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which were negotiated but not ratified by the Government of the United States. The treaties establishing friendly relations specified what rights, privileges, etc., were asserted at the time of their negotia. tion, without, however, excluding those not specifically claimed. It has, therefore, been considered advisable to set forth in full the in struments under which the United States does or may prefer claims and they are therefore printed in the appendix.

The other treaties resulting from the negotiations during the Paris Peace Conference are printed in a second appendix, in so far as they were signed by representatives of the United States.

C. F. REDMOND. COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS,

United States Senate.

LIST OF PRESIDENTS.

Administration.

Presidents.

Began.

Ended.

George Washington..
John Adams......
Thomas Jefferson..
James Madison....
James Monroe........
John Quincy Adams..
Andrew Jackson......
Martin Van Buren....
William Henry Harrison.....
John Tyler.......
James K. Polk....
Zachary Taylor.......
Millard Fillmore..
Franklin Pierce......
James Bucbadan......
Abraham Lincoln.....
Andrew Johnson....
Ulysses S. Grant........
Rutherford B. Hayes.........
James A. Garfield..
Chester A. Arthur.....
Grover Cleveland...
Benjamin Harrison......
Grover Cleveland...
William McKinley .........
Theodore Roosevelt........
William H. Taft.......
Woodrow Wilson.....
Warren G. Harding.

March 4, 1789...... March 4, 1797.
March 4, 1797... March 4, 1801.
March 4, 1801...... March 4, 1809.
March 4, 1809.. March 4, 1817.
March 4, 1817.. March 4, 1825.
March 4, 1825.

March 4, 1829.
March 4, 1829.. March 4, 1837,
March 4, 1837.. March 4, 1841.
March 4, 1841.. April 4, 1841.
April 4, 1841..

March 4, 1845. March 4, 1845.

March 4, 1849. March 4, 1849.. July 9, 1850. July 9, 1850.

March 4, 1853. March 4, 1853.. March 4, 1857. March 4, 1857.... March 4, 1881. March 4, 1861

April 15, 1865. April 15, 1865.

March 4, 1869. March 4, 1869.

March 4, 1877. March 4, 1877.. March 4, 1881. March 4, 1881.. September 19, 1881. September 19, 1881.... March 4, 1885. March 4, 1885.. March 4, 1889. March 4, 1889.

March 4, 1893. March 4, 1893.

March 4, 1897. March 4, 1897.

September 14, 1901. September 14, 1901.... March 4, 1909. March 4, 1909... March 4, 1913. March 4, 1913.

March 4, 1921. March 4, 1921.

V

SECRETARIES OF STATE (1789–1921).

Presidents.

Secretaries of State.

Date of commission.

George Washington.

Do.......

Do.....

Do.. John Adams.

Do...

Do...

DO.....

Thomas Jefferson...

Do.... James Madison.

Do...

Do.....

Do...

James Monroe.

Do...

Do...

John Quincy Adams.

Do........ Andrew Jackson..

Do......

Thomas Jefferson, of Virginia, March 22, 1790 September 26, 1789.

December 31, 1793.
Edmund Randolph, of Virginia, January 2, 1794- January 2, 1794.

August 19, 1795.
Timothy Pickering, of Pennsylvania (Secretary of

War), ad interim August 20, 1795-December 9,

1795.
Timothy Pickering, of Pennsylvania, December 10, December 10, 1795.

1795-May 12, 1800.
Charles Lee, of Virginia (Attorney General), ad

interim May 13, 1800-June 5, 1800.
John Marshall, of Virginia, June 6, 1800-February 4, May 13, 1800.

1801,
John Marshall, of Virginia (Chief Justice of the

United States), ad interim February 4, 1801

March 4, 1801.
Levi Lincoln, of Massachusetts (Attorney General),

ad interim March 4, 1801-May 1, 1801.
James Madison, of Virginia, May 2, 1801-March 3,1809. March 5, 1801.
Robert Smith, of Maryland, March 6, 1809-April 1, March 6, 1809.

1811.
James Monroe, of Virginia, April 6, 1811-September April 2, 1811.

30, 1814.
James Monroe, of Virginia (Secretary of War), ad.

interim October 1, 1814-February 28, 1815.
James Monroe, of Virginia, March 1, 1815-March 3, February 28, 1815.

1817.
John Graham (chief clerk), ad interim March 4,

1817-March 9, 1817.
Richard Rush, of Pennsylvania (Attorney General),

ad interim March 10, 1817-September 22, 1817.
John Quincy Adams, of Massachusetts, September March 5, 1817.

22, 1817-March 3, 1825.
Daniel Brent (chief clerk), ad interim March 4, 1825–

March 8, 1825.
Henry Clay, of Kentucky, March 9, 1825-March 3, March 7, 1825.

1829.
James A. Hamilton, of New York, ad interim March March 4, 1829.

4, 1829-March 27, 1829.
Martin Van Buren, of New York, March 28, 1829 March 6, 1829.

May 23, 1831.
Edward Livingston, of Louisiana, May 24, 1821- May 24, 1831.

Do.

May 29, 1833.
Louis McLane, of Delaware, May 29, 1833-June 30, May 29, 1833.

1834.
John Forsyth, of Georgia, July 1, 1834-March 3,.1841 June 27, 1834.
J. L. Martin (chief clerk), ad interim March 4, 1841-

March 5, 1841.
Daniel Webster, of Massachusetts, March 6, 1841 March 5, 1841.

May 8, 1843.
Hugh s. Legaré, of South Carolina (Attorney Gen-

eral), ad interim May 9, 1843-June 20, 1843 (died

June 20, 1843),
William s. Derrick (chief clerk), ad interim June 21,

1843-June 23, 1843.
Abel P. Upshur, of Virginia (Secretary of the Navy),

ad interim June 24, 1843-July 23, 1843. -
Abel P. Upshur, of Virginia, July 24, 1843-February July 24, 1843.

23, 130 lie 1 February 28, 1844).
John Nelson, of Maryland (Attorney General), ad in-

terim February 29, 1844-March 31, 1844.
John C. Calhoun, of South Carolina, April 1, 1844 March 6, 1844.

March 10, 1845.
James Buchanan, of Pennsylvania, March 10, 1845- March 6, 1845.

March 7, 1849.
John M. Clayton, of Delaware, March 8, 1849-July March 7, 1849.

22, 1850.
Daniel Webster, of Massachusetts, July 23, 1850- July 22, 1850.

October 24, 1852 (died October 24, 1852).
Charles M. Conrad, of Louisiana (Secretary of War),

ad interim October 25, 1852-November 5, 1852.
Edward Everett, of Massachusetts, November 6, November 6, 1852.
1852-March 3, 1853.

Do..

Do..
Martin Van Buren.
William H. Harrison.

Do..
John Tyler.

Do...

Do...

Do.....

Do....

Do..

Do....
James K. Polk.
Zachary Taylor.
Millard Fillmore.

Do....
Do.....

Do....

Presidents.

Secretaries of State.

Date of commission.

Franklin Pierce...

Do.....
James Buchanan..

Do.....

Do.... Abraham Lincoln. Andrew Johnson.. Ulysses S. Grant.

Do......

Rutherford B. Hayes....
James A. Garfield.
Chester A. Arthur.

Do.....
Grover Cleveland..
Benjamin Harrison.

Do...

Do..

Do..

Grover Cleveland.

Do....

William Hunter, jr.

(Chief Clerk), ad interim March
4, 1853-March 7, 1853.
William L. Marcy, of New York, March 8, 1853– March 7, 1853

March 6, 1857.
Lewis Cass, of Michigan, March 6, 1857-December March 6, 1857.

14, 1860.
William Hunter, jr. (Chief Clerk), ad interim Decem-

ber 15, 1860-December 16, 1860.
Jeremiah S. Black. of Pennsylvania, December 17, December 17, 1860.

1-60-March 5, 1861.
William H. Seward, of New York, March 6, 1861- March 5, 1861.

March 4, 1869.
Elihu B. Washburne, of Illinois, March 5, 1869– March 5, 1869.

March 16, 1869.
Hamilton Fish, of New York (entered upon duties March 11, 1869.
March 17, 1869).

Recommissioned (retired March 12, 1877).. March 17, 1873.
William M. Evarts, of New York, March 12, 1877- March 12, 1877.

March 7, 1881.
James G. Blaine, of Maine, March 7, 1881-December March 5, 1881.

19, 1881.
Frederick T. Frelinghuysen, of New Jersey, Decem- December 12, 1881.

ber 19, 1881-March 6, 1885.
Thomas F. Bayard, of Delaware, March 7, 1885- March 6, 1885.

March 6, 1989.
James G. Blaine, of Maine, March 7, 1889–June 4, 1892. March 5, 1889.
William F. Wharton, of Massachusetts (Assistant

Secretary), ad interim June 4, 1892-June 29, 1892.
John W. Foster, of Indiana, June 29, 1892-February | June 29, 1892.

23, 1893.
William F. Wharton, of Massachusetts (Assistant

Secretary), ad interim February 24, 1893-March
6, 1893.
Walter Q. Gresham, of Illinois, March 7, 1893 (died | March 6, 1893.

May 28, 1895).
Edwin F. Uhl, of Michigan (Assistant Secretary),

ad interim May 28, 1895-June 9, 1895.
Richard Olnev, of Massachusetts, June 10, 1895– June 8, 1895.

March 5, 1897.
John Sherman, of Ohio, March 6, 1897-April 27, 1898. March 5, 1897.
William R. Day, of Ohio, April 28, 1898-September | April 26, 1898.

16, 1898,
Alvey A. Adee, of the District of Columbia (Second

Assistant Secretary), ad interim September 17,
1898-September 29, 1898.
John Hay, of the District of Columbia (entered upon September 20, 1898.
duties September 30, 1898).
Recommissioned.

March 5, 1901. Recommissioned (died July 1, 1905).

March 6, 1905.
Francis B. Loomis, of Ohio (Assistant Secretary),

ad interim July 1, 190.5- July 18, 1905.
Elihu Root, of New York, July 19, 1905-January 27, July 7, 1905.

1909.
Robert Bacon, of New York, January 27, 1909-March January 27, 1909.

5. 1909.
Philander C. Knox, of Pennsylvania, March 6, 1909– March 5, 1909.

March 5, 1913.
William Jennings Bryan, of Nebraska, March 5, 1913– March 5, 1913.

June 9, 1915.
Robert Lansing, of New York (Counselor for the

Department of State), ad interim June 9, 1915

June 23, 1915.
Robert Lansing, of New York, June 24, 1915-Febru- June 23, 1915.

ary 13, 1920.
Frank Lyon Polk, of New York (Undersecretary),

February 14, 1920-March 13, 1920.
Bainbridge Colby, of New York, March 23, 1920- March 22, 1920.

March 4, 1921.
Charles Evans Hughes, of New York, March 5, 1921.. March 4, 1921.

Do...

William McKinley

Do...

Do...

Do.
Theodore Roosevelt.

Do.....

Do...

Do..

William H. Taft...

Woodrow Wilson..

Do.......

Do..

Do.

Do.....

Warren G, Harding.

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