The Languages of the Andes
Cambridge University Press, 10 jun 2004 - 718 páginas
The Andean and Pacific regions of South America are home to a remarkable variety of languages and language families, with a range of typological differences. This linguistic diversity results from a complex historical background, comprising periods of greater communication between different peoples and languages, and periods of fragmentation and individual development. The Languages of the Andes documents in a single volume the indigenous languages spoken and formerly spoken in this linguistically rich region, as well as in adjacent areas. Grouping the languages into different cultural spheres, it describes their characteristics in terms of language typology, language contact, and the social perspectives of present-day languages. The authors provide both historical and contemporary information, and illustrate the languages with detailed grammatical sketches. Written in a clear and accessible style, this book will be a valuable source for students and scholars of linguistics and anthropology alike.
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2 The Chibcha Sphere
3 The Inca Sphere
4 The languages of the eastern slopes
5 The Araucanian Sphere
6 The languages of Tierra del Fuego
7 The Spanish presence
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addition America Andean appears Arawakan Argentina Aymara Bolivia called central century classification clauses Colombia colonial combination comparative complex considered consonant construction contains contrast Cuzco derived dialects distinction Ecuador element ending examples existence expressed extinct fact final frequent fricative function further give grammar groups illustrated Inca independent Indian indicated influence instance interpreted inventory Jaqaru known language latter lexical limited linguistic Mapuche marker marking means mentioned morphological names nasal native nominal nominalisation northern noun object observed occur original past pers person Peru plural position possessive possible preceding prefix present pronouns province Quechua reference region relatively remains represented respectively result river root sentence similar situation sound sources South southern Spanish speakers spoken stops suffix suggests Table tense third-person varieties velar verb verbal voiced vowel