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the effective firing of the Austrians, whilst neral Collin, at Podgorze. to declare their their own small fire-arms were utterly submission. General Collin immediately without effect. And now the insurgents convened a Provisional Senate, (consisting at Cracow passed three days of anxious of seven members, with Senator Kopf as expectation, amidst entire helplessness and chairman,) commanded the citizens and indecision.
the insurgents to denounce and deliver up The Austrians, in their immediate vici- all the chiefs of the late rebellion, as also nity, grew every day in strength, and be- to deliver up all arms and ammunitions. fore long the Russians and Prussians must The Provisional Senate should mean while also appear before Cracow, and what was conduct the affairs of Government until then to be done! There was but one an- the three Protective Powers would have swer to this question ; either a struggle made further arrangements. Any one disunto death, or immediate surrender at dis- obeying these orders was immediately to cretion. There certainly were a few ex- be tried by court-martial. alted Hotspurs, who spoke of defending In the afternoon of the same day the Cracow to the last man, but the majority, castle and other principal places of Cracow especially the large mass of tradesmen and were already guarded by a part of the citizens, had no taste for such a display of Russian Avantgarde, and immediately heroism. At last the armed bodies con- after, the Anstrian General, Collin, entered cluded to desert Cracow, which they did the city with a large body of troops, to on the night of the 2d and 3d March. The occupy every remaining post. Thus, on body of the insurgents was now divided. the evening of the 3d, there were already One party directed its course towards Wie- in Cracow three battalions of Russian inlicska, and was lost, at least nothing fur- fantry, 500 cavalry, (mostly Cossacks,) and ther was ever heard of it; the other party, 12 pieces of artillery, as also General Ru(of about one thousand men,) attempted diger, and several large bodies of troops, an invasion into Russian Poland. But here on their way there. Of Austrians there they learned the fearful news, that a strong were four companies of infantry, two body of Russian troops was marching to divisions of lighi cavalry, and two fieldwards them, and would probably meet pieces, all under the command of Fieldthem on the highway to Cracow ; this in- Marshal Count Webna, who had, moretelligence extinguished the last remaining over, a battalion and a squadron in reserve sparks of courage. They quickly relin- at Podgorze. Of Prussian troops there are quished the plan of beginning a petty par- at present two battalions of infantry, and tizan war in the kingdom of Poland, hastily two squadrons of cavalry at Cracow, nnretreated to the Cracovienne District, and der the command of General Von Branmarched by way of Krzeszowice, towards denburg, the Prussian frontier. After they had, This, then, is a short review of the late through a deputation, informed the Prus- occurrences in Cracow. Concerning the sian commander of the frontier, of their insurrection in Gallicia, we can at present intention to surrender to Prussia, a detach- only say, that a fearful slaughter between ment of Prussian cavalry overtook them citizens and boors had taken place; and near Chrzanow, and conducted them into that the nobility fared worse than either. the Prussian dominions. Here they sur- According to the last advices, about 50,000 rendered their arms. A small body of the Austrian troops were in Gallicia ; but even insurgents who had lagged somewhat he then it seemed doubtful whether quiet hind, fell into the hands of the Russians, would soon be restored. We may, per. beyond Chrzanow.
haps, make the revolt in Gallicia the sub. Meanwhile the citizens of Cracow had, ject of a future and separate article, on the 3d March, sent a deputation to Ge.
NOTICES OF NEW BOOKS.
Pictorial, History of England. Harper the absorption of Mexico will give the and Brothers, New-York.
Union. The future government must,
however, depend upon the people of that History, too often, is a mere detail of country, and to forin an estimate of their the political movements of the government capabilities, one must be acquainted with of Nations, and their perusal leaves the the customs, manners, habit of thought, reader greatly in the dark as to the state and social condition. On these subjects of sciences, arts, and social condition of the the work of Mr. Thompson throws a flood people of a country at any particular pe- of light. He introduces us to the houses, riod of time. The Society for the Diffu- churches, tables, and public places of resion of Useful Knowledge published, in sort, and makes us socially acquainted with six large octavo volumes, an elaborate and the people; and although he is much too instructive history of the people of Eny. prone to view everything in its best light, land, showing, in a clear and interesting yet we rise from his pages with the immanner, the progress of their industry, pression that they are not the people to the improvements in the arts of peace, and make a republican state of. Nevertheless, the science of war; the advancement of the work is one of intense interest, and ir. their religion, and the gradual progress of dicates the vast importance which that val. their transition from a state of barbarism uable country will be to the Union when to a staie of high refinement. The Har- a strong infusion of the Anglo-Saxon race pers have re-produced this valuable work, shall have improved its people, purged off and illustrated it with two thousand en- their superstition, and taught them to resgravings, descriptive of the changes in pect themselves. It is by this means, raimplements of industry, weapons of war, îher than by immediate annexation, that the appearance of localities, and in archi- Mexico may be elevated to the dignity of
An interesting series of portraits a member of the Union. No one should is also presented, comprising the most emi- neglect reading Mr. Thompson's book. nent Romans and English. This valuable Its subject is one of the most important of work will be finished in 40 numbers. of this century, fraught as it is with wonders. which the first has now been published, at 25 cents.
Census of Boston.-Report to the Com
mittee of the City Council, appointed to Recolleclions of Mexico. By WADDY obtain the Census of Boston, for the year
Thompson, Esq., late envoy Extraordi- 1846. By LEMUEL SHATTUCK. nary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the United States at Mexico. Wiley & The subject of social statistics, as con. Putnam.
nected with the mere numbers of the pop
ulation, on which our glorious political inMexico is now the object of deep soli- stitutions are based, has received, hitherto, citude to the Christian world. Its seven far too little attention. The want of facts, millions of people, of whom, perhaps, less well authenticated in relation to the busithan one sevenih are of Spanish descent, ness, births, deaths, marriages, dwellings, have long groaned under a military des- domestic condition, occupations, progres. potism. The unhappily protracted strug. sive wealth, government, and general gle with Spain for independence, gave an health of the population, of different loascendancy to the military, which has been calities, has been severely felt for a long the ruin of the country. Through the period of time, and efforts have been made madness of those military chiefs, the war to supply them on the part of the federal, between Mexico and the United States has and some of the state governments of the been produced. Its result must be, to Union, in imitation of the more elaborate crush ihe power of the army, as the inva. works of some of the governments of sion of Napoleon put an end to a similar Europe, but hitherto with little success. despotism of the Mamelukes in Egypt. The valuable work of Mr. Shattuck emThe people of Mexico will then indeed be braces all these subjects of inquiry, and free. Their future course is matter of more information of a most desirable nagreat anxiety in Europe, the dynasties of ture. The results are such as reflect the which dread the increase of power which highest credit on the skill, industry and
perseverance, exhibited by the able author
Wisconsin, its Geography and Topograand compiler. In the 96 pages of the phy, foc. By J. A. LAPHAM. Paine & work, is embraced a view of the capital of Burgess : New-York. New-England, at once comprehensive and minute, affording the most satisfactory The rapidity with which this continent evidence of the great prosperity of the is settled the enterprising and bold spirit Athens of America. We sincerely trust, of its inhabitants ; and the vigor with that the great success which has attended which they push forward into the wilder. the labor of Mr. Shattuck, will temptness, to subdue it to the will of man; and other cities, as well as states, to add to the the great success which, in many cases, information conferred upon the public by has attended the emigrant the him. He modestly states, that a portion west, with the almost certainty of compeof the information embodied in the work tency that for the most part attends a lobears but “indirectly upon its main ob- cation on the fertile valleys of the western ject.” In this we differ from him. There waters, creates an absorbing interest in is no species of statistical information in re- everything that relates to that land of prolation to the people, which is not of the mise. But ten years since and Wisconsin highest interest.
was a wilderness. It now comprises a territory nearly twice as large as the state of NewYork.' It contains a population of
117,000 souls, and has paid the General The Life of General Winfield Scott. Government $3,768,106 for public lands.
By Edward D. Mansfield, of Cincin- Its taxable property is $9,324,305, and it is nati, Ohio. A. S. Barnes & Co.
an important grain exporting territory.
The little work before us presents, in an The life of a distinguished soldier like agreeable form, the progress, resources, General Scott is a benefit conferred upon and advantages of that region, which in a his countrymen, and its history should be few years will teem with a population cherished by every citizen. It is in the thriving and prosperous beyond the most hour of battle and the day of trial, that the sanguine views of the people of the Old virtues of the patriot are called into action, World. And those men who prompily and effectually expose their bosoms to the blows of the enemy in the hour of danger, are they to whom all classes of citizens are indebted for the undisturbed enjoyment of their
The Auto-Biography of Edward Gibbon, home. The work is embellished with a
Esq., with occasional Notes and Narraportrait on steel, and embraces an account
tive. By LORD JOHN SHEFFIELD. 1 vol. of his services during the last war-a de
12mo. Turner & Hayden : New-York. scription of the battles in wbich he was
The Decline and Fall of the Roman engaged, viz., Queenstown, Fort George, Empire, an immortal work, which has Chippewa, and Niagara. Passing events in
won the admiration of the learned of the political world make this reminiscence of all countries, and which occupies the the last war matter of peculiar interest at whole field of history for the period of this time. Now that our soldiers are about which it treats, has placed the author in again to be called into the field, their deeds the foremost rank of historians, and thrown in the last war should become familiar to
around his life an interest which his nume. all; and the clear descriptions, accompani- rous admirers will appreciate. The me. ed by well-executed maps of the various moir was long unprocurable separate from battles, contained in the work before us
the other writings of the author; but has should be in the hands of all.
now been produced in one elegant and portable volume.
“ Boarding Out," a tale of Domestic Life.
By the author of" Keeping House,".8.c.
Discourses and Essays. By the Rev.J.
H. MERLE D'AUBIGNE, D. D., with an The numerous class of persons condemn- introduction by Dr. David. Harper & ed to the tender mercies of " boarding- Brothers. houses,” will recognize in this little narrative a truthfulness of detail that will ap- The great sale which attended the history peal powerfully to their sympathies. It of “the Great Reformation," by D'Aubigné, depicis the ordeal through which a young attest his high popularity, and the Messrs. couple passed, to learn that the cares of Harpers have well responded to the wishes housekeeping are not to be remedied or of the reading world, in producing this avoided by striking your tent and becom- valuable collection of miscellanies by the ng a wanderer in the land of your fathers. same eloquent author.
THE WAR BILL.
The bill, as it passed both Houses, reads as gquadrons, and regiments shall respectively follows:
belong “ An Act, providing for the prosecution of SEC. 6. And be it further enacted, That the
the existing war between the United States President of the United States be, and he is and the Republic of Mexico."
hereby authorized to organize companies so Whereas, by the Act of the Republic of Mexi- tendering their services into battalions or
ico, a state of war exists between that gov. squadrons-battalions and squadrons into reernment and the United States, Therefore- giments-regiments into brigades, and brig,
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of ades into divisions, as soon as the number of Representatives of the United States of Ameri- volunteers shall render such organization, in ca in Congress assembled, That, for the pur- his judgment, expedient; and the President pose of enabling the government of the United shall,
necessary, apportion the staff, field, States to prosecute said war to a speedy and and general officers among the respective successful termination, the President be, and states and territories from which the volun. he is hereby authorized to employ the militia, teers shall-tender their services, as he may naval, and military forces of the United States, and to call for and accept the services of any Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That the number of volunteers, not exceeding fifty thou- volunteers who may be received into the ser. sand, who may offer their services either as vice of the United States by virtue of the procavalry, artillery, or riflemen, to serve six or visions of this act, and who may be wounded twelve months after they shall have arrived at or otherwise disabled in service, shall be enti. the place of rendezvous, or to the end of the lled to all the benefit which may be conferred war, unless sooner discharged, according to on persons wounded in the service of the Unithe time for which they shall have been enlist- ted States. ed into service. That the sum of ten millions Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That the of dollars be and the same is hereby appropri- President of the United States be, and he is ated, out of any money in the treasury, or to hereby authorized forthwith to complete all come into the treasury not otherwise appropri- the public armed vessels now authorized by ated, for the purpose of carrying the provis. law, and to purchase or charter, arm, equip, ions of this act into effect.
and man such merchant vessels and steamSec. 2. And be it further enacted. That the boats, as, upon examination, may be found fit, ntilitia, when called into the service of the or easily converted into armed vessels fit for United States by virtue of this act, or any other the public service, and in such number as he act, may, if in the opinion of the President of may deem necessary for the protection of the the United States the public
interest require it, seaboard, lake-coast, and the general defence be compelled to serve for a term not exceeding of the country., six months after their arrival at the place of Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That, rendezvous, in any one year, unless sooner whenever the militia or volunteers are called discharged.
and received into the service of the United Sec. 3. Anıl be it further enacted, That the States, under the provisions of this Act, they said volunteers shall furnish their own clothes, shall have the organization of the army of the and, if cavalry, their own horses, and horse United States, and shall have the same pay equipments, and, when mustered into service, and allowances; and all mounted privates, shall be armed at the expense of the United non-commissioned officers, musicians and arti. States.
ficers, shall be allowed forty cents per day for Sec. 4, And be it further enacted, That said the use and risk of their horses, except of volunteers, when called into actual service. horses actually killed in action ; and it any and while remaining therein, shall be subject mounted volunteer private, non-commissioned to the rules and articles of war, and shall be, officer, musician or artificer, shall not keep in all respects, except as to clothing and pay, himself provided with a serviceable horse, the on the same footing with similar corps of the said volunteer shall serve on foot. United States army; and, in lieu of clothing, The vote in the House of Representatives was as every non-commissioned officer and private in
follows: any company who may thus offer himself, shall
YEAS.—Messrs. Abbott, Stephen Adams, Anderbe entitled, when called into actual service, to
son, Arnold, Atkinxon, Baker, Barrin ger, Bayly, receive in money a sum equal to the cost of Bedinger, Bell, Benton, Biggs, James Black, Jas. X.
Black, Blanchard, Bowlin, Boyd, Brinkerhoff, Brockclothing of a non-commissioned officer or pri- enbrough, Brodhead, Milton Brown, William G. vate (as the case may be) in the regular troops Brown, Bulfioglon, Burt, William W. Campbell, of the United States.
John H. Campbell, Carroll, Cathcart, John G. ChapSec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the man, Augustus A. Chapman, Reuben Chapman, said volanteers so offering their services, shall
Chase, Chipman, Clarke, Cobb, Cocke, Collin, Crobe accepted by the President in companies,
zier, Cullom, Cummins, Daniel, Dargan, Darragh,
Garrett Davis, Jefferson Davis, De Mott, Dillingbattalions, squadrons, and regiments, whose
ham, Dobbin, Dockery, Douglas, Dromgoole, Dun. officers shall be appointed in the manner pre- lap, Edsall, Ellsworth, Erdman, John II. Ewing, scribed by law in the several States and Terri. Edwin H. Ewing, Faran, Ficklin, Foot, Fries, Gartories to which such companies, battalions, vin, Gentry, Goodyear, Gordon, Graham, Grider,
Grover, "Hamlin, Hampton, Haralson, Harmanson, Nays.-Messrs. John Quincy Adams, Asbmur,
ENGLISH AND FRENCH INTERVENTION IN LA PLATA.
In the course of the paper, commu- Argentine and Brazilian Plenipotennicated to the Democratic Review of tiaries on the 27th of August, 1828, at March last, on the subject of the ex- Rio de Janeiro. isting Anglo-Gallic intervention in the On the 19th of August, eight days affairs of the Argentine Republics, before the signature of the Convention, some doubt is expressed by the writer, and in the midst of the negotiations, the as to the exact nature of the informal Argentine Plenipotentiaries, Generals relation of the British Government to Guido and Balcarce, addressed a pote the Convention of 1828, between the to Lord Ponsonby, who represented Argentine Confederation and the Em- Great Britain in the business, inquirpire of Brazil.
ing whether he was authorised to guarHe has now ascertained the true anty, in his official capacity, the contemstate of the facts ; and as the point is a plated treaty of peace between the Confundamental one in the whole contro- federation and Brazil. versy, he desires that an explanation of To which Lord Ponsonby replied, it may appear in the Review, by way of under date of the 20th, that he was not supplement to the above mentioned pa- authorised by his Gorernment to enter per.
any engagement for the guaranty The British Plenipotentiary, it is to of any preliminary convention or debe remembered, claims for his Govern- finitive treaty of peace whatever, us he ment the right of intervening as the had previously made known to General guarantor of that Convention; and he Balcarce at Buenos Ayres. does not allege or pretend any other This positive and express refusal of lawful ground of interposition.
the British Government, cotemporaneGreat Britain, it is apparent on the ously with the signature of the Conface of the Convention, was not one of vention, to undertake any obligations of the contracting parties to it: she was guaranty in the matter of it, contramediatrix merely : and the only ques- dicts, of course, absolutely and conclution is, whether, in virtue of any secret sively, the only claim of right, by which condition or reservation then made, she the late belligerent proceedings of Eugis now entitled to assume to enforce land, on the Rio de la Plata, are sought the execution of it, as against the Ar- to be justified by the British Plenipogentine Confederation.
C. C. The Convention was signed by the