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but if he diverts from his path, and snatches handfuls from the wanton vineyards, and remembers the lasciviousness of his unwholesome food that pleased his childish palate, then he grows sick again, and hungry after unwholesome diet, and longs for the apples of Sodom.
6. The Pannonian * bears, when they have clasped a dart in the region of their liver, wheel themselves upon the wound, and with anger and malicious revenge strike the deadly barb deeper, and cannot be quit from that fatal steel, but in flying bear along that which themselves inake the instrument of a more hasty death.
7. So is every vicious person struck with a deadly wound, and his own hands force it into the entertainments of the heart; and because it is painful to draw it forth by a sharp and salutary repentance, he still rolls and turns upon his wound, and carries his death in his bowels, where it first entered by choice, and then dwelt by love, and at last shall finish the tragedy by divine judgments and an unalterable decree.
LESSON CXLIII. The Rising and the Setting Sun. — GILPIN. 1. LANDSCAPE painters, in general, pay too little attention to the discriminations of morning and evening. We are often at a loss to distinguish in pictures the rising from the setting sun, though their characters are very different both in the lights and shadows.
2. The ruddy lights, indeed, of the evening are more easily distinguished; but it is not perhaps always sufficiently observed that the shadows of the evening are much less opaque than those of the morning. They may be brightened, perhaps, by the numberless rays floating in the atmosphere, which are incessantly reverberated in every direction, and may continue in action after the sun is set; whereas in the morning the rays of the preceding day having subsided, no object receives any light but from the immediate luster of the
Whatever becomes of the theory, the fact, I believe, is well ascertained.
3. The incidental beauties which the meridian sun exhibits
* Pannonia was the ancient name of Austria, Hungary, Sclavonia, and other parts of the Austrian empire.
are much fewer than those of the rising sun.
In summer, when he rides high at noon, and sheds his perpendicular ray, all is illumination ; there is no shadow to balance such a glare of light, no contrast to oppose it.
4. The judicious artist, therefore, rarely represents his objects under a vertical sun. And yet no species of landscape bears so well as the scenes of the forest. The tuftings of the trees, the recesses among them, and the lighter foliage hanging over the darker, may all have an effect under a meridian sun.
5. I speak chiefly, however, of the internal scenes of the forest, which bear such total brightness better than any other, as in them there is generally a natural gloom to balance it. The light obstructed by close intervening trees will rarely predominate; hence the effect is often fine.
6. A strong sunshine striking a wood through some fortunate chasm, and reposing on the tuftings of a clump, just removed from the eye, and strengthened by the deep shadows of the trees behind, appears to great advantage ; especially if some noble tree, standing on the foreground in deep shadow, flings athwart the sky its dark branches, here and there illumined with a splendid touch of light.
7. In an open country, the most fortunate circumstance that attends a meridian sun is cloudy weather, which occasions partial lights. Then it is that the distant forest scene is spread with lengthened gleams, while the other parts of the landscape are in shadow; the tuftings of trees are particularly adapted to catch this effect with advantage ; there is a richness in them, from the strong opposition of light and shade, which is wonderfully fine.
8. A distant forest thus illumined wants only a foreground to make it highly picturesque. As the sun descends, the effect of its illumination becomes stronger. It is a doubt whether the rising or the setting sun is more picturesque. The great beauty of both depends on the contrast between splendor and obscurity.
9. But this contrast is produced by these different incidents in different ways. The grandest effects of the rising sun are produced by the vapors which envelop it; the setting sun rests its glory on the gloom which often accompanies its parting rays.
10. A depth of shadow hanging over the eastern hemi. sphere gives the beams of the setting sun such powerful effect, that, although in fact they are by no means equal to the
splendor of a meridian sun, yet through force of contrast they appear superior. A distant forest scene under this brightened gloom is particularly rich, and glows with double splendor. The verdure of the summer leaf, and the varied tints of the autumnal one, are all lighted up with the most resplendent colors.
1. What, then, is taste, but these internal powers
2. This, nor gems nor stores of gold,
3. Ask the swain
4. But though Heaven In every breast hath sown these early seeds Of love and admiration, yet in vain, Without fair culture's kind parental aid, Without enlivening suns, and genial showers, And shelter from the blast, in vain we hope The tender plant should rear its blooming head, Or yield the harvest promised in its spring.
* Born 1721 ; died 1770.
5. Nor yet will every soil with equal stores
6. Hence, when lightning fires
7. But Waller longs
8. O blest of heaven! whom not the languid songs
9. What though not all Of mortal offspring can attain the heights Of envied life; though only few possess Patrician treasures or imperial state ; Yet Nature's care, to all her children just, With richer treasures and an ampler state Endows at large whatever happy man Will deign to use them.
10. His the city's pomp, The rural honors his. Whate'er adorns
The princely dome, the column and the arch,
11. For him the spring
12. Each passing hour sheds tribute from her wings;
13. Nor thence partakes
14. But if to ampler prospects, — if to gaze
15. Would the forms Of servile custom cramp
generous power ; Would sordid policies, the barbarous growth Of ignorance and rapine, bow her down
To tame pursuits, to indolence and fear?