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his absence I will simply state the statistics collected by the committee from this association in 1893 were substantially accurate, and correct for the last year if about 10 per cent. be added to the same.

*

Yours, very respectfully,

A. K. GOODWIN,
Vice President Pawtucket Business Men's Association.

Lieut. Col. GEORGE H. ELLIOT,

Corps of Engineers, U. S. A.

IMPROVEMENT OF PROVIDENCE RIVER AND NARRAGANSETT

BAY, RHODE ISLAND.

Providence River is an estuary of Narragansett Bay. The object of its improvement is to furnish a wide and deep channel for European and coastwise commerce from the ocean to Providence, a city of about 125,000 inhabitants, largely engaged in manufactures, and a port of entry for an extensive region of country with which it is connected by railroads. The mean rise and fall of the tide is 4.7 feet.

ORIGINAL CONDITION.

Before the improvement of the river was commenced, in 1853, many shoals obstructed navigation and at one point in the channel—a place called " The Crook”-the available low-water depth was but 41 feet.

PLANS OF IMPROVEMENT,

There was expended between 1852 and the 30th June, 1882, $290,459.34 in deepening the channel, first to 9 feet, then to 12 feet, then to 14 feet, and again to 23 feet, as the increasing sizes of vessels and the growing commerce of Prov. idence demanded. Bulkhead Rock was also removed during this period to a depth of 20 feet below mean low water.

The approved project of 1878, modified in 1882, under which we are now working, provides for a channel 25 feet deep and 300 feet wide, suitable for large ocean vessels, extending from Fox Point, in the city of Providence, to the deep water of Narragansett Bay, and for an anchorage-basin between Fox and Field's Points of the following dimension, in cross-section, viz:

*For papers referred to in Mr. Goodwin's communication, see Harbor Commissioners' Report, for January Session, 1886.

Feet deep. 300 feet wide..

25 600 feet wide..

20 725 feet wide.. 940 feet wide

12 1,060 feet wide..

6

18

The 25. foot channel has been laid out in straight reaches (with enlargements at the angles) with a view to lighting them by range or leading lights, such as are used in similar cases in Chesapeake Bay, Delaware River, and other local. ities, if it should be found necessary.

A plat of Providence River, showing the improved channel, was published in the Annual Report of the Chief of Engineers for 1884, page 622.

AMOUNT EXPENDED AND RESULTS TO JUNE 30, 1885.

The amount expended on the present project up to the close of the fiscal year ending June 30, 1885, including liabilities outstanding at that date, was $210,180.96. At that date about one-half of the excavation required for the anchorage-basin above Field's Point had been done. Bulkhead Rock bad been removed and the condition of the six straight reaches into which the 25-foot channel, 300 feet wide, is divided, was as follows: The Fox Point, the Sassafras Point, the Field's Point, and Pombam and the Pawtuxet reaches had been completed, and the lowest, the Gaspee Reach, had been excavated to a width of 200 feet.

OPERATIONS DURING THE LAST FISCAL YEAR.

For want of funds no work has been in progress during the last fiscal year.

WORK REQUIRED TO BE DONE TO COMPLETE THE EXISTING PROJECT.

To complete the 25.foot channel 300 feet wide, to the deep water of Narragansett Bay, there remains the increasing to 300 feet the 200 feet of width already excavated in the lowest (the Gaspee) reach. There also remains for the completion of the existing project the remainder of the excavation of the anchorage basin between Fox and Field's Points.

OPERATIONS CONTEMPLATED FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDING JUNE 30, 1887,

It is proposed to devote the small remainder on hand July 1, 1886, and the appropriation made by the act of August 5, 1886, to the completion of the dredging required in the Gaspee Reach, and to continuing the excavation of the anchorage-basin above Field's Point.

Providence River is in the collection district of Providence, which is a port of entry. The amount of revenue collected in the last fiscal year was $180,933. The nearest light-houses are the six light-houses in Providence River. The nearest fortifications are fort on Dutch Island, and Fort Adams, Rbode Island.

MONEY STATEMENT.

$3,419 67

July 1, 1885, amount available....
July 1, 1886, amount expended during fiscal year, exclusive of

liabilities outstanding July 1, 1885...

749 93

July 1, 1886, amount available..
Amount appropriated by act approved August 5, 1886..

2,669 74 30,000 00

Amount available for fiscal year ending June 30, 1887.

32,669 74

Amount (estimated) required for completion of existing project..... 205,000 00 Amount that can be profitably expended in fiscal year endiug June 30, 1888..

100,000 00 Submitted in compliance with requirements of section 2 of river and

harbor acts of 1866 and 1867.

COMMERCIAL STATISTICS.

PROVIDENCE BOARD OF TRADE, SECRETARY'S OFFICE,

PROVIDENCE, R. I., June 22, 1886.

DEAR SIR: In reply to yours of the 17th, I beg leave to make reply as follows:

The whole number of arrivals at this port from foreign countries during the year 1885 was 86, of which 27 only were American, bringing

.feet..

Lumber..
Shingles.
Laths..
Pickets.
Piling
Wood.
Salt..
Logwood..
Brimstone..

. pieces.. ...cords.. -pounds. .pounds

..tons..

2,562,000 2,443,100 6,868,000

38,000 14,200

1,866 8,293,269 5,341,000

680

[blocks in formation]

109 sail vessels, 13,300.14; 38 steam vessels, 24,945.28.

The above figures are as near as I can get them, and I have no means of separating the receipts by water and rail. Yours, &c.,

F. P. LITTLE,

Secretary. To Lieut. Col. GEORGE H. ELLIOT.

LETTER OF MR. GEORGE R. PHILLIPS.

PROVIDENCE, R. I., June 18, 1886. DEAR SIR: Your favor of the 17th instant received, and contents noted. The foreign importations to the port of Providence for the year 1885 are as follows: Lumber.

..feet.. 2,562.000 Laths.

do... 6,686,000 Shingles.

2,431,000 Pickets.

38,000 Wood..

.cords.. 1,866 Piling

.pieces.. 1,420 Logwood..

-pounds.. 5,341,000 Brimstone..

.tons..

680 Molasses.

gallons.. 54,976 Potatoes.

.bushels.. 12,102 Coffee..

. pounds.. 17,057 Salt.

do. 8,293,269

as follows, with some exceptions not

The domestic importations were reported:

Coal..
Cotton.
Wool.
Flour.
Corn.
Beef.
Oil..
Liquors..
Iron and steel.
Lumber..

..tons.. 870,147 bales.. 245,607

do... 130,349 barrels.. 269, 277 .bushels.. 1,671,580 · pounds.. 21,707,906 .barrels.. 88.688 do.

108,757 .pounds.. 44,316,511 ... feet.. 37,142,208

There has been an increase in many of the importations over last year. It is to be hoped that the General Government will take some notice of the request of many of our citizens to have Green Jacket Shoal taken away. It is a great barrier to navigation, and the space could be used to advantage as anchorage. ground. Very truly, yours,

GEORGE R. PHILLIPS. GEORGE H. ELLIOTT,

Lieutenant-Colonel of Engineers.

REMOVAL OF GREEN JACKET SHOAL, PROVIDENCE RIVER, RHODE ISLAND.

Green Jacket Shoal is in that part of Providence River which constitutes the harbor of Providence. It lies off the wharves on the south front of the city, and occupies a part of the harbor that is required for anchorage purposes.

This is a new work, and no appropriation had been made for it until by the act of August 5, 1886, Congress authorized its commencement by making an appropriation of $26,250 therefor.

My report of January 10, 1885, of the survey of the shoal, the plat, and the estimate of the cost of the work ($112,346.25) on which the appropriation was founded, were published in the Annual Report of the Chief of Engineers for 1885, Vol. I, pages 598-602.

It is proposed, with the appropriation of August 5, 1886, to commence the work by removing that part of the shoal where additional anchorage is most required.

Green Jacket Shoal is in the collection district of Providence, which is a port of entry. The amount of revenue collected during the last fiscal year was $180,933. The nearest light-houses are the six light houses in Providence River. The nearest fortifications are fort on Dutch Island and Fort Adams, Rhode Island.

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