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COMMERCLAL STATISTICS.

For the commercial statistics, see report of the improvement of Providence River and Narragansett Bay, Rhode Island, Appendix.

MONEY STATEMENT.

Amount appropriated by act approved August 5, 1886.

$26,250 00

Amount (estimated) required for completion of existing project...... 86,096 00 Amount that can be profitably expended in fiscal year ending June 30, 1888.....

50,000 00 Submitted in compliance with requirements of section 2 of river and

harbor acts of 1866 and 1867.

IMPROVEMENT OF WARREN RIVER, RHODE ISLAND,

Warren River is an arm of Narragansett Bay north of the harbor of Bristol. This is a new work and no appropriation had been made for it until by act approved August 5, 1886, Congress appropriated $5,000 for the improvement of the river. In my report, January 12, 1885, of the survey made in accordance with the act of July 5, 1884, I stated that the obstructions to navigation were a rocky reef below Little Island, and a submerged bowlder near mid-channel opposite the lower wharf of the town of Warren, and recommended that this bowlder and the reef referred to be removed as far as it could be done with an expenditure of $5,000 for both purposes. They are doubtless the improvement appropriated for by act of August 5, 1886, and the funds will be expended accordingly.

A plat of the Warren River was published in the Annual Report of the Chief of Engineers for 1885, Vol. I, page 630.

MONEY STATEMENT.

Amount appropriated by act approved August 5, 1886....

$5,000 00

IMPROVEMENT OF NEWPORT HARBOR, RHODE ISLAND.

This harbor is at the mouth of the main entrance to Narragansett Bay. These waters during summer and winter constitute a harbor of refuge for our European and coastwise commerce quite equal in every respect to that of New York Harbor, and are even more accessible. The objects of the improvement are to widen and deepen the southern (the main entrance to the harbor, and to enlarge its capacity for vessels seeking refuge in storms, by increasing the area and depth of the anchorage within it. The mean rise and fall of the tide is about 3f feet.

ORIGINAL CONDITION.

Before improvement the capacity of the inner harbor was limited by shoals, and it was not adequate to the number and size of vessels seeking it for refuge. The southern (the main) entrance was obstructed by a bar which stretched out from Goat Island, and the general business wharves of the city could not be reached at low tide by vessels drawing more than 8 feet.

PLANS OF IMPROVEMENT.

The original project and its modifications under which we are now working are substantially as follows:

Deepening the southern entrance to 15 feet at mean low water, and widening it by dredgiog Goat Island Spit northward to a line drawn from the dolphin which marks the spit to clear the permanent dock at Fort Adams by 100 feet; the excavation of a channel 750 feet wide and 15 feet deep at mean low water around and to the eastward of this dolphin; excavating to 13 feet at mean low water the area included between the 13-foot curve on the west, a line drawn from the southwest corner of Perry Mill Wharf to Lime Rock on the south, the harbor-live on the east, and a line drawn parallel to and 50 feet from the City wharf on the north; excavating to 10 feet at mean low water the area northwest of a line drawn from Lime Rock through the spindle which is in the southeast part of the harbor; the excavation of a channel 10 feet deep at mean low water along and outside the barbor line south to a point opposite the gas company's wharf, and the construction of jetties on the western shore of Goat Island to arrest the drift of littoral sand and gravel into the southern entrance.

A plat of Newport Harbor, showing the plans of the work, was published in the Annual Report of the Chief of Engineers for 1885, Vol. I, page 604.

AMOUNT EXPENDED AND RESULTS TO JUNE 30, 1885.

The amount expended up to the close of the fiscal year ending June 30, 1885, including liabilities outstanding at that date, was $86,966,66, with the following rssults: Of the area to be dredged to 13 feet within the harbor, about two-thirds had been completed, except at a few places in the northern part of the harbor where the material was found too hard for the dredge in use at the time, and except that a bulkhead was left in the extreme northeast part of the harbor to protect an anchorage for small vessels. The channel along and outside the harbor line south to a point opposite the gas company's wharf and the 15-foot channel 750 feet wide around and to the eastward of the dolphin on Goat Island Spit had been completed. Of the 460 feet (about) of increase of width to be made between the 15-foot curves at the southern entrance by dredging the spit south of Goat Island, 224 feet had been gained.

OPERATIONS DURING THE LAST FISCAL YEAR.

At the beginning of the last fiscal year the work of widening the southern entrance to the harbor by dredging Goat Island Spit to a depth of 15 feet at mean low water was in progress under a contract with the Hartford Dredging Company, of Hartford, Conn., which was described in the last Annual Report, and the time of completion of which was extended to October 1, 1885. The contract was completed September 8, 1885, and the amount of material removed during the fiscal year was 20,184.54 cubic yards. Mr. John S. Engs, Jr., from July 1 to August 1, 1885, and Capt. B. F. Case, from August 1 to September 8, were local inspectors of the work.

Several bowlders were removed from the bed of the harbor, and the stone jetty on the southwest shore of Goat Island was raised and repaired in a very substantial manner and extended to a distance of 133 feet from the shore.

AMOUNT EXPENDED DURING THE LAST FISCAL YEAR, AND RESULTS TO JUNE 30,

1886.

The amount expended during the last fiscal year was $5,853 38, and the result was the further widening of the 15-foot depth at the southern entrance by 180 feet, or lo within 56 feet of the proposed northern limit of this channel, viz., a line drawn from the dolphin which marks the Goat Island Spit to clear the permanent dock at Fort Adams by 100 feet, and the effectual stopping for the present of the supply of littoral sand and gravel from the outside of Goat Island into the southern entrance by the extension and raising of the jetty on the southwest shore of the island. When the north west angle between this jetty and the shore has been filled and the sand and gravel commence to be washed around its end, another jetty further northward on this shore will be required, but this will probably not occur for many years to come. The southern entrance is completed with the exception of the small amount of work above mentioned, and it is now wide, and safe for vessels of 15 feet draught. Of the total area to be deepened within the harbor (about 90 acres) about one-half has been completed.

WORK REQUIRED TO BE DONE TO COMPLETE THE EXISTING PROJECT.

The work required to be done to complete the existing project is the small remainder of the cutting away of the spit south of Goat Island to 15 feet depth, the remainder of the excavation within the harbor of the anchorage area of 13 feet depth, and the excavation, also within the harbor, of the anchorage area of 10 feet depth; also the building of additional jetties outside of Goat Island whenever they may be required to arrest the drift of littoral sand and gravel into the harbor entrance.

OPERATIONS CONTEMPLATED FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDING JUNE 30, 1887.

It is proposed to devote the small remainder on hand July 1, 1886, and the appropriation made by the act of August 5, 1886, to the completion of the deepening to 15 feet below mean low water of the spit south of Goat Island 10 the northern limit before stated; to the extension of the anchorage area witbiu the harbor of 13 feet depth, and if the funds will allow, to the commencement of the extension, also within the barbor, of the anchorage area of 10 feet depth. It is also proposed to do a small amount of dredging at the end of the wbarf at Fort Adams, at which supplies for the fort are landed.

New port is in the collection district of Newport, and is a port of entry. The amount of revenue collected in the last fiscal year was $1,622.81. The nearest light-houses are Lime Rock and Newport (Goat Island) lights. The nearest fortification is Fort Adams, Newport, R. I.

MONEY STATEMENT.

$6,235 37

July 1, 1885, amount available...
July 1, 1886, amount expended during fiscal year, exclusive of

liabilities outstanding July 1, 1885..

5,853 38

July 1, 1886, amount available.....
Amount appropriated by act approved August 5, 1886..

381 99 15,000 00

Amount available for fiscal year ending June 30, 1887..

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Amount (estimated) required for completion of existing project...... 52,000 00 Amount that can be profitably expended in fiscal year ending June 30, 1888. .....

30,000 00 Submitted in compliance with requirements of section 2 of river and

harbor acts of 1866 and 1867.

COMMERCIAL STATISTICS,

Custom-House, N.WPORT, R. I.,

COLLECTOR'S OFFICE, July 13, 1886. SIR: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letters of the 17th ultimo.

During the year ending June 30, 1886, about 5,000 vessels of all classes have arrived at this port, either for a harbor or to discharge cargoes; this includes steam and sail vessels engaged in the coasting trade, fisberies, and yachting.

During the year ending June 30, 1886, 11 vessels have arrived at this port from foreign ports and discharged their cargoes; 13 vessels have cleared from this port to foreign ports. The cargoes from foreign ports consisted of:

value. Spruce boards..

.feet.. 1,216,993 $12,827 91 Spruce laths..

. pieces.. 115,700 1,707 72 Hemlock boards.

.feet.. 20,349 142 44 Pine boards..

do...
62,896

814 17 Shingles..

461,000

876 25

During the same year there has been landed at this port, say: Coal.

tons.. 48,000 Shingles.

4,500,000 Laths.

9,000,000 Lime.

barrels.. 12,500 Cement..

8,500 Brick.

4,500,000 Lumber.

.feet.. 11,500,000 Hay..

.tons.. 1,000 Grain...

.bushels.. 350,000

4,522 76'ő

The amount of revenue collected in this district from duties on imports, tonnage tax, inspection of steam vessels, and miscellaneous receipts during the year ending June 30, 1886, was $1,622.81, the decrease from previous years being on account of changes in the law abolishing certain fees, &c.

There are 128 vessels owned and hailing from this port, viz, 107 sail, 21 steam, the tonnage of which amounts to: Gross tonnage, 5,644,5; net tonnage,

showing an increase over that of year ending June 30, 1885, and which will be still further increased in a few weeks by the addition of the fine new schooner James C. Clifford, gross tonnage, 377,570; net tonnage, 358,60% which has just been built in Boston to hail from this port; and also by the addition of the new ferry-boat Canonicut, which has just been launched. The tonnage of the largest vessel is 708,60% gross, 673, net; that of the smallest vessel, 2,76 gross, 210 net. The largest vessel draws 13 feet when loaded. Trusting these statistics are sufficient for your purpose. I remain, respectfully,

J. H. COZZENS,

Collector. Lieut. Col. GEORGE H. ELLIOT.

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