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Gleanings.

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by Dr. Franklin :-"If I hire," says he," a servant 25,000,0001, the advances on them about 5,200,0001. to plough and sow for me, and clothe and feed him Taking the money paid on other companies at during the year, it is perfectly true that I incur an 9,000,0007, the whole advances amount to 14,200,0001. expense in so doing; but at the end of the year, while the present value of the shares for which all the production, which is the result of his ploughing this money was paid out, is only 2,400,0001.! The and sowing, repays back to me the expence I in member for London also painted in strong colours curred in his maintenance ; and it not only repays the artifices and frauds practised by the fabricait, but repays it with an excess ; and I am enabled tors of these swindling schemes, to which he next year to employ more servants, in consequense ascribed the ruin of many thousands of tradesmen of the production of that individual servant. But and annuitants, and no small share of the present if I feed and clothe a man to fiddle to me, it is very public distress. true that I have the advantage and pleasure of his Nero Stomach Pump.-A self-acting stomach fiddling during the year, but at the end of it nothing pump has been invented by Mr. Timewell, surremains but the recollection of the tunes; and geon, occulist, &c. of Chester, whereby any poisonthough I may have indulged in the luxury, 'I am ous or offensive matter may be evacuated from not the richer for my expenditure."

that important organ in a few seconds, and nutriLord Nelson's Humanity.- Lord Nelson was ment conveyed into it in the same space of time, loath to inflict punishment, and when he was when nature is exhausted, or the power of swal. obliged, as he called it, “ to endure the torture of lowing impeded. It consists of a large elasticseeing men flogged,” he came out of his cabin with gum bottle, to which is connected a tube of the hurried steps-ran into the gangway-made his same substance; the air being pressed out of the bow to the marine general, and reading the article bottle, and its return prevented by a stop-cock, its of war the culprit had infringed, said," Boatswain, contents instantly rush into the elastic bottle. do your duty.” The lash was instantly applied, Mr. Timewell intends presenting it to the Royal and whenever the sufferer exclaimed, “ Forgive Humane Society, pro bono publico. me, admiral, forgive me:" he would look round with The Advantages of Lurury.--(From Dr. John. wild anxiety, and, as all his officers kept silence, son.)-"M things which are false," observes the (wben the fellow really merited his punisoment,) Doctor, “gain credit in the world. One of these is he would say,“ What! none of you speak for him the cry of evil against luxury. Now. the truth is, avast-cast him off. Jack, in the day of battle that luxury produces much good. Take the luxury remember me, and be a good fellow in future.” of buildings in London ; does it not produce real On another occasion, a poor fellow was about to be advantage in the conveniency and elegance of acflogged; he was a landsman, and few pitied him. commodation, and this all from the exertion of His offence was drunkenness. As he was tying industry? People will tell you, with a melancholy up, a lovely girl, contrary to all rules, rushed face, how many builders are in jail! If they are in through the officers, and falling on her knees, jail, it is plain it is not for building, for rents are elasped Nelson's hands, in which were the articles not fallen. A man gives half-a-guinea for a disla of war, “ Pray forgive him, your honour, and he of green pease : how much gardening does this shall never offend again." " Your face," said be, occasion ! how many labourers must the competi" is a security for his good behaviour. Let him tion to have such things early in the market keep go ; the fellow cannot be bad, who has such a in einploy! You will hear it said very gravely, lovely creature in his care.” The man rose to be a Why was not the half-guinea thus spent in luxury, lieutenant ; his name was William Pye.

given to the poor? To how many might it have Discoveries in Egypt.-It is at length placed afforded a good meal!' Alas! bas it not gone to beyond doubt, that the Nile, of which Bruce con the industrious poor, whom it is better to support ceived he had discovered the sources in Abyssinia, than the idle poor? You are much surer that you and which the Portuguese had seen and described are doing good when you pay money to those who in the sixteenth century, is only a tributary stream work, as the recompense of their labour, than when flowing into the true Nile, of which the real source you give money merely in charity.” is much nearer to the equator. For this informa Poison.-It appears by the following facts, that tion we are indebted to M. Calliaud, a French the seeds of the laburnum are poisonous. This traveller, wlio accompanied the predatory expedi shrub, (there is also a tree laburnum,) now so tion of the two sons, Ismael and Ibrahim, of the common in gardens and pleasure-grounds, bears a Pacha of Egypt, intó Nubia, and who, in conjunc profusion of yellow pendulous tlowers, which ripen tion with M. Latores, has made known to us a into seeds, similar to the sweet pea. Mr. White, new region in the interior of Africa, more than 500 of Crogen Iddon, Glyn Ceiriog, has had eight cows miles in length, and extending to the tenth degree poisoned by eating the seeds. Mr. Beckett, veteof northern latitude. This gentleman has likewise rinary surgeon, of Oswestry, is of opinion that the determined the position of the city of Meroe, of seeds act as a powerful narcotic. which he found the ruins in the Delta, forined by Population, &c. of Paris.-In 1823, the number the Bahr-el. Abriel (the White River), and the of births in Paris amounted to 26,880 ; 13,462 males, Bahr-el-Azraq (the Blue River), precisely in the 13,318 females ; 17,129 of these were born in wed spot where D'Anville has placed them upon the lock, 9,751 are natural children ; 1,422 still-born authority of ancient authors. Avenues of sphynxes children; 7,173' marriages took place ; 232,82 and of lions, propylea and temples in the Egyptian deaths ; 52 died in prison ; 257 were deposited in style, forests of pyramids, a vast enclosure formed the Morgue ; 317 persons committed suicide; of with unbaked bricks, seem to point out in this these were 206 males, 111 females ; 21 destroyed place the existence of a large capital, and it may themselves from ill-requited love ; 128 from disgust serve to elucidate the much agitated, but still unde. of life, mental derangement, or domestic misforcided question, “ Whcther civilization followed tune; 30 from bad conduct, gaming, the lottery, the course of the Nile from Ethiopia to Egypt; or, and debauchery ; 59 from poverty, the loss of their wbether it ascended from Egypt to Nubia !" situations, or deranged affairs ; 8 from fear of re

Consumption of Tea.-The quantity of tea taken proach or punishment ; 71 from unkuown motives. for home consumption within the last twenty years, There are 10,053 vehicies for the service of the amounts, in the whole, to 430,308,170 pounds interior of Paris, and 733 for the exterior ; 500 weight; the average consumption of this article in water-carriages drawn by horses, and 1,300 drawn the kingdom, for that period, will therefore be by men; 178 royal diligences; 306 ordinary diliyearly,21,515,408 pounds; weekly, 413,758 pounds ; gences ; 249 small stages; 500 cabriolets for the or 58,947 pounds in each day.

exterior. Deducting about one-third in supposing Joint Stock Bubble Companies.-Mr. Waith that the stages are pot filled, we tind that 29,121 man's speech, recently delivered on this infamous persons remove from Paris every 'week, equal to subject, contained, among many other curious one person out of 27 of the whole population; every details, the following statements :- The number year the departures amount to 1,514,292; 8,396 of these companies got up during the recent mania, places taken in the mail-coaches; 50,000 travel he estimates at 600 ; and the capital required for annually by boats that ply on the Seine, and prothem at three hundred millions sterling. The bably 6,000,000 by the short stages, and yet in this capital of the Mining Companies alone was extraordinary movement of the population, only

123,807 passports were delivered. Among the By Thomas Allen, author of the History of Lamstrangers wlio visit the capital, the English are beth, &c. &c. Illustrated by numerons engravings of the most numerous : from 1815 till 1821, 123,731 rare plans, views, antiquities, public buildings, &c. have resided there; the number increasing pro- Views in Rome, printed in gold;

drawn and portionally every year. In 1815, there were 13,822; engraved by Pinelli, of Rome, consisting of thirty in 1821 there were 20,184.

views, printed in a newly-invented and elegant Scotch National Church.-On Friday the 12th manner, and forming beautiful illustrations for the of May, this building, which was erected for the Album and Scrap Book. accommodation of the congregation of the Rev. Dr. Priestley's English Grammar improved, with Mr. Irving, was opened for public worship. The an Appendix. 3s. bound. congregation was admitted by tickets : but the Poems: The Two Brothers. 58. boards. crowd even exceeded expectation. For a consi. The Imperial School Grammar of the English derable time the carriages, of which there was Language. By George Granville. 25. boards. great abundance, were prevented from approach- Original Sacred Poems. By a Naval Officer. ing the doors ; and it was with the greatest diffi- 5s. boards. culty that those who had tickets succeeded in The Rubbish Administration, or the Whigs in getting within the doors. On entering the church, Power. in which about 1600 or 1700 can be accommodated, Sermons, Doctrinal and Practical, with Notes we found it, at half-past eleven o'clock, uncom. and Authorities. By the Rev. John Noble Colefortably filled : shortly after that hour, the crowd man, M.A. 8vo. 12s. boards, without succeeding in forcing open the outer doors, Anti-Slavery Reporter. No. 23. and a most tremendous rush took place. In a Folly's Advocate; or the Dancing Master in moment the place was crammed, and a scene of search of Pupils ; a Dialogue between Monsieur great confusion ensued, and females were shrieking Fribble and Mrs. Prudence. and fainting, and a noise, scarcely equalled at Selections from the Works of Bishop Hopkins, the throwing open of the doors of a theatre upon By the Rev. W. Wilson, D.D. some extraordinary occasion, prevailed. By the Rules and Regulations of the SocialOrder Beneexertions of the police, who attended in great fit Society, on the basis of religion and humanity numbers, the greater part of the intruders were The Suttee's Cry to Britain, By J. Peggs, late ejected, after they had loudly asserted their right missionary at Cuttack, Orissa. to remain in a place of public worship. When The Closet Manual, designed as a help to private order was restored, the service commenced with prayer and self-examination. the 100th Psalın, which was given out by Mr. Report of the Bethel Union Society, Irving, wlio afterwards offered up a prayer full an Observations on Psalmody. By a Composer. hour in length. Doctor Chalmers then ascended 4s. extra boards. the pulpit, and took for his text the 16th verse of Memoirs and Correspondence of Mr. John Urquthe 6th chapter of Jeremiah. After the sermon, a har ; with a portrait. By Williain Orme. *2 vols. collection was made from pew to pew.

12mo. 10s.

History of the Transmission of Ancient Books to

Modern Times. By Isaac Taylor, jan. author of Literary Notices.

Elements of Thonght. 1 vol. 8vo. 8s.

Selections from the Works of the Rev. Jolin Just Published.

Howe. By the Rev. Dr. Wilson. 2 vols. 18mo. Biographical Memoir of his late Royal' High

With a Portrait and Life. 6s.; or doué up in a ness Frederick, Duke of York and Albany. By

superior way, 7s. John Watkins, LL D. With 14 portraits, and

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In the Press. six other plates. 8vo, bds. 14s.

The Rev. Henry March, of Mill Hill, has a new Dr.Jamieson's Dictionary of Mechanical Science,

work in the press for young people, entitled, 4. The Aits, Manufactures, and Miscellaneous Know

Early Life of Christ, an example for Youth." ledge, is now completed. With many hundred

In the press, and will be published in the begin. Engravings. 4to. bds. 21. 188.

ning of July, 2d edition, in one vol. 12mo. with a Sermons, preached in the Parish Church of

fine engraving of the author, painted by JackRichmond, Surrey. By the Hon. and Rev. G. T son, Esq. R.A. and engraved by White, and also Noel.

a Mission Scene, The Narrative of a Mission to The Christian Messenger, containing the most Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and the Bermu. accurate account of all the Religious Meetings das or Somers Islands, with Travels in the United held in the metropolis, with the Sermons preached States, and a faithful account of religion on that by Drs. Chalmers, Gordon, Raffles, Burder, and

great continent. By Joshua Marsden, late Wesothers.

leyan Missionary. Morning Thoughts, in prose and verse, on ortions of the successive chapters in the gospel of

Preparing for the Press. St. Mark. By the Rev. J. W. Cunningham, vicar Elements of Biblical Criticism and Interpreta. of Harrow.

tion, with special reference to the New Testament, Human Sacrifices in India. Substance of the translated from the Latin of Ernesti, by Moses Speech of J. Poynder, Esq. at the Courts of Pro. Stuart. A new edition, with additions by E. Henprietors of East India Stock, held on the 21st and derson, D.D. theological tutor at the Mission Col. 28th days of March, 1927.

lege, and author of Biblical Researches, and Travels A Plain Statement of the Evidences of Chris. in Russia, &c. tianity, divided into short chapters, with questions A new and copious General Index to the edition annexed to each ; designed for the use of Schools, of Calmet's Dictionary of the Bible, in 5 vols. 4to. Sunday Schools, and young persons. By Francis Edited by the late Charles Taylor. Knowles. Price Is. 6d. neatly half-bound; or in A Vocabulary to the Odissus Tyrannus of So7 numbers at 2d. each.

phocles, with the derivation and composition of the Also, by the same author, an Appendix to the words, with references and explanations. Ву above, containing Outlines of the Chapters for the George Hughes, M.A. purpose of assisting the memory, price 4d. stitched. Preparing for publication, in two parts, a History

The Visions of Patmos; a Prophetic Poem, of the Bible. By John Whitridge. Small paper, illustrative of the Apocalypse ; with an introduce 4s, large, 6s. each part. tion and notes. By the Rev. Thos. Grenfield, M.A. We understand, that a powerful pamphlet, in rector of Shirland, Derbyshire.

defence of the interests of Protestantism, is about In the course of publication, in weekly numbers, to appear immediately, entituled, “ A Solemn ApA History of the Cities of London and Westminster, peal to the Common Sense of England, against the the Borough of Southwark, and parts adjacent. Principles of Mr. Canning and his Associates."

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LONDON: PRINTED AT THE CAXTON PRESS, BY H. FISHER, SON, AND CO.

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THE

Imperial Magazine;

OR, COMPENDIUM OF RELIGIOUS, MORAL, 8. PHILOSOPHICAL KNOWLEDGE.

JULY.]

THE DISCONTINUANCE OF BOOKS WOULD RESTORE BARBARISM."

[1827.

worse.

Memoir of the

his friends in the college were frustrated by RIGHT HON. JOHN SCOTT, EARL OF ELDON,

a circumstance which put it out of their

power to oblige him. In the vacation of Late Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain,

1772 Mr. Scott left his brother at Oxford, (With a Portrait.)

and went down to Newcastle, where he had Of all the professions, none has contributed some time before contracted a secret intimore amply or more splendidly to the list macy with Miss Surtees, the daughter of an of the British peerage, than the law. It is eminent banker of that place. One day equally observable that the greater number after church, the young couple set off for of these luminaries arose from compara- Scotland, and having tied the indissoluble tively obscure situations, and were solely knot according to the laws of that country, indebted, for the distinction they attained, returned home to encounter the resentment to their unwearied diligence and pre-eminent of their respective relatives. talents. Among these ornaments of their Both families were thrown into a state of country, two of the most remarkable are confusion by this act of indiscretion; and William Scott, lord Stowell, and his bro no reconciliation could be effected. Thus ther, John, Earl of Eldon; the former at discarded in the north, Mr. Scott and his the age of fourscore still presiding with bride proceeded to Oxford ; where, to all energy and dignity over the high court of appearance, things were likely to prove admiralty; and the latter but lately retired With much difficulty, however, an from the court of chancery.

interview was brought about between the These extraordinary men were born at two brothers, and a consultation ensued as Newcastle-upon-Tyne, where their father to the course that should be adopted in the held a situation as surveyor and director present exigency. The lady had not a of the coal works. He gave his two sons shilling of property, and her husband, an excellent education, partly at the gram- being without a profession or prospect, had mar school under the reverend Hugh no dependence but upon his brother. The Moises, who lived to see his pupils at the latter, though greatly chagrined and proheight of professional honour, and partly voked at what had occurred, was under Mr. Charles Hutton, the celebrated wise and good a man to cherish angry mathematician, and late professor in the feelings, in a case which admitted of no royal military academy at Woolwich. redress. After expressing his sentiments

Mr. William Scott removed early to sharply on the imprudent conduct of his Oxford on a scholarship in University Col- brother, he asked him what he meant to do lege, and in 1767 proceeded to the degree for a livelihood ? The first thought was of master of arts. At this time he obtained directed to the church; but here nothing a fellowship, and sent for his brother, with better than a curacy could be expected; a similar view to his settlement in that and, therefore, this idea was quickly abanfamous seat of learning. The elder brother doned. It was at length settled, after soon became the first tutor in Oxford ; and much discussion, that the lost young man," his college, under the government of as his brother termed him, should try the Dr. Nathan Wetherell, father of the late law, and enter himself a student of the attorney general, was in consequence Middle Temple, of which society the elder crowded with students—chiefly from the Mr. Scott was at this time a member, as a northern counties. The proficiency of preparatory step to his admission into the Mr. John Scott was evinced in his carrying court of civilians. off the chancellor's prize for the year 1771: This arrangement being made, Mr. John the subject of his essay being “ The Ad- Scott repaired to the metropolis, where he vantages and Disadvantages of Foreign took apartments for himself and his wife in Travel.”

Carey-street. The school of adversity He now stood a fair chance of succeed is one of severe, but salutary, discipline; ing to a fellowship; but the intentions of and so it proved in the present instance, for

103.-VOL. IX.

too

2 P

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