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November, 1908. 14 CHINA. (1) Valedictory manifesto of Emperor Kuang Hsü. (2)
Decree in the name of the empress dowager announcing death of Kuang-Hsü. (3) Decree in name of the empress dowager commanding that Pu Yi be adopted as the son of Kuang Hsü, and to enter upon the inheritance of the dynastic line as emperor by succession. (4) Decree in the name of the empress dowager stating that the Prince Regent shall govern until the emperor fulfils the period of his education. (5) Inaugural decree of the emperor in compliance with the command of the empress dowager stating that Kuang Hsü died this date and prescribing mourning. (6) Decree making the empress dowager, empress grand dowager and the empress (widow of Kuang Hsü) empress dowager. North China Herald, November 21. Tsai-t'ien, born August 2, 1872, son of Yi-huan Prince Chʻun, who was seventh son of the Emperor Tao-kuang and brother of the Emperor Hsien-fêng, succeeded to throne under title of Kuang-Hsü, 1875. Vay de Vaya and Luskod: Empires and emperors of Russia, China,
Korea, and Japan, New York, 1906. 14 PORTUGAL-UNITED STATES. Ratifications exchanged at Washing
ton of treaty of naturalization signed at Washingtion May 7, 1908. Ratification advised by the Senate, May 14, 1908; ratified by Portugal, September 21, 1908; ratified by the President, November 6, 1908; proclaimed by the President, December 14, 1908. U. S. Treaty ser., No. 513; Stat. at L., vol. 35; Diario do
Governo, December 14. 14 PORTUGAL-UNITED STATES. Ratifications exchanged at Washing
ton of treaty of general arbitration signed at Washington April 6, 1908.
Ratification advised by the Senate, April 17, 1908; ratified by Portugal, September 21, 1908; ratified by the President, November 6, 1908; proclaimed by the President, December 14, 1908. U.S. Treaty ser., No. 514; Stat. at L., vol. 35. Term, five years from date of exchange of ratifications. Diario do
Governo, December 14. 14 PORTUGAL-UNITED STATES. Ratifications exchanged at Washing
ton of treaty of extradition signed at Washington May 7, 1908. Ratification advised by the Senate, May 22, 1908; ratified by Portugal, September 21, 1908; ratified by the President, October 26, 1908; proclaimed by the President, December 14, 1908. U. November, 1908.
S. Treaty ser., No. 512. No person charged with crime shall be extraditable from Portugal upon whom the death penalty can be inflicted for the offense charged by the laws of the jurisdiction in which the charge is pending. Stat. at L., vol. 35; Diario do
Governo, December 14. 15 CHINA. (1) Valedictory manifesto of the empress grand dowager.
(2) Imperial edict announcing death of empress grand dowager this date. North China Herald, November 21 ; Payen: La mort des souverains chinois, Q. dipl., 26:669. Tzu-hsi, born November 17, 1834, was mother of the Emperor T’ung-chih, the predecessor of Kuang-hsü. Tzu-hsi was maternal aunt of Kuang-hsü. Carl: With the empress-dowager of China, London, 1906; id., New York, 1905; id., Century, 70:803; China and the new era, Spectator, November 21; Blake: The rule of the empress dowager, Nineteenth century, 64:990; Dillon: The late em press of China,
Fortnightly R., 85:19; Times, December 29. 17 UNITED STATES. Proclamation of arrangement signed at Rome,
December 9, 1907, for the establishment of The International Office of Public Health. Ratification advised by the Senate, February 10, 1908; ratified by the President, February 15, 1908. U. S. Treaty series, No. 511. See July 5, 1908. The main object of the office is to collect and bring to the knowledge of the participating States facts and documents of a general character concerning public health and especially regarding infectious diseases, notably cholera, plague, and yellow fever, as well as the measures taken to check these diseases. Each State is allowed a number of votes in the government of the office inversely proportioned to the number of the class to which it belongs as regards
its participation in the expenses of the office. 19 PERSIA. Rescript issued declaring that a mejliss would not be con
voked. This rescript was recalled owing to representations made to the Shah by the British and Russian legations November 22. For an account of the principal events of November at Teheran, see Times, December 22; J. des debats, November 26; Spectator, November 28. On December 2 the Shah sent a message to the British minister that he was resolved to keep the promise given in his decree of October 2 and convoke a mejliss suited to the needs of the country and in accordance with Mohammedan law.
November, 1908. 25 MOROCCO. Mulai Hafid proclaimed Sultan at Casablanca. J. des
debats, November 26. 25 FRANCE—GERMANY. Compromis of arbitration of the Casablanca
incident signed at Berlin. The members of the tribunal will be taken from the members of The Hague arbitral court, and except as to the points specified in the present compromis, the disposition of the convention of October 18, 1907, for pacific adjustment of international disputes will be applicable. The arbitral court will meet May 1, 1909, at The Hague. J. des debats,
November 12 and 26; Times, November 25; Q. dipl., 26:443. 26 BULGARIA-GREAT BRITAIN. Expiration of period for notification
of accessions of British colonies to the treaty of friendship, commerce and navigation signed at Sofia December 9, 1905 (Treaty ser., 1908, No. 1), under Article XX thereof. The colonies which have acceded are: Bahamas, Barbados, Basutoland, Bechuanaland Protectorate, Bermuda, British Guiana, British Honduras, Ceylon, Cyprus, East Africa Protectorate, Falkland Islands, Federated Malay States (Perak, Selangor, Negri Sembilan, Pahang), Fiji, Gambia, Gilbert and Ellice Islands Protectorate, Gold Coast, Grenada, Hong Kong, Jamaica (Turks Islands, Cayman Islands), Leeward Islands (Antigua, Montserrat, Saint Christopher-Nevis, Virgin Islands, Dominica), Malta, Mauritius, Northern Nigeria, Nyasaland Protectorate, Saint Helena, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands Protectorate, Somaliland Protectorate, Southern Nigeria, Southern Rhodesia, Straits Settlements, including Labuan, Trinidad and Tobago, Uganda Protectorate,
Wei-hai-Wei. Treaty ser., 1908, No. 31. 27
INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF AGRICULTURE held its first general
meeting at Rome. Times, November 28. 30 FRANCE–GREAT BRITAIN. Ratifications exchanged at London of
convention signed at London January 25, 1908, respecting erchange of post office money orders between France and the Trans
vaal. Treaty ser., 1908 Nr. 33. 30 JAPAN UNITED STATES. Notes exchanged at Washington declar
ing policy in the far East. Brooks: Aspects of ihe AmericanJapanese agreement, Independent, 65:1554.
1. It is the wish of the two Governments to encourage the free and peaceful development of their commerce on the Pacific Ocean.
2. The policy of both Governments, uninfluenced by any aggressive tendencies, is directed to the maintenance of the existing status quo in the region above mentioned, and to the defense of the principle of equal opportunity for commerce and industry in China.
3. They are accordingly firmly resolved reciprocally to respect the territorial possessions belonging to each other in said region.
4. They are also determined to preserve the common interests of all powers in China by supporting by all pacific means at their disposal the independence and integrity of China and the principle of equal oppor. tunity for commerce and industry of all nations in that Empire.
5. Should any event occur threatening the status quo as above described or the principle of equal opportunity as above defined, it remains for the two Governments to communicate with each other in order to arrive at an understanding as to what measures they may consider it useful to take.
30 GERMANY-PORTUGAL. Treaty of commerce signed at Oporto. J.
des débats, December 2; Times, December 2, 28. See August 26, 1908.
HENRY G. CROCKER.
PUBLIC DOCUMENTS RELATING TO INTERNATIONAL LAW
Consular officers, Digest of circular instructions to, January 1, 1897[ May 25, 1908. Compiled by Augustus E. Ingram. 153 p. Dept. of
Extracts from the revised statutes and the statutes at large relating to the Department of State, diplomatic and consular service, and foreign relations. 1908. 150 p. Dept. of state.
France, Parcel-post convention between United States and. 1908. 16 p. Post-office dept.
Immigration laws and regulations of July 1, 1907. 5th edition. October 5, 1908.
Bureau of immigration and naturalization. Paper, 10c.
Japan, Convention between the United States and. Arbitration. Signed at Washington May 5, 1908; proclaimed September 1, 1908. 4 p. Dept. of state.
Naturalization. Convention between the United States and Salvador. Signed at San Salvador March 14, 1908; proclaimed July 23, 1908. 6 p. Dept. of state.
Naturalization laws and regulations, September 1, 1908.
Netherlands, Commercial agreement between the United States and, under sec. 3, tariff act, July 24, 1897. Signed at Washington May 16, 1907; proclaimed August 12, 1908. Tp. Dept. of state.
Netherlands, Reciprocity between the United States and the. August 13, 1908. 3 p. Treasury dept. (Dept. circular 64.)
Newfoundland fisheries. Agreement effected by exchange of notes between the United States and Great Britain. Signed at London July 15-23, 1908. 5 p. Dept. of state.
Santo Domingo, Report on the debt of, submitted to the President of the United States by Jacob H. Hollander, special commisioner. 1905. 250 p. (S. confidential ex. doc. 1, 59th Cong., 1st sess.)
1 When prices are given, the document in question may be obtained for the amount mentioned from the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C.