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escape to a place of greater safety. The Moor then went into his house, where he had but just seated himself, when a great crowd, with loud lamentations, came to his gate, bringing the corpse of his son, who had just been killed by a Spaniard.

4. When the first shock of surprise was a little over, he learned, from the description given, that the fatal deed was done by the very person then in his power. He mentioned this to no one; but, as soon as it was dark, retired to his garden, as if to grieve alone, giving orders that none should follow him.

5. Then, accosting the Spaniard, he said, "Christian, the person you have killed is my son; his body is now in my house. You ought to suffer; but you have eaten with me, and I have given you my faith, which must not be broken.”

6. He then led the astonished Spaniard to his stables, and mounted him on one of his fleetest horses, and said, " Fly far while the night can cover you; you will be safe in the morning. You are indeed guilty of my son's blood, but God is just and good, and I thank him I am innocent of yours, and that my faith given is preserved."

7. In the year 1746, when the English were at open war with Spain, the Elizabeth, of London, Capt. William Edwards, coming through the gulf from Jamaica, richly laden, met with a most violent storm, in which the ship sprung a leak, that obliged them, for the saving of their lives, to run into Havanna, a Spanish port.

8. The captain went on shore, and directly waited on the governour, told the occasion of his putting in, and that he surrendered the ship as a prize, and himself and his men as prisoners of war, only requesting good quarter.

9. "No, sir," replied the Spanish governour; "if we had taken you in fair war at sea, or approaching our coast with hostile intentions, your ship would then have been a prize, and your people prisoners; but when, distressed by a tempest, you come into our ports for the safety of your lives, we, the enemies, being men, are bound as such by the laws of humanity to afford relief to distressed men who ask it of us.

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10. "We cannot, even against our enemies, take advantage of an act of God. You have leave, therefore, to unload

your ship, if that be necessary to stop the leak; you may refit her here, and traffick so far as shall be necessary to pay the charges; you may then depart, and I will give you a pass to be in force till you are beyond Bermuda.

11. "If after that you are taken, you will then be a lawful prize but now you are only a stranger, and have a stranger's right to safety and protection." The ship accordingly departed, and arrived safe in London.


BESIDE yon lonely tree, whose branches, bare,
Rise white, and murmur to the passing air,
There, where the twining briers the yard enclose,
The house of sloth stands hushed in long repose.

2. O'er an old well, the curb, half fallen, spread,
Whose boards, end loose, a mournful creaking made,
Poised on a leaning post, and ill sustained,
In ruin sad, a mouldering sweep remained;
Useless the crooked pole still dangling hung,
And, tied with thrums, a broken bucket swung.
3. A half made wall around the garden lay,
Mended, in gaps, with brushwood in decay;
No culture through the tangled briers was seen,
Save a few sickly plants of faded green;
The starved potato hung its blasted seeds;
And fennel struggled to o'ertop the weeds:
There gazed a ragged sheep, with wild surprise,
And two lean geese upturned their slanting eyes.

4.. The cottage gaped with many a dismal yawn,
Where, rent to burn, the covering boards were gone;
Or, by one nail where others endwise hung,
The sky looked through, and winds portentous rung.
In waves, the yielding roof appeared to run,
And half the chimney-top was fallen down.

5. The ancient cellar-door, of structure rude,
With tattered garments caulked, half open stood;
There, as I peeped, I saw the ruined bin ;
The sills were broke, the wall had crumbled in;

A few long-emptied casks lay mouldering round,
And wasted ashes sprinkled o'er the ground;
While, a sad sharer in the household ill,

A half-starved rat crawled out, and bade* farewell.
6. One window dim, a loop-hole to the sight,
Shed round the room a pale, penurious light;
Here rags, gay-coloured, eked the broken glass;
There panes of wood supplied the vacant space.

7. As pondering deep I gazed, with gritty roar
The hinges creaked, and open stood the door.--
Two little boys, half naked from the waist,
With staring wonder, eyed me as I passed;
The smile of pity blended with her tear,
Ah me! how rarely comfort visits here!

8. On a lean mat'tress, which was once well filled, His limbs by dirty tatters ill-concealed,

Though now the sun had rounded half the day,
Stretched at full length, the sluggard snoring lay
While his sad wife beside her dresser stood,
And, on a broken dish, prepared her food.

9. His aged sire, whose beard and flowing hair Waved silvery o'er his antiquated chair,

Rose from his seat; and, as he watched my eye,
Deep from his bosom heaved a mournful sigh:
"Stranger," he cried, "once better days I knew;"
And, trembling, shed the venerable dew.

10. I wished a kind reply, but wished in vain ;
No words came timely to relieve my pain:
To the poor mother, and her infants dear,
Two mites I gave, besprinkled with a tear;
And, fixed to see again the wretched shed,
Withdrew in silence, closed the door, and fled.

11. Yet this same lazy man I oft have seen
Hurrying and bustling round the busy green;
The loudest prater in a cobbler's shop,
The wisest statesman o'er a drunken cup;
In every gambling, racing match abroad,
But a rare hearer in the house of God.

*Pronounced bad.


REMEMBER that time is money. He who can earn ten shillings a day by his labour, and goes abroad or sits idle one half of that day, though he spend but six-pence during his diversion or idleness, ought not to reckon that the only expense; he has really spent, or rather thrown away, five shillings besides.

2. Remember that credit is money. If a man lets his money lie in my hands after it is due, he gives me the interest, or so much as I can make, of it during that time. This amounts to a considerable sum where a man has good and large credit, and makes good use of it.

3. Remember that money is of a prolifick, generating nature. Money can beget money, and its offspring can beget more, and so on. Five shillings turned is six; turned again, it is seven and three pence; and so on till it becomes a hundred pounds. The more there is of it, the more it produces every turning, so that the profits rise quicker and quicker.

4. Remember that six pounds a year is but a groat a day. For this little sum (which may be daily wasted either in time or expense unperceived) a man of credit may, on his own security, have the constant possession and use of a hundred pounds. So much in stock, briskly turned by an industrious man, produces great advantage.

5. Remember this saying, "The good paymaster is lord of another man's purse." He who is known to pay punctually and exactly at the time he promises, may at any time, and on any occasion, raise all the money his friends can spare. This is sometimes of great use.

6. After industry and frugality, nothing contributes more to the raising of a young man in the world, than punctuality and justice in all his dealings; therefore, never keep borrowed money an hour beyond the time you promised, lest a disappointment shut up your friend's purse for ever.

7. The most trifling actions which affect a man's credit are to be regarded. The sound of your hammer at five in the morning, or nine at night, heard by a creditor, makes him easy six months longer.

8. But if he sees you at a billiard table, or hears your voice at a tavern, when you should be at work, he sends for his money the next day, and demands it before he can receive it in a lump.

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9. It shows, besides, that you are mindful of what you owe; it makes you appear a careful, as well as an honest man, and that still increases your credit.

10. Beware of thinking all your own that you possess, and of living accordingly. It is a mistake that many people who have credit fall into. To prevent this, keep an exact account, for some time, both of your expenses and your in


11. If you take the pains at first to mention particulars, it will have this good effect; you will discover how wonderfully small, trifling expenses mount up to large sums, and will discern what might have been, and may, for the future, be saved, without occasioning any great inconvenience.

12. In short, the way to wealth, if you desire it, is as plain as the way to market. It depends chiefly on two words, industry and frugality; that is, waste neither time nor money, but make the best use of both. Without industry and frugality, nothing will do, and with them, every thing will do.

13. He who gets all he can honestly, and saves all he gets, (necessary expenses excepted,) will certainly become rich; if that Being who governs the world, to whom all should look for a blessing on their honest endeavours, doth not, in his wise providence, otherwise determine.


THE white bear of Greenland and Spitzbergen is considerably larger than the brown bear of Europe, or the black bear of America. This bear is often seen on floats of ice, several leagues at sea. The following is copied from the journal of a voyage for making discoveries towards the North Pole.

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