep the child absorbed every moment. Th busy boy or girl is the virtuous one

Eighth, unwillingness of young pe ple today to work hard, and th indulgence of this laziness by foolis parents. This tendency is startling being apparent to every one brough into contact with erring youth. Ever child should be made to understan that he, or she, will have to be wage-earner. Are most young pe ple raised thus? They are not. Eve needy parents often fail to inst this in their children.

31

President Pine

Condensed from The Review of Reviews (July, '26) 0. H. L. Wernicke

ING COTTON has not yet been de

in Dixieland, but people

of the South no longer have a kingcomplex. Their economic realm is fast reorganizing, and they have nominated the Hon. Turpentine Pine as their candidate for President.

or

It may well prove to be a common experience for the investor during the next decade to scan first the offerings of "pine tree ranches" instead of orange groves, pecan orchards waterfront lots. Fancy an offer in your mail which will guarantee you better income than a bond, with certainty that your principal will double or even triple or more!

A mere dream? No. An economic situation now exists in the South which will permit these specifications to be filled. The cut-over lands of the South are no longer mere great problems, but instead are today vast opportunities. Too much honor can not be paid to the United States Forest Service, to the forestry departments of the Southern States, and to the Southern Pine Association for their years of effort which have helped to bring this about.

When you have made a movement like pine-tree culture profitable, you have made it certain. Now that forestry means fortunes, there may be a boom to be compared possibly with oil, automobiles, and Florida. Somewhere between 25,000,000 and 100,000,000 acres of land in eight Southern States will be developed in pine-tree ranches, varying from 20 acres or less to 200,000 acres or more in size. In acreage, in industrial importance, and in profits, it is safe to prophesy that in a few years President Pine will be greater than King Cotton ever was.

In the Landes district of France is an area of some 2,000,000 acres devoted to raising pines on land formerly con

sidered barren. The whole region is dependent upon forests and forest products, yet it is the most prosperous rural district in France, with a population of 1,400,000. Assuming greater efficiency of production per man in this country, we can with extreme conservatism predict an added population for the Southern coastal States of 10,000,000 people if we develop 50,000,000 acres somewhat as the French developed 2,000,000 acres.

Two facts of vital importance should be understood at this point. First, the two species of pine tree which produce turpentine and rosin commercially in America are superior to the Maritime pine of France in quality of lumber and capacity to produce gum, tree for tree, and in rate of growth. Second, our soils are also superior to the French soils. It is evident, therefore, that each acre of our soil can produce greater returns than a French acre.

The analytical mind promptly asks: Would such large operations in this country destroy the favorable market the smaller French operation enjoys?

It is a commonplace among those who know the facts that if all the available land in the South should be devoted to pine forests there would still be a greater demand for the lumber in the United States than could be supplied. The U. S. Forest Service has reported that by 1935-less than ten years from now the Southern States alone will be using more lumber than they can produce.

Twenty years ago timber lumber sold on the stump) would not have been low-priced at $2 per 1000 boardfeet stumpage. Today $8 per 1000 is not a high price. Hence, it is not fanciful to predict a price of at least $16 a 1000 by 1945. Under ordinary forestry cultivation an acre should produce a minimum of 10,000 board

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