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The Commission assisted this road in discovering the causes of these numerous delays, issued orders regarding repairs, maintenance and new cars and the result has been quite satisfactory. From time to time the delays decreased, as can be seen by the following schedule showing the number of delays caused by this road on the Brooklyn Bridge each month since that time: September October November December January February March 147

91
67
49
27
25

15

The time of delays in minutes for the same period is shown to be : September October November December January February 621 400 280 203 119

100

March 54

more

The delays of the Brooklyn Rapid Transit lines were comparatively low, but they too have been reduced.

At the request of the Commission the bridge department put in force a rule prohibiting the use of the bridge for heavily loaded trucks during the rush hours. Other improvements made by the bridge department have assisted in bringing about the objects desired by the Commission. The result has been that the time of delays has been reduced from 1060 minutes in September to 385 minutes in March. During the month of March 133.000 surface cars crossed the bridge, being an increase of 11,000 over the preceding September, which means that about 396,000

seats were provided in March than in September. The average number of surface cars passing over the bridge in September in the evening rush hour was 288. In March this average was increased to 310,

At this time one year ago the largest daily number of surface cars that crossed the bridge was approximately 4,000. To-day it is approximately 4,700, an increase of 1712 per cent. At this time a year ago the average number of surface cars crossing the bridge between five and six p. m. was 236. To-day it is 310, an increase of 33 1/3 per cent.

April 20, 1908. Coney Island and Brooklyn Railroad Company.- Service on

Brooklyn Bridge.

The Secretary presented the following report of Commissioner Bassett regardling delays caused by the cars of the Coney Island and Brooklyn Railroaa Company on the Brooklyn Bridge during the months of September, 1907 srid September, 1908, which was approved and ordered filed:

REPORT OF COMMISSION.

was

(OMMISSIONER BASSETT:
One
year ago.
last month this commission

giving considerable attention to the delays occasioned in the movement of trolley

cars

on the Brooklyn Bridge. It soon developed that the equipment of the Coney Island & Brooklyn Railroad Company caused the greatest amount of trouble, for the report of that month showing that although the company was operating 1644 per cent. of the total number of cars it caused 6234 per cent of the total delays. These delays were partly responsible for the great congestion at the bridge. During the month of September, 1907, this railroad had 147 delays, amounting to a total of 621 minutes. September of this year shows 14 delays amounting to a total of 27 minutes. The following is a comparison of the principal causes of trouble during 1907 and the change brought about in one year :

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The company is still operating 1614 per cent of the total number of surface cars across the bridge, but instead of having 6234 per cent of the number of color it not hus 131,

per cent. These figures show the extent to which the eruipment of this road had been allowed to run down, and the result of improve. ments made under the orders of the Commission in cne year,

October 13, 1908.

Forty-second street, Manhattanville and St. Nicholas Avenue

Railway Company.- Unsanitary condition of closed cars on
Forty-second street crosstown line.

Complaint Order No. 447.
Hearing Order No. 497.
Opinion of Commissioner Maltbie.

Final Order No. 547.
COMPLAINT OF M. BCRR WRIGHT

against
FORTY-SECOND STREET, MANHATTANVILLE AND

ST. NICHOLAS AVENUE RAILWAY COMPANY
AND FREDERICK W. WHITRIDGE, AS RE-
CEIVER OF SAID COMPANY.
Complaint Order No. 447 (see form, note 1) issued May 1st.
Hearing Order No. 497 (see form, note 3) issued May 15th.
Hearings were held May 22 and 29th.

OPINION OF COMMISSION.

(Adopted June 2, 1908.) COMMISSIONER WALTBIE :

This case arose from a complaint made by Assemblyman Wright, that the cars operated upon the Forty-second street line were filthy and unsanitary. The complaint was forwarded to the receiver and a reply received, which was not considered satisfactory by the complainant. Accordingly an order for a hearing was adopted by the Commission upon May 15th. A hearing was held upon May 220 and an adjourned hearing upon May 29th.

The evidence presented by the inspectors of the Commission, who were directed to report upon the conditions which existed immediately after the complaint was filed (April 24th), and a few days ago (May 26th), indicated that the complaint was entirely justified. l'pon April 24th there was not a single car out of the twenty-three then being operated, which was not dirty or filthy in some respect, and many of thein were filthy and unsanitary throughout.

After the complaint was forwarded to the receiver, a marked improvement in the condition of the cars became noticeable, and the receiver stated to the Commission in a communication that he had discharged one of the foremen for neglect of duty.

At the time of the second inspection May 26 -- all of the cars were in better condition than formerly, but some of them were still partinlly dirty. The inspector who made this investigation testified that it would be possible to put them in a clean and satisfactory condition with little labor and practically no expense. All of the cars are soon to be replaced by open cars and the Commission has already issued an order requiring the Receiver to overhaul and repair all of the cars upon this line. The open cars will, therefore, be in good condition when they are put in use, and the closed cars by early fall.

I have directeil, therefore, that an order be prepared directing the receiver to thoroughly clean all of the closed cars which are used during the summer, the other cars having been covered by previous orders.

Thereupon the following final order was issued:

In the Matter of
M. BURR WRIGHT, Complainant,

against
FORTY-SECOND STREET, MANHATTANVILLE

AND ST. NICHOLAS AVENUE RAILWAY COMPAVY and FREDERICK WHITRIDGE, as receiver of said company,

Defendants. l'nsanitary condition of closed cars on Forty-second

Street Crosstown Line.

FINAL ORDER No. 547.

June 2, 1908.

After Order for Hearing No. 497, dated May 15,

1908,

This matter coming on upon the report of the hearing had herein on the 22d day of May, 1908, and on the 29th day of May, 1908, and it appearing that said

hearing was had pursuant to Order for Hearing No. 497 of this Commission, dated May 15, 1908, and returnable May 22, 1908, at 4 P. M., which order for hearing was issued upon the complaint and answer herein; and it appearing that said order for hearing was duly served upon said Forty-second Street, Manhattanville and St. Nicbolas Avenue Railway Company and upon Frederick W. Whitridge as receiver of said company; and it appearing that said hearing was held by and before the Commission on the matters in said complaint, answer and order specified on said 220 day of May, 1908, and the 29th day of May, 1908, before Mr. Commissioner Maltbie, presiding, Harry N. Chamberlain, Esq., Assistant Counsel, appearing for the Commission and M. Burr Wright, complainant, appearing in person and no one appearing for said railway company or for said receiver,

Now, it having been made to appear after the proceedings on said hearing that the regulations, practices, equipment and service of suid railway company and said Frederick W. Whitridge, as receiver of said company, in respect to the transportation of persons upon the line of said company known as the Forty-second Sireet Crosstown Line, within the First District, are unsafe and improper in that the closed cars operated by said company and by said receiver upon said line are in an unclean and unsanitary condition and that the changes in said regulations, practices, equipment and service hereinafter mentioned ought reasonably to be put in force, observed and used by said company and by said receiver on said line and that it would be reasonable to require så id changes to be put in force by or before the date hereinafter specified and continued in force as hereinafter provided,

Therefore, on motion of George S. Coleman, Esq., Counsel to the Commission,

It is ordered, (1) That all closed cars operated by said company and by said receiver on said line shall be placed in a clean and sanitary condition by or before the 8th day of June, 1908, and shall be continued in that condition from that time until the 20th day of September, 1908.

2. That this order shall take effect on the 8th day of June, 1908, and shall continue in force until the 20th day of September, 1908, unless earlier modified or abrogated by the Commission,

3. That said Forty-second Street, Manhattanville and St. Nicholas Avenue Railway Company and said Frederick W. Whitridge, as receiver of said company, notify the Public Service Commission for the First District within three (3) days after the service of this order upon them whether the terms of this order are accepted and will be obeyed.

New York City Railway Company.— Overhauling and equip

ping closed cars.

Hearing Order No. 466.
Opinion of Commissioner Maltbie.
Final Order No. 544.

In the Matter

of the Hearing on the motion of the Commission on the

question of repairs, improvements and additions to equipment and appliances, including rolling stock, of the NEW YORK CITY RAILWAY COMPANY and of ADRIAN H. JOLINE and DOUGLAS ROBINSON, as receivers of said company, in the particulars hereinafter set forth.

HEARING ORDER NO. 466.

May 8, 1908.

Overhauling closed cars, etc.

It is hereby ordered, That a hearing be had on the 19th day of May, 1908, at 4 o'clock in the afternoon, or at any time or times to which the same may be adjourned, at the rooms of the Commission, No. 154 Nassau street, borough of Manhattan, city and State of New York, to inquire whether the regulations. practices, equipment and appliances of the New York City Railway Company and of Adrian II. Joline and Douglas Robinson, as receivers of said company, in respect of transportation of persons in the First District, are unsafe, improper and inadequate, and whether improvements, repairs and additions to closed cars and closed car equipments of said company and of said Joline and said Robinson, as receivers of said company, ought reasonably to be made, in order to promote the security and convenience of the public or employees and in order to secure adequate service and facilities for the transportation of passengers and property; and if such b? found to be the fact, then to determine whether additions, repairs and improvements therein, as hereinafter set forth, are such as would be just, reasonable, safe, adequate and proper, and ought reasonably be made to promote such security and

convenience to the public or employees and in order to secure adequate service and facilities for the transportation of passengers or property, that is to say:

1. That every closed car of said company or of the said Joline and said Robinson, the receivers of said company, receive a thorough inspection covering car body, motor and clectric equipment, wiring and trucks; that all defects tnerein be carefully noted and the car sent through various shops and there overhauled and repaired so as when completed to be in first class operating and practically nery condition. This applies for illustration, but not for speciication, to the following: INSIECTION.

By a thorough inspection and general overhauling of the car body and its entire equipment it is intended that the car should be brought to the car house and placed over a pit, seats and tray doors removed and covers taken off, to facilitate close inspection, which is to be made by competent engineers and not by car house employees. CAR BODIES.

The car body must be completely repainted. It should be sent first through the carpenter shop to have all defects of the woodwork repaired as well as the metal work. It should then go to the paint shop to be properly painted. HEADLIGHTS.

All headlights should be overhauled and put in fit condition, with new reflectors where necessary; broken glasses replaced with semaphore glass and the lamps removed when found to be below normal candle power. PILOT FENDERS.

All pilot fenders must be gone over carefully and strengthened and removed whenever, in the judgment of the engineers, it would be beneficial. WIRING, ETC.

All improvements possible in the method of wiring, hanging and placing of equipment appliances should be made. BRASSES

All brasses throughout the car should be renewed, Armature shaft, axle shaft and other bearing parts should be normal. COMMITATORS.

Commutators should be turneri and made in first class condition, and when abnormally worn must be renewed. FIELD (OILS AND ARMATURE WINDINGS.

Should be tested for insulation, and if found to be below standard, must b: replaced; otherwise they should be well Jeaned and painted. TRUCKS

Should have all defective and weak parts renewed, not repaired, except in case of very minor defects, BRAKES

Should be given careful inspection and improvements made in the mechanism and form employed which in the judgment of the company's engineers would be beneficial. CONTROLLERS.

Should have all contact and other parts removed that show any indication of abnorinal wear and connections tightened and blown out and painted. AUTOMATIC CIRCUIT BREAKERS

Should be tested and adjusted for a proper load corresponding to the motor capacity of the car and a form of box covering devised which would be free from the defects that present type of covering has shown. RESISTANCES.

Should be cleaned, tested, and any section not up to the standard removed : a form of hanger used so that the resistance will not be bolted directly to the bottom of the car, and that there is sufficient susce between the resistanee and the car floor to prevent darger to the woodwork of the car from the resistance becoming abnormally heated, also to increase insulation. JXLE GEAR WHEELS, ARMATURE PINIONS AND CAR WIIEELS.

Should in every instance be renewed when an indication is found of abnormal wear and gear cases should at all times be maintained at least half filled with gear grease, so as to minimize the noise as much as possible resulting from the gears and pinions. WIRING

All power and lighting wiring should be gone over and a careful study made by the company's engineers of

to improve the present methods of wiring employed. TIE.

The work should be organized and carried on in such manner as to cover at the rate of ten cars (10) a dar.

2. When any car has been so overhauled and renewed and made ready for service, notice thereef must be sent to the corrmission and the inunction of its they condition allowed by inspectors of the Commission before the same is put in service.

means

And if any such improvements, repairs and additions be found to be such as ought to be made, as aforesaid, then to determine what period would be a reason. able time within which the same should be directed to be executed and in what manner execution of the same should be specified to be made.

All to the end that the Commission may make such order or orders as shall be just and reasonable.

Further ordered, That the said New York City Railway Company and Adrian H. Joline and Douglas Robinson, receivers of said company, be given at least ten days' notice of such hearing by service upon each of them, either personally or by mail, of a certified copy of this order, and that at such hearing they be afforded ali reasonable cpportunity for presenting evidence and examining and cross-examining witnesses as to the matters aforesaid.

Hearings were held May 19th and 27th.

OPINION OF COMMISSION.

(Adopted May 29, 1908.) COMMISSIONER MALTBIE:-

Sereral weeks ago the Commission adopted an order directing the receivers of the New York City Railway Company to overhaul and repair all of their open cars by the end of this month. At that time no action was taken relative to the closed cars, as it was considered more necessary that the cars to be used during the summer should be put in first class operating condition prior to the opening of the summer season when the closed cars would go out of use and the open cars come into use. With this work well under way the Commission took up the subject of overhauling and repairing the closed cars. At these hearings evidence was presented which showed that Receivers would be able to begin work upon the closed cars on the 1st of June or shortly thereafter and that six (6) long cars and four (4) short cars could be turned out daily upon an average from and after the middle of June. At the rate of ten (10) a day the receivers will have overhauled and repaired nearly all of the closed cars by the end of the fall. Our engineers have endeavored to work out a plan whereby al of them would be ready for use by the time open cars must be taken out of service, but owing to the lack of shop facilities, due to loss by fire, and to the impossibility of reconstructing the shops in time to operate them to their full capacity upon the whole of this work, it does not seem possible that the receivers will be able to very greatly increase above ten (10), the average number turned ont per day. It is possible that some unforeseen circumstance may interfore with the maintenance of this average, but the order as drawn allows a certain amount of leeway and if anything unforeseen should arise. t'ie Rrceivers, may ask for a rehearing and the ordor can be modified if necessary.

Thereupon the following final order was issued:

FINAL ORDER No. 544.

May 29, 1908, An order known as Order No. 466 having been made on the 8th day of May, 1908, that a hearing be had to inquire among other things, whether repairs to the closed cars and closed car equipments of the New York City Railway Company and of Adrian II. Joline and Douglas Robinson, as receivers of said company ought reasonably to be made in order to secure adequate service and facilities for the transportation of passengers and property, and said order having been duly served on said New York City Railway Company and on its said receivers, and said hearing having been duly held on the 19th and 27th days of May, 1908, before Hon. Milo R. Maltbie, Commissioner, Mr. llenry II. Whitman, Assistant Counsel to the Commission, attending, and no one appearing for said New York City Railway Company or its said receivers, and the Commission being of the opinion after said hearing that the equipment of said New York City Railway Company or its said receivers in respect of the transportation of persons, and property in the First District is unsafe and inadequate, and that the repairs hereinafter set forth ought reasonably to be made in order to secure adequate service and facilities for the transportation of passengers and property, and that the time hereinafter given within which to make such repairs is reasonable,

It is ordered, That the closed cars and closed car equipments of said New York City Railway Company or of said Adrian H. Joline and Douglas Robinson, as receivers of said company. receive a thorough inspection, and that said closed cars and closed car equipments be thoroughly overhauled and repaired so that when completed said closed cars and closed car equipments shall be in a first-class

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