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The thunder of my cannon shall be heard:
30 [Exeunt Chatillon and Pembroke. Eli. What now, my son! have I not ever said
How that ambitious Constance would not cease
With fearful-bloody issue arbitrate.
Or else it must go wrong with you and me:
Enter a Sheriff
Come from the country to be judged by you, 45
That e'er I heard : shall I produce the men ? 29. An honourable conduct
37. the manage of two kingdoms] have] In Troublesome Raigne, I. i. 61 i.e. those who manage the two et seq. John says :
kingdoms, the powers, the authori“ Pembroke, convay him safely to ties. Compare note on line 17 supra.
Fleay wished to treat it as a plural But not in hast: for as we are noun, but if we take it in the more advisde
abstract sense this is unnecessary. We mean to be in France as 38. fearful-bloody] Mr. Craig sugsoone as he.”
gests the hyphen-a typically ShakeShakespeare does not ascribe this spearian compound. petty treachery to John.
Enter a Sheriff] The Trouble29. conduct] safe conduct.
some Raigne, Part i., has the stage.
K. John. Let them approach.
Our abbeys and our priories shall pay
Enter ROBERT FAULCONBRIDGE, and PHILIP his bastard
What men are you?
Of Cour-de-lion knighted in the field.
55 Rob. The son and heir to that same Faulconbridge, K. John. Is that the elder, and art thou the heir ?
You came not of one mother then, it seems.
That is well known; and, as I think, one father: 60
49. expedition's] expeditious F 1; Fleay keeps this reading.
54. Cæur. de-lion) Ff and Troublesome Raigne spell Richard's appellation Cordelion. direction, “Enter the Shrive, and some Raigne than in King John. In whispers the Earl of Sals. in the eare.' Bale's Kynge Johan John is always Capell introduced this into Shake- harping on the riches of the Church. speare's play, substituting “Essex" See Introduction. for “Salisbury.” Some such device 54. knighted field] To be is necessary, unless we assume that knighted in the field was an honour Shakespeare wishes us to believe given only to the bravest fighters. that Essex had previous knowledge See Gautier's La Chevalerie for inof the Sheriff's business.
stances (pp. 253, 254). Compare also 48, 49. Our abbeys . charge] Cymbeline, v. v. 20. This pillaging of the Church plays 62. put you o'er to] refer you to. a much larger part in the Trouble
Eli. Out on thee, rude man! thou dost shame thy mother
And wound her honour with this diffidence. 65 Bast. I, madam ? no, I have no reason for it;
That is my brother's plea and none of mine;
Heaven guard my mother's honour and my land! 70 K. John. A good blunt fellow. Why, being younger born,
Doth he lay claim to thine inheritance ?
But once he slander'd me with bastardy:
80 75. whether] Ff 1-3 have where for whether according to the pronunciation.
64. rude man] = rúde-man. Com- would then require alteration pare “rudesby " in Taming of the “ slanders." There seems no adeShrew, 111. ii. 10, and Twelfth Night, quate reason for rejecting the obvious iv. i. 55. Mr. Craig suggests read- meaning of “once”-in time past. ing “Out, out on thee, rude man ! “Slander'd” does not here necesDost shame thy mother!"
sarily imply falseness of accusation 65. diffidence] obsolete sense of as it does nowadays, but accusation “mistrust.” Compare King Lear, merely. 1. ii. 161: “heedless diffidences, 74-78. But] Vaughan suggests that banishment of friends, dissipation of three initialbuts" in five lines cohorts."
could not be due to Shakespeare. 69. pound] The singular is often He would put line 76 in brackets, and used for the plural by Shakespeare in read “Yet” for “ But" in line 77. these cases. Here it adds to the 78. Fair fall] fair hap befal. Comcolloquialism of the Bastard's speech, pare Richard III. 1. iii. 282: “Now who also uses the colloquial a' for fair befal thee and thy noble house”; he.
Beaumont and Fletcher, The Captain, 74. once] Delius would take "once"
Fair fall thy sweet face for as equivalent to "once for all.”, Mr, it”;. Burns' Lines to a Haggis : Wright objects, for "slander'd” “ Fair fa' thy honest sonsie face."
And were our father and this son like him,
I give heaven thanks I was not like to thee!
here! Eli. He hath a trick of Caur-de-lion's face;
In the large composition of this man?
And finds them perfect Richard. Sirrah, speak, 90
What doth move you to claim your brother's land ? Bast. Because he hath a half-face, like my father.
84. lent] sent Hudson (Heath conj.). 92-94. father. year !] father? .. land, year ? Ff 1, 2; father, year ? Ff 3, 4; father, ... land ; year. Capell; father,
land : land,
85. He hath a trick] Vaughan would " disposition of the mind follows comprefer to read “the trick.” As it position of the body." stands it means “He hath a copy of 92, 94. half-face] profile. For Caur-de-lion's face"; " trick” being "half that face" (line 93) Theobald a heraldic term for a pen-and-ink reads "that half.face"; Vaughan copy of a coat-of-arms. “ Tricked: suggests “half a face," and another sketched in outline with pen and conjecture is "half the face." Theoink" (Boutell's Heraldry, p. 84). bald's reading seems to be the most Compare
"Copy of the father, eye, rational. Half-faced groat: a groat nose, lip, The trick of's frown" (The with the sovereign's face in profile. Winter's Tale, II. iii. 100); “The Compare Boorde, Introduction to trick of that voice I do well remem- Knowledgel (quoted in New Eng. ber" (King Lear, iv. vi. 108), which Dict.):
“ They have half-face seem to be less pertinent examples, crowns.'
There seems to be at where "trick" is used in the more least a suggestion of contempt in the modern sense of “peculiarity.”. use of the term. Compare 2 Henry
86. affecteth] resembleth. There IV. III. ii. 283 : “And this same halfis no other example of this use in faced fellow, Shadow . the foeShakespeare.
man may with as great aim level at 88. large composition] big build. the edge of a penknife”; and MunCompare 1 Henry VI. 11. iii. 75: day's Downfall of Richard Earl of “ You did mistake The outward com- Huntington (quoted in New Eng. position of his body"; and Lyly's Dict.): “You half-fac'd groat! You Euphues (ed. Arber, p. 293, line 6): thick-(? thin-) cheek'd chittiface."
With half that face would he have all my land :
A half-faced groat five hundred pound a year! Rob. My gracious liege, when that my father lived,
95 Your brother did employ my father much,Bast. Well sir, by this you cannot get my land:
Your tale must be how he employ'd my mother.
To Germany, there with the emperor
100. the emperor] Henry VI. this wound on the thigh." Owing
110. took it on his death] my to the mention of “death-bed” in father swore most solemnly. This line 109, Steevens explains it as phrase, often met with in Elizabethan "entertained it as his fixed opinion literature, implies that the person when he was dying." Vaughan swearing used the most solemn form takes it to mean engaged to be reof words known to him. Compare sponsible for it as for a statement the modern phrase May I die if made at the approach of death,”
Falstaff could use this for which seems to be exactly the meanmula without fear on one point only. ing here. Oath " has been need.' See 1 Henry IV. v. iv. 154: "I'll lessly suggested for “death." take it upon my death, I gave him