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13. But to return. Though it be allowed that both repentance and its fruits are necessary to full salvation; yet they are not necessary either in the same sense with faith, or in the same degree; not in the same degree; for these fruits are necessary conditionally, if there be time and opportunity for them, otherwise a man may be sanctified without them. But he cannot be sanctified without faith. Likewise, let a man have ever so much of this repentance, or ever so many good works, yet all this does not at all avail: he is not sanctified till he believe. But the moment he believes, with or without those fruits, yea, with more or less of this repentance, he is sanctified. Not in the same sense; for this repentance and these fruits are only remotely necessary, necessary in order to the continuance of his faith, as well as the increase of it: whereas faith is immediately and directly necessary to sanctification. It remains, that faith is the only condition, which is immediately and proximately necessary to sanctification.

14. ( But what is that faith whereby we are sanctified, saved from sin and perfected in love?” It is a divine evi. dence and conviction, 1, That God hath promised it in the Holy Scripture. Till we are thoroughly satisfied of this, there is no moving one step further. And one would imagine there needed not one word more to satisfy a reasonable man of this than the ancient promise, “ Then will I circumcise thy heart, and the heart of thy seed, to love the Lord thy God, with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind.” How clearly does this express the being perfected in love! How strongly—imply the being saved from all sin ! For, as long as love takes up the whole heart, what room is there for sin therein ?

15. It is a divine evidence and conviction, Secondly, that what God hath promised he is able to perform. Admitting therefore that “ with men it is impossible,” to bring a clean thing out of an unclean, to purify the heart from all sin, and to fill it with all boliness ; yet this creates no difficulty in the case, seeing “ with God all things are possible.” And surely no one ever imagined it was possible to any power

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less than that of the Almighty! But, if God speak, it shall be done. God said, “Let there be light; and there was light."

16. It is, Thirdly, a divine evidence and conviction that he is able and willing to do it now. And why not? Is not a moment to him the same as a thousand years'? He cannot want more time to accomplish whatever is his Will. And he cannot want or stay for any more worthiness or fitness in the persons he is pleased to honour. We may therefore boldly say, at any point of time, “ Now is the day of salvation.” “ To-day, if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts.” “Behold! all things are now ready, come unto the marriage.”

17. To this confidence, that God is both able and willing to sanctify us now, there needs to be added one thing more, a divine evidence and conviction, that he doth it. In that hour it is done. God says to the inmost soul, “ According to thy faith be it unto thee!" Then the soul is pure from every spot of sin; " it is clean from all unrighteousness." The believer then experiences the deep meaning of those solemn words, “ If we walk in the light as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin."

18. “But, does God work this great work in the soul, gradually or instantaneously .?Perhaps it may be gradually wrought in some, I mean, in this sense, they do not advert to the particular moment, wherein sin ceases to be. But it is infinitely desirable, were it the will of God, that it should be done instantaneously; that the Lord should destroy sin “ by the breath of his mouth,” in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye. And so he generally does, a plain fact, of which there is evidence enough to satisfy any unprejudiced person. Thou therefore look for it every moment. Look for it in the way above described ; in all those good works whereunto thou art « created anew in Christ Jesus.” There is then no danger : you can be no worse, if you are no better for that expectation. For, were you to be disappointed of your hope, still you lose nothing. But you shall

not be disappointed of your hope: it will come, and will not tarry. Look for it then every day, every hour, every moment. Why not this hour, this moment ? Certainly you may look for it now, if you believe it is by faith. And by this token you may surely know whether you seek it by faith or works. If by works, you want something to be done first, before you are sanctified. You think, “ I must first be or do thus or thus.” Then you are seeking it by works unto this day. If you seek it by faith, you may expect it as you are: then 'expect it now. It is of importance to observe, that there is an inseparable connection between these three points, expect it by faith, expect it as you are, and expect it now! To deny one of them is to deny them all. To allow one, is to allow them all. Do you believe we are sanctified by faith? Be true then to your principle; and look for this blessing just as you are, neither better nor worse; as a poor sinner that has nothing to pay, nothing to plead, but Christ died. And if you look for it as you are, then expect it now. Stay for nothing : why should you? Christ is ready; and he is all

He is waiting for you: he is at the door! Let your inmost soul cry out,

you want.

“ Come in, come in, thou heavenly Guest !

Nor hence again remove;
But sup with me, and let the feast

Be everlasting love."




MATTHEW v.1-4.

And seeing the multitudes, he went up into a mountain ;

and when he was set, his disciples came unto him ; " And he opened his mouth, and taught them, saying, Blessed are the poor in spirit; for theirs is the kingdom

of heaven. Blessed are they that mourn ; for they shall he com


1. OUR Lord had now gone about all Galilee,” (Mat. iv. 23,) beginning at the time “ when John was cast into prison,” (ver. 12,) not only " teaching in their synagogues, and preaching the gospel of the kingdom,” but likewise

healing all manner of sickness, and all manner of disease, among the people.” It was a natural consequence of this, that “there followed him great multitudes from Galilee, and from Decapolis, and from Jerusalem, and from Judea, and from the region beyond Jordan, (ver. 25.) And seeing the multitudes," whom no synagogue could contain, even had there been any at hand," he went up into a mountain," where there was room for all that came unto him, from every quarter. " And when he was set,” as the manner of the Jews was, “his disciples came unto him. And he opened his mouth,” (an expression denoting the beginning of a solemn discourse)" and taught them, saying.'

2. Let us observe, who it is that is here speaking, that we may take heed how we hear. It is the Lord of heaven and earth, the Creator of all, who as such, has a right to dispose of all his creatures: the Lord our Governor, whose kingdom is from everlasting, and ruleth over all ; the great Lawgiver, who can well enforce all his laws, being “ able to save and to destroy;" yea, to punish with everlasting destruction from his presence and from the glory of his power. It is the eternal Wisdom of the Father, who knoweth whereof we are made, and understands our inmost frame; who knows how we stand related to God, to one another, to every creature which God hath made : and

onsequently how to adapt every law he prescribes, to all the circumstances wherein he hath placed us. It is he who is “ loving unto every man, whose mercy is over all his works :" the God of love, who having emptied himself of his eternal glory, is come forth from his Father, to declare his Will to the children of men, and then goeth again to the Father: who is sent of God “ to open the eyes of the blind, and to give light to them that sit in darkness : it is the great Prophet of the Lord, concerning whom God had solemnly declared long ago, “ Whosoever will not hearken unto my words, which he shall speak in my name, I will require it of him,” (Deut. xviii. 19.) Or, as the Apostle expresses it," Every soul which will not hear that Prophet, shall be destroyed from among the people,” Acts ii. 23.

3. And what is it which he is teaching ? The Son of God, who came from heaven, is here shewing us the way to heaven, to the place which he bath prepared for us,

the glory he had before the world began. He is teaching us the true way to life everlasting, the royal way which leads to the kingdom. And the only true way; for there is none besides : all other paths lead to destruction. From the character of the Speaker we are well assured, that he hath declared the full and perfect Will of God. He bath uttered not one tittle too much ; nothing more than he had received of the Father. Nor too little; he hath not shunned to declare the whole counsel of God. Much less hath he

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