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1 Pet. 5.5.

enat they may do it with joy, and not with grief; for that is unprofitable for you.

And we beseech you, brethren, to know 5,12, them which labour among you, and are

over you in the Lord, and admonish you ; and to efteem them very highly in love for their works fake.

Likewise, ye younger, submit yourselves unto the elder; yea, all of you be subject one to another, and be clothed with hu. mility ; for God refifteth the proud, and giveth grace unto the humble.

Q. How ought true teachers to minister in the church?

A. As every man hath received the gift, even so minister the same one to another, as good stewards of the manifold grace of God: if any speak, let him speak as the oracles of God: if any man minister, let him do it as of the ability which God giveth; that God in all things may be glorified, through Jesus Christ.

Q. I perceive then, that every true minijter of the church of Christ, is to minister of the gift and grace of God, which he hath rem ceived: but some are of the judgment, that natural wisdom or parts, and human learning, are the qualifications which are of absolute necesity for a miniser ; but grace they judge not to be fo absolutely necessary, but that one


· Pct. 4. 10,

7. 8.

may be a minister without it: What faith the fcripture in this case?

A. A bishop must be blameless, sober, just, holy, temperate.

Q. Methinks it is imposible for a man to be blameless, just, boly, sober, and temperate, without the grace of God: so that if these qualifications be absolutely necessary, then surely, that without which a man cannot be fo qualified, must be necessary also: but what faith the scripture, as to the necessity of natural wisdom, and human learning?

A. Where is the wife? Where is the 1 Cor. scribe? Where is the disputer of this 1:20, world? Hath not God made foolish the wisdom of this world? For after that, in the wisdom of God, the world by wisdom knew not God, it pleased God by the foolishness of preaching, to fave them that believe.

Q. It seems then, the preachings of the true ministers are not gathered together by wisdom and learning : it hath been supposed that a man must be greatly skilled in learning, to make a good sermon : what is the apostle's judgment in the case?

Å. For Christ sent me not to baptize, Ver. 17. but to preach the gospel ; not with wisdom of words, lest the cross of Christ should be made of none effect. And I was with you in weakness, and Ch. 2.

in 3, 4, 5.

2 Cor.


in fear, and in much trembling; and my speech, and my preaching, was not with enticing words of man's wisdom, but in demonstration of the spirit, and of power : that your faith should not stand in the wisdom of men, but in the power of God.

l. I perceive the apostle lays far more Aress upon the demonstration and power of the spirit in a preacher, than upon human literature : Ought ministers then to preach as the Spirit teacheth them?

A. Also we speak, not in the words 2. 13. which man's wisdom teacheth, but which

the Holy Ghost teacherh.

And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak as the Spirit gave them utterance.

Q. Is it. Christ then that speaketh in and through his minifters?

A. For it is not ye that speak, but the 10. 20. fpirit of your Father, which fpeaketh in


For it is not ye chat speak, but the 13. 11. Holy Ghost.

For the Holy Ghost shall teach you in 22. 12. the fame hour 'what ye ought to say.

Since ye seek a proof of Christ speaking 13. 3. in me, which to you-ward is not weak,

but is mighty in you.

Q. What is the apostle's mind of that human learning, which fome cry up fo much, and think so needful in a minister?

A. Beware




2 Cor.

6. 20.

A. Beware left any man spoil you Col. through philosophy and vain deceit, after 2. 8. the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and not after Christ.

O Timothy! keep that which is com- 1 Tim. mitted to thy trust, avoiding prophane and vain babblings, and oppositions of science, fallly so called.

Q. Though true ministers speak not by the natural wisdom of man; yet is their teftimony altogether void of wisdom? A. Howbeit, we speak wisdom among 1 Cor.

2. 6, 7. them that are perfect; yet not the wisdom of this world, nor of the princes of this world, that come to nought; but we speak the wisdom of God in a mystery, even the . hidden wisdom, which God ordained before the world unto our glory.

Q. What is the reason that man by his natural wisdom is not capable to minister in the things of God?

A. For what man knoweth the things Verse of a man, save the spirit of man which "1. 14. is in him ? Even fo the things of God knoweth no man, but the Spirit of God. But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God, for they are foolishness unto him; neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned.

Q. These fcriptures de fufficiently hold forth that the true call to the ministry is from God;


I Cor. 9. II, to 14.

that that which maketh a true minister, is the gift and grace of God; that the true and effectual preaching of a faithful minister is such, as is from the inward teaching and leading of the Spirit of God: But what say the scriptures

touching the maintenance of ministers? Gal.6.6. A. Let him that is taught in the word

communicate unto him that teachech in all good things.

If we have fown unto you spiritual things, is it a great thing if we shall reap your carnal things? If others be partakers of this

power over you, are not we rather ? Nevertheless we have not used this power, but suffer all things, left we should hinder the gospel of Christ. Do ye not know, that they which minister about holy things, live of the things of the temple? And they which wait at the altar, are partakers with the altar: even so hath the Lord ordained, that they which preach the gospel, should live of the gospel.

For the scripture faith, Thou shalt not muzzle the ox that treadeth out the corn;. and, the labourer is worthy of his reward.

Q. I perceive by these scriptures, that there lieth an obligation upon the saints, to belp with outward things, such as truly minister unto them fpiritual ; but this seems to be voluntary: ought not therefore true ministers to.preach, whether they be sure of this or not? What

1 Tim.



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