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the principal æra from which the Mahometans compute their time.
OF A CENTURY, A LUSTRUM, A JUBILEE, AND
Century, or an age, is a course of an hunA luftrum is a space of five years, used by the Romans, at the end of which a review of the people was made, first by the kings, then by the confuls, but after the year 310 by the cenfors, who were magistrates created for that very purpose. After the census was finished, an expiatory or purifying facrifice was inade, consisting of a fow, a fheep, and a bull, which were carried round the whole assembly, and then flain ; and thus the people were said to be purified *. And because this was done at the end of every fifth year, hence luftrum is often put for the space of five years ; especially by
At every Inftrum, the fenate itself was reviewed by one of the censors; and if any one, by his behaviour, had rendered himself unworthy of that high rank, or had funk his fortune below that of a senator, his name was passed ver by the censor in reading the roll of senators; and thus he was held to be excluded from the senate *.
A jubilee is a periodical festivity, or public rejoicing, on account of some remarkable event, or in memory of some eminent person.
According to the æra by which we reckon, we date the time of every memorable transaction, as,
A. M. Anno Mundi, in the year of the world. .
A. C. Ante Chriftum, before Christ; and sometimes B. C. is put for before Christ.
A. Æ. C. Anno Æræ Chriftianæ, in the year of the Christian æra.
A. U.C. Anno Urbis condita, in the year of the building of the city of Rome; or A. ab U. C. in the year from the building of the city; and so of the other epochas.
* E senatta motus,
A CHRONOLOGICAL ACCOUNT OF MEMORABLE
EVENTS FROM THE CREATION TO THE DE
four years before the Christian æra, God created the world, and our first parents Adam and Eve, placing them in the Garden of Eden, or the terrestrial paradise, from whence they were soon expelled for eating the forbidden fruit.
In the second year of the world, happened the birth of Cain, the first who was born of a woman. He killed his brother Abel A. M. 129.
In the year of the world 987, Enoch, for his piety, was translated into heaven, being 365 years old.
In the year 1656, Methuselah, the longest liver of all men, died, aged 969 years.
The same year Noah, his wife and three fons, Shem, Ham, and Japhet, with their wives, entered the ark, which had been built by God's command. The flood began on the seventeenth day of the second month, answering to our October, and continued a whole year. Thus the old world. was destroyed by a deluge.
CH A P. LXV.
REMARKABLE EVENTS FROM THE FLOOD TO
THE BUILDING OF SOLOMON'S TEMPLE, A.M.
MUCH about the year of the world 1757, the
tower of Babel was built by Noah's posterity, upon which God miraculously confounded their language, and thus dispersed them into different nations.
Soon after this event, Noah is, with great probability, supposed to have departed from his rebellious offspring, and to have led a colony of some of the more tractable into the East. There, either he, or one of his successors, in the opinion of the most celebrated historians, founded the ancient Chinese monarchy.
In the year of the world 1770, the celestial ob. servations were begun at Babylon, the city which first
gave birth to learning and the sciences. A few years after, Misraim, the son of Ham, founded the kingdom of Egypt, which lasted 1663 years, down to its conquest by Cambyses, in the year before
In the year 1945, Ninus, the son of Belus, founded the kingdom of Affyria, which lasted above 1000 years; and out of its ruins were formed the Allyrians of Babylon, those of Nineveh, and the kingdom of the Medes.
Prometheus first struck fire from flints, A. M. 2289.
In the year of the world. 2433, Moses was born in Egypt, and adopted by Pharaoh's daughter, who educated him in all the learning of the Egyptians Some years after, Cecrops brought a colony from Egypt into Attica, and began the kingdom of Athens, in Greece.
Scamander came from Crete into Phrygia, and began the kingdom of Troy, A. M. 2458.
In 2511, Cadmus carried the Phænician letters into Greece, and built the citadel of Thebes. Two years after this, Moses performed a number of mi. racles in Egypt, and departed from that kingdom, together with 600,000 Ifraelites, besides children; which completed the 430 years of sojourning. They miraculously passed through the Red Sea, and came to the defart of Sinai, where Moses received from God, and delivered to the people, the ten commandments, and the other laws, and set up the tabernacle, and in it the ark of the covenant.