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Summary, Department of Agriculture funds (exclusive of Public Works, Agricultural Adjustment, and other emergency funds)

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Percentage of reduction, Budget
Appropria-

estimate, 1935, compared with-
Appropria-
Bureau and item

Expenditure Budget

Appropria-
tion, 1932 tion, 1933 tion, 1934

limitation, estimate,
1934
1935 Appropria-

Expendi-
tion, 1932

Appropria-
ture limita-
tion, 1934

tion, 1934
A. Ordinary activities:

Percent Percent Percent
Office of the Secretary
$1, 322, 115 $1, 206, 547 $1, 164, 561 $1,039, 442 $726, 608

45.0
30.1

37.6
Office of information
1, 420, 961 1, 335, 800 1, 226, 287 916, 966 934, 107

34. 3 +-1.9

23.8
Library

110, 620
106, 100 100, 223

87, 551
87, 812
20.6 +3.0

12. 4
Office of experiment stations
399, 410 294, 294 226, 961 198, 670 202, 102

49.3
Extension Service

+1.7

11.0
1,793, 560 1, 688, 170 1, 583, 822 1, 189, 267 814, 938

54, 6
31,5

48,5
Weather Bureau
4, 497, 720 4, 164, 038 731, 235 2, 905, 884 3, 032, 292

32. 6

18,7
Bureau of Animal Industry
16,085, 195 15, 324, 947 14, 398, 524 11, 778, 135 11, 674, 497

27.4
Bureau of Dairy Industry

18.9
796, 990 717, 448 655, 130 540,000 554, 897

30.4 +2,8

15. 3 Bureau of Plant Industry

4,889, 921 4, 268, 974 3,884, 222 3, 229, 833 2,993, 130 Forest Service

38.8

22.9
15, 184, 620 10,780, 924 9,952, 610 7,651, 559 6, 989, 408

54.0
8.7

29.8
Bureau of Chemistry and Soils.
2, 104, 051 1, 925, 080 1, 766, 458 1, 470, 305 1, 349, 432

35.9
8,2

23.6
Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
7, 560, 987 5, 623, 725 4, 984, 415 3, 662, 990 2,839, 919

62.4
22.5

43.0
Bureau of Biological Survey
2, 229, 170 1,756, 177 1, 356, 280 1,017, 261 582, 741

73. 9

57.0 Bureau of Agricultural Engineering 656, 990 618, 690 508, 206 422, 491 346, 319

47. 3

31. 9 Bureau of Agricultural Economics 7, 272, 163 6,686, 799 6,130, 260 4, 768, 191 4,887, 044

32. 8
+2.5

20.3
Bureau of Home Economics.
246, 700 233, 365 212, 749 169, 338 155, 566

36.9
8.1

26.9
Grain Futures Administration
221, 480 218, 838 200,000 173, 139 181, 498

18. 1
+4.8

9.3 Food and Drug Administration 1,810, 228 1,716, 167 1,589, 505 1, 493,000 1,557, 713

13,9 +4.3

2.0
Total, ordinary activities
68, 602, 881 58, 666, 083 53, 671, 448 42, 714, 022 1 39, 910, 023

41.8
6.6

25.6
B. Payments to States for agricultural extension work and State ex-
periment stations.
13, 029, 936 13, 102, 096 13, 119,096 13, 119,096 9,852, 072

24.4
24.9

24.9
C. Payments to States, etc., and special forestry funds.
Cooperative forest-fire prevention.
1,775,000 1,611. 580 1,587, 513 1, 190, 635 1, 198, 619 32, 5

24.5
Cooperative distribution of forest-planting stock.
95, 000 79, 960 74, 730 56, 047 56, 296

40.7

24.7
Payments from national forest receipts, contributed and other
special funds.
2,315, 500 1,855, 475 1, 410, 475 953, 475 751, 100 67.6

21, 2

46.7
Cooperative work (contributed funds) Forest Service.

1,700,000 1,700,000 1, 676, 545 1, 676, 545 2,000,000 +17.6 +19.3 +19.3
Total, special forestry funds.
5,885, 500 5, 247,015 4, 749, 263 3,876, 702 4, 006, 015 31.9 +3.3

15.6
D. Total, ordinary activities, payments to States and special forestry
funds.
87, 518, 317 77,015, 194 71, 539, 807 59,709, 820 53, 768, 110 38.6

10.0

24.8
E. Road funds:
Federal-aid roads

175,000,000 100,000,000 35,000,000 35,000,000
Forest roads and trails

11,000,000 93.7

68.6

68.6
12,500,000 8, 905, 000 4, 457, 400 4, 457, 400 1,878, 124

85.0
57.9

57.9 F. Grand total, all foregoing items.

275,018, 317 185, 920, 194 110,997, 207 99, 167, 220 66,646, 234

75.8

40.0 1 Budget estimate for ordinary activities for fiscal year 1935 includes decreases totaling approximately $4,500,000 in working funds below 1934 expenditure prograin and increases totaling approximately $1,700,000 covering restoration of 5 percent of the 15 percent pay cut in effect during fiscal year 1934.

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106,646, 239

WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 17, 1934.

OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY

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STATEMENTS OF DR. W. W. STOCKBERGER, DIRECTOR, OFFICE OF PERSONNEL AND BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION; W. A. JUMP, ASSISTANT DIRECTOR AND BUDGET OFFICER; AND H. A. NELSON, CHIEF, DIVISION OF OPERATION, AND REAL ESTATE OFFICER

SALARIES, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY

Mr. Sandlin. We will now take up the Office of the Secretary. The first item is for salaries, and reads as follows:

For Secretary of Agriculture, Undersecretary, $10,000, Assistant Secretary, and for other personal services in the District of Columbia, and elsewhere, $548,560: Provided, That the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to contract for stenographic reporting services, and the appropriations made in this Act shall be available for such purposes: Provided further, That the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to expend from appropriations available for the purchase of lands not to exceed $1 for each option to purchase any particular tract or tracts of land: Provided further, That not to exceed $20,000 of the appropriations available for salaries and expenses of officers and employees of the Department of Agriculture permanently stationed in foreign countries may be used for payment of allowances for living quarters, including heat, fuel, and light, as authorized by the Act approved June 26, 1930 (U.S.C., Supp. VI, title 5, sec. 118a), but not to exceed $720 may be so used for any one person: Provided further, That no part of the funds appropriated by this Act shall be used for the payment of any officer or employee of the Department of Agriculture who, as such officer or employee, or on behalf of the Department or any division, commission, or bureau thereof

, issues, or causes to be issued, any prediction, oral or written, or forcast with respect to future prices of cotton or the trend of same.

Mr. Nelson. The following statement is submitted for the record: Appropriation: 1932.

$778, 815 1933.

821, 547 1934.

731, 347

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Estimated obligations, 1934.
Budget estimate, 1935.
Decrease, Budget 1935, compared with estimated obligations, 1934.--

615, 022 548, 560

66, 462

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· The reduction of $96,182 in working funds for 1935 includes:

(a) Reduction of $87,396, which is made possible by the transfer of the guard force of all Washington buildings, except the Weather Bureau group, to the Department of the Interior in accordance with the provisions of Executive Order No. 6166 of June 10, 1933.

(6) Reduction of $43,013, due to the transfer of the cleaning force to the Department of the Interior as provided in the Executive order of June 10, 1933.

(c) Reduction of $5,110, as a result of the transfer to the Weather Bureau of the funds required to maintain four guards and the necessary reliefs, for the protection of the buildings and property on the Weather Bureau reservation. These premises were excluded from the provisions of the Executive order, being classed as facilities of the work of the Bureau.

(d) An apparent increase of $16,294, resulting from the transfer of the funds required for the motor transport service and consulting engineer from the appropriation “Compensation, mechanical shops and power plant”. This action is taken to permit the abolishing of that appropriation, the mechanical shops having been transferred to the Interior Department.

? This reduction of $182,787 below the appropriation for 1934 consists of: Impoundment of 634 percent of 15 percent pay cut.

-$50, 070 Curtailments in 1934 working funds.

-66, 248 Funds transferred to other appropriations

-135, 519 Funds transferred from other appropriations.

+25, 729 New positions (90 percent salary basis).

+13,608 6 percent salary restoration..

+29, 720 Total...

-182, 787 (e) An apparent increase of $9,435, due to the transfer with corresponding reduction in the appropriation of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics, of 5 employees engaged in legal work in connection with the enforcement of the Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act. This transfer is recommended since the office of the Solicitor handles the legal work under this act.

(0) An increase of $11,310 (90 percent salary basis), to provide for an Under Secretary of Agriculture ($10,000) and a private secretary ($2,600). At present there is only 1 position as Assiаtant Secretary in the Department of Agriculture, this being the only civilian department where that is the case, the State Department having 5, the Treasury 4, Justice 7, Post Office 4, Interior 2, Commerce 2, and Labor 2. The tremendous increase in the adıninistrative responsibilities of the Secretary of Agriculture makes it urgently necessary that provision be made for the appointment of an additional assistant of the rank indicated, in order that the business of the Department may be conducted in a prompt and effective manner. This additional position is required for the satisfactory administration of the work of the Department.

(9) An increase of $2,268 (90 percent salary basis), to provide for the services of 2 additional telephone operators. During the past year the volume of telephone business in the Department has increased at an unprecedented rate. For the fiscal year 1933, the number of Government and local outgoing calls averaged 23,000 per month. Since that time there has been a steady increase, with the total of such calls reaching a peak of 42,900 for the month of December. The latter represents an increase of 87 percent as compared with the average number of calls made during the last fiscal year. In addition, it has been necessary to increase radically the period for the operation of the switchboard in order to provide service for the many offices operating at other than regular office hours.

CHANGE IN LANGUAGE The suggested changes in language are recommended for the following reasons: (a) To provide for an Under Secretary of Agriculture.

(6) To permit the deletion of the authority previously provided for the cleaning and guarding of the buildings of the Department in Washington. This change is dictated by the transfer of his responsibility to the Department of the Interior in accordance with the provisions of the Executive order of June 10, 1933.

(c) To make the phraseology with respect to personal services in the District of Columbia and elsewhere conform to the general practice under other appropriations.

CHANGE IN AUTHORIZATION

A reduction of $3,600 is recommended in the amount which may be expended from appropriations of the Department for allowances for quarters, heat, fuel, and light for employees permanently stationed abroad.

WORK DONE UNDER THIS APPROPRIATION

This appropriation provides salaries for employees of the office of the Secretary of Agriculture, Under Secretary, Assistant Secretary, the director of scientific work, the director of extension work (office force paid by extension service), the director of personnel and business administration, the personnel, organization and classification offices, the Budget, finance, disbursing, and accounting offices, the offices dealing with purchases, sales, and traffic, the division of operation, mails and files, telephone and telegraph, post office, motor transport service, etc., and the office of the solicitor. This organization comprises the administration of the scientific, extension, regulatory, personnel, and business activities of the Department and serves in planning the organization of the work, the expenditure of funds, the contracting for the purchase of materials and equipment, the handling of mails and files, the operation of the telephone and telegraph offices, and the

initiation and direction of all phases of legal work involved in the Department's I activities.

Mr. Sandlin. We have already discussed this new language with respect to the Under Secretary. I notice you are cutting out the

words "for personal services in the field" and substituting the word y elsewhere" for that language.

Mr. Nelson. Yes, sir. That is an attempt to make our language uniform with the other bureaus. We previously had special authority for the employment of extra labor; but due to the transfer to the Department of the Interior that item is coming out, and we wish to make our language uniform. There is no other intent.

OTHER

TRANSFER OF ACTIVITIES FROM OFFICE OF SECRETARY TO

DEPARTMENTS

3

In connection with the appropriation "Salaries, Office of the Secretary", I would like to call attention to the fact that the outstanding point is a reduction of $182,787. That represents a curtailment of 25 percent from the amount appropriated for the fiscal Fear 1934, and 33% percent as compared with the fiscal year 1933.

Mr. SANDLIN. How much of that is due to the transfer of certain activities to the Interior Department?

Mr. Nelson. There is $135,519 transferred to the Interior Department and Weather Bureau. The Executive order of June 10 had a very marked effect on three of the appropriations of the Office of the Secretary. Under that order we were called upon to transfer our responsibilities for building custody, maintenance, and guarding to the Department of the Interior. As a result we are transferring to Interior $87,396 for the guard force and $43,013 for the cleaning force; and as the Secretary of the Interior decided that the Weather Bureau buildings had better be considered as a separate entity, we are proposing to transfer $5,110 to the Weather Bureau in order to provide a guard force for the group of buildings at Twenty-fourth and Streets.

Mr. SANDLIN. Then what is the actual decrease, eliminating these items covered by transfers? What is the actual decrease for 1935 as compared with the appropriation for 1934?

Mr. Nelson. There is a decrease of $20,359 in salaries, and a curtailment of 1934 working funds of $66,246. A portion of the gross

saving of $182,787 is offset by transfers to this appropriation, with corresponding curtailments in others of $25,729, and new positions added, amounting to, $13,608. The curtailment of 1935 working funds is $96,182.

We have an apparent increase of $16,294 from the transfer of the motor transport service. We are recommending the abolition of the appropriation for “Compensation, mechanical shops and power plant. The employees connected with the motor transport service, and the consulting engineer are recommended for transfer to the appropriation "Salaries, Office of the Secretary”, in order that we may eliminate the other appropriation.

The motor transport service is a general trucking service provided for the Department. We have a consolidated pool that involves a total of 21 ordinary trucks and 1 armored truck used for handling the cash from the Ťreasury Department, and that service is utilized by all bureaus of the Department for messenger service, the movement of mail to and from the post office, and general trucking facilities.

Mr. SANDLIN. I notice on page 3 of your justification you have a statement of work done under this appropriation. Does that cover it in detail, or can you add anything to it?

Mr. NELSON. I think that is a very fair statement of the responsibilities of the Office of the Secretary, which is supervisory and general, and has some particular functions assigned to it.

Mr. JUMP. The best statement, however, of the work done under the appropriation, I think, is in the detailed project statement beginning on page 8 of the committee print. That shows exactly the units that are covered by this appropriation.

Mr. SANDLIN. Beginning with the heading “By activities or projects"?

Mr. NELSON. Yes, sir.

Mr. JUMP. There are 14 divisions. That is really an organization list.

METHOD FOLLOWED IN MAKING REDUCTION IN PERSONNEL

Mr. Thurston. When you make reductions in the different units, are they proportional as between the high-salaried employees and the lower-salaried employees? Do you take a proportion of each, or are the reductions made in some one group or class?

Mr. Jump. I do not think that it would be either of those, Mr. Thurston. In this particular unit there has been very little reduction in personnel. There has been some reduction in personnel and considerable in our personnel expenditures, through dropping positions, but not much that would involve the point you have in mind.

Mr. Thurston. Do you take some from each grade, I mean, or do you take them from just one grade?

Mr. JUMP. No; they are scattered. For instance, when we effected the reductions that were necessary this year, my recollection is that several of the positions abolished were up in the higher grades-one or two in the $4,600 grade. Is not that correct, Mr. Nelson?

Mr. NELSON. Yes, sir.
Mr. JUMP. Among the attorneys, and so forth.

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