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TO

E. REDIGER, PH.D., TH, D.,

. ,

PROFESSOR OF ORIENTAL LANGUAGES IN THE UNIVERSITY OF BERLIN,

IN TOKEN OF

GRATITUDE FOR HIS MANY ACTS OF PERSONAL FRIENDLINESS,

AND OF

ADMIRATION FOR THE DISTINGUISHED SERVICES HE HAS SO LONG RENDERED

TO ORIENTAL AND BIBLICAL LEARNING,

B. D.

PREFACE.

This work may be regarded as new, though not claiming

, to be original. Experts will find on every page some freshness, indicating a measure of independence and of endeavour after progress, not however in a dogmatic but in a tentative spirit.

The irregular and the harder forms of words will be found here placed in alphabetical order in the body of the Lexicon, and not (as usual) put by themselves at the end. In explanation of these forms and also of many difficulties pertaining to the syntax, frequent and fitting references are made to the Student's Hebrew Grammar.

In the treatment of the letters (e. g. 2, and ), much has been done more fully to indicate and illustrate their affinities and interchanges, and also their formative uses or their effect in word - building (cf. Gram. $ 81, Rem. 1). Some of these letter-changes (e. g. 7 = 5) may be rare in Semitic, elsewhere, and therefore open to some doubt, which may, however, be overcome by analogy in other tongues (cf. E. dairy = F. laiterie L. lacteria, E. day Irish lia = W. dydh = L. dies, Sans. dasan = lasan = L. decem = ôéxa = Lithuanian -lika

δέκα in dwylika = ouvõexa), and especially by the fact (so often overlooked), that the letters in question may really be both of

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