The Languages of the Andes
Cambridge University Press, 10 jun. 2004 - 718 páginas
The Andean and Pacific regions of South America are home to a remarkable variety of languages and language families, with a range of typological differences. This linguistic diversity results from a complex historical background, comprising periods of greater communication between different peoples and languages, and periods of fragmentation and individual development. The Languages of the Andes documents in a single volume the indigenous languages spoken and formerly spoken in this linguistically rich region, as well as in adjacent areas. Grouping the languages into different cultural spheres, it describes their characteristics in terms of language typology, language contact, and the social perspectives of present-day languages. The authors provide both historical and contemporary information, and illustrate the languages with detailed grammatical sketches. Written in a clear and accessible style, this book will be a valuable source for students and scholars of linguistics and anthropology alike.
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2 The Chibcha Sphere
3 The Inca Sphere
4 The languages of the eastern slopes
5 The Araucanian Sphere
6 The languages of Tierra del Fuego
7 The Spanish presence
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affixes affricate Amazonas Andean Araucanian Arawakan Arawakan languages Argentina Atacame˜no Ayacucho Ayacucho Quechua Aymara Aymaran languages Barbacoan Barbacoan languages bilingual Bolivia Cajamarca Callahuaya Cariban century Cerr´on-Palomino Chibchan Chile Chipaya clauses Colombia colonial Constenla Uma˜na Cuzco Cuzco Quechua distinction Ecuador Ecuadorian element ending examples extinct first-person fricative genetic genitive glottal glottalised Golbert de Goodbar González de Pérez Goodbar grammar groups Guambiano Hardman highlands Inca independent suffix Indian indicated interpreted Jaqaru Kawesqar Kogui Labial language family lexical linguistic Mapuche marking Middendorf 1892 Mochica morphological Muisca nasal nominalisation northern noun object occur Pacaraos Pacaraos Quechua palatal paradigm pers Peru Peruvian phoneme phonological plur plural possessive preceding prefix pronouns province Puquina Quechua dialects Quechua II region root second-person Selknam sentence Shuar Smeets Spanish speakers spoken stops Tehuelche tense third-person subject Torero Tsafiki Valdivia varieties velar verb verbal voiceless vowel suppression word Yahgan