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K. John. Sirrah, your brother is legitimate;

Your father's wife did after wedlock bear him,
And if she did play false, the fault was hers;
Which fault lies on the hazards of all husbands
That marry wives. Tell me, how if my brother, 120
Who, as you say, took pains to get this son,
Had of your father claim'd this son for his?
In sooth, good friend, your father might have kept
This calf, bred from his cow, from all the world;
In sooth he might; then, if he were my brother's, 125
My brother might not claim him ; nor your father,
Being none of his, refuse him : this concludes;
My mother's son did get your father's heir ;

Your father's heir must have your father's land.
Rob. Shall then my father's will be of no force 130

To dispossess that child which is not his?
Bast. Of no more force to dispossess me, sir,

Than was his will to get me, as I think.
Eli. Whether hadst thou rather be a Faulconbridge,
And like thy brother, to enjoy thy land,

135 Or the reputed son of Caur-de-lion,

Lord of thy presence and no land beside? Bast. Madam, an if my brother had my shape,


134. rather . . . Faulconbridge] rather,--be Capell; be ? a Vaughan conj. 138. an if ) The Folios read and if for an if continually.

119. lies on the hazards, etc.] is possess land, or to be reputed the son among the risks all husbands must of Caur-de-lion, keeping his present

appearance, and having no land. 137. Lord of thy presence]“continu- The phrase will also bear the meaning to possess precisely the same ing of “Lord from thy very appearfigure and face which you now have” ance," that is, “your mere appear(Vaughan). As Vaughan points out, ance would tell people that you were " whether” proposes two alternatives nobly born.” But compare 11. i. 367 -to be like the legitimate son and infra.

And I had his, sir Robert's his, like him;
And if my legs were two such riding-rods, 140
My arms such eel-skins stuff'd, my face so thin
That in mine ear I durst not stick a rose
Lest men should say “Look, where three-farthings


And, to his shape, were heir to all this land,
Would I might never stir from off this place, 145
I would give it every foot to have this face ;

I would not be sir Nob in any case.
Eli. I like thee well: wilt thou forsake thy fortune,

Bequeath thy land to him and follow me ?

I am a soldier and now bound to France. 150 139. sir Robert's his] This is treated tinguished by a rose or rosette behind by Schmidt and Mr. Moore-Smith as the head of the queen. The threea double genitive. It may be so ex- farthings was so marked (see Hawplained, and be quite in keeping with kins, Silver Coins of England, and the Bastard's colloquial roughness of ed., under “Elizabeth "), hence the speech. Vaughan would read “just point of the allusion in Beaumont and Sir Robert's shape," or "just Sir Fletcher's Scornful Lady, 111. ii. :Robert his.” The meaning is obvious “He had a bastard, his own -"if my brother had my shape and toward issue, I had his.” Again, we may suppose Whipp'd and then cropp'd, the Bastard to be literally pointing For washing out the roses in the finger of scorn at his brother at three-farthings the words “his, like him.”

To make 'em pence." 140. riding-rods] switches. Com- 144. And, to his shape, . . . land] pare Cotgrave, Houssine : a switch, and in addition to having his appear

a riding rod of holly; an holly ance were heir to all this land that wand.” Compare Two Angry Women is in question. The “this,” which (1597), ii. 53 : “And if he give her Vaughan would alter, with great pro[a horse) but a nod, She thinks it is bability, to “his,” may be a colloa riding rod.

quialism. 141. eel-skins] Compare 2 Henry 145. Would ... stir] Compare IV. III. ii. 351 : “You might have The Merry Wives of Windsor, v. v. thrust him and all his apparel into an 199: “If I did not think it had been eel skin.

Anne Page, would I might never 143. three-farthings] Pieces of this stir." value were coined in Elizabeth's reign 147. I would not] The first Folio for the first and last time in the reads It would not, which Delius rehistory of English coinage. As the tains, believing that it refers smaller coins were of values closely “face." approximating to one another, the 147. Nob] diminutive of Robert, odd and alternate pieces were dis- used contemptuously by the Bastard.


Bast. Brother, take you my land, I'll take my chance.

Your face hath got five hundred pound a year,
Yet sell your face for five pence and 'tis dear.

Madam, I'll follow you unto the death.
Eli. Nay, I would have you go before me thither. 155
Bast. Our country manners give our betters way.
K. John. What is thy name?
Bast. Philip, my liege, so is my name begun;

Philip, good old sir Robert's wife's eldest son. K. John. From henceforth bear his name whose form thou bear'st:

160 Kneel thou down Philip, but rise more great,

Arise sir Richard and Plantagenet.
Bast. Brother by the mother's side, give me your hand :

My father gave me honour, yours gave land.
Now blessed be the hour, by night or day, 165

When I was got, sir Robert was away!
Eli. The very spirit of Plantagenet !

I am thy grandam, Richard; call me so. Bast. Madam, by chance but not by truth; what though? Something about, a little from the right,

170 In at the window, or else o'er the hatch: 161. Kneel ... great] The line is defective. Pope, rise up; Steevens, arise ; Keightley, to rise.

169. truth] = honesty = honour “Go not about, my love hath in 't able conduct.

a bond 169. what though ?] what of that ? Whereof the world takes note." what matters it? Common in Shake. This speech consists of references to speare. See As You Like It, I. iii. the Bastard's illegitimacy wrapped up 51; Merry Wives of Windsor, I. i. in everyday phrases and proverbs. 286; Henry V. 11. i. 9.

171. o'er the hatch] over the lower 170. Something about] something half of a door which opened in two indirect, not straightforward. Com- parts, like the door of most country pare All's Well that Ends Well, 1. smithies to-day. Compare Webster, iii. 194:

Northward Ho, i. 1: “Kindred that comes in o'er the hatch."

Who dares not stir by day must walk by night,

And have is have, however men do catch :
Near or far off, well won is still well shot,
And I am I, howe'er I was begot.

175 K. John. Go, Faulconbridge: now hast thou thy desire;

A landless knight makes thee a landed squire.
Come, madam, and come, Richard, we must speed

For France, for France, for it is more than need. Bast. Brother, adieu : good fortune come to thee! 180 For thou wast got i' the way of honesty.

[Exeunt all but Bastard. A foot of honour better than I was; But many a many foot of land the worse. Well, now can I make any Joan a lady. 184 “Good den, sir Richard!”_"God-a-mercy, fellow!"And if his name be George, I'll call him Peter; For new-made honour doth forget men's names;


183. many a many] Hanmer reads John and his Foan”; and Love's many, many a," and Collier, ed. 2 Labour's Lost, III.

207 :

" Some (Collier MS.), many, ah ! many a. men must love my lady and some The emendations are needless, for Foan." a many was often used where we use 185. Good den] good-evening, many a,.. e.g. Massinger's. Virgin good-even, good-e'en, good-den, and Martyr, ii. 2: “Honesty is some sometimes « god-den, e.g. Henry fiend, and frights him hence; A many V. III. ii. 89: "God-den to your worcourtiers love it not”; Edward III. ship, good captain James.

iii. 162 (Temple ed.): "As 185. God-a-mercy) This was the 'twere a many over-ridden jades”; salutation of a superior to an inferior. ibid. iii. 4_(stage-direction); “Enter This perhaps is most plainly seen in a many Frenchmen flying.". This Arden of Feversham, where there are passage, like so many others, is quite many examples. in keeping with the Bastard's char- 187. For new-made honour, etc.] acter and needs no emendation. new-made honour doth forget men's 184. Foan] Used as a

names; to remember them is to do “A generic name for a female them too much honour, and is too rustic"

(New Eng. Dict.). It was sociable for one who has suddenly a common peasant name.' Compare been promoted to a high position. Gosson's Schoole of Abuse (Arber's The Bastard then goes on to suppose Reprints, No. iii. p. 35): « Every himself seated at dinner with a tra



'Tis too respective and too sociable
For your conversion. Now your traveller,
He and his toothpick at my worship's mess, 190
And when my knightly stomach is sufficed,
Why then I suck my teeth and catechize
My picked man of countries : “My dear sir,"
Thus, leaning on mine elbow, I begin,
“I shall beseech you”—that is question now; 195
And then comes answer like an Absey book:
O sir,” says answer, “at your best command;
At your employment; at your service, sir :”
“No, sir," says question, “I, sweet sir, at yours:”
And so, ere answer knows what question would, 200
Saving in dialogue of compliment,
And talking of the Alps and Apennines,

The Pyrenean and the river Po, 203. Pyrenean) Perennean F 1; Pyrennean Ff 2, 3, 4; Pyreneans Collier, ed. 2 (Collier MS.). velled man. Holt White, followed 201. Saving] Theobald, after a by Mr. Wright, believes “picked conjecture of Warburton's, reads man of countries "to mean “ travelled Serving. Vaughan, in Notes and fop,” while Steevens and others take Queries (1882) suggests Sharing or " of countries " as equivalent to Halving or Salving; while in his “about countries” and depending 1886 edition he says : “ The line upon “catechize."

The toothpick should certainly run: Salving in was a sign of travelled foppishness. dialogue of compliment'"; the idea The “mess seems to have been a being that the two speakers were table laid for four, guests at a great merely soothing one another by dinner being arranged in fours (see bandying compliments. If we take Dyce-Littledale). Malone takes " at the line as it stands——“ Before the my worship's mess

At answering man knows what the questhat part of the table where I, as a tioner would, except in so far as knight, shall be placed,” that is, customary complimentary retorts are above the salt (ibid.). The “Absey concerned

“And so book” was the A B C book or primer, in the air ; but having regard to which often included the Catechism. the looseness of structure of the

- we leaves

193. picked]finikin. Compare Lyly, whole speech, this may not be imEuphues (ed. Arber, p. 277, line 27): possible. We may shuffle out of the " then they used to woo in plain difficulty by suspecting a dropped terms, now in piked sentences.


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