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better' than heretofore; and in the mean time, we have agreed to a pause', in pure friendship!"

3. And is this the way that you are to show yourselves the advocates of order? You take up a system calculated to uncivilize the world', to destroy order', to trample on religion', to stifle in the heart, not merely the generosity of noble sentiment', but the affections of social nature; and in the prosecution of this system, you spread terror and devastation all around' you.

Fox. REMARK. The words "pause" and "pausing" may, perhaps, with equal propriety, receive the falling circumflex.



In the following lesson, the inflections characteristic of the imperative mood and of exclamations are exemplified.

1. WHEN the radiant morn of creation broke,
And the world in the smile of God awoke,

And the empty realms of darkness and death

Were moved through their depths by his mighty breath',
And orbs of beauty, and spheres of flame,

From the void abyss, by myriads came,

In the joy of youth as they darted away',

Through the widening waste of space to play',

2. Their silver voices, in chorus rung`;

And this was the song the bright ones sung.


Away, away! through the wide, wide sky,
The fair blue fields that before us lie,

Each sun with the worlds that round us roll,
Each planet poised on her turning pole,

With her isles of green, and her clouds of white,
And her waters that lie, like fluid light.

3. "For the source of glory uncovers his face,
And the brightness o'erflows unbounded space`,
And we drink, as we go, the luminous tides,
In our ruddy air and our blooming sides`.
Lo! yonder the living splendors play`;
Away, on our joyous path, away`!

4. "Look, look, through our glittering ranks afar,
In the infinite azure, star after star,

How they brighten and bloom as they swiftly pass!
How the verdure runs o'er each rolling mass!

And the path of the gentle winds is seen,

Where the small waves dance, and the young woods lean'.

5. "And see! where the brighter day-beams pour,
How the rainbows hang in the sunny shower;
And the morn and the eve with their
pomp of hues,
Shift o'er the bright planets, and shed their dews`;
And 'twixt them both on the teeming ground,
With her shadowy course, the night goes round!
6. "Away! away! in our blossoming bowers,
In the soft air, wrapping these spheres of ours
In the seas and fountains that shine with morn,
See, love is brooding, and life is born;

And breathing myriads are breaking from night,
To rejoice, like us, in motion and light`.

7. "Glide on, in your beauty, ye youthful spheres,
To weave the dance that measures the years.
Glide on, in glory and gladness sent

To the farthest wall of the firmament,
The boundless visible smile of Him,

To the vail of whose brow our lamps are dim."




In the two succeeding lessons, observe particularly the inflections used in the nominative case addressed, and in the imperative mood.

1. O LORD'! rebuke me not in thy wrath,

Nor chasten me in thy fierce anger`.

Be merciful unto me, O Jehovah'! for I am weak.

Heal' me, O Jehovah'! for my bones tremble`,

My whole soul is in terrors.

And thou', Jehovah'! O how long?

Return, O Jehovah', deliver my soul.

O save me for thy mercies" sake,

For in death, there is no remembrance of thee`,

In the grave, who shall give thee thanks`?

2. I am wearied with my groaning,
All night my bed is wet with tears.
With tears I make my couch to swim`,
Mine eye is consumed with sorrow,
It looks but feebly upon all mine enemies.

3. Depart from me, ye workers of iniquity!
For God hath heard the voice of my weeping.
Jehovah hath heard my supplication,
Jehovah hath accepted my prayer.

Ashamed, confounded shall be mine enemies,
They shall fall back, and be ashamed suddenly.




1. CHILD', amid the flowers at play,
While the red light fades away';
Mother', with thine earnest eye,
Ever following silently';

Father', by the breeze at eve
Call'd thy harvest-work to leave';
Pray! Ere yet the dark hours be,
Lift the heart, and bend the knee.

2. Traveler', in the stranger's land,
Far from thine own household band';
Mourner', haunted by the tone
Of a voice from this world gone';
Captive', in whose narrow cell
Sunshine hath not leave to dwell';
Sailor, on the darkening sea';
Lift the heart, and bend the knee.

3. Warrior', that from battle won,
Breathest now at set of sun';
Woman', o'er the lowly slain,
Weeping on his burial plain';
Ye that triumph', ye that sigh',
Kindred by one holy tie';
Heaven's first star alike ye see,
Lift the heart, and bend the knee.




In this lesson, the inflections belonging to interrogativo sentences may be noticed.

1. WHITHER are the Cherokees to go'? What are the benefits' of the change? What system' has been matured for their security? What laws' for their government'? These questions are answered only by gilded promises in general terms'; they are to become enlightened and civilized husbandmen. They now live by the cultivation of the soil and the mechanical arts. It is proposed to send them from their cotton fields, their farms and their gardens, to a distant and unsubdued wilderness'; to make them tillers

of the earth'; to remove them from their looms, their workshops, their printing-press, their schools and churches, near the white settlements, to frowning forests', surrounded with naked savages', that they may become enlightened' and civilized'!

2. We have pledged to them our protection'; and, instead of shielding them where they now are, within our reach, under our own arm, we send these natives of a southern clime to northern' regions, among fierce and warlike barbarians. And what security do we propose to them? A new guaranty! Who can look an Indian in the face, and say' to him, We and our fathers, for more than forty years, have made to you the most solemn promises; we now violate and trample upon them all'; but offer you in their stead-another' guaranty!

3. Will they be in no danger of attack from the primitive inhabitants of the regions to which they emigrate'? How can it be otherwise? The official documents show us the fact, that some of the few who have already gone, were involved in conflict with the native tribes, and compelled to a second' removal.

4. How are they to subsist'? Has not that country now as great an Indian population as it can sustain'? What has become of the original' occupants? Have we not already caused accession to their numbers, and been compressing them more and more'? Is not the consequence inevitable, that some must be stinted in the means of subsistence'? Here too we have the light of experience. By an official communication from Governor Clark, the superintendent of Indian affairs, we learn that the most powerful tribes, west of the Mississippi, are, every year, so distressed by famine, that many die for want of food. The scenes of their suffering are hardly exceeded by the sieges of Jerusalem and Samaria. There, might be seen the miserable mother, in all the tortures which hunger could inflict, giving her last morsel for the sustenance of her child', and then fainting, sinking, and actually dying' of starvation! And the orphan! no one can spare it' food': it is put alive' into the grave of the parent, which thus closes over the quick and the dead. And this is not a solitary' instance only, "The living child is often' buried with the dead mother."

5. I know, sir', to what I expose' myself. To feel any solicitude for the fate of the Indians, may be ridiculed as false philanthropy and morbid sensibility. Others may boldly say, "Their blood be upon us';" and sneer at scruples, as weakness unbecoming the stern character of a politician. If, sir, in order to become a politician, it be necessary to divest the mind of the principles of good faith and moral obligation, and harden the heart against every touch of humanity, I confess that I am not-and by the blessing of heaven, will never' be-a politician.

6. Sir, we can not wholly silence the monitor within. It may not be heard amid the clashing of the arena'; in the tempest and convulsions of political contentions'; but its still small voice will speak to us, when we meditate alone at even-tide'; in the silent watches of the night'; when we lie down' and when we rise up from a solitary pillow; and in that dread hour, when,-"not what we have done for ourselves', but what we have done for others'," will be our joy and strength'; when, to have secured, even to a poor and despised Indian, a spot of earth upon which to rest his aching head'; to have given him but a cup of cold water in charity', will be a greater treasure, than to have been the conquerors of kingdoms, and lived in luxury upon the spoils.


REMARK. - It will be observed that the words "Indian" and "water" in the last paragraph, receive the falling inflection as a mark of emphasis, since there is no other reason why they should not have the rising inflection. There is also, in the same paragraph, an example of the inflections belonging to a series of members, and also to antithesis, which subjects will be more particularly noticed hereafter.


The rising inflection is generally used,

1. Where the sense is incomplete.

Rule IV.

2. At the last pause but one in a sentence. Rule VI.

3. After the nominative addressed. Rule IV.

4. In negative sentences.

Rule V.

5. In interrogative sentences which can be answered by "yes" or 66 no."

Rule VII.

6. After an exclamation, when used interrogatively, or as an echo of the thought. Rule VIII.

7. At one of the members of an antithesis.

Rule IX.

8. At the first member of a sentence, the parts of which are united by a disjunctive conjunction. Rule IX.

9. At the last member of a commencing series. Rule X.

10. At the last member but one of a concluding series. Rule XI. 11. At the close of a parenthesis, when it is preceded by the rising inflection. Rule XII.

The falling inflection is generally used,

1. Where the sense is complete. Rule I.

2. In emphatic expressions. Rule II.

3. In interrogative sentences, which can not be answered by "yes" or "no." Rule III.

4. At one of the members of an antithesis (generally the last.) Rule IX.

5. At the last member of a sentence, the parts of which are united disjunctively. Rule IX.

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