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Thy reign is the last and the noblest of time,
Most fruitful thy soil, most inviting thy clime;
Let the crimes of the east ne'er encrimson thy name'
Be freedom, and science, and virtue, thy fame.

2. To conquest and slaughter let Europe aspire,
Whelm nations in blood, and wrap cities in fire;
Thy heroes the rights of mankind shall defend,
Aud triumph pursue them, and glory attend.
A world is thy realm,-for a world be thy laws,—
Enlarged as thine empire, and just as thy cause;
On freedom's broad basis thy empire shall rise,
Extend with the main, and dissolve with the skies.

3. Fair science her gates to thy sons shall unbar,
And the east see thy morn hide the beams of her star;
New bards and new sages unrivalled shall soar
To fame unextinguished, when time is no more.
To thee, the last refuge of virtue designed,
Shall fly, from all nations, the best of mankind;
Here, grateful to Heaven, with transport shall bring
Their incense, more fragrant than odours of spring.
4. Nor less shall thy fair ones to glory ascend,
And genius and beauty in harmony blend;
The graces of form shall awake pure desire,
And the charms of the soul ever cherish the fire;
Their sweetness unmingled, their manners refined,
And virtue's bright image, enstamped on the mind,
With peace and soft rapture, shall teach life to glow
And light up a smile in the aspect of wo.

5. Thy fleets to all regions thy power shall display
The nations admire, and the ocean obey;
Each shore to thy glory its tribute unfold,
And the east and the south yield their spices and gold.
As the day-spring, unbounded, thy splendour shall flow,
And earth's little kingdoms before thee shall bow,
While the ensigns of union, in triumph unfurled,
Hush the tumult of war, and give peace to the world.

6. Thus, as down a lone valley, with cedars o'erspread, From war's dread confusion I pensively strayed, The gloom from the face of fair heaven retired; The winds ceased to murmur; the thunders expired;

Perfumes, as of Eden, flowed sweetly along,
And a voice, as of angels, enchantingly sung,
"Columbia, Columbia, to glory arise;
The queen

of the world, and the child of the skies."


DURING the Indian wars which preceded the American revolution, a young English officer was closely pursued by two savages, who were on the point of killing him, when an aged chief interfered, took the officer by the hand, encouraged him by his caresses, conducted him to his hut, and treated him with all the kindness in his power.

2. The officer remained during the winter with the old chief, who taught him their language, and the simple arts with which they were acquainted. But when spring returned, the savages again took up arms, and prepared for a more vigorous campaign. The old chief followed the young warriours until they approached the English camp, when, turning to the young officer, he thus addressed him :


3. You see your brethren preparing to give us battle: I have saved thy life; I have taught thee to make a canoe, bow and arrows; to surprise the beasts of the forest, and to scalp your enemy: wilt thou now be so ungrateful as to join thy countrymen, and take up the hatchet against us? The Englishman declared that he would sooner perish himself than shed the blood of an Indian..

4. The old savage covered his face with both his hands, and bowed down his head. After remaining some time in this attitude, he looked at the young officer, and said, in a tone of mingled tenderness and grief, Hast thou a father? He was living, said the young man, when I left my native country. Oh! how unhappy he must be ! said the savage.

5. After a moment's silence, he added, I have been a father, but I am one no longer; I saw my son fall by my side in battle. But I have avenged him; yes, I have avenged him, said he with emphasis, while he endeavoured to suppress the groans which escaped in spite of him. He calmed his emotions, and, turning towards the east, where the

sun was rising, he said, Dost* thou behold the leavens with pleasure? I do, responded the young man. I do no longer, said the savage, bursting into tears.

6. A moment after, he added, Do you look with delight upon yonder beautiful flower? I do, answered the young man. I do no longer, said the savage, and immediately added, Depart to thine own country, that thy father may still view the rising sun with pleasure, and take delight in the flowers of spring.



ERHAPS no animal, below the human species, resembles man more in the im'itative faculty than the monkey. It is said that a sailor, having a number of red woollen caps to dispose of, went on shore, in South America, to trade with the natives.

2. In his way to a settlement lying through a wood very thickly inhabited by monkeys, it being in the heat of the day, he put a cap on his head, and, laying the others by his side, determined to take a little repose under the shade of a large


3. To his utter astonishment, when he awoke, from the specimen he had given his imitative observers of the use of his caps, he beheld a number of them upon the heads of the monkeys in the trees round about him, while the wearers were chattering in the most unusual manner.

4. Finding every attempt to regain his caps fruitless, he at length, in a fit of rage and disappointment, and under the supposition that the one he retained on his head was not worth taking away, pulled it off, and, throwing it upon the ground, exclaimed," Here, you little, thieving rogues, if you will keep the rest, you are welcome to this also."

5. He had no sooner done this, than, to his great surprise, the little, observing animals very readily imitated him. They all threw down their caps on the ground; by which means the sailor regained his property, and marched off in triumph. Happy would it be for mankind if they resembled monkeys only in imitating the virtues of those whom they consider their superiours, while they avoided their vices.

* Pronounced dust.


WHEN the great Condé commanded the Spanish army,

and laid siege to one of the French towns in Flanders, a sol dier, being ill treated by a general officer, and struck several times with a cane, for some disrespectful words he had let fall, answered very coolly, that he should soon make him repent of it.

2. Fifteen days afterwards, the same general officer ordered the colonel of the trenches to find a bold and intrepid fellow, to execute an important enterprise, for which he promised a reward of a hundred pistōles.

3. The soldier we are speaking of, who passed for the bravest in the regiment, offered his service; and, going with thirty of his comrades,* which he had the liberty to make choice of, he discharged a very hazardous commission with incredible courage and good fortune. Upon his return, the general officer highly commended him, and gave him the hundred pistoles which he had promised.


4. The soldier presently distributed them among his comrades, saying, he did not serve for pay; and demanded only, that, if his late action deserved any recompense, they would make him an officer. And now, sir, adds he to the general, who did not know him, I am the soldier whom you so much abused fifteen days ago, and I then told you, I would make you repent of it.

5. The general, in great admiration, and melting into tears, threw his arms around his neck, begged his pardon, and gave him a commission that very day.


WILLIAM PENN, the founder of Pennsylvania, was

the son of an English admiral, who left, at his death, a large estate to his son, and a considerable claim upon the government for money advanced by him to carry on several important expeditions when the finan'cest of England were exhausted.‡

2. He early embraced the religion of the Quakers, who * Pronounced cùm'rādes. tfin-nan'ses. § egz-hawst'ed.

were then a new sect in England, and were persecuted by the government on account of their religious opinions; and, as there was no hope of his obtaining his demand against the government, he prevailed upon them to grant him a tract of land in the newly-settled country of North America, which, in honour of his father, they called Pennsylvania.

3. Here he invited all his friends who suffered persecution; and one of the first laws he enacted for the government of his new province, was the most perfect toleration of all religions; for, said he, persecution has taught me to observe and reprove mischiefs in government, and, now it is in my power to settle one, I purpose to leave myself, and my successors, no power of doing mischief, that the will of one man may not hinder the good of a whole country.


4. But this was not all; he took the utmost care to protect the Indians in their rights, and to prevent the encroachments of white men. For this purpose, he ordered all goods sold to the Indians to be first* tested; that wrongs done to Indians should be punished as those done to white men'; and that al differences should be settled by twelve men, six planters, and six Indians.

5. These stipulations in favour of the poor natives will forever immortalize the name of William Penn; for, soaring above the prejudices and customs of other adventurers, who considered them as lawful prey, whom they might defraud at pleasure, he considered them as brethren, and rationalt beings, who, in proportion to their ignorance, were entitled to his fatherly protection and care.

6. Soon after his arrival, he had a meeting with the Indians to confirm the treaty; for his scrupulous morality did not permit him to look upon the king's patent as sufficient to establish his right to the country, without purchasing it by fair and open bargain of the natives, to whom only it properly belonged.

7. Near the city of Philadelphia, there was an elm-tree of a prodigious size, to which the leaders on both sides repaired. Penn appeared in his usual dress, and, on his arrival, he found the sa'chems and their tribes assembling. 'They were seen in the woods as far as the eye could reach, and looked frightful, both on account of their number, and

* Pronounced furst, not fust. trash'un-al. pat'tent.

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