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PREFACE.

Exchange

lib any of Hawan

1-81 36

PREFACE.

The papers presented to the public in the present No. have been collected and published in accordance with a vote of the Royal Hawaiian Agricultural Society, passed at their recent meeting.

It is due to the authors of these papers to state that they were prepared with no expectation that they would ever be printed, and simply for the benefit of the meeting at which they were read. It was, however, believed by those who then heard them that they embodied an amount of information too valuable to be locked up in the archives of the society, and they have accordingly been collected in the present form

Should the Society be prosperous and increase in members and usefulness, as its founders confidently hope, it has been thought that its members would look back with interest to its“ day of small things," and be glad to have a chronicle of the rude beginning of Hawaiian Agriculture.

LAN

PROCEEDINGS

OF

PRELIMINARY MEETING.

First Day.

Agreeably with an invitation to "all Farmers, Planters, Gardeners and other persons interested in the formation of a society for the promotion of Hawaiian Agriculture," published in the Polynesian of April 27th, a very respectable number of the residents of Honolulu, and some from other parts of the Hawaiian Kingdom, met at the Vestry Room of the Bethel Chapel, on Monday evening, April 29th, 1850.

His Honor, Judge ANDREWS, was called to the chair, and C. R. BISHOP was appointed Secretary for the meeting.

His Honor, Judge Lee, being called upon by the Chair, stated, briefly, the object of the meeting ; said that it was a preliminary meeting, called principally for the purpose of appointing a Committee to correspond with the planters, farmers and others upon the different islands, at some future time to call a meeting of the people of all the islands, who are interested in agriculture, with a view of forming a Society, and uniting the action of those interested in the culture of the soil ; that the business of such Committee should be definitely stated, and that he considered all classes, trades and professions of residents interested in the promotion of agriculture, the consumer, as well as the producer.

Messrs. Reynolds, Newcomb, Marshall, Fuller, Damon, Armstrong, Whitney, Johnson and Castle addressed the meeting in favor of the object proposed.

On motion of Mr. Marshall, a committee of five was appointed in accordance with the suggestion of Judge Lee. The following gentlemen were placed on that committee. Wm. L. Lee, James F. B. Marshall, R. W. Wood, W. Newcomb, and Stephen Reynolds.

On motion, the committee were instructed to fix upon a time for the

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general meeting at Honolulu, of the planters, farmers and others interested in agriculture, throughout the islands, and to issue a circular to be published in the newspapers, stating the objects proposed in the formation of an agricultural society, and inviting all interested in the promotion of such objects to assemble on the day fixed, and to bring with them samples of their products and animals, for exhibition. They were also instructed to solicit certain persons to prepare essays, upon the various subjects connected with agriculture, to be read at the meeting, and to procure a suitable person to deliver an address upon the occasion.

The subject of the introduction of foreign laborers, and the securing of domestic laborers was discussed at some length by Messrs. Marshall, Gower, Lee, Newcomb, Wood and others.

His Honor Judge Lee said that he had proposed an Act for the mutual protection of masters and servants, which he proposed to place in the hands of the present Legislature, to be laid before that body, for their consideration, and that with the permission of this meeting he would read the Act, hoping that the persons present better acquainted with the practical working of such an Act, might suggest many valuable amendments.

On motion, it was resolved that the meeting approve of the Act read by Judge Lee. It was also resolved that the proceedings of this meeting be published in the Honolulu newspapers.

The meeting then adjourned, sine die.

CIRCULAR,

(ISSUED BY THE COMMITTEE ON THE FIRST OF JUNE.) To the friends of Agricultural Operations at the Hawaiian Islands :

At a public meeting of those persons interested in the promotion of Hawaiian Agriculture, held at Honolulu, April 20th, it was unanimously resolved that the formation of an association for the promotion and improvement of agricultural operations and products in these Islands, was highly desirable: that such an association would meet with cordial support from all classes of foreigners resident on

an

these Islands, and would also be encouraged and fostered by the Hawaiian Government. It was also voted that all persons interested in the subject, should be invited to assemble in Honolulu in the month of August next, for the purpose of organizing such association, and the undersigned were chosen a committee to carry out the above design, by appointing a day for such convention, and addressing a circular to all persons interested, explaining the objects of the contemplated association, and inviting their attendance and co-operation in carrying out these objects.

The importance and almost necessity of an institution like the one contemplated is too evident to require exposition. For years past, the agricultural interests of these islands have been insignificant, and their pursuit un profitable. With an uncertain and distant market—with little or no encouragement, or facilities given to foreign tillers of the soil, without proper knowledge of that soil,or sufficient capital to experiment upon its capabilities, most of the agricultural enterprises here have languished or utterly failed. And with the exception of a few sugar and coffee plantations, the proprietors of which have invested too much capital to be able to abandon them without heavy loss, and which were still struggling on with doubtful prospects, the whole amount of agricultural operations at these islands consisted in the raising of fruit and vegetables for the fleet of whaleships that semi-annually touched here for supplies.

Within the last two years, however, a great and sudden change has taken place in the prospects of this group. The extension of the territory and government of the United States to the borders of the Pacific, the wonderful discoveries in California, and the consequent almost instantaneous creation of a mighty state on "the western front of the American Union," has, as it were, with the wand of a magician, drawn this little group into the very focus of civilization and prosperity. We find ourselves suddenly surrounded by intelligent, enterprising neighbors, who call loudly to us to furnish of our abundance and receive in exchange of theirs. Our coffee and sugar no longer remain piled in our ware houses. Our fruits and vegetables no longer decay on the spot where they were grown. We are not even compelled to seek for them a market, but clamorous purchasers come to our very doors and carry off our supplies with an eagerness that has caused us to feel a scarcity ourselves, and we are assured that not

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