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SCENE I.-France. Before Angiers.
Enter AUSTRIA and forces, drums, etc., on one side : on
the other KING PHILIP of France and his power ;
LEWIS, ARTHUR, CONSTANCE, and attendants.
Arthur, that great forerunner of thy blood,
Embrace him, love him, give him welcome hither.
The rather that you give his offspring life,
Act 11. Scene 1.] This is the second
" Maria writ scene of Act 1. in the Folios.
The letter at Sir Toby's great 2. great forerunner) Shakespeare importance." is here in error if “forerunner” is 13. The rather that] all the more taken to mean direct ancestor. Cour- because. Compare Hamlet, iv. vii. de-lion and King John were both 70:uncles of Arthur.
“My lord, I will be ruled; 7. At our importance] upon our The rather, if you could devise it importuning him. Compare Twelfth Night, v. i. 371:
That I might be the organ." 20
Shadowing their right under your wings of war:
Welcome before the gates of Angiers, duke.
As seal to this indenture of my love,
Will I not think of home, but follow arms.
Till your strong hand shall help to give him strength
29. utmost] Ff 1, 2, 3; outmost F 4.
18. do thee right] take thy part. A chant of Venice, v. i. 97, a poetical common Shakespearian usage. expression which may be rendered as
25. coops] protects by shutting in. “ the continent of waters. It would So 3 Henry VI. v. 1. 1og: “ Alas! I then mark the transition between am not coop'd here for defence." main land and main water. This speech recalls Gaunt's dying Compare“ Sailing the Spanish main” words in Richard II., and may have in the Wreck of the Hesperus. See some bearing on the question of the also Friar Bacon (1594), ed. Gayley. dating of King Fohn and Richard II. One reading of 1. viii. 59, 60 has : See Introduction.
“And draw the dolphins to thy 26. main) Hakluyt generally used
lovely eyes this word for mainland. We have To daunce lavoltas in the purple "a main of waters” in The Mer. main."
Aust. The peace of heaven is theirs that lift their swords
In such a just and charitable war.
Against the brows of this resisting town.
But we will make it subject to this boy.
Lest unadvised you stain your swords with blood : 45
We coldly pause for thee; Chatillon, speak. 37. work : our) work, our F 4; work our É 3; worke our Ff 1, 2.
37. cannon] To avoid the anach. Compare The Merchant of Venice, ronism Pope substituted“ 'engines IV. i. 359:for “cannon,' with needless pre
Indirectly and directly too cision.
Thou hast contrived against the 40. To cull, etc.] “either to select positions which will be most favour. The meaning here is nearer to “indisable to us (Steevens, Mr. Wright), creetly” than to “underhandedly," or to take counsel together, to discuss although precipitating a fight before the most profitable plans. The the return of a possibly peaceful latter explanation seems to fall in answer from the opponent might be more with calling upon the “chiefest called "indirection" by an honour. men of discipline.”
able soldier. Cotgrave has “Indirecte45. unadvised) unadvisedly, hastily. ment: in-directly, by unfit
49. indirectly] generally means means." underhandedly in Shakespeare.
53. coldly) dispassionately.
Chat. Then turn your forces from this paltry siege
Bearing their birthrights proudly on their backs, 70 70. birthrights] Ff 1, 2; birthright Ff 3, 4.
60. His marches town] he is 65. a bastard ... deceased] We marching to this town with all ex
should now say
a bastard of the pedition. See line 223 infra :- deceased king's.". This inversion “Who painfully with much ex- was common in Elizabethan writings, pedient march
yet it was apparently corrected in Have brought a countercheck Folios 2-4, which read 'King." before your gates”;
The line is almost verbally the same and iv. ii. 268 infra :
in Troublesome Raigne : “Next them to my closet bring a bastard of the King's deceast." The angry lords with all ex- 67. voluntaries] volunteers. Compedient haste.”
" volontaire : 63. Åte] Rowe's famous emendation voluntarie, one that serves or does of the Ace of the Folios. Compare anything without pay or compulFulius Cæsar, 111. i. 271: "Cæsar's sion.” spirit, ranging for revenge, With Ate 68. dragons' spleens] Compare by his side come hot from hell.” See Richard III. v. iii. 350: Inspire also Friar Bacon (1594), ed. Gayley, us with the spleen of fiery dragons." 1. X. 137:
The dragon was the most fearful wild “Fond Atæ, doomer of bad boad- fowl of Bartholomew and the Hortus ing fates,
Sanitatis of Topsell. That wrappes proud fortune in 70. Bearing their birthrights, etc.] thy snaky locks.”
Compare Henry VIII. 1. i. 84:
To make a hazard of new fortunes here:
To parley or to fight; therefore prepare.
Let them be welcome then; we are prepared. Enter KING JOHN, ELINOR, BLANCH, the BASTARD,
Lords, and Forces. K. John. Peace be to France, if France in peace permit Our just and lineal entrance to our own;
85 If not, bleed France, and peace ascend to heaven, Whiles we, God's wrathful agent, do correct
Their proud contempt that beats His peace to heaven. K. Phi. Peace be to England, if that war return
From France to England, there to live in peace. 90
82. with occasion] when the emerHave broke their backs with gency demands.
laying manors on them.” 87. Whiles] the genitive form of 73. bottoms] vessels. Used techni- while (A.S. hwil) used adverbially, cally in this sense at the present Common in Shakespeare. Rowe day.
reads Whilst. 77. circumstance) detailed descrip- 88. beats) Hanmer reads beat, maktion, attendant detail. Compare ing that refer to the plural pronoun Othello, II. iii. 355 : “ Pride, pomp, contained in their and not to contempt and circumstance of glorious war.” -a needless alteration.